SlideShare a Scribd company logo
What are the four
stages of
osteoarthritis?
Agenda
• Introduction
• Causes
• Target Points
• Possible Treatments
• Regenerative Medicines
help
• Summary
Presentation title 2
Introduction
Osteoarthritis is a common condition that affects joints, including the feet, shoulder, hips, knees, and hands.
A robust, smooth, slippery
coat covers the bone surface called cartilage. This cartilage coating helps your bones to move freely against
each other.
If a part of the cartilage becomes thin and the bone surface becomes rougher, the bones will not move freely.
And this is the so-called wear and tear of the joint. The knee, hip and small joints of the hands are more prone
to develop osteoarthritis because of more frequent weight-bearing and repetitive movement.
Presentation title 3
What are the four stages of
osteoarthritis?
There are four stages of osteoarthritis, and the symptoms and signs.
Presentation title 5
• Stage 1: Minor
Little to no pain
Minor wear-and-tear of the joint
• Stage 2: Mild
Stiffness sensation if you remain sedentary for a while
You may require a brace
Noticeable bone spur
There are four stages of osteoarthritis, and the symptoms and signs.
Presentation title 6
• Stage 3: Moderate
Joint inflammation and discomfort while doing everyday activities
Cartilage in the affected area starts getting worn
• Stage 4: Sever
Overgrown spur formation in the affected joint
Severe pain and swelling
Joint inflammation followed by the complete worn-out cartilage
What happens if the cartilage
becomes thin?
“
”
What happens if the cartilage becomes thin?
Presentation title 8
• Once the cartilage is damaged, the tissues within the joint work actively to repair the damage. This repair
process may even change the joint structure.
• In this process, you may get joint pain, swelling, difficulty in joint movement, and stiffness.
• Or else, there will be an additional bone development at the edge of your joint called osteophytes.
• These outgrowths will restrict your movement by rubbing against the surrounding tissues.
• Furthermore, the synovium (joint capsule lining) may also thicken and secrete more fluid. This secretion will
swell up the joint region.
• Since joint regions cannot move freely, they may develop cracking or grating sounds. The joint structure will
become less stable, followed by the weakening of the muscles.
• Usually, most of us develop osteoarthritis as we grow older, even if we are unaware of it. The degree of joint
damage can determine the severity of pain and mobility issues.
What exactly causes osteoarthritis?
• One of the most common causes of osteoarthritis is ‘wear and tear’. However, the risk of developing osteoarthritis depends on the following
factors:
•
Gender: Osteoarthritis is more severe and frequent in females compared to males.
• Age: Osteoarthritis more commonly develops in the late 40s. The body changes include weak muscles, reduced ability to heal itself, and weight
gain are the primary reasons as we age.
• Obesity: Obesity is a major risk factor, especially when it comes to weight-bearing joints like the hip and knee.
• Joint Injury and Abnormalities: Repetitive activities can increase the risk of joint injuries that may lead to osteoarthritis. Other joint abnormalities
such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis can cause osteoarthritis.
• Heredity: Mutation of genes that affect a collagen protein may cause osteoarthritis at an earlier age.
• Weather Condition: The changes in weather conditions, especially the fall in atmospheric pressure, can worsen osteoarthritis’s pain and other
symptoms. However, weather changes are not the cause of arthritis symptoms, but the cold weather can undoubtedly worsen the symptoms.
Presentation title 9
Is it possible to diagnose osteoarthritis?
• Yes. It is obligatory to diagnose accurately before proceeding with osteoarthritis treatment.
• Symptoms – the starting point and the severity level of these symptoms
• Physical examination
• Restricted movement
• Joint tenderness
• Swelling of bones
• Weakness of muscles surrounding the affected joint
• Joint instability
• Grating or creaking sensation of the joint region called crepitus
• X-ray examination to determine if there is any calcium deposit in the joint region
• MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) examination can determine the possible bone or joint problems that may
trigger the above-listed symptoms
Presentation title 10
What are the target points affected by
osteoarthritis?
• All joints may develop osteoarthritis. However, osteoarthritis mainly affects the knee, shoulder, elbow, hip, spine, wrist, thumb, foot, ankle, neck,
