SlideShare a Scribd company logo
ImmigrationBy Elizabeth Luper
The Earliest ImmigrantsThe United States of America has a long history of immigration, beginning with Jamestown in the 17th century. Most of the early immigrants were European. Some came to escape religious persecution, some to find adventure and gold, and others because they were prisoners transported for crimes committed. Some of the wealthier Europeans brought along their African slaves. In 1808, Thomas Jefferson made the transportation of foreign slaves into the country illegal, but the practice of slavery itself would not be ended until nearly half a century later. Because slaves were still in high demand, slave ships continued to smuggle in more than 50,000 slaves from Africa, making them the first illegal aliens in the United States.
European ImmigrationIn 1816 the first wave of Irish settlers immigrated to America. Five million Irish entered the country. Those who were born in the U.S. who considered themselves “natives” deeply resented the presence of the Irish and their Catholic religion. The Irish faced much persecution in America. It was not uncommon for mobs to break out and burn Catholic churches, and sometimes the Irish had a difficult time finding employment.In 1837, the Supreme Court ruled that states could restrict the immigration of  paupers, vagabonds, and criminals. Many immigrants arrived in ships only to be sent back home again.European immigration continued throughout the 19th century. Political parties looking for votes would commonly expedite citizenship for immigrants in return for votes. Many Europeans came after the Homestead Act offered to sell land for $1.25 an acre to anyone who would settle it.
Way Out WestThe earliest non-Europeans to receive United States citizenship were 80,000 Mexicans in 1848. When the U.S. acquired the border states(Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California,  etc.) at the end of the Mexican War, all of the Mexicans living in those areas were granted citizenship. During the latter part of the 19th century, another group of immigrants came to America—the Chinese. When the Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860s, many Chinese workers were hired along with the Irish to work on the railroad.In the 1870s, the gold rush in California attracted even more Chinese immigrants. By 1880, the Chinese population had reached 105,465.Just like the Irish, the Chinese also faced persecution. When the economy experienced a decline, after the gold rush days, people blamed the Chinese. Laws were passed forbidding Chinese to buy land. People drove them from their homes and set fire to their businesses. In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed to bar the immigration of Chinese laborers for the next ten years.
The Statue of LibertyIn 1886 the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, was completed. For 62 years Lady Liberty would overlook one of the busiest portals of immigration—Ellis Island. This immigration station that opened a couple of years later processed over 12 million immigrants between 1892 and 1954.On the plaque on the statue’s base, a poem urged the world’s tired, poor, wretched, and tempest-tossed to find shelter under her care. This seemingly wide-open invitation to immigrants has never been a reality for most of the people groups who wished to take Lady Liberty up on her offer.Ironically, the very next year after the statue of liberty was unveiled, Chinese immigration dropped to only ten people who came over in 1886. As the population of American multiplied, the population of Chinese steadily declined. The Chinese Exclusion Act had accomplished its purpose.One of the last significant events of the 19th century in regards to immigration was a Supreme court ruling in 1898 stating that the 14th amendment guarantees citizenship to everyone who was born in the United States. This meant that many Black slaves were now American citizens.
Early 20th Century ImmigrationThe early 1900s saw a rise in Japanese immigration, and predictably, in anti-Japanese sentiment.  As pressures were put upon government officials to put a stop to Japanese immigration, the U.S. and Japan negotiated what was known as “The Gentlemen’s Agreement.” This kept new Japanese laborers from entering the country but gave amnesty to those who were already here. Thousands of Japanese women still immigrated as “picture wives,” or mail order brides.In the meantime, Chinese continued to immigrate illegally, entering from Mexico and Canada. As early as 1904, border patrols had formed in order to keep the Chinese from crossing over the border of Mexico. The Chinese weren’t the only ones crossing over. Mexicans began to immigrate in heavy numbers after the Mexican Revolution in 1910. By 1927, a million Mexicans had crossed illegally.Another factor that compounded the discrimination against other races and ethnic  groups was the rise of Eugenics—the desire to create a “master race” free from genetic impurities which included non-white races. In 1923, Asian Indians had their citizenship revoked because they were not “white” enough.
