SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 124
OPERATOR TRAINING
U.S. - FORK TRUCKS
Rough Terrain Forklifts
Straight Mast and Telehandlers
 In Compliance With
OSHA, CSA and ANSI/ITSDF Standards
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2
Introductions
Training Objectives
Types of Equipment
Pre-Start Inspection
Safe Operation
What Can Go Wrong?
Parking & Shut Down
Test
Summary
Hands-On Assessment
INTRODUCTIONS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
3
INTRODUCTIONS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
4
 Instructor
 Attendees
–Name
–Background
–What do you hope to learn?
 Please silence your cell phones
 Breaks at 90 min
 Fire Exits, Rest Rooms
 We hope that this aids you in understanding
how to use lift equipment
 Please use only as guidelines
 Refer to the OSHA standards and regulations
for construction projects
 The Operator Manual is the presiding text on
the safe operation of the Forklift, Read and
understand it
INTRODUCTIONS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
5
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
INTRODUCTIONS, GEAR QUIZ
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
Name 3 things you need to know about Forklifts before operating?
6
1 Get training
2 Read the operator’s manual
3 Conduct a pre-start inspection
Stay away from power lines
5
4 Conduct a workplace inspection
6 Read and understand the load charts or ID plate
7 The weight of the load
8 The capacity of the forklift
9 Any attachments
10 Do not lift personnel
11 Do not alter the forklift in any way
12 Don’t operate a forklift that is not operating properly
13 Follow all Jobsite Rules and procedures
3
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
8 © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
An understanding
of your
responsibilities
An understanding
of the various
types of lift
equipment
An understanding
of a workplace
inspection
An understanding
of the hazards
involved
Written exam
Must get 32 out of
40 correct
Hands-on
training and…
How to
prevent
accidents
Course Objectives and Goals
To provide the student with:
An understanding
of a pre-start
inspection
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
9
How Hydraulic Equipment Works
Fluid
Pump
Valve
Cylinder
or Drive
Power
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
10
Only qualified personnel
shall operate the equipment
Each machine is different
 Read operator’s, AEM
manuals
 Give yourself time to get
familiar with the controls
 Trained per OSHA CSA ANSI/ITSDF
 Authorized by the employer/user
 Familiarized
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
 85 forklift fatalities and
 34,900 injuries each year
 Millions of $$ of lost production
 Untold misery and loss to families,
relatives and friends
What accidents have you seen,
witnessed or experienced?
7
Accidents cost everyone!!!
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
12
The Most Serious Accidents
24%
17%
14%
14%
11%
8%
6%
Tip Over
Struck by Material
Struck by Forklift
Worker Fell from Forklift
Worker Pinned Between Objects
Forklift Ran Off Dock
Worker Died During Forklift Repair
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
13
Definitions
 Telehandler Forklift - a device designed to lift and
transport materials that is used on rough terrain, has a
telescopic boom that raises and lowers, typically with
6k to 15k lbs. of capacity
 Warehouse Forklift- a device designed to lift and
transport materials on a smooth flat and level surface
usually concrete to load/unload trucks and shelves
 USERS – person or entity that utilizes or puts into
operation the lift. (includes companies and
supervisors, etc.)
 OPERATORS – a qualified person who controls the
movement of the lift
TRAINING OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
14
Training Required
 OPERATOR TRAINING:
–Ensure that the individual has been trained
Retraining as necessary to restore proficiency
Change in worksite
Change in equipment
Accident or near miss
Or recognized deficiency Outriggers Articulating boo lifts
Policy: retraining every 3 years or any of the above.
1. Accidents cost __________.
2. Only _________________ shall operate the equipment.
3. Name two of the most common Forklift accidents?
TRAINING OBJECTIVES - GEAR QUIZ
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
15
everyone
qualified personnel
5 Worker Pinned Between Objects
1 Tip-over
2 Struck by Material
Struck by Forklift
3
4
Worker Fell
From Forklift
7
Worker Died During
Forklift Repair
6 Forklift Ran Off Dock
5
TYPES OF
EQUIPMENT
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
TYPES OF FORKLIFTS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
12
Classes of Lift Trucks
 Powered Industrial Trucks
–Class 7, Rough Terrain
 Straight Mast
 Telehandler
 Trailer Mounted Forklifts “Moffitt”
TYPES OF FORKLIFTS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
18
Telehandler Rough
Terrain Forklift
 Reaches to Greater Heights
 Adjustable Frame
 Multiple Steering Modes
 Oscillating Axle
 a.k.a., Reach Lifts, Shooters, Lull, Telehandler.
 JLG, Skytrak, Cat, JCB Loadall, Genie
TYPES OF FORKLIFTS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
19
Vertical Mast RTFL
 Steering Primarily through Rear Wheels
 Mast Tilt Feature
 Carriage Shift Feature
 Tight Turning Radius
 Efficient in Storage Rack Areas
 JCB, Case
TYPES OF FORKLIFTS
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
20
Questions to Determine the
Correct Forklift for the Job
 How high do you need to land the load?
 How close can you get the forklift to the work?
 How much weight are you lifting?
 Inside or outside?
 Electric, Gas/LP, Diesel
 Path from drop off area to work area?
 What work are you doing?
TYPES OF EQUIPMENT, GEAR QUIZ
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
21
1. Rough terrain reach forklifts are also known as:
1. Shooters
2. Lulls
3. Telehandlers
4. All the Above
2. An important question to ask when selecting any forklift
is:
_______________________.
How much am I picking up
7
PRE-START INSPECTION
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
23
Steel Toe Work Boots
Hardhat, overhead hazards
Safety Glasses Seatbelt
Safety Gear
 Starts with YOU, are you Fit for
duty and properly protected?
–Hard hat
–Steel toed work boots
–Safety glasses
–Hi-Vis Vest
–Seatbelts
Reflective HiVis Vest
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
24
Before the Start of the Day or Before the Start of the Work Shift
Operating & emergency controls
Safety devices, backup alarm & horn
Fire extinguisher, mirrors, personal
protective devices, hardhat, safety boots,
safety glasses, seatbelt
Air, hydraulic, & fuel system leaks
Cables, wiring
Loose, missing parts
Tire, wheels
Grab handles and steps
Forks
Placards, warnings, control markings, manuals
Outriggers, stabilizers, other structures
ROPS
Items specified by manufacturer, Manuals
All defects shall be corrected before use
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
25
Common Problems
 Seatbelts not working
 Control markings illegible
 Load charts missing
 Forks damaged
 Fuel not clearly marked
 Brakes not working
 Fire Extinguisher, Charged, Tagged
 Manuals missing
 Altering safety devices. Altering or disabling of
interlocks or other safety devices shall be prohibited.
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
26
Hydraulic Leaks
 Do not put your hands around hydraulic lines
especially if you suspect a leak
 High pressure injection injuries can be fatal
 If injured by high pressure injection seek
professional medical attention IMMEDIATELY
from a HAND SPECIALIST!!!
 Your life or limb may depend on immediate
action
 WARNING! – Graphic slide is next!
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
27
This is NOT the injury but the operation to remove the oil from the
muscle tissue.
High pressure hydraulic
injection injury, man was
wearing leather gloves at
the time as well. Mineral oil
ate away at the fatty tissues
in his hand and began
traveling up his arm.
High Pressure
Injection Injury
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
28 These Forks are Worn more than 10%.
Fork Thickness Heel must be at
least 90% of fork vertical shank
thickness, OSHA and ANSI.
Blade
Shank
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
29
2.2 lbs. = 1 Kg.
600 mm = 24 Inches
1250 kg = 2750 lbs.
Fork capacity:
Each fork must match, be marked and the
combination of the two forks must be equal to
or greater than the forklift capacity, per ANSI.
Fork capacity Example:
If forklift capacity is 5,000 lbs. each fork must
have a capacity of 2,500lbs.
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
30
 Surface cracks, visual check or non-destructive
testing
 Straightness of blade and shank, within 0.5% of
length of blade or height of shank
 Fork angle from upper face of blade to load face of
shank, within 3 degrees of original
 Relative height of fork tips in set when mounted on
fork carrier, difference of height not to exceed 3% of
length of blade
 Operation of positioning lock (if provided), good
repair and correct operation
Fork Inspection per ANSI/ITSDF
The forks shall be carefully examined for the following:
 Wear, especially in the area of heel, Thickness
shall be within 10% of original specification or not
less than minimum thickness as specified by the
fork manufacturer
 Fit of fork arm mounting hooks or eye, visual
check for fit with no excessive wear or deformation
between hooks and carrier of fork eye and shaft
 Markings, shall be legible
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
31
Manuals
 Operator’s Manual
 AEM Yellow Manual
 Manuals for attachments when applicable
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
32
 Check fuel, what kind?
–Do NOT run out of fuel!
–Some lifts will not restart
if low on fuel
 Check DEF,
(Diesel Exhaust Fluid)
 Watch regen status
indicator
 DO NOT BYPASS
REGEN!!!
Maintenance
 Check oil
 Check radiator,
cold
 Watch gauges
 Check fan belts
 Check hoses
 Check tires
 Check batteries
PRE-START INSPECTION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
33
Refueling
Do NOT Run Out of Fuel!!!
 Attend fuel nozzle
 Do not overfill
 Report spills
and…
 Do NOT run out
of fuel!!!
 Shut engine off
 DO NOT SMOKE
 Keep sparks and
flame away
 Do not cut or weld
 Know the type of fuel
Newer Diesel engines will shut off
when tank is near empty and will not
restart, add fuel to restart.
PRE-START INSPECTION
Tires and Wheels
 Loose or missing lug nuts
 Missing bearing caps
 Leaks
 Most telehandler tires are foam filled or
solid
 Non-Marking white or gray tires require
a static strap under the lift that drags on
the floor to dissipate the static charge
(NFPA standard)
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
34
Note: Foam Filled
There is a plug lag bolt in the tire directly
opposite from the valve stem
PRE-START INSPECTION
RED –
Immediate
hazards which
WILL result in
severe personal
injury or DEATH.
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
35
Notice decal -
indicates “Gas”
“Diesel”
“Hydraulic Oil”
ORANGE –
Hazards or
unsafe practices
which COULD
result in severe
personal injury
or death.
YELLOW –
Hazards or
unsafe practices
which COULD
result in minor
personal injury
or product or
property damage.
Definitions of labeling:
28
PRE-START INSPECTION
Troubleshooting
 Forklift will not start
–Is the gear selector in neutral
–Is the parking brake set, electric or manual
–Are you turning the key all the way (JCB Loadall)
 Forklift will not move or moves slowly
–Check parking brake
–Telehandler – check gear selector rotate to 1st or
2nd gear
–If stuck, rotate gear selector to 1st gear, use
differential lock if equipped
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
36
Starting – Left foot brake, gear
selector in neutral, parking brake
set, turn the key
PRE-START INSPECTION, GEAR QUIZ
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
37
Name 3 things to check on a pre-start inspection.
1 Operating & Emergency Controls
2 Safety Devices
3 Personal Protective Devices, Hardhat, Safety
Boots, Safety Glasses, Seatbelt, Horn, Mirrors
Cables, Wiring
5
4 Air, Hydraulic, & Fuel System Leaks
6 Loose, Missing Parts
7 Tires, Wheels
8 Placards, Warnings, Control Markings, Manuals
9 Outriggers, Stabilizers, Other Structures
10 ROPS
11 Grab Handles and Steps
12 Forks
13
Items Specified By Manufacturer’s Operating
and Safety Manual
9
SAFE OPERATION
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
39
3 & 4 points of contact getting into the seat.
Mounting and Dismounting
 A forklift is unattended when out of view of the operator or
the operator is more than 25 feet from the forklift
 A forklift is attended when the operator is within view and
the operator is not more than 25 feet from the forklift
 Three Point Contact
–Clean shoes off
–Two feet and one hand or
–Two hands and one foot always on the machine
or ground
–Face the machine
–Sit in the seat, adjust the seat, fasten seatbelt
–Do not get off, unless forklift is properly shut down
–Do not swing off, slide out, etc.
–Exit facing the machine, maintaining the “Three Point
Contact”
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
40
Hazard or Risk Assessment
The process to identify potential hazards associated with
a task and work environment where the task is to be
performed and the development of methods to remove or
control the risk to workers from identified hazards.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
41
What are some hazards you should be aware of when operating a Forklift?
Untrained Operator
Right Forklift for the Job
Ground Support, Firm and Level
Pedestrians and Other Equipment
Ramps, Drop-offs, Holes
Housekeeping, Debris, Cords, Hoses
Obstacles Overhead
Wind, Weather and Lightning
Enclosed Environment, Carbon Monoxide
CO Poisoning
Power Lines
Reporting potentially hazardous locations. The
operator shall immediately report to his supervisor
any potential hazardous location(s) (environment)
which become evident during operation
If any of the above conditions change, STOP,
consult your supervisor
If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
42
Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction
Operator and
spotter trained.
Public roadways,
spotter, signal
person.
Surface and soil
conditions where
the forklift will be
operated; including
sufficient strength to
withstand all floor/ground
load forces imposed by
the forklift in all operating
configurations. See
operator's manual.
Will the forklift reach
the landing area?
Verify load chart
range and capacity
of what you are
lifting
If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
43
Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction
Pedestrian traffic
where the lift will be
operated -
barricades, traffic
control, spotter.
Precautions for
other moving
equipment -
barricades, traffic
control, spotter.
Ramps and other
sloped surfaces that
could affect the
vehicle's stability,
spotter.
Spotter is required
in narrow aisles
and near all critical
equipment and
piping, construction
or live units
If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
44
Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction
Bumps or
floor
obstructions.
Keep the
telehandler level
when traveling
and before lifting
Debris,
housekeeping,