back, jaw (temporomandibular joint), and big toes.
Presentation title 11
Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis?
Presentation title 12
• Yes. It is obligatory to diagnose accurately before proceeding with osteoarthritis treatment.
• The diagnosis of this condition is based on the following:
• Symptoms – the starting point and the severity level of these symptoms
• Physical examination
• Restricted movement
• Joint tenderness
• Swelling of bones
Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis?
Presentation title 13
• Weakness of muscles surrounding the affected joint
• Joint instability
• Grating or creaking sensation of the joint region called crepitus
• X-ray examination to determine if there is any calcium deposit in the joint region
• MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) examination can determine the possible bone or joint problems that may
trigger the above-listed symptoms
Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis?
Presentation title 14
• Yes. The list of treatment methods that can manage your osteoarthritis symptoms includes the following:
• Initial home treatment – RICE formula: RICE represents Rest, Ice application, Compression, and Elevation. Take enough rest.
Apply ice cubes to the affected region by wrapping them in a cloth. Wear compression bands to restrict the movement of
the affected joint region. While taking a rest, keep the affected joint in an elevated position above your chest.
• Activity modification: Try to modify the routine activities until you find relief from arthritis symptoms. For instance, if you
are a runner, stop running till your pain subsides. However, keep walking instead of running to maintain an active life.
• Physical therapy: Physical therapeutic exercises, including strengthening exercises, range of movement exercises,
hydrotherapy, and aerobic exercises, can relieve osteoarthritis symptoms. Even cycling, walking, and swimming can help
people get relief from pain.
Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis?
Presentation title 15
• NSAIDs: Administration of NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can reduce pain, swelling, and
inflammation. However, physicians do not recommend them for long due to their significant side effects.
• Corticosteroid injections: Physicians recommend corticosteroid injections in case medications don’t work.
However, repeated steroids can weaken the tendon around the affected joint region, making it more painful.
• Regenerative treatment: A natural and minimally invasive non-surgical orthobiologic treatment that kick starts
the healing process by treating the underlying cause as well as symptoms of osteoarthritis.
• Surgery: Physicians recommend surgery as the last option to treat osteoarthritis. The varied surgical options include:
• Joint replacement surgery
• Arthroscopic keyhole surgery to wash out loose bone fragments from the affected joint region
• Joint fusion – The joints are fixed together to prevent further movement.
How can Regenerative Medicine help in
osteoarthritis treatment?
Presentation title 16
• Regenerative medicine includes natural cellular treatments like PRP Therapy, Stem Cell Treatment,
regenerative therapy, Goldic Treatment and others.
• Unlike the conventional treatment methods, regenerative medicine treats the underlying cause of the
symptoms. And by healing, the underlying cause can treat your symptoms as well.
• It is a revolutionary method where physicians use patients’ body cells for treatment. Hence, you do not
undergo any significant side effects like allergy or rejection problems. Unlike other conventional treatment
methods, this long-lasting, minimally invasive, a
Time to take care of yourself
Presentation title 17
• Living with osteoarthritis can affect a person emotionally and mentally. The continuous pain disturbs the
sleep routine, and eventually, it will affect the person’s mood. And finally, the osteoarthritis pain will get on
top of you.
• If you feel low or are currently undergoing any such underlying symptoms or joint pain, contact Medica
Stem Cells Clinic. Our medical team of orthopaedic surgeons and doctors is here to listen to your concerns
and offer a suitable solution without any delays.
• Earlier is better! Regenerative treatment intervention is likely to be more effective when it is provided in
the earlier stages of osteoarthritis rather than later. Don’t wait until the pain becomes unbearable. Get it
treated as soon as you notice changes or pain in your joint. So, reach out to us as soon as possible to enjoy
a long-lasting pain-free life.
Thank you
Medica Stem Cells
info@medicastemcells.com
https://medicastemcells.co
m/