World War IIWhen Japan bombed Pearl Harbor in December of 1942, the government responded by rounding up tens of thousands of Japanese, along Italians and Germans, and placing them in internment camps because they feared they were not loyal to the United States. The Supreme Court later ruled this action unconstitutional.During the war, the lack of men left in the United States to work prompted the U.S. to invite five million temporary migrant workers called Braceros to come to work in farms and railroads. In 1943 the Chinese Exclusion Act was finally repealed, opening the way for Chinese immigrants to become U.S. citizens. As current immigration laws required quotas for each country, China’s quota was set at 105 immigrants per year. An exception to the quotas were made for war brides that allowed a million soldiers to bring  their foreign wives and children homeafter WWII ended.
Civil Right EraIn1964 The Braceroprogram ended. The U.S. Government was frustrated with Mexican workers who did not have the proper documentation and so it decided to end the program. The Mexican government, however, was opposed to ending the program and wished to keep it open. Even though the U.S. ended the program, undocumented workers continued to arrive anyway. The illegal immigration we see today is a continuation of these events.In 1965, racial restrictions on immigration were finally eliminated.  According to the new law, which went into effect in 1968, it became illegal to prohibit immigration or restrict naturalized citizenship based on a person’s race, gender, or nationality. Anyone, no matter if they were Irish, African, Chinese, Japanese, Mexican, Indian, or from any other country, could finally come to the United States and apply for citizenship.
Immigration ReformWith immigration finally being open to all countries and nationalities, the U.S. became a safe harbor for refugees from other countries. However, many still entered the country without the proper documentation. In 1980, the U.S passed the Refugee Act which allowed persecuted individuals to come to America to seek asylum. Many Cubans arrived by boat seeking asylum under this Act.In 1986, President Ronald Reagan enacted Immigration Reform in order to deal with the growing number of illegal aliens. This reform granted legal status to any alien who entered the country illegally before January 1, 1982.It would also make it illegal for businesses to hire illegal aliens. The hope was that this would take care of the ones who were already here and were working, but would deter more from coming in. However, since the laws banning businesses from hiring illegals were not enforced, it did nothing to stop the flow of illegal immigrants. By 1994 it was estimated that there were 3.4 million illegal immigrants in the United States.  
Immigration Issues TodayToday immigration is still a hot issue. In many cities in the U.S., the Spanish-speaking population continues to grow.  I hear people all the time complaining about the number of Mexicans. They accused Mexicans of not learning the language, being dirty, doing drugs, and stealing “our” jobs. Yet, the Mexicans I know work hard without complaining and send most of the money they make back to their families in Mexico. Often they are taken advantage of by employers who pay them low wages in cash to avoid getting in trouble for hiring illegals.Many of the same things that people today say about Mexicans are the same things earlier generations said about the Irish and the Chinese. Throughout the history of our country, those who were here “first” (which is ironic, since the American Indians were the ones who were here “first”) are always suspicious of those who arrived later.
Making Immigration EasierIn the debate about immigration, most people say they aren’t against Mexicans immigrating, they are just against illegal immigration. I believe that the laws are far too restrictive towards immigrants. It should not take ten years for someone to immigrate legally. When becoming legal is that difficult and time consuming, it is no wonder that immigrants come over illegally. One of our greatest landmarks and symbols of America, the Statue of Liberty, has a sign on its base with a poem welcoming the “huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” They are noble, inspiring words, but they are not words our country has lived up to. I would like to see us welcome those who are just trying to make a better life for themselves and their families. We claim that America is the greatest country in the world, but we want to keep it all to ourselves. I think we should remember that once upon a time, our ancestors were immigrants, too.
ReferencesCamarota, Steven A. “New INS Report: 1986 Amnesty Increased Illegal Immigration.” Center for Immigration Studies. 12 October 2000. Web. 6 April 2011. http://www.cis.org/articles/2000/ins1986amnesty.html“Historical Timeline: History of Legal and Illegal Immigration to the United States.” ProCon.org. 27 September 2010. Web. 4 April 2011. http://immigration.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=002690#3