pick up debris.
Overhead
obstructions
Spotter
required
Drop-offs or
holes,
including those
concealed by
water, ice, mud,
etc..
Electrocution
hazards, stay
20 feet away or
notify power
company to Lock
Out power. Observe
minimum approach
distance. Spotter
required
If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
45
Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction
Wind and weather
conditions –
lightning within 6
miles, wind limited
to manufacturers’
requirements.
Other possible
unsafe
conditions.
Refer to pre-task
assessment,
MPW, STA, JSA,
TSA
Hazardous
environmental
locations where the
vehicle will be
operated. Explosion
or fire hazards
Closed
environments and
other areas where
insufficient
ventilation or poor
vehicle maintenance could
cause a buildup of carbon
monoxide or diesel
exhaust.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
46
Racks and Narrow Isles
Be aware of
 Maneuverability
 Overhead obstructions
 Visibility, sound horn, use your mirrors
 Pedestrians
 Other vehicles
 Can racks support the load
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
47
Railroad Tracks
 Do not park or store materials within 25 feet
of railroad tracks
 Cross tracks after Stopping and making sure
the track is clear of moving cars
 Cross at an angle, slowly
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
48
 Power Line Clearances
 Minimum Approach
Distance
 Some may require a power
line Proximity Permit
Voltage Range
0 to 350kv 20 feet
350kv to 500kv 25 feet
500kv to 750kv 35 feet
750kv to 1000kv 45 feet
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
49
Minimum Safe
Approach Distance
 If you have contacted a power line, DO NOT step off the
lift. Stay with it and try and back the lift out of the line.
 If you cannot back it out of the line, stay with the machine
and call for help.
 If you are in danger because the lift is on fire and you must
exit, DO NOT STEP OFF.
 You must jump off with both arms and hands wrapped
around yourself and you must land on both feet and not fall
against the lift or the ground.
 You must then shuffle your feet without picking them off the
ground away from the lift and away from the power line.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
50
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
51
Percent Slope to Degrees Conversion
Percent % Slope 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 170 200
Degrees 0° 6° 11° 17° 22° 27° 31° 35° 39° 42° 45° 50° 55° 60° 64°
Percent Slope of 10% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 foot rise on 10 foot of run –
10% slope or 6°
Slope vs. Degrees
They are not the same
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
52
Operator frame tilted to the right to place steel columns.
Frame tilt/level is ONLY to be used to LEVEL the forklift,
NOT to un-level it
Driving while boom elevated
Tip Over Accidents
Elevate ONLY on flat, firm, level ground!!!
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
53
 What is a forklift?
–Lever
 Stability
–Law of Physics
 Attachments (ONLY MANUF.
APPROVED)
–Man Baskets
–Other Fork Attachments
 Load Chart Understanding
–Telehandler Load Charts
–Warehouse ID Plates
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
54
Manuals, Warning Labels, ID Plates and Load Charts
 Operators Manual
–Read it!
 Warning Labels
–Legible
–Read and Heed
 ID Plates
–Read and Understand
 Load Charts
–Telehandlers
–Read and Understand
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
55
Site Specific Rules
 PPE
 Speed Limits
 Hand Signals
 Signs
 Communications
 Training I.D.
 Reflective Fluorescent Vest
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
56
Typical RT Straight Mast Controls
Transmission Shifter,
Forward, Neutral, Reverse
1
Gauges, Fuel, Water Temp.,
Oil Pressure, Engine RPM…
2
Fork and Mast Controls,
Up & Down, Mast Tilt,
and Side Shift,
4th Lever Fork Adjuster
3
Key Switch, Horn,
Lights, Accessories
4
Brake Pedal,
Accelerator
5
Parking Brake
6
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
57
Typical Telehandler Controls
Transmission Shifter, Forward,
Neutral, Reverse, may also
include speed/shifter
1
Gauges, Fuel, Water Temp.,
Oil Pressure, Engine RPM…
2
Horn, Key Switch,
Lights, Steer Mode
Switch, Accessories
4
Frame Tilt Indicator
3
Boom Up, Down,
Extend, Retract, Fork Tilt,
Frame Tilt/Level
5
Outrigger Stabilizers,
if equipped, 10k 12k
6
Brake Pedal, Accelerator
7
Electric Parking Brake
8
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
58
Typical Telehandler RT Controls
Boom Down
Boom Up
Tele Out
Tele In
Note: Dial,
Rocker switch or
Button will be
Fork Tilt
Fork tilt down
Fork tilt up
Frame tilt or
sway right
Frame tilt or
sway left
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
59
Caution
 Keep both feet, arms and legs inside the
protection of the ROPS cab
 Right foot accelerate,
 Left foot brake pedal, cover the brake when
traveling
 Telehandler - Frame tilt is for leveling the
forklift ONLY!
 Telehandler - Keep the forklift level at ZERO
when traveling and before lifting.
 Telehandler - DO NOT FRAME TILT once
boom is raised.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
60
Starting
 Get into the seat with three points of contact
 Adjust the seat
 Fasten your seat belt, adjust it tight across your lap
–Electric or Hand Parking Brake must be set, ON for forklift to
start
–Transmission selector must be in NEUTRAL for the
forklift to start
–Put your left foot on the brake when starting.
–Turn the key
–DANGER!!! Never start any equipment without sitting
in the seat.
–Keep all body parts including hands and feet inside the
cab
Starting – Left foot brake, gear
selector in neutral, parking brake set,
turn the key
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
61
Example:
A cube of concrete block weighs about 3,000 lbs.
note GREEN bounded area of safe capacity
What are the Limits:
 Fly Boom #6 showing, 50 degrees
 Fly Boom #5 showing, 45 degrees
 Fly Boom #4 showing, 35 degrees
 Fly Boom #3 showing, OK
Distance in feet
in front of the tires
Height Range in feet
Boom angle
indicator, in degrees
Numbers or letters
on fly boom
sections, indicate
distance fly boom is
extended
3,000 lbs.
JLG G6-42
Range of capacity
in pounds
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
62
Test:
What are the limits on this load chart for an
8k capacity forklift when carrying 3,000 lbs.?
Answers:
 E – 40 degrees
 D – 35 degrees
 C – OK
3,000 lbs.
35°
Skytrak 8042
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
63
Capacity Limits
Reading the Fly Boom Letters or
Numbers and Boom Angle Indicator
tells the operator where they are
on the load chart and therefore
the capacity
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
64
Overloaded outside
load chart capacity
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
65
35 degrees on boom angle indicator.
Genie, Square Shooter, Terex 644C
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
66
Cube of block = 3,000 lbs., letter C
on fly boom, 35 degrees on boom
angle indicator, was crossing over
to the 2,000 lb. capacity
when boom broke.
NOTE: 35° 27’ height and 22’ reach in front
for cube of block or 3,000 lbs.
Cube of block
27’ – 44’
Genie, Terex, Square
Shooter GTH-644C
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
67
Oscillating Axle
Unlocked
Stability Triangle
Oscillating Axles (Telehandlers)
 The rear axle oscillates over rough uneven terrain
 Rear oscillating axle locks when the lift is stopped and
at certain height angles and/or boom length
 Once axle locks you should not drive the lift
 The locked rear oscillating axle creates a stability rectangle that is
 Dependent on all four tires being on FIRM, FLAT,
LEVEL GROUND
Oscillating
Axle Locked
Stability
Rectangle
If you were to drive when the oscillating axle is locked and one tire was on
unstable ground the lift could tip over
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
68
24”
Load Center
48 Inch
Forks
Load Center
Unknown Zone
Unknown Zone
Load Center
 Most forklifts are designed and tested to
a 24-inch load center
 Designed to pick up a 48” x 48” x 48” cube
with the load laterally centered
 Stick and brick demonstration
 ALWAYS put the forks all the way into the
pallet or load
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
The math*
 Weight of load
 Multiplied by New Load Center
 Divided by Rated Load Center =
 New weight
4000 lbs. x 36” / 24” = 6,000 lbs.
*Recommendations from JLG. Other manufacturers
may be different.
24”
36”
6,000 lbs.
4,000 lbs.
Improperly distributed loads may tip the
forklift if the operator exceeds the stated
capacity of the truck.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
–24 in. load center 5,000 lbs. rated
capacity, new load center of 28” =
 5,833 lbs. (equivalent load calculation)
–24 in. load center 4,000 lbs. rated
capacity, new load center of 36”=
 6,000 (equivalent load calculation)
Equivalent Load Calculation
Get your calculators out, do the math:
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
71
JLG, SkyTrak has
shackle & Load
Chart for lifting
To Avoid Vehicle Tip
over ALWAYS:
 Travel Slowly
 Rig Properly
 Use Two Tethers
Suspended Loads
 It is not recommended to suspend a load from a forklift
due to risk of
–Tip-over
–Hitting something or someone
 If you do,
–Place sling at or behind 24 inches from rear of forks with
an approved attachment
–Use an OEM approved attachment
–Tether the load, so it does not spin or swing
–Keep boom as low as possible
–DO NOT TRAVEL with the boom raised, as this is
extremely dangerous and can cause tip-over
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
72
Steel Ball on a String
Stability
 Constant changing
 Tilting the forks/mast forward
 Tilting the forks/mast back
 Driving – Speed
 Steering, especially with mast or
boom raised
 Center of Gravity changes
 Forklifts become more stable with a load and can be
unstable without a load
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
73
Stability
Straight mast at rest no load
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
74
Stability
 Straight mast
 Mast raised with load
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
75
Stability
 Variable Reach
 Without Load
 Least Stable
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
76
Stability Without
a Load
Variable Reach
Rear of
Stability
Triangle
Center of Gravity
 Boom up
 No load
 Least stable
NOTE: Stability
Triangle is Turned
Upward for illustration
purposes ONLY
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
77
Rear of
Stability
Triangle
Center of Gravity
 Boom up
 With load
 More stable
NOTE: Stability
Triangle is Turned
Upward for illustration
purposes ONLY
Stability With
a Load
Variable Reach
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
78
Rear of
Stability
Triangle
Center of Gravity
 Outside Stability Triangle
 Boom up
 No load, after load deposit
 Least stable
Stability
Variable Reach on Slope
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
79
Rear of
Stability
Triangle is
very narrow
Center of Gravity
 Boom up
 No load
 Least stable
Stability
Variable Reach
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
80
Center of Gravity
 Boom up
 No load
 Least stable
 Level the machine
Rear of Stability
Triangle
is very narrow
When Center of
Gravity moves
outside this area
forklift will tip.
Stability
Variable Reach
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
81
No Load
Counterweight
Driving Without
a Load
 Always keep load (counterweight) above
your head, when no load on forks
 This would be the correct way to load
the forklift onto a trailer
 When the load obstructs your vision use
a spotter
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
82
Driving With a Load
 Always keep load above your
head, up hill
 When the load obstructs your vision use a
spotter
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
83
Reasons for Forklift Tip-over
 Overloading Do Not Overload
 Sudden Turns Smooth Turns
 Sudden Acceleration Smooth Acceleration
 Sudden Stops Smooth Braking
 Not Level Keep Level
 Frame Tilt with Load Keep Level
 Slopes Keep Level
 Swinging Loads Smooth Operation
The further the center of gravity moves to the rear the less range it has to
move across or side to side and remain inside the stability triangle
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
84
Seatbelt
 Required to wear seat belt in forklifts to:
–Prevent you from falling out of seat if a
tip-over occurs
–Keep you within the protection of the
ROPS
–Keep you from getting up and wanting
to get out
Should the machine start to tip over, grasp the steering wheel tightly to keep
both hands inside the ROPS canopy and lean away from the point of impact.
NEVER attempt to jump clear. Should you attempt to jump clear, you could
be injured or killed.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
85
Forklift Stability
 Keep these points in mind:
–Keep boom/forks/load low
–Cradle load
–Slow machine down
–Accelerate and brake gently
–Level the forklift or reposition
–Do not frame tilt with boom raised
–Telehandler - Boom and Telescope the load
never drive the load in or out
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
86
What does the load weigh?
 Calculating Pallet Loads
 Do the math
8 rows x 8 bags/row = 64 bags.
64 bags x 50 lbs. = 3,200 lbs.
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
87
What does the load weigh?
 Bill of Lading
 Package Labels
 ID plate on equipment
 Ask your supervisor
 Operators must know the weight of
the load
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
88
 Adjusting
Telehandler
Forks
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
89
Steering
 Two-wheel front steer
 Four-wheel (be aware of rear swing)
 Crab/ Oblique
–Should only be used to get into or out of
tight spots
 Always realign the steering to the
straight position before changing the
steer selector
Large Blind Spot
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
90
Blind Spots
Raise Boom enough to see your
Right Mirror
Large Blind Spot
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
91
Before Load Deposit
 Do not use broken pallets
 Set forks as wide as possible
 Loads shall be centered
 Cradle the load by tilting the forks back
 Never put boom/load over people
 Be certain landing point can support the load
 Landing should be level
 Make sure path is clear
 Stop the machine and set parking brake
 Place in neutral, do not drive the load in (except straight mast)
 Level forklift
 Then raise the boom/load to the landing point
SAFE OPERATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
92
Load Deposit and After
 Never put boom/load over people
 Raise load and place carefully
 Observe landing
 Tilt forks forward to land the load
 After load is placed, center of gravity changes
 Extract forks with boom do not drive the forks out (except
straight mast)
 Verify lower path clear
 Retract and lower boom/forks
 Look around before travel
 When stacking be sure stack is stable
SAFE OPERATION
 Picking
 Placing the
load
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
93
 ___ forks back to cradle the load, ___ forks forward
to land the load.
 Oblique or crab steer should only be used when
trying to get into or out of tight spots.
True False
 Before you can lift a load, you must know the