More Related Content

Similar to Four stages of osteoarthritis.pptx

Joint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptx
Joint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptxJoint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptx
Joint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptx
DrDibyaSingha
 
Osteoarthritis
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
drangelosmith
 
osteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdf
osteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdfosteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdf
osteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdf
munirmemon40
 
Revised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.ppt
Revised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.pptRevised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.ppt
Revised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.ppt
socdigitalmarkting
 
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptxMusculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
raviapr7
 
Osteoarthritis
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
guest785be1
 
Yoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosis
Yoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosisYoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosis
Yoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosis
Founder Director
 
Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene Arizona
Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene ArizonaStem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene Arizona
Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene Arizona
Dr. David Greene Arizona
 
Osteoarthritis
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
sgpharshida
 
Connective tissue and collagen disorder
Connective tissue and collagen disorderConnective tissue and collagen disorder
Connective tissue and collagen disorder
Rahul Ranjan
 
what Knee Pain Treatment?
what Knee Pain Treatment?what Knee Pain Treatment?
what Knee Pain Treatment?
pallaviparmar9
 
client care for arthritis.pptx
client care for arthritis.pptxclient care for arthritis.pptx
medical aspects PRESENTATION
medical aspects PRESENTATIONmedical aspects PRESENTATION
medical aspects PRESENTATION
Kayla Klein
 
Oasteoarthriris
OasteoarthririsOasteoarthriris
Oasteoarthriris
MONTHER ALKHAWLANY
 
ARTHRITIS.pptx
ARTHRITIS.pptxARTHRITIS.pptx
ARTHRITIS.pptx
FrancisEtseyDushie
 
Effects of getting older
Effects of getting olderEffects of getting older
Effects of getting older
CommsEditors
 
5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx
5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx
5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx
pallaviparmar9
 
Osteoarthritis patient-education
Osteoarthritis patient-educationOsteoarthritis patient-education
Osteoarthritis patient-education
Amol jawarkar
 
Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management
Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management
Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management
Prochnost
 
Non surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitation
Non surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitationNon surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitation
Non surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitation
Aditibuliya4
 

Similar to Four stages of osteoarthritis.pptx (20)

Joint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptx
Joint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptxJoint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptx
Joint Replacement Dr Dibya Singha.pptx
 
Osteoarthritis
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
 
osteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdf
osteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdfosteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdf
osteoarthritis-140614073518-phpapp02.pdf
 
Revised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.ppt
Revised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.pptRevised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.ppt
Revised Management tips for Arthritis patients- Dr. Shivendra Srivastava.ppt
 
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptxMusculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
Musculoskeletal disorders: Osteoarthritis,.pptx
 
Osteoarthritis
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
 
Yoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosis
Yoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosisYoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosis
Yoga for orthopedic arthritis and osteoporosis
 
Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene Arizona
Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene ArizonaStem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene Arizona
Stem Cell Therapy for Osteoarthritis | Dr. David Greene Arizona
 
Osteoarthritis
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
 
Connective tissue and collagen disorder
Connective tissue and collagen disorderConnective tissue and collagen disorder
Connective tissue and collagen disorder
 
what Knee Pain Treatment?
what Knee Pain Treatment?what Knee Pain Treatment?
what Knee Pain Treatment?
 
client care for arthritis.pptx
client care for arthritis.pptxclient care for arthritis.pptx
client care for arthritis.pptx
 
medical aspects PRESENTATION
medical aspects PRESENTATIONmedical aspects PRESENTATION
medical aspects PRESENTATION
 
Oasteoarthriris
OasteoarthririsOasteoarthriris
Oasteoarthriris
 
ARTHRITIS.pptx
ARTHRITIS.pptxARTHRITIS.pptx
ARTHRITIS.pptx
 
Effects of getting older
Effects of getting olderEffects of getting older
Effects of getting older
 