More Related Content

What's hot

Immigration & education
Immigration & educationImmigration & education
Immigration & education
ksugroup
 
Ellis Island and Angel Island Experience
Ellis Island and Angel Island ExperienceEllis Island and Angel Island Experience
Ellis Island and Angel Island Experience
husky2311
 
The indian wars
The indian warsThe indian wars
The indian wars
lesah2o
 
Illegal Immigration
Illegal ImmigrationIllegal Immigration
Illegal Immigration
MrG
 
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion ActChinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
Jenny Hulbert
 
Slavery in the united states
Slavery in the united statesSlavery in the united states
Slavery in the united states
helenez
 
Illegal Immigration
Illegal ImmigrationIllegal Immigration
Illegal Immigration
Emeric Kamleu Noumi
 
Illegal immigration power point
Illegal immigration power pointIllegal immigration power point
Illegal immigration power point
Clarksville middle school
 
Homestead act
Homestead actHomestead act
Homestead act
history_teacher25
 
Slavery in America
Slavery in AmericaSlavery in America
Slavery in America
ladonnahall5
 
Irish Immigration
Irish ImmigrationIrish Immigration
Irish Immigration
Bishop Moore
 
Ppt 10 rise of jim crow
Ppt 10 rise of jim crowPpt 10 rise of jim crow
Ppt 10 rise of jim crow
DB3igs
 
American Slavery
American Slavery American Slavery
American Slavery
Onthemellow
 
Reconstruction unit lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power point
Reconstruction unit   lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power pointReconstruction unit   lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power point
Reconstruction unit lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power point
GAMagnolia
 
Native peoples of america
Native peoples of americaNative peoples of america
Native peoples of america
collumc
 
Trail Of Tears
Trail Of  TearsTrail Of  Tears
Trail Of Tears
Matt Beat
 
The embargo act of 1807 5
The embargo act of 1807 5The embargo act of 1807 5
The embargo act of 1807 5
Mark Klopfenstein
 
Manifest destiny
Manifest destinyManifest destiny
Manifest destiny
dean dundas
 
Temperance Movement
Temperance MovementTemperance Movement
Temperance Movement
msteven1
 
Haitian Revolution
Haitian RevolutionHaitian Revolution
Haitian Revolution
Greg Sill
 

What's hot (20)

Immigration & education
Immigration & educationImmigration & education
Immigration & education
 
Ellis Island and Angel Island Experience
Ellis Island and Angel Island ExperienceEllis Island and Angel Island Experience
Ellis Island and Angel Island Experience
 
The indian wars
The indian warsThe indian wars
The indian wars
 
Illegal Immigration
Illegal ImmigrationIllegal Immigration
Illegal Immigration
 
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion ActChinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
 
Slavery in the united states
Slavery in the united statesSlavery in the united states
Slavery in the united states
 
Illegal Immigration
Illegal ImmigrationIllegal Immigration
Illegal Immigration
 
Illegal immigration power point
Illegal immigration power pointIllegal immigration power point
Illegal immigration power point
 
Homestead act
Homestead actHomestead act
Homestead act
 
Slavery in America
Slavery in AmericaSlavery in America
Slavery in America
 
Irish Immigration
Irish ImmigrationIrish Immigration
Irish Immigration
 
Ppt 10 rise of jim crow
Ppt 10 rise of jim crowPpt 10 rise of jim crow
Ppt 10 rise of jim crow
 
American Slavery
American Slavery American Slavery
American Slavery
 
Reconstruction unit lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power point
Reconstruction unit   lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power pointReconstruction unit   lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power point
Reconstruction unit lesson 2 - freedmen's bureau - power point
 
Native peoples of america
Native peoples of americaNative peoples of america
Native peoples of america
 
Trail Of Tears
Trail Of  TearsTrail Of  Tears
Trail Of Tears
 
The embargo act of 1807 5
The embargo act of 1807 5The embargo act of 1807 5
The embargo act of 1807 5
 
Manifest destiny
Manifest destinyManifest destiny
Manifest destiny
 
Temperance Movement
Temperance MovementTemperance Movement
Temperance Movement
 
Haitian Revolution
Haitian RevolutionHaitian Revolution
Haitian Revolution
 

Similar to Immigration in the United States

Chapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docx
Chapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docxChapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docx
Chapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docx
christinemaritza
 
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversityLecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
bflood
 
Analytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docx
Analytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docxAnalytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docx
Analytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docx
melvinjrobinson2199
 
Immigration steamboat
Immigration steamboatImmigration steamboat
Immigration steamboat
Jillian Price
 
Immigration steamboat
Immigration steamboatImmigration steamboat
Immigration steamboat
Jillian Price
 
HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?
HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?
HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?
George Dumitrache
 
Cao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docx
Cao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docxCao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docx
Cao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docx
wendolynhalbert
 
A land of immigrants
A land of immigrants A land of immigrants
A land of immigrants
Elhem Chniti
 
Immigration intro
Immigration introImmigration intro
Immigration intro
kvanko
 
Lecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docx
Lecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docxLecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docx
Lecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docx
smile790243
 
Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Everyday Democracy
 
American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants
American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants
American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants
Elhem Chniti
 
Assignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docx
Assignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docxAssignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docx
Assignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docx
ssuser562afc1
 
Selected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American HistorySelected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Everyday Democracy
 
Immigration American Immigration
Immigration American ImmigrationImmigration American Immigration
Immigration American Immigration
Megan Jones
 
kkk Immigration
kkk Immigrationkkk Immigration
kkk Immigration
Sanger Unified
 
A new nation
A new nationA new nation
A new nation
faithstudent
 
Immigration And Nationalism
Immigration And NationalismImmigration And Nationalism
Immigration And Nationalism
Mark Klopfenstein
 
USA Backlash against Anti-Immigration
USA Backlash against  Anti-ImmigrationUSA Backlash against  Anti-Immigration
USA Backlash against Anti-Immigration
Cake Butter
 
Immigrants in America.ppt
Immigrants in America.pptImmigrants in America.ppt
Immigrants in America.ppt
Gurumurthy B R
 

Similar to Immigration in the United States (20)

Chapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docx
Chapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docxChapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docx
Chapter EightUnderstanding the AsianAmerican & LatinoEx.docx
 
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversityLecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
 
Analytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docx
Analytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docxAnalytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docx
Analytical Essay Essay 1 - and justice for allDue timedate .docx
 
Immigration steamboat
Immigration steamboatImmigration steamboat
Immigration steamboat
 
Immigration steamboat
Immigration steamboatImmigration steamboat
Immigration steamboat
 
HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?
HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?
HISTORY YEAR 10: IMMIGRATION IN AMERICA, AN ISSUE?
 
Cao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docx
Cao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docxCao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docx
Cao 1ENGLISH 101Yanrong CaoOng, Wooi chin & N. RamirezDe.docx
 
A land of immigrants
A land of immigrants A land of immigrants
A land of immigrants
 
Immigration intro
Immigration introImmigration intro
Immigration intro
 
Lecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docx
Lecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docxLecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docx
Lecture NotesImmigration and the United States Chapter 4 Imm.docx
 
Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events Of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
 
American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants
American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants
American Civ Chapter two: A Land of Immigrants
 
Assignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docx
Assignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docxAssignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docx
Assignment FourRead chapters 8, 9, & 10 then complete the foll.docx
 
Selected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American HistorySelected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
Selected Events of Structural Oppression and Resistance in American History
 
Immigration American Immigration
Immigration American ImmigrationImmigration American Immigration
Immigration American Immigration
 
kkk Immigration
kkk Immigrationkkk Immigration
kkk Immigration
 
A new nation
A new nationA new nation
A new nation
 
Immigration And Nationalism
Immigration And NationalismImmigration And Nationalism
Immigration And Nationalism
 
USA Backlash against Anti-Immigration
USA Backlash against  Anti-ImmigrationUSA Backlash against  Anti-Immigration
USA Backlash against Anti-Immigration
 
Immigrants in America.ppt
Immigrants in America.pptImmigrants in America.ppt
Immigrants in America.ppt
 

Recently uploaded

Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Dr. S. Bulomine Regi
 
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatMVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docxParent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
AntonioJarligoCompra
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
ashutoshklal29
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
mansk2
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
luzmilaglez334
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 SlidesE-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Alvaro Barbosa
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Abhik Roychoudhury
 
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptxMathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
nolicaliso1
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
MANIVALANSR
 
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatSQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
 