______ of what you are picking up.
 Keep the _____ and _____ low while traveling.
 It does not matter what type of fuel a forklift takes.
TRUE FALSE
 A Danger label means immediate hazards which
___ result in severe personal injury or death.
 _________ must be on the machine and ______
must be legible.
Tilt tilt
weight
boom mast
SAFE OPERATION, GEAR QUIZ
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
94
will
labels
Manuals
11
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
22
Soft soil and sloped
terrain, driving with the
boom raised
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
 Traveling with load extended
 Overloaded per the load chart
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
97
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
98
Overloaded
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
99
-Driving while
boom elevated
- Man basket
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
100
NEVER
Un-Level a
forklift lift.
This could
result in a
Tip-Over!
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
101
Driving while
boom elevated.
Contact Power Line
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
102
NOTE: Water from the water
filled tires when they blew.
Driving while
boom elevated.
Contact Power Line
NOTE: Water from the water filled
tires when they blew
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
103
Accidents
 Four-wheel drive?
 Always check surface support
 Forklifts are very heavy
 Rough Terrain Telehandlers range in weight
from 16,000 lbs. to 36,000 lbs. without a load
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
104
Accidents
 Overloaded
 Not checking load chart
 Untrained
 Never lift load over people
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
105
Accidents
 Lifting
personnel or
climbing up
the
mast/boom is
not allowed.
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
106
Tried to nudge a tilt-up wall.
What can go wrong, GEAR QUIZ
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
107
1. Can the _______ the forklift is to be operated on support the
forklift and its load?
2. Stay at least ______ away from overhead power lines
including materials being handled on the forklift.
3. OSHA requires you to ___________ truck/trailer wheels
against the loading dock.
surface
20 feet
wheel chock
13
PARKING &
SHUT DOWN
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
SHUTTING DOWN
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
109
Always park on level surface or chock wheels, stabilizers down
Lower forks/boom/mast to the ground, point forks down
Neutralize Neutralize controls, transmission selector in Neutral
Set parking brake
Idle engine
Shut off key switch
Move hydraulic controls
Unfasten seatbelt
Dismount properly
Chock wheels
Lock any anti-vandalism
Refuel
Point the forks down when parked.
Remove key
15
SUMMARY
110
Complete the test, we will go outside for the
hands-on portion after going over the test.
Introductions
Training Objectives
Types of Equipment
Pre-Start Inspection
Safe Operation
What Can Go Wrong?
Parking & Shut Down
Test
Summary
Hands-On Assessment
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
112
1. A hazard label that reads "DANGER" means:
A. Hazards or unsafe
practices that could result
in severe personal injury
or death
B. Immediate hazards which
will result in severe
personal injury or death
C. Immediate hazards which
could result in severe
personal injury or death
D. Be careful
2. A pre-start inspection is done:
A. Before the start of the day
B. Before the start of the
work shift
C. Every time I get on
the forklift
D. Either A or B
3. A pre-start inspection does NOT include:
A. Checking the oil
B. Inspecting soil conditions
C. Reviewing operator manual
D. ROPS
4. If the seat belt is not operating properly, do not use the
forklift and report the defect to your supervisor.
True False
5. It is a “Best Practice” to stay at least:
A. 5 feet away from
power lines
B. 10 feet away from
power lines
C. 20 feet away from
power lines
D. 50 feet away from
power lines
Continue
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
113
6. Frame tilt on a rough terrain telehandler (reach) forklift
is used to:
A. Put the forklift out of
level to place loads off
to the side
B. Keep the forklift level at all
times over un-level ground
C. Level the forklift before
lifting the boom
D. B and C
7. What are the considerations when getting off the forklift
to adjust the forks?
A. Shift to neutral
B. Set parking brake
C. Three points of contact
D. All the above and more
8. As a trained forklift operator, I should know the weight
of the load I am picking up.
True False
9. The forklift load chart shows a rating of 6000 lb. at a
24-inch load center. What does this mean?
A. That the forklift will safely
lift any weight up to 6000 lb.
B. That the forklift will safely lift
up to 6000 lb. provided that
the center of gravity of the
load is not more than 24
inches forward from the face
(heel) of the forks
C. That the forklift will only
safely lift up to 6000 lb. if the
load measures more than 48
inches in length
D. That the forklift will lift
more than 6000 lb. if the
load's center is at 24 inches
or fewer
10. What procedure do you follow when the load on the front
of your forklift obscures your view?
A. Dismount, check that the
way is clear and then drive
slowly forward, sounding
the horn
B. Travel in reverse, looking
in the direction of travel
and use a spotter
C. Raise the load so that you
can see under it
D. Sound the horn as you
travel forward
Continue
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
114
Continue
11. A small hydraulic leak develops while you are operating
the forklift, you should:
A. Ignore and report it to
your supervisor at the end
of the day
B. Park the forklift in a safe
place and shut it down.
Take the key out and
red tag it, then tell your
supervisor about the leak
C. Keep working until you see your
supervisor and then tell them
D. Stop immediately where you are
and shut down
the forklift
12. “Three points of contact” describes:
A. The forks as they go into
the pallet
B. The stability triangle
C. That three tires must be on
the ground to lift a load
D. The proper way to get on
and get off a forklift when
getting into the cab or seat
13. The seat belt:
A. Is only used when the
boss is around
B. Does not need to be tight
across my lap
C. Needs to be connected
tightly around my lap at
all times while I am
operating the forklift
D. Should be disconnected if
the forklift begins to tip
14. When operating a Telehandler forklift, what position
should the forks be in while traveling?
A. As near the ground as
possible, with the boom
only high enough to see
the right-side mirror
B. It does not matter
C. 12 inches off the ground
D. 4 feet off the ground
15. Who is responsible for the safety of people working
around the forklift?
A. Each person in your area
B. You, the forklift operator
C. The general contractor
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
115
Continue
16. Cradling the load means:
A. Tilting the forks back
with the load so the
load is secure against
the backrest
B. Making sure the load is
secure on the pallet
C. Making sure the pallet is in
good condition
17. When driving a loaded forklift down a slope, in what
direction should the forks point?
A. Downhill B. Uphill
18. Attachments other than the stock forks or the forks
designated on the ID plate:
A. Are never allowed
B. Are allowed when your
supervisor says so
C. Are allowed only
if authorized by
the manufacturer
19. When driving forward and steering a four-wheel steer
telehandler forklift, you must always:
A. Look in the direction
of travel
B. Look in the direction of
travel and the path of the
rear steer tires
C. Look backwards
D. Check your mirrors
20. If a load shifts or falls off the forks, you should:
A. Immediately get off the
forklift and put the load
back on the forks
B. Shut the forklift down and
get off the forklift to adjust
the load
C. Shut the forklift down and
get off the forklift to adjust
the load, get help if needed
and report the incident to
your supervisor
D. Get off the forklift while it is
running, adjust the load
and get back on before
someone sees you
21. Is it permissible for any person to operate a forklift?
A. Only if they have a
driver’s license
B. Only if they are trained
and authorized to do so
C. Yes, but only temporarily
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
116
Continue
22. When is it allowable to drive your telehandler with its
load fully raised?
A. Any time
B. When placing or picking
the load at height
C. Never
D. When my supervisors
says it is OK
23. When approaching a blind corner:
A. You should slow down
B. You should slow down,
sound your horn and
proceed with caution,
spotter or traffic control
may be required
C. You should stop, get off
the forklift
24. The operating manual for the specific make and model
forklift should be on the forklift when it is being operated.
True False
25. Which of the points below affect the stability of a forklift?
A. Driving too fast
B. Load too heavy
C. Driving on an incline
D. Cornering too sharply
E. All the above
26. A 6,000 lb. rated telehandler (JLG 6042) weighs about:
A. 10,000 lb.
B. 6,000 lb.
C. 22,000 lb.
D. 8,000 lb.
27. The most serious and common forklift accident is:
A. Tip-over
B. Material striking the forklift
C. A worker falling from
the forklift
D. A worker injured during
forklift repair
28. The load charts for telehandlers are all the same.
True False
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
117
29. The load chart tells you how much the load weighs.
True False
30. When traveling:
A. Make sure your path is clear
B. Use your mirrors
C. Use the Collision Avoidance
backup sensors
D. Use a spotter if your vision
is obscured
E. All of the above
31. To accurately use the capacity chart, the operator must
first determine three important things:
A. Weight of the load
being lifted
B. Height of the structure where
the load is to be placed
C. Distance where the load will
ultimately be placed in front of
the front tires
D. All of the above
32. On most telehandlers, you shift gears:
A. On the floor
B. On the transmission selector
C. On the transmission selector,
by rotating the twist grip
D. By pressing on the
accelerator pedal
34. On telehandlers with electric parking brakes:
A. The brake must be set to ON
in order for the forklift to start
B. The brake must be set to
ON before leaving the seat
of the forklift
C. The brake does affect starting
the forklift
D. All the above
33. You should always use the frame tilt (sway) lever to level
the telehandler before raising the boom above horizontal.
True False
35. Refer to the JLG G6-42 load chart (Chart I). If the load is
3,000 lb. and you have to place it at 20 feet of height and
cannot get the forklift closer than 20 feet, can this forklift
make the lift?
Yes No
36. Refer to the Skytrack 10054 load chart (Chart IIb). What
does the symbol below the grey circle with the
exclamation point represent?
A. Outriggers
B. Outriggers must be
down in this load range
C. Outriggers must be up
in this load range
D. Outriggers are not required
in this load rangeContinue
TEST
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
118
37. Refer to the JLG G6-42 load chart (Chart I). If load has to be
landed at 20 feet of height and you cannot get the forklift
closer than 20 feet to the structure, what is the maximum
weight that can be placed at that height and distance?
A. 1,000 lb.
B. 3,000 lb.
C. 6,000 lb.
D. 2,000 lb.
38. Refer to the Skytrak 10054 load chart (Chart IIa). The
numbers A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H indicate:
A. The distance the forklift
can reach
B. The distance the load can
be landed or picked
C. The point of boom extension
and they correspond to on
the load capacity chart
D. The point of boom extension
as it corresponds to the load
capacity chart and is used
along with the boom angle
indicator to determine if a
load can be placed at a
specific height and distance
39. Refer to the Skytrak 10054 load chart (Chart IIb). If the
load is 3,000 lb. what is the maximum distance in front of
the tires that you can place the load with the outriggers
up?
A. 10 feet
B. 30 feet
C. 25 feet
D. 20 feet
40. Refer to the Skytrak 10054 load chart (Chart IIa). If the
load is 4,000 lb. what is the maximum distance you can
place the load in front of the tires with outriggers down?
A. 10 feet
B. 31 feet
C. 26 feet
D. 20 feet
Once complete, gather up your belongings and
let’s head out to conduct the Hand-On Evaluations
HANDS-ON
ASSESSMENT
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
HANDS-ON EVALUATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
120
Description of Action Completed NA
Pre-Start Checks
Checks Engine and Oil
Checks Hydraulics
Checks ROPS/FOPS
Checks Carriage and Attachment
Points
Checks All I.D. Plates
Checks Tires
Checks Forks
Checks Seat Belt
Start Up
Gets on Forklift Properly
Puts On and Adjusts Seatbelt
Sets Parking Brake
Sets Controls to Neutral
Sounds and Checks for Horns
Checks for Personnel
Starts Engine
Performs Function Checks
Operation
Accelerates Smoothly
Limits Speeds to Conditions
Description of Action Completed NA
Turning
Slows Before Turns
Considers Balance
Stays Within Lines
Careful of Turning Radius
Stopping
Slows Down
Comes to a Full Stop
Sets Parking Brake
Load Pick Up
Aligns Forklift with Road
Approaches Slowly
Applies Parking Brake
Stops Prior to Load
Makes Final Adjustments
Positions Fork Under Load
Lifts Load Slowly
Cradles Load
Releases Parking Brake
Backs off Slowly
Lowers Fork Immediately
Checks Load Stability
HANDS-ON EVALUATION
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
121
Description of Action Completed NA
Transport
Accelerates Slowly
Keeps Load Low
Frequently Scans Area
Decelerates for Turns
Exercises Caution on Hills
Handles Ascent Properly
Handles Descent Properly
Sets Parking Brake
Load Deposit
Aligns Fork with Landing
Approaches Slowly
Applies Parking Brake
Stops Prior to Landing
Makes Final Adjustments
Positions Load Above Landing
Levels Load
Deposits Load Slowly
Backs Off Slowly
Lowers Fork Immediately
Lowers Fork Immediately
Checks Load Stability
Description of Action Completed NA
Forklift Shutdown
Parks on Level Surface
Sets Parking Brake
Sets Controls to Neutral
Turns Off Engine
Exits Machine Correctly
HANDS-ON OBJECTIVES
Common Mistakes
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
122
Fork tilt to cradle
load
Always put the
forks all the way
into pallet
Always maintain
3-point contact
getting on and
off
Look back
before
backing up,
use your
mirrors
Use horn
HANDS-ON OBJECTIVES
Common Mistakes
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
123
Set the parking
brake,
telehandler
DO NOT DRIVE to
place or pick the
load (telehandler)
use the boom
joystick to boom in
and out of the load
Run the RPM’s up
to 2500 RPM’s to
operate fork/boom
controls with your
right foot
Left-foot brake,
Right foot
accelerate
Shift to neutral
when stopped
HANDS-ON OBJECTIVES
© 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
124
This will not make you a
forklift operator
 Only hours of operation will
 Develop good habits
 Dispel bad habits
 Each forklift is different
–Read operator’s manuals
–Study ID plates/load charts