5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx
5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx
5 Knee Pain Symptoms You Shouldn’t Overlook.pptx
 
Osteoarthritis patient-education
Osteoarthritis patient-educationOsteoarthritis patient-education
Osteoarthritis patient-education
 
Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management
Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management
Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Therapy Management
 
Non surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitation
Non surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitationNon surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitation
Non surgical conditions of knee joint and its rehabilitation
 

More from pallaviparmar9

Everything you need to know about stem cells.pptx
Everything you need to know about stem cells.pptxEverything you need to know about stem cells.pptx
Everything you need to know about stem cells.pptx
pallaviparmar9
 
Consider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptx
Consider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptxConsider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptx
Consider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptx
pallaviparmar9
 
Physical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptx
Physical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptxPhysical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptx
Physical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptx
pallaviparmar9
 
What is orthobiologics.pptx
What is orthobiologics.pptxWhat is orthobiologics.pptx
What is orthobiologics.pptx
pallaviparmar9
 
What are stem cells?
What are stem cells?What are stem cells?
What are stem cells?
pallaviparmar9
 
Nine things know about stem cells treatment
Nine things know about stem cells treatmentNine things know about stem cells treatment
Nine things know about stem cells treatment
pallaviparmar9
 
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitisRegenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
pallaviparmar9
 
Alternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injury
Alternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injuryAlternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injury
Alternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injury
pallaviparmar9
 
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitisRegenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
pallaviparmar9
 
Stem cells what they are and what they do
Stem cells what they are and what they doStem cells what they are and what they do
Stem cells what they are and what they do
pallaviparmar9
 
Alternative to knee surgery regenerative cellular therapies
Alternative to knee surgery   regenerative cellular therapiesAlternative to knee surgery   regenerative cellular therapies
Alternative to knee surgery regenerative cellular therapies
pallaviparmar9
 
An Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular Therapies
An Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular TherapiesAn Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular Therapies
An Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular Therapies
pallaviparmar9
 

More from pallaviparmar9 (12)

Everything you need to know about stem cells.pptx
Everything you need to know about stem cells.pptxEverything you need to know about stem cells.pptx
Everything you need to know about stem cells.pptx
 
Consider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptx
Consider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptxConsider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptx
Consider Regenerative Cell Therapy for your common shoulder problems.pptx
 
Physical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptx
Physical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptxPhysical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptx
Physical Fitness and Exercise During the COVID-19.pptx
 
What is orthobiologics.pptx
What is orthobiologics.pptxWhat is orthobiologics.pptx
What is orthobiologics.pptx
 
What are stem cells?
What are stem cells?What are stem cells?
What are stem cells?
 
Nine things know about stem cells treatment
Nine things know about stem cells treatmentNine things know about stem cells treatment
Nine things know about stem cells treatment
 
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitisRegenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
 
Alternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injury
Alternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injuryAlternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injury
Alternative treatment for rotator cuff tear or injury
 
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitisRegenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
Regenerative treatment for plantar fasciitis
 
Stem cells what they are and what they do
Stem cells what they are and what they doStem cells what they are and what they do
Stem cells what they are and what they do
 
Alternative to knee surgery regenerative cellular therapies
Alternative to knee surgery   regenerative cellular therapiesAlternative to knee surgery   regenerative cellular therapies
Alternative to knee surgery regenerative cellular therapies
 
An Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular Therapies
An Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular TherapiesAn Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular Therapies
An Alternative to Knee Surgery- Regenerative Cellular Therapies
 

Recently uploaded

K CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấu
K CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấuK CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấu
K CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấu
HongBiThi1
 
TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...
Donc Test
 
Muscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Muscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptxMuscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Muscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore
 
Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)
Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)
Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)
Josep Vidal-Alaball
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
rishi2789
 
REGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptx
REGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptxREGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptx
REGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptx
LaniyaNasrink
 
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdfCBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
suvadeepdas911
 
Ear and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Ear and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptxEar and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Ear and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore
 
Integrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic Approach
Integrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic ApproachIntegrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic Approach
Integrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic Approach
Ayurveda ForAll
 
Best Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and Indigestion
Best Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and IndigestionBest Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and Indigestion
Best Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and Indigestion
Swastik Ayurveda
 
Tests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptx
Tests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptxTests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptx
Tests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptx
taiba qazi
 
A Classical Text Review on Basavarajeeyam
A Classical Text Review on BasavarajeeyamA Classical Text Review on Basavarajeeyam
A Classical Text Review on Basavarajeeyam
Dr. Jyothirmai Paindla
 
Histololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptx
Histololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptxHistololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptx
Histololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptx
AyeshaZaid1
 
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
Holistified Wellness
 
share - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptx
share - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptxshare - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptx
share - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptx
Tina Purnat
 
The Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in India
The Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in IndiaThe Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in India
The Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in India
Swastik Ayurveda
 
Ketone bodies and metabolism-biochemistry
Ketone bodies and metabolism-biochemistryKetone bodies and metabolism-biochemistry
Ketone bodies and metabolism-biochemistry
Dhayanithi C
 
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotesPromoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
PsychoTech Services
 
The Electrocardiogram - Physiologic Principles
The Electrocardiogram - Physiologic PrinciplesThe Electrocardiogram - Physiologic Principles
The Electrocardiogram - Physiologic Principles
MedicoseAcademics
 
Cardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdf
Cardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdfCardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdf
Cardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdf
shivalingatalekar1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

K CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấu
K CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấuK CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấu
K CỔ TỬ CUNG.pdf tự ghi chép, chữ hơi xấu
 
TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Community Health Nursing A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition by...
 
Muscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Muscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptxMuscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Muscles of Mastication by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
 
Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)
Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)
Artificial Intelligence Symposium (THAIS)
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
 
REGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptx
REGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptxREGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptx
REGULATION FOR COMBINATION PRODUCTS AND MEDICAL DEVICES.pptx
 
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdfCBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
 
Ear and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Ear and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptxEar and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Ear and its clinical correlations By Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
 
Integrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic Approach
Integrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic ApproachIntegrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic Approach
Integrating Ayurveda into Parkinson’s Management: A Holistic Approach
 
Best Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and Indigestion
Best Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and IndigestionBest Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and Indigestion
Best Ayurvedic medicine for Gas and Indigestion
 
Tests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptx
Tests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptxTests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptx
Tests for analysis of different pharmaceutical.pptx
 
A Classical Text Review on Basavarajeeyam
A Classical Text Review on BasavarajeeyamA Classical Text Review on Basavarajeeyam
A Classical Text Review on Basavarajeeyam
 
Histololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptx
Histololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptxHistololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptx
Histololgy of Female Reproductive System.pptx
 
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
 
share - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptx
share - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptxshare - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptx
share - Lions, tigers, AI and health misinformation, oh my!.pptx
 
The Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in India
The Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in IndiaThe Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in India
The Best Ayurvedic Antacid Tablets in India
 
Ketone bodies and metabolism-biochemistry
Ketone bodies and metabolism-biochemistryKetone bodies and metabolism-biochemistry
Ketone bodies and metabolism-biochemistry
 
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotesPromoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
 
The Electrocardiogram - Physiologic Principles
The Electrocardiogram - Physiologic PrinciplesThe Electrocardiogram - Physiologic Principles
The Electrocardiogram - Physiologic Principles
 
Cardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdf
Cardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdfCardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdf
Cardiac Assessment for B.sc Nursing Student.pdf
 