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
 
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatMVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docxParent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 SlidesE-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
 
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
 
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
 
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptxMathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
 
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatSQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 

Immigration in the United States

  • 2. The Earliest ImmigrantsThe United States of America has a long history of immigration, beginning with Jamestown in the 17th century. Most of the early immigrants were European. Some came to escape religious persecution, some to find adventure and gold, and others because they were prisoners transported for crimes committed. Some of the wealthier Europeans brought along their African slaves. In 1808, Thomas Jefferson made the transportation of foreign slaves into the country illegal, but the practice of slavery itself would not be ended until nearly half a century later. Because slaves were still in high demand, slave ships continued to smuggle in more than 50,000 slaves from Africa, making them the first illegal aliens in the United States.
  • 3. European ImmigrationIn 1816 the first wave of Irish settlers immigrated to America. Five million Irish entered the country. Those who were born in the U.S. who considered themselves “natives” deeply resented the presence of the Irish and their Catholic religion. The Irish faced much persecution in America. It was not uncommon for mobs to break out and burn Catholic churches, and sometimes the Irish had a difficult time finding employment.In 1837, the Supreme Court ruled that states could restrict the immigration of paupers, vagabonds, and criminals. Many immigrants arrived in ships only to be sent back home again.European immigration continued throughout the 19th century. Political parties looking for votes would commonly expedite citizenship for immigrants in return for votes. Many Europeans came after the Homestead Act offered to sell land for $1.25 an acre to anyone who would settle it.
  • 4. Way Out WestThe earliest non-Europeans to receive United States citizenship were 80,000 Mexicans in 1848. When the U.S. acquired the border states(Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California, etc.) at the end of the Mexican War, all of the Mexicans living in those areas were granted citizenship. During the latter part of the 19th century, another group of immigrants came to America—the Chinese. When the Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860s, many Chinese workers were hired along with the Irish to work on the railroad.In the 1870s, the gold rush in California attracted even more Chinese immigrants. By 1880, the Chinese population had reached 105,465.Just like the Irish, the Chinese also faced persecution. When the economy experienced a decline, after the gold rush days, people blamed the Chinese. Laws were passed forbidding Chinese to buy land. People drove them from their homes and set fire to their businesses. In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed to bar the immigration of Chinese laborers for the next ten years.
  • 5. The Statue of LibertyIn 1886 the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, was completed. For 62 years Lady Liberty would overlook one of the busiest portals of immigration—Ellis Island. This immigration station that opened a couple of years later processed over 12 million immigrants between 1892 and 1954.On the plaque on the statue’s base, a poem urged the world’s tired, poor, wretched, and tempest-tossed to find shelter under her care. This seemingly wide-open invitation to immigrants has never been a reality for most of the people groups who wished to take Lady Liberty up on her offer.Ironically, the very next year after the statue of liberty was unveiled, Chinese immigration dropped to only ten people who came over in 1886. As the population of American multiplied, the population of Chinese steadily declined. The Chinese Exclusion Act had accomplished its purpose.One of the last significant events of the 19th century in regards to immigration was a Supreme court ruling in 1898 stating that the 14th amendment guarantees citizenship to everyone who was born in the United States. This meant that many Black slaves were now American citizens.
  • 6. Early 20th Century ImmigrationThe early 1900s saw a rise in Japanese immigration, and predictably, in anti-Japanese sentiment. As pressures were put upon government officials to put a stop to Japanese immigration, the U.S. and Japan negotiated what was known as “The Gentlemen’s Agreement.” This kept new Japanese laborers from entering the country but gave amnesty to those who were already here. Thousands of Japanese women still immigrated as “picture wives,” or mail order brides.In the meantime, Chinese continued to immigrate illegally, entering from Mexico and Canada. As early as 1904, border patrols had formed in order to keep the Chinese from crossing over the border of Mexico. The Chinese weren’t the only ones crossing over. Mexicans began to immigrate in heavy numbers after the Mexican Revolution in 1910. By 1927, a million Mexicans had crossed illegally.Another factor that compounded the discrimination against other races and ethnic groups was the rise of Eugenics—the desire to create a “master race” free from genetic impurities which included non-white races. In 1923, Asian Indians had their citizenship revoked because they were not “white” enough.