More Related Content

What's hot

TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)
TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)
TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)Gaurav Paliwal
 
Rules for a safe lifting_operations
Rules for a safe lifting_operationsRules for a safe lifting_operations
Rules for a safe lifting_operationsWei Chiao Kuo
 
Rigger signalman handbook
Rigger  signalman handbookRigger  signalman handbook
Rigger signalman handbooknhivan
 
Manual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquilla
Manual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquillaManual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquilla
Manual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquillaKatherine Oyarzun
 
PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...
PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...
PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...PowerLift Events
 
Ergonomics & Manual Handling
Ergonomics & Manual HandlingErgonomics & Manual Handling
Ergonomics & Manual HandlingTimothy Wooi
 
Presentation on slings
Presentation on slingsPresentation on slings
Presentation on slingsPrem kumar
 
049 Working at Heights.ppt
049 Working at Heights.ppt049 Working at Heights.ppt
049 Working at Heights.pptPremPratap5
 
Lifting Equipment
Lifting Equipment Lifting Equipment
Lifting Equipment Manish Yadav
 
12 lifting rigging operations
12  lifting  rigging operations12  lifting  rigging operations
12 lifting rigging operationsAlan Bassett
 
SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEA
SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEASAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEA
SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEAANA ISABEL R.R.
 