Four stages of osteoarthritis.pptx

  • 1. What are the four stages of osteoarthritis?
  • 2. Agenda • Introduction • Causes • Target Points • Possible Treatments • Regenerative Medicines help • Summary Presentation title 2
  • 3. Introduction Osteoarthritis is a common condition that affects joints, including the feet, shoulder, hips, knees, and hands. A robust, smooth, slippery coat covers the bone surface called cartilage. This cartilage coating helps your bones to move freely against each other. If a part of the cartilage becomes thin and the bone surface becomes rougher, the bones will not move freely. And this is the so-called wear and tear of the joint. The knee, hip and small joints of the hands are more prone to develop osteoarthritis because of more frequent weight-bearing and repetitive movement. Presentation title 3
  • 4. What are the four stages of osteoarthritis?
  • 5. There are four stages of osteoarthritis, and the symptoms and signs. Presentation title 5 • Stage 1: Minor Little to no pain Minor wear-and-tear of the joint • Stage 2: Mild Stiffness sensation if you remain sedentary for a while You may require a brace Noticeable bone spur
  • 6. There are four stages of osteoarthritis, and the symptoms and signs. Presentation title 6 • Stage 3: Moderate Joint inflammation and discomfort while doing everyday activities Cartilage in the affected area starts getting worn • Stage 4: Sever Overgrown spur formation in the affected joint Severe pain and swelling Joint inflammation followed by the complete worn-out cartilage
  • 7. What happens if the cartilage becomes thin? “ ”
  • 8. What happens if the cartilage becomes thin? Presentation title 8 • Once the cartilage is damaged, the tissues within the joint work actively to repair the damage. This repair process may even change the joint structure. • In this process, you may get joint pain, swelling, difficulty in joint movement, and stiffness. • Or else, there will be an additional bone development at the edge of your joint called osteophytes. • These outgrowths will restrict your movement by rubbing against the surrounding tissues. • Furthermore, the synovium (joint capsule lining) may also thicken and secrete more fluid. This secretion will swell up the joint region. • Since joint regions cannot move freely, they may develop cracking or grating sounds. The joint structure will become less stable, followed by the weakening of the muscles. • Usually, most of us develop osteoarthritis as we grow older, even if we are unaware of it. The degree of joint damage can determine the severity of pain and mobility issues.
  • 9. What exactly causes osteoarthritis? • One of the most common causes of osteoarthritis is ‘wear and tear’. However, the risk of developing osteoarthritis depends on the following factors: • Gender: Osteoarthritis is more severe and frequent in females compared to males. • Age: Osteoarthritis more commonly develops in the late 40s. The body changes include weak muscles, reduced ability to heal itself, and weight gain are the primary reasons as we age. • Obesity: Obesity is a major risk factor, especially when it comes to weight-bearing joints like the hip and knee. • Joint Injury and Abnormalities: Repetitive activities can increase the risk of joint injuries that may lead to osteoarthritis. Other joint abnormalities such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis can cause osteoarthritis. • Heredity: Mutation of genes that affect a collagen protein may cause osteoarthritis at an earlier age. • Weather Condition: The changes in weather conditions, especially the fall in atmospheric pressure, can worsen osteoarthritis’s pain and other symptoms. However, weather changes are not the cause of arthritis symptoms, but the cold weather can undoubtedly worsen the symptoms. Presentation title 9
  • 10. Is it possible to diagnose osteoarthritis? • Yes. It is obligatory to diagnose accurately before proceeding with osteoarthritis treatment. • Symptoms – the starting point and the severity level of these symptoms • Physical examination • Restricted movement • Joint tenderness • Swelling of bones • Weakness of muscles surrounding the affected joint • Joint instability • Grating or creaking sensation of the joint region called crepitus • X-ray examination to determine if there is any calcium deposit in the joint region • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) examination can determine the possible bone or joint problems that may trigger the above-listed symptoms Presentation title 10
  • 11. What are the target points affected by osteoarthritis? • All joints may develop osteoarthritis. However, osteoarthritis mainly affects the knee, shoulder, elbow, hip, spine, wrist, thumb, foot, ankle, neck, back, jaw (temporomandibular joint), and big toes. Presentation title 11