  • 7. World War IIWhen Japan bombed Pearl Harbor in December of 1942, the government responded by rounding up tens of thousands of Japanese, along Italians and Germans, and placing them in internment camps because they feared they were not loyal to the United States. The Supreme Court later ruled this action unconstitutional.During the war, the lack of men left in the United States to work prompted the U.S. to invite five million temporary migrant workers called Braceros to come to work in farms and railroads. In 1943 the Chinese Exclusion Act was finally repealed, opening the way for Chinese immigrants to become U.S. citizens. As current immigration laws required quotas for each country, China’s quota was set at 105 immigrants per year. An exception to the quotas were made for war brides that allowed a million soldiers to bring their foreign wives and children homeafter WWII ended.
  • 8. Civil Right EraIn1964 The Braceroprogram ended. The U.S. Government was frustrated with Mexican workers who did not have the proper documentation and so it decided to end the program. The Mexican government, however, was opposed to ending the program and wished to keep it open. Even though the U.S. ended the program, undocumented workers continued to arrive anyway. The illegal immigration we see today is a continuation of these events.In 1965, racial restrictions on immigration were finally eliminated. According to the new law, which went into effect in 1968, it became illegal to prohibit immigration or restrict naturalized citizenship based on a person’s race, gender, or nationality. Anyone, no matter if they were Irish, African, Chinese, Japanese, Mexican, Indian, or from any other country, could finally come to the United States and apply for citizenship.
  • 9. Immigration ReformWith immigration finally being open to all countries and nationalities, the U.S. became a safe harbor for refugees from other countries. However, many still entered the country without the proper documentation. In 1980, the U.S passed the Refugee Act which allowed persecuted individuals to come to America to seek asylum. Many Cubans arrived by boat seeking asylum under this Act.In 1986, President Ronald Reagan enacted Immigration Reform in order to deal with the growing number of illegal aliens. This reform granted legal status to any alien who entered the country illegally before January 1, 1982.It would also make it illegal for businesses to hire illegal aliens. The hope was that this would take care of the ones who were already here and were working, but would deter more from coming in. However, since the laws banning businesses from hiring illegals were not enforced, it did nothing to stop the flow of illegal immigrants. By 1994 it was estimated that there were 3.4 million illegal immigrants in the United States.  
  • 10. Immigration Issues TodayToday immigration is still a hot issue. In many cities in the U.S., the Spanish-speaking population continues to grow. I hear people all the time complaining about the number of Mexicans. They accused Mexicans of not learning the language, being dirty, doing drugs, and stealing “our” jobs. Yet, the Mexicans I know work hard without complaining and send most of the money they make back to their families in Mexico. Often they are taken advantage of by employers who pay them low wages in cash to avoid getting in trouble for hiring illegals.Many of the same things that people today say about Mexicans are the same things earlier generations said about the Irish and the Chinese. Throughout the history of our country, those who were here “first” (which is ironic, since the American Indians were the ones who were here “first”) are always suspicious of those who arrived later.
  • 11. Making Immigration EasierIn the debate about immigration, most people say they aren’t against Mexicans immigrating, they are just against illegal immigration. I believe that the laws are far too restrictive towards immigrants. It should not take ten years for someone to immigrate legally. When becoming legal is that difficult and time consuming, it is no wonder that immigrants come over illegally. One of our greatest landmarks and symbols of America, the Statue of Liberty, has a sign on its base with a poem welcoming the “huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” They are noble, inspiring words, but they are not words our country has lived up to. I would like to see us welcome those who are just trying to make a better life for themselves and their families. We claim that America is the greatest country in the world, but we want to keep it all to ourselves. I think we should remember that once upon a time, our ancestors were immigrants, too.
  • 12. ReferencesCamarota, Steven A. “New INS Report: 1986 Amnesty Increased Illegal Immigration.” Center for Immigration Studies. 12 October 2000. Web. 6 April 2011. http://www.cis.org/articles/2000/ins1986amnesty.html“Historical Timeline: History of Legal and Illegal Immigration to the United States.” ProCon.org. 27 September 2010. Web. 4 April 2011. http://immigration.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=002690#3