Chapter4 emergency preparedness
Chapter4 emergency preparednessChapter4 emergency preparedness
Chapter4 emergency preparednessazak80
 

What's hot (20)

TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)
TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)
TYPES OF SHACKLES (With Pictures)
 
Rules for a safe lifting_operations
Rules for a safe lifting_operationsRules for a safe lifting_operations
Rules for a safe lifting_operations
 
Rigger signalman handbook
Rigger  signalman handbookRigger  signalman handbook
Rigger signalman handbook
 
Manual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquilla
Manual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquillaManual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquilla
Manual instructivo de operación segura de grua horquilla
 
Dropped Objects (DROPS) Prevention
Dropped Objects (DROPS) PreventionDropped Objects (DROPS) Prevention
Dropped Objects (DROPS) Prevention
 
Rope Access Training.pptx
Rope Access Training.pptxRope Access Training.pptx
Rope Access Training.pptx
 
MEWP TRAINING.pptx
MEWP TRAINING.pptxMEWP TRAINING.pptx
MEWP TRAINING.pptx
 
PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...
PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...
PowerLogistics Asia 2014 - Lifting & Hoisting - Best Practices – P V N Chandr...
 
Lifting Operation.ppt
Lifting Operation.pptLifting Operation.ppt
Lifting Operation.ppt
 
Basic Rigging
Basic RiggingBasic Rigging
Basic Rigging
 
Rigging and lifting
Rigging and liftingRigging and lifting
Rigging and lifting
 
Ergonomics & Manual Handling
Ergonomics & Manual HandlingErgonomics & Manual Handling
Ergonomics & Manual Handling
 
Woodshop safety
Woodshop safetyWoodshop safety
Woodshop safety
 
Presentation on slings
Presentation on slingsPresentation on slings
Presentation on slings
 
049 Working at Heights.ppt
049 Working at Heights.ppt049 Working at Heights.ppt
049 Working at Heights.ppt
 
Lifting Equipment
Lifting Equipment Lifting Equipment
Lifting Equipment
 
Josts electric pallet_trucks
Josts electric pallet_trucksJosts electric pallet_trucks
Josts electric pallet_trucks
 
12 lifting rigging operations
12  lifting  rigging operations12  lifting  rigging operations
12 lifting rigging operations
 
SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEA
SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEASAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEA
SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT LEEA
 
Chapter4 emergency preparedness
Chapter4 emergency preparednessChapter4 emergency preparedness
Chapter4 emergency preparedness
 

Recently uploaded

DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...
DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...
DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...Henrik Hanke
 
PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.
PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.
PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.KathleenAnnCordero2
 
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular PlasticsDutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular PlasticsDutch Power
 
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.comSaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.comsaastr
 
Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170
Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170
Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170Escort Service
 
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRRINDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRRsarwankumar4524
 
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...漢銘 謝
 
miladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptx
miladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptxmiladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptx
miladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptxCarrieButtitta
 
SBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation Track
SBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation TrackSBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation Track
SBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation TrackSebastiano Panichella
 
The 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software Engineering
The 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software EngineeringThe 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software Engineering
The 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software EngineeringSebastiano Panichella
 
Simulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Aerialist
Simulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with AerialistSimulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Aerialist
Simulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with AerialistSebastiano Panichella
 
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptxChizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptxogubuikealex
 
Work Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptx
Work Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptxWork Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptx
Work Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptxmavinoikein
 
Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸
Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸
Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸mathanramanathan2005
 
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEMQuality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEMCharmi13
 
Genshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptx
Genshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptxGenshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptx
Genshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptxJohnree4
 
Event 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptx
Event 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptxEvent 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptx
Event 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptxaryanv1753
 
The Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism PresentationThe Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism PresentationNathan Young
 
PHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC - NANOTECHNOLOGY
PHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC  - NANOTECHNOLOGYPHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC  - NANOTECHNOLOGY
PHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC - NANOTECHNOLOGYpruthirajnayak525
 
Early Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this periodEarly Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this periodSaraIsabelJimenez
 

Recently uploaded (20)

DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...
DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...
DGT @ CTAC 2024 Valencia: Most crucial invest to digitalisation_Sven Zoelle_v...
 
PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.
PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.
PAG-UNLAD NG EKONOMIYA na dapat isaalang alang sa pag-aaral.
 
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular PlasticsDutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
 
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.comSaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
 
Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170
Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170
Call Girls In Aerocity 🤳 Call Us +919599264170
 
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRRINDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRR
 
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
 
miladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptx
miladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptxmiladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptx
miladyskindiseases-200705210221 2.!!pptx
 
SBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation Track
SBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation TrackSBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation Track
SBFT Tool Competition 2024 -- Python Test Case Generation Track
 
The 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software Engineering
The 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software EngineeringThe 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software Engineering
The 3rd Intl. Workshop on NL-based Software Engineering
 
Simulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Aerialist
Simulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with AerialistSimulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Aerialist
Simulation-based Testing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Aerialist
 
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptxChizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptx
 
Work Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptx
Work Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptxWork Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptx
Work Remotely with Confluence ACE 2.pptx
 
Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸
Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸
Mathan flower ppt.pptx slide orchids ✨🌸
 
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEMQuality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEM
 
Genshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptx
Genshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptxGenshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptx
Genshin Impact PPT Template by EaTemp.pptx
 
Event 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptx
Event 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptxEvent 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptx
Event 4 Introduction to Open Source.pptx
 
The Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism PresentationThe Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
 
PHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC - NANOTECHNOLOGY
PHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC  - NANOTECHNOLOGYPHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC  - NANOTECHNOLOGY
PHYSICS PROJECT BY MSC - NANOTECHNOLOGY
 
Early Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this periodEarly Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this period
 