  • 12. Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis? Presentation title 12 • Yes. It is obligatory to diagnose accurately before proceeding with osteoarthritis treatment. • The diagnosis of this condition is based on the following: • Symptoms – the starting point and the severity level of these symptoms • Physical examination • Restricted movement • Joint tenderness • Swelling of bones
  • 13. Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis? Presentation title 13 • Weakness of muscles surrounding the affected joint • Joint instability • Grating or creaking sensation of the joint region called crepitus • X-ray examination to determine if there is any calcium deposit in the joint region • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) examination can determine the possible bone or joint problems that may trigger the above-listed symptoms
  • 14. Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis? Presentation title 14 • Yes. The list of treatment methods that can manage your osteoarthritis symptoms includes the following: • Initial home treatment – RICE formula: RICE represents Rest, Ice application, Compression, and Elevation. Take enough rest. Apply ice cubes to the affected region by wrapping them in a cloth. Wear compression bands to restrict the movement of the affected joint region. While taking a rest, keep the affected joint in an elevated position above your chest. • Activity modification: Try to modify the routine activities until you find relief from arthritis symptoms. For instance, if you are a runner, stop running till your pain subsides. However, keep walking instead of running to maintain an active life. • Physical therapy: Physical therapeutic exercises, including strengthening exercises, range of movement exercises, hydrotherapy, and aerobic exercises, can relieve osteoarthritis symptoms. Even cycling, walking, and swimming can help people get relief from pain.
  • 15. Is it possible to treat osteoarthritis? Presentation title 15 • NSAIDs: Administration of NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation. However, physicians do not recommend them for long due to their significant side effects. • Corticosteroid injections: Physicians recommend corticosteroid injections in case medications don’t work. However, repeated steroids can weaken the tendon around the affected joint region, making it more painful. • Regenerative treatment: A natural and minimally invasive non-surgical orthobiologic treatment that kick starts the healing process by treating the underlying cause as well as symptoms of osteoarthritis. • Surgery: Physicians recommend surgery as the last option to treat osteoarthritis. The varied surgical options include: • Joint replacement surgery • Arthroscopic keyhole surgery to wash out loose bone fragments from the affected joint region • Joint fusion – The joints are fixed together to prevent further movement.
  • 16. How can Regenerative Medicine help in osteoarthritis treatment? Presentation title 16 • Regenerative medicine includes natural cellular treatments like PRP Therapy, Stem Cell Treatment, regenerative therapy, Goldic Treatment and others. • Unlike the conventional treatment methods, regenerative medicine treats the underlying cause of the symptoms. And by healing, the underlying cause can treat your symptoms as well. • It is a revolutionary method where physicians use patients’ body cells for treatment. Hence, you do not undergo any significant side effects like allergy or rejection problems. Unlike other conventional treatment methods, this long-lasting, minimally invasive, a
  • 17. Time to take care of yourself Presentation title 17 • Living with osteoarthritis can affect a person emotionally and mentally. The continuous pain disturbs the sleep routine, and eventually, it will affect the person’s mood. And finally, the osteoarthritis pain will get on top of you. • If you feel low or are currently undergoing any such underlying symptoms or joint pain, contact Medica Stem Cells Clinic. Our medical team of orthopaedic surgeons and doctors is here to listen to your concerns and offer a suitable solution without any delays. • Earlier is better! Regenerative treatment intervention is likely to be more effective when it is provided in the earlier stages of osteoarthritis rather than later. Don’t wait until the pain becomes unbearable. Get it treated as soon as you notice changes or pain in your joint. So, reach out to us as soon as possible to enjoy a long-lasting pain-free life.
  • 18. Thank you Medica Stem Cells info@medicastemcells.com https://medicastemcells.co m/