Forklift Telehandler ONLY Operator Training Revised_7.6.2022.pptx

  • 1. OPERATOR TRAINING U.S. - FORK TRUCKS Rough Terrain Forklifts Straight Mast and Telehandlers  In Compliance With OSHA, CSA and ANSI/ITSDF Standards
  • 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS 2 Introductions Training Objectives Types of Equipment Pre-Start Inspection Safe Operation What Can Go Wrong? Parking & Shut Down Test Summary Hands-On Assessment
  • 3. INTRODUCTIONS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 3
  • 4. INTRODUCTIONS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 4  Instructor  Attendees –Name –Background –What do you hope to learn?  Please silence your cell phones  Breaks at 90 min  Fire Exits, Rest Rooms
  • 5.  We hope that this aids you in understanding how to use lift equipment  Please use only as guidelines  Refer to the OSHA standards and regulations for construction projects  The Operator Manual is the presiding text on the safe operation of the Forklift, Read and understand it INTRODUCTIONS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 5
  • 6. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
  • 7. INTRODUCTIONS, GEAR QUIZ © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved Name 3 things you need to know about Forklifts before operating? 6 1 Get training 2 Read the operator’s manual 3 Conduct a pre-start inspection Stay away from power lines 5 4 Conduct a workplace inspection 6 Read and understand the load charts or ID plate 7 The weight of the load 8 The capacity of the forklift 9 Any attachments 10 Do not lift personnel 11 Do not alter the forklift in any way 12 Don’t operate a forklift that is not operating properly 13 Follow all Jobsite Rules and procedures 3
  • 8. TRAINING OBJECTIVES 8 © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved An understanding of your responsibilities An understanding of the various types of lift equipment An understanding of a workplace inspection An understanding of the hazards involved Written exam Must get 32 out of 40 correct Hands-on training and… How to prevent accidents Course Objectives and Goals To provide the student with: An understanding of a pre-start inspection
  • 9. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 9 How Hydraulic Equipment Works Fluid Pump Valve Cylinder or Drive Power
  • 10. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 10 Only qualified personnel shall operate the equipment Each machine is different  Read operator’s, AEM manuals  Give yourself time to get familiar with the controls  Trained per OSHA CSA ANSI/ITSDF  Authorized by the employer/user  Familiarized
  • 11. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved  85 forklift fatalities and  34,900 injuries each year  Millions of $$ of lost production  Untold misery and loss to families, relatives and friends What accidents have you seen, witnessed or experienced? 7 Accidents cost everyone!!!
  • 12. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 12 The Most Serious Accidents 24% 17% 14% 14% 11% 8% 6% Tip Over Struck by Material Struck by Forklift Worker Fell from Forklift Worker Pinned Between Objects Forklift Ran Off Dock Worker Died During Forklift Repair
  • 13. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 13 Definitions  Telehandler Forklift - a device designed to lift and transport materials that is used on rough terrain, has a telescopic boom that raises and lowers, typically with 6k to 15k lbs. of capacity  Warehouse Forklift- a device designed to lift and transport materials on a smooth flat and level surface usually concrete to load/unload trucks and shelves  USERS – person or entity that utilizes or puts into operation the lift. (includes companies and supervisors, etc.)  OPERATORS – a qualified person who controls the movement of the lift
  • 14. TRAINING OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 14 Training Required  OPERATOR TRAINING: –Ensure that the individual has been trained Retraining as necessary to restore proficiency Change in worksite Change in equipment Accident or near miss Or recognized deficiency Outriggers Articulating boo lifts Policy: retraining every 3 years or any of the above.
  • 15. 1. Accidents cost __________. 2. Only _________________ shall operate the equipment. 3. Name two of the most common Forklift accidents? TRAINING OBJECTIVES - GEAR QUIZ © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 15 everyone qualified personnel 5 Worker Pinned Between Objects 1 Tip-over 2 Struck by Material Struck by Forklift 3 4 Worker Fell From Forklift 7 Worker Died During Forklift Repair 6 Forklift Ran Off Dock 5
  • 16. TYPES OF EQUIPMENT © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
  • 17. TYPES OF FORKLIFTS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 12 Classes of Lift Trucks  Powered Industrial Trucks –Class 7, Rough Terrain  Straight Mast  Telehandler  Trailer Mounted Forklifts “Moffitt”
  • 18. TYPES OF FORKLIFTS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 18 Telehandler Rough Terrain Forklift  Reaches to Greater Heights  Adjustable Frame  Multiple Steering Modes  Oscillating Axle  a.k.a., Reach Lifts, Shooters, Lull, Telehandler.  JLG, Skytrak, Cat, JCB Loadall, Genie
  • 19. TYPES OF FORKLIFTS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 19 Vertical Mast RTFL  Steering Primarily through Rear Wheels  Mast Tilt Feature  Carriage Shift Feature  Tight Turning Radius  Efficient in Storage Rack Areas  JCB, Case
  • 20. TYPES OF FORKLIFTS © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 20 Questions to Determine the Correct Forklift for the Job  How high do you need to land the load?  How close can you get the forklift to the work?  How much weight are you lifting?  Inside or outside?  Electric, Gas/LP, Diesel  Path from drop off area to work area?  What work are you doing?
  • 21. TYPES OF EQUIPMENT, GEAR QUIZ © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 21 1. Rough terrain reach forklifts are also known as: 1. Shooters 2. Lulls 3. Telehandlers 4. All the Above 2. An important question to ask when selecting any forklift is: _______________________. How much am I picking up 7
  • 23. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 23 Steel Toe Work Boots Hardhat, overhead hazards Safety Glasses Seatbelt Safety Gear  Starts with YOU, are you Fit for duty and properly protected? –Hard hat –Steel toed work boots –Safety glasses –Hi-Vis Vest –Seatbelts Reflective HiVis Vest
  • 24. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 24 Before the Start of the Day or Before the Start of the Work Shift Operating & emergency controls Safety devices, backup alarm & horn Fire extinguisher, mirrors, personal protective devices, hardhat, safety boots, safety glasses, seatbelt Air, hydraulic, & fuel system leaks Cables, wiring Loose, missing parts Tire, wheels Grab handles and steps Forks Placards, warnings, control markings, manuals Outriggers, stabilizers, other structures ROPS Items specified by manufacturer, Manuals All defects shall be corrected before use
  • 25. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 25 Common Problems  Seatbelts not working  Control markings illegible  Load charts missing  Forks damaged  Fuel not clearly marked  Brakes not working  Fire Extinguisher, Charged, Tagged  Manuals missing  Altering safety devices. Altering or disabling of interlocks or other safety devices shall be prohibited.
  • 26. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 26 Hydraulic Leaks  Do not put your hands around hydraulic lines especially if you suspect a leak  High pressure injection injuries can be fatal  If injured by high pressure injection seek professional medical attention IMMEDIATELY from a HAND SPECIALIST!!!  Your life or limb may depend on immediate action  WARNING! – Graphic slide is next!
  • 27. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 27 This is NOT the injury but the operation to remove the oil from the muscle tissue. High pressure hydraulic injection injury, man was wearing leather gloves at the time as well. Mineral oil ate away at the fatty tissues in his hand and began traveling up his arm. High Pressure Injection Injury
  • 28. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 28 These Forks are Worn more than 10%. Fork Thickness Heel must be at least 90% of fork vertical shank thickness, OSHA and ANSI. Blade Shank
  • 29. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 29 2.2 lbs. = 1 Kg. 600 mm = 24 Inches 1250 kg = 2750 lbs. Fork capacity: Each fork must match, be marked and the combination of the two forks must be equal to or greater than the forklift capacity, per ANSI. Fork capacity Example: If forklift capacity is 5,000 lbs. each fork must have a capacity of 2,500lbs.
  • 30. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 30  Surface cracks, visual check or non-destructive testing  Straightness of blade and shank, within 0.5% of length of blade or height of shank  Fork angle from upper face of blade to load face of shank, within 3 degrees of original  Relative height of fork tips in set when mounted on fork carrier, difference of height not to exceed 3% of length of blade  Operation of positioning lock (if provided), good repair and correct operation Fork Inspection per ANSI/ITSDF The forks shall be carefully examined for the following:  Wear, especially in the area of heel, Thickness shall be within 10% of original specification or not less than minimum thickness as specified by the fork manufacturer  Fit of fork arm mounting hooks or eye, visual check for fit with no excessive wear or deformation between hooks and carrier of fork eye and shaft  Markings, shall be legible
  • 31. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 31 Manuals  Operator’s Manual  AEM Yellow Manual  Manuals for attachments when applicable
  • 32. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 32  Check fuel, what kind? –Do NOT run out of fuel! –Some lifts will not restart if low on fuel  Check DEF, (Diesel Exhaust Fluid)  Watch regen status indicator  DO NOT BYPASS REGEN!!! Maintenance  Check oil  Check radiator, cold  Watch gauges  Check fan belts  Check hoses  Check tires  Check batteries
  • 33. PRE-START INSPECTION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 33 Refueling Do NOT Run Out of Fuel!!!  Attend fuel nozzle  Do not overfill  Report spills and…  Do NOT run out of fuel!!!  Shut engine off  DO NOT SMOKE  Keep sparks and flame away  Do not cut or weld  Know the type of fuel Newer Diesel engines will shut off when tank is near empty and will not restart, add fuel to restart.
  • 34. PRE-START INSPECTION Tires and Wheels  Loose or missing lug nuts  Missing bearing caps  Leaks  Most telehandler tires are foam filled or solid  Non-Marking white or gray tires require a static strap under the lift that drags on the floor to dissipate the static charge (NFPA standard) © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 34 Note: Foam Filled There is a plug lag bolt in the tire directly opposite from the valve stem
  • 35. PRE-START INSPECTION RED – Immediate hazards which WILL result in severe personal injury or DEATH. © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 35 Notice decal - indicates “Gas” “Diesel” “Hydraulic Oil” ORANGE – Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe personal injury or death. YELLOW – Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in minor personal injury or product or property damage. Definitions of labeling: 28
  • 36. PRE-START INSPECTION Troubleshooting  Forklift will not start –Is the gear selector in neutral –Is the parking brake set, electric or manual –Are you turning the key all the way (JCB Loadall)  Forklift will not move or moves slowly –Check parking brake –Telehandler – check gear selector rotate to 1st or 2nd gear –If stuck, rotate gear selector to 1st gear, use differential lock if equipped © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 36 Starting – Left foot brake, gear selector in neutral, parking brake set, turn the key
  • 37. PRE-START INSPECTION, GEAR QUIZ © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 37 Name 3 things to check on a pre-start inspection. 1 Operating & Emergency Controls 2 Safety Devices 3 Personal Protective Devices, Hardhat, Safety Boots, Safety Glasses, Seatbelt, Horn, Mirrors Cables, Wiring 5 4 Air, Hydraulic, & Fuel System Leaks 6 Loose, Missing Parts 7 Tires, Wheels 8 Placards, Warnings, Control Markings, Manuals 9 Outriggers, Stabilizers, Other Structures 10 ROPS 11 Grab Handles and Steps 12 Forks 13 Items Specified By Manufacturer’s Operating and Safety Manual 9
  • 39. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 39 3 & 4 points of contact getting into the seat. Mounting and Dismounting  A forklift is unattended when out of view of the operator or the operator is more than 25 feet from the forklift  A forklift is attended when the operator is within view and the operator is not more than 25 feet from the forklift  Three Point Contact –Clean shoes off –Two feet and one hand or –Two hands and one foot always on the machine or ground –Face the machine –Sit in the seat, adjust the seat, fasten seatbelt –Do not get off, unless forklift is properly shut down –Do not swing off, slide out, etc. –Exit facing the machine, maintaining the “Three Point Contact”
  • 40. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 40 Hazard or Risk Assessment The process to identify potential hazards associated with a task and work environment where the task is to be performed and the development of methods to remove or control the risk to workers from identified hazards.
  • 41. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 41 What are some hazards you should be aware of when operating a Forklift? Untrained Operator Right Forklift for the Job Ground Support, Firm and Level Pedestrians and Other Equipment Ramps, Drop-offs, Holes Housekeeping, Debris, Cords, Hoses Obstacles Overhead Wind, Weather and Lightning Enclosed Environment, Carbon Monoxide CO Poisoning Power Lines Reporting potentially hazardous locations. The operator shall immediately report to his supervisor any potential hazardous location(s) (environment) which become evident during operation If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor
  • 42. If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 42 Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction Operator and spotter trained. Public roadways, spotter, signal person. Surface and soil conditions where the forklift will be operated; including sufficient strength to withstand all floor/ground load forces imposed by the forklift in all operating configurations. See operator's manual. Will the forklift reach the landing area? Verify load chart range and capacity of what you are lifting
  • 43. If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 43 Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction Pedestrian traffic where the lift will be operated - barricades, traffic control, spotter. Precautions for other moving equipment - barricades, traffic control, spotter. Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect the vehicle's stability, spotter. Spotter is required in narrow aisles and near all critical equipment and piping, construction or live units
  • 44. If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 44 Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction Bumps or floor obstructions. Keep the telehandler level when traveling and before lifting Debris, housekeeping, pick up debris. Overhead obstructions Spotter required Drop-offs or holes, including those concealed by water, ice, mud, etc.. Electrocution hazards, stay 20 feet away or notify power company to Lock Out power. Observe minimum approach distance. Spotter required
  • 45. If any of the above conditions change, STOP, consult your supervisor SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 45 Hazard Assessment - Hazard & Correction Wind and weather conditions – lightning within 6 miles, wind limited to manufacturers’ requirements. Other possible unsafe conditions. Refer to pre-task assessment, MPW, STA, JSA, TSA Hazardous environmental locations where the vehicle will be operated. Explosion or fire hazards Closed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation or poor vehicle maintenance could cause a buildup of carbon monoxide or diesel exhaust.
  • 46. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 46 Racks and Narrow Isles Be aware of  Maneuverability  Overhead obstructions  Visibility, sound horn, use your mirrors  Pedestrians  Other vehicles  Can racks support the load
  • 47. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 47 Railroad Tracks  Do not park or store materials within 25 feet of railroad tracks  Cross tracks after Stopping and making sure the track is clear of moving cars  Cross at an angle, slowly
  • 48. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 48  Power Line Clearances  Minimum Approach Distance  Some may require a power line Proximity Permit Voltage Range 0 to 350kv 20 feet 350kv to 500kv 25 feet 500kv to 750kv 35 feet 750kv to 1000kv 45 feet
  • 49. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 49 Minimum Safe Approach Distance  If you have contacted a power line, DO NOT step off the lift. Stay with it and try and back the lift out of the line.  If you cannot back it out of the line, stay with the machine and call for help.  If you are in danger because the lift is on fire and you must exit, DO NOT STEP OFF.  You must jump off with both arms and hands wrapped around yourself and you must land on both feet and not fall against the lift or the ground.  You must then shuffle your feet without picking them off the ground away from the lift and away from the power line.
  • 50. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 50
  • 51. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 51 Percent Slope to Degrees Conversion Percent % Slope 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 170 200 Degrees 0° 6° 11° 17° 22° 27° 31° 35° 39° 42° 45° 50° 55° 60° 64° Percent Slope of 10% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 foot rise on 10 foot of run – 10% slope or 6° Slope vs. Degrees They are not the same
  • 52. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 52 Operator frame tilted to the right to place steel columns. Frame tilt/level is ONLY to be used to LEVEL the forklift, NOT to un-level it Driving while boom elevated Tip Over Accidents Elevate ONLY on flat, firm, level ground!!!
  • 53. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 53  What is a forklift? –Lever  Stability –Law of Physics  Attachments (ONLY MANUF. APPROVED) –Man Baskets –Other Fork Attachments  Load Chart Understanding –Telehandler Load Charts –Warehouse ID Plates
  • 54. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 54 Manuals, Warning Labels, ID Plates and Load Charts  Operators Manual –Read it!  Warning Labels –Legible –Read and Heed  ID Plates –Read and Understand  Load Charts –Telehandlers –Read and Understand
  • 55. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 55 Site Specific Rules  PPE  Speed Limits  Hand Signals  Signs  Communications  Training I.D.  Reflective Fluorescent Vest
  • 56. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 56 Typical RT Straight Mast Controls Transmission Shifter, Forward, Neutral, Reverse 1 Gauges, Fuel, Water Temp., Oil Pressure, Engine RPM… 2 Fork and Mast Controls, Up & Down, Mast Tilt, and Side Shift, 4th Lever Fork Adjuster 3 Key Switch, Horn, Lights, Accessories 4 Brake Pedal, Accelerator 5 Parking Brake 6
  • 57. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 57 Typical Telehandler Controls Transmission Shifter, Forward, Neutral, Reverse, may also include speed/shifter 1 Gauges, Fuel, Water Temp., Oil Pressure, Engine RPM… 2 Horn, Key Switch, Lights, Steer Mode Switch, Accessories 4 Frame Tilt Indicator 3 Boom Up, Down, Extend, Retract, Fork Tilt, Frame Tilt/Level 5 Outrigger Stabilizers, if equipped, 10k 12k 6 Brake Pedal, Accelerator 7 Electric Parking Brake 8
  • 58. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 58 Typical Telehandler RT Controls Boom Down Boom Up Tele Out Tele In Note: Dial, Rocker switch or Button will be Fork Tilt Fork tilt down Fork tilt up Frame tilt or sway right Frame tilt or sway left
  • 59. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 59 Caution  Keep both feet, arms and legs inside the protection of the ROPS cab  Right foot accelerate,  Left foot brake pedal, cover the brake when traveling  Telehandler - Frame tilt is for leveling the forklift ONLY!  Telehandler - Keep the forklift level at ZERO when traveling and before lifting.  Telehandler - DO NOT FRAME TILT once boom is raised.
  • 60. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 60 Starting  Get into the seat with three points of contact  Adjust the seat  Fasten your seat belt, adjust it tight across your lap –Electric or Hand Parking Brake must be set, ON for forklift to start –Transmission selector must be in NEUTRAL for the forklift to start –Put your left foot on the brake when starting. –Turn the key –DANGER!!! Never start any equipment without sitting in the seat. –Keep all body parts including hands and feet inside the cab Starting – Left foot brake, gear selector in neutral, parking brake set, turn the key
  • 61. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 61 Example: A cube of concrete block weighs about 3,000 lbs. note GREEN bounded area of safe capacity What are the Limits:  Fly Boom #6 showing, 50 degrees  Fly Boom #5 showing, 45 degrees  Fly Boom #4 showing, 35 degrees  Fly Boom #3 showing, OK Distance in feet in front of the tires Height Range in feet Boom angle indicator, in degrees Numbers or letters on fly boom sections, indicate distance fly boom is extended 3,000 lbs. JLG G6-42 Range of capacity in pounds
  • 62. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 62 Test: What are the limits on this load chart for an 8k capacity forklift when carrying 3,000 lbs.? Answers:  E – 40 degrees  D – 35 degrees  C – OK 3,000 lbs. 35° Skytrak 8042
  • 63. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 63 Capacity Limits Reading the Fly Boom Letters or Numbers and Boom Angle Indicator tells the operator where they are on the load chart and therefore the capacity
  • 64. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 64 Overloaded outside load chart capacity
  • 65. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 65 35 degrees on boom angle indicator. Genie, Square Shooter, Terex 644C
  • 66. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 66 Cube of block = 3,000 lbs., letter C on fly boom, 35 degrees on boom angle indicator, was crossing over to the 2,000 lb. capacity when boom broke. NOTE: 35° 27’ height and 22’ reach in front for cube of block or 3,000 lbs. Cube of block 27’ – 44’ Genie, Terex, Square Shooter GTH-644C
  • 67. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 67 Oscillating Axle Unlocked Stability Triangle Oscillating Axles (Telehandlers)  The rear axle oscillates over rough uneven terrain  Rear oscillating axle locks when the lift is stopped and at certain height angles and/or boom length  Once axle locks you should not drive the lift  The locked rear oscillating axle creates a stability rectangle that is  Dependent on all four tires being on FIRM, FLAT, LEVEL GROUND Oscillating Axle Locked Stability Rectangle If you were to drive when the oscillating axle is locked and one tire was on unstable ground the lift could tip over
  • 68. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 68 24” Load Center 48 Inch Forks Load Center Unknown Zone Unknown Zone Load Center  Most forklifts are designed and tested to a 24-inch load center  Designed to pick up a 48” x 48” x 48” cube with the load laterally centered  Stick and brick demonstration  ALWAYS put the forks all the way into the pallet or load
  • 69. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved The math*  Weight of load  Multiplied by New Load Center  Divided by Rated Load Center =  New weight 4000 lbs. x 36” / 24” = 6,000 lbs. *Recommendations from JLG. Other manufacturers may be different. 24” 36” 6,000 lbs. 4,000 lbs. Improperly distributed loads may tip the forklift if the operator exceeds the stated capacity of the truck.
  • 70. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved –24 in. load center 5,000 lbs. rated capacity, new load center of 28” =  5,833 lbs. (equivalent load calculation) –24 in. load center 4,000 lbs. rated capacity, new load center of 36”=  6,000 (equivalent load calculation) Equivalent Load Calculation Get your calculators out, do the math:
  • 71. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 71 JLG, SkyTrak has shackle & Load Chart for lifting To Avoid Vehicle Tip over ALWAYS:  Travel Slowly  Rig Properly  Use Two Tethers Suspended Loads  It is not recommended to suspend a load from a forklift due to risk of –Tip-over –Hitting something or someone  If you do, –Place sling at or behind 24 inches from rear of forks with an approved attachment –Use an OEM approved attachment –Tether the load, so it does not spin or swing –Keep boom as low as possible –DO NOT TRAVEL with the boom raised, as this is extremely dangerous and can cause tip-over
  • 72. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 72 Steel Ball on a String Stability  Constant changing  Tilting the forks/mast forward  Tilting the forks/mast back  Driving – Speed  Steering, especially with mast or boom raised  Center of Gravity changes  Forklifts become more stable with a load and can be unstable without a load
  • 73. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 73 Stability Straight mast at rest no load
  • 74. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 74 Stability  Straight mast  Mast raised with load
  • 75. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 75 Stability  Variable Reach  Without Load  Least Stable
  • 76. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 76 Stability Without a Load Variable Reach Rear of Stability Triangle Center of Gravity  Boom up  No load  Least stable NOTE: Stability Triangle is Turned Upward for illustration purposes ONLY
  • 77. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 77 Rear of Stability Triangle Center of Gravity  Boom up  With load  More stable NOTE: Stability Triangle is Turned Upward for illustration purposes ONLY Stability With a Load Variable Reach
  • 78. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 78 Rear of Stability Triangle Center of Gravity  Outside Stability Triangle  Boom up  No load, after load deposit  Least stable Stability Variable Reach on Slope
  • 79. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 79 Rear of Stability Triangle is very narrow Center of Gravity  Boom up  No load  Least stable Stability Variable Reach
  • 80. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 80 Center of Gravity  Boom up  No load  Least stable  Level the machine Rear of Stability Triangle is very narrow When Center of Gravity moves outside this area forklift will tip. Stability Variable Reach
  • 81. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 81 No Load Counterweight Driving Without a Load  Always keep load (counterweight) above your head, when no load on forks  This would be the correct way to load the forklift onto a trailer  When the load obstructs your vision use a spotter
  • 82. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 82 Driving With a Load  Always keep load above your head, up hill  When the load obstructs your vision use a spotter
  • 83. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 83 Reasons for Forklift Tip-over  Overloading Do Not Overload  Sudden Turns Smooth Turns  Sudden Acceleration Smooth Acceleration  Sudden Stops Smooth Braking  Not Level Keep Level  Frame Tilt with Load Keep Level  Slopes Keep Level  Swinging Loads Smooth Operation The further the center of gravity moves to the rear the less range it has to move across or side to side and remain inside the stability triangle
  • 84. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 84 Seatbelt  Required to wear seat belt in forklifts to: –Prevent you from falling out of seat if a tip-over occurs –Keep you within the protection of the ROPS –Keep you from getting up and wanting to get out Should the machine start to tip over, grasp the steering wheel tightly to keep both hands inside the ROPS canopy and lean away from the point of impact. NEVER attempt to jump clear. Should you attempt to jump clear, you could be injured or killed.
  • 85. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 85 Forklift Stability  Keep these points in mind: –Keep boom/forks/load low –Cradle load –Slow machine down –Accelerate and brake gently –Level the forklift or reposition –Do not frame tilt with boom raised –Telehandler - Boom and Telescope the load never drive the load in or out
  • 86. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 86 What does the load weigh?  Calculating Pallet Loads  Do the math 8 rows x 8 bags/row = 64 bags. 64 bags x 50 lbs. = 3,200 lbs.
  • 87. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 87 What does the load weigh?  Bill of Lading  Package Labels  ID plate on equipment  Ask your supervisor  Operators must know the weight of the load
  • 88. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 88  Adjusting Telehandler Forks
  • 89. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 89 Steering  Two-wheel front steer  Four-wheel (be aware of rear swing)  Crab/ Oblique –Should only be used to get into or out of tight spots  Always realign the steering to the straight position before changing the steer selector Large Blind Spot
  • 90. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 90 Blind Spots Raise Boom enough to see your Right Mirror Large Blind Spot
  • 91. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 91 Before Load Deposit  Do not use broken pallets  Set forks as wide as possible  Loads shall be centered  Cradle the load by tilting the forks back  Never put boom/load over people  Be certain landing point can support the load  Landing should be level  Make sure path is clear  Stop the machine and set parking brake  Place in neutral, do not drive the load in (except straight mast)  Level forklift  Then raise the boom/load to the landing point
  • 92. SAFE OPERATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 92 Load Deposit and After  Never put boom/load over people  Raise load and place carefully  Observe landing  Tilt forks forward to land the load  After load is placed, center of gravity changes  Extract forks with boom do not drive the forks out (except straight mast)  Verify lower path clear  Retract and lower boom/forks  Look around before travel  When stacking be sure stack is stable
  • 93. SAFE OPERATION  Picking  Placing the load © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 93
  • 94.  ___ forks back to cradle the load, ___ forks forward to land the load.  Oblique or crab steer should only be used when trying to get into or out of tight spots. True False  Before you can lift a load, you must know the ______ of what you are picking up.  Keep the _____ and _____ low while traveling.  It does not matter what type of fuel a forklift takes. TRUE FALSE  A Danger label means immediate hazards which ___ result in severe personal injury or death.  _________ must be on the machine and ______ must be legible. Tilt tilt weight boom mast SAFE OPERATION, GEAR QUIZ © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 94 will labels Manuals 11
  • 95. WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
  • 96. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 22 Soft soil and sloped terrain, driving with the boom raised
  • 97. WHAT CAN GO WRONG?  Traveling with load extended  Overloaded per the load chart © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 97
  • 98. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 98 Overloaded
  • 99. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 99 -Driving while boom elevated - Man basket
  • 100. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 100 NEVER Un-Level a forklift lift. This could result in a Tip-Over!
  • 101. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 101 Driving while boom elevated. Contact Power Line
  • 102. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 102 NOTE: Water from the water filled tires when they blew. Driving while boom elevated. Contact Power Line NOTE: Water from the water filled tires when they blew
  • 103. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 103 Accidents  Four-wheel drive?  Always check surface support  Forklifts are very heavy  Rough Terrain Telehandlers range in weight from 16,000 lbs. to 36,000 lbs. without a load
  • 104. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 104 Accidents  Overloaded  Not checking load chart  Untrained  Never lift load over people
  • 105. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 105 Accidents  Lifting personnel or climbing up the mast/boom is not allowed.
  • 106. WHAT CAN GO WRONG? © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 106 Tried to nudge a tilt-up wall.
  • 107. What can go wrong, GEAR QUIZ © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 107 1. Can the _______ the forklift is to be operated on support the forklift and its load? 2. Stay at least ______ away from overhead power lines including materials being handled on the forklift. 3. OSHA requires you to ___________ truck/trailer wheels against the loading dock. surface 20 feet wheel chock 13
  • 108. PARKING & SHUT DOWN © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
  • 109. SHUTTING DOWN © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 109 Always park on level surface or chock wheels, stabilizers down Lower forks/boom/mast to the ground, point forks down Neutralize Neutralize controls, transmission selector in Neutral Set parking brake Idle engine Shut off key switch Move hydraulic controls Unfasten seatbelt Dismount properly Chock wheels Lock any anti-vandalism Refuel Point the forks down when parked. Remove key 15
  • 110. SUMMARY 110 Complete the test, we will go outside for the hands-on portion after going over the test. Introductions Training Objectives Types of Equipment Pre-Start Inspection Safe Operation What Can Go Wrong? Parking & Shut Down Test Summary Hands-On Assessment
  • 111. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
  • 112. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 112 1. A hazard label that reads "DANGER" means: A. Hazards or unsafe practices that could result in severe personal injury or death B. Immediate hazards which will result in severe personal injury or death C. Immediate hazards which could result in severe personal injury or death D. Be careful 2. A pre-start inspection is done: A. Before the start of the day B. Before the start of the work shift C. Every time I get on the forklift D. Either A or B 3. A pre-start inspection does NOT include: A. Checking the oil B. Inspecting soil conditions C. Reviewing operator manual D. ROPS 4. If the seat belt is not operating properly, do not use the forklift and report the defect to your supervisor. True False 5. It is a “Best Practice” to stay at least: A. 5 feet away from power lines B. 10 feet away from power lines C. 20 feet away from power lines D. 50 feet away from power lines Continue
  • 113. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 113 6. Frame tilt on a rough terrain telehandler (reach) forklift is used to: A. Put the forklift out of level to place loads off to the side B. Keep the forklift level at all times over un-level ground C. Level the forklift before lifting the boom D. B and C 7. What are the considerations when getting off the forklift to adjust the forks? A. Shift to neutral B. Set parking brake C. Three points of contact D. All the above and more 8. As a trained forklift operator, I should know the weight of the load I am picking up. True False 9. The forklift load chart shows a rating of 6000 lb. at a 24-inch load center. What does this mean? A. That the forklift will safely lift any weight up to 6000 lb. B. That the forklift will safely lift up to 6000 lb. provided that the center of gravity of the load is not more than 24 inches forward from the face (heel) of the forks C. That the forklift will only safely lift up to 6000 lb. if the load measures more than 48 inches in length D. That the forklift will lift more than 6000 lb. if the load's center is at 24 inches or fewer 10. What procedure do you follow when the load on the front of your forklift obscures your view? A. Dismount, check that the way is clear and then drive slowly forward, sounding the horn B. Travel in reverse, looking in the direction of travel and use a spotter C. Raise the load so that you can see under it D. Sound the horn as you travel forward Continue
  • 114. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 114 Continue 11. A small hydraulic leak develops while you are operating the forklift, you should: A. Ignore and report it to your supervisor at the end of the day B. Park the forklift in a safe place and shut it down. Take the key out and red tag it, then tell your supervisor about the leak C. Keep working until you see your supervisor and then tell them D. Stop immediately where you are and shut down the forklift 12. “Three points of contact” describes: A. The forks as they go into the pallet B. The stability triangle C. That three tires must be on the ground to lift a load D. The proper way to get on and get off a forklift when getting into the cab or seat 13. The seat belt: A. Is only used when the boss is around B. Does not need to be tight across my lap C. Needs to be connected tightly around my lap at all times while I am operating the forklift D. Should be disconnected if the forklift begins to tip 14. When operating a Telehandler forklift, what position should the forks be in while traveling? A. As near the ground as possible, with the boom only high enough to see the right-side mirror B. It does not matter C. 12 inches off the ground D. 4 feet off the ground 15. Who is responsible for the safety of people working around the forklift? A. Each person in your area B. You, the forklift operator C. The general contractor
  • 115. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 115 Continue 16. Cradling the load means: A. Tilting the forks back with the load so the load is secure against the backrest B. Making sure the load is secure on the pallet C. Making sure the pallet is in good condition 17. When driving a loaded forklift down a slope, in what direction should the forks point? A. Downhill B. Uphill 18. Attachments other than the stock forks or the forks designated on the ID plate: A. Are never allowed B. Are allowed when your supervisor says so C. Are allowed only if authorized by the manufacturer 19. When driving forward and steering a four-wheel steer telehandler forklift, you must always: A. Look in the direction of travel B. Look in the direction of travel and the path of the rear steer tires C. Look backwards D. Check your mirrors 20. If a load shifts or falls off the forks, you should: A. Immediately get off the forklift and put the load back on the forks B. Shut the forklift down and get off the forklift to adjust the load C. Shut the forklift down and get off the forklift to adjust the load, get help if needed and report the incident to your supervisor D. Get off the forklift while it is running, adjust the load and get back on before someone sees you 21. Is it permissible for any person to operate a forklift? A. Only if they have a driver’s license B. Only if they are trained and authorized to do so C. Yes, but only temporarily
  • 116. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 116 Continue 22. When is it allowable to drive your telehandler with its load fully raised? A. Any time B. When placing or picking the load at height C. Never D. When my supervisors says it is OK 23. When approaching a blind corner: A. You should slow down B. You should slow down, sound your horn and proceed with caution, spotter or traffic control may be required C. You should stop, get off the forklift 24. The operating manual for the specific make and model forklift should be on the forklift when it is being operated. True False 25. Which of the points below affect the stability of a forklift? A. Driving too fast B. Load too heavy C. Driving on an incline D. Cornering too sharply E. All the above 26. A 6,000 lb. rated telehandler (JLG 6042) weighs about: A. 10,000 lb. B. 6,000 lb. C. 22,000 lb. D. 8,000 lb. 27. The most serious and common forklift accident is: A. Tip-over B. Material striking the forklift C. A worker falling from the forklift D. A worker injured during forklift repair 28. The load charts for telehandlers are all the same. True False
  • 117. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 117 29. The load chart tells you how much the load weighs. True False 30. When traveling: A. Make sure your path is clear B. Use your mirrors C. Use the Collision Avoidance backup sensors D. Use a spotter if your vision is obscured E. All of the above 31. To accurately use the capacity chart, the operator must first determine three important things: A. Weight of the load being lifted B. Height of the structure where the load is to be placed C. Distance where the load will ultimately be placed in front of the front tires D. All of the above 32. On most telehandlers, you shift gears: A. On the floor B. On the transmission selector C. On the transmission selector, by rotating the twist grip D. By pressing on the accelerator pedal 34. On telehandlers with electric parking brakes: A. The brake must be set to ON in order for the forklift to start B. The brake must be set to ON before leaving the seat of the forklift C. The brake does affect starting the forklift D. All the above 33. You should always use the frame tilt (sway) lever to level the telehandler before raising the boom above horizontal. True False 35. Refer to the JLG G6-42 load chart (Chart I). If the load is 3,000 lb. and you have to place it at 20 feet of height and cannot get the forklift closer than 20 feet, can this forklift make the lift? Yes No 36. Refer to the Skytrack 10054 load chart (Chart IIb). What does the symbol below the grey circle with the exclamation point represent? A. Outriggers B. Outriggers must be down in this load range C. Outriggers must be up in this load range D. Outriggers are not required in this load rangeContinue
  • 118. TEST © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 118 37. Refer to the JLG G6-42 load chart (Chart I). If load has to be landed at 20 feet of height and you cannot get the forklift closer than 20 feet to the structure, what is the maximum weight that can be placed at that height and distance? A. 1,000 lb. B. 3,000 lb. C. 6,000 lb. D. 2,000 lb. 38. Refer to the Skytrak 10054 load chart (Chart IIa). The numbers A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H indicate: A. The distance the forklift can reach B. The distance the load can be landed or picked C. The point of boom extension and they correspond to on the load capacity chart D. The point of boom extension as it corresponds to the load capacity chart and is used along with the boom angle indicator to determine if a load can be placed at a specific height and distance 39. Refer to the Skytrak 10054 load chart (Chart IIb). If the load is 3,000 lb. what is the maximum distance in front of the tires that you can place the load with the outriggers up? A. 10 feet B. 30 feet C. 25 feet D. 20 feet 40. Refer to the Skytrak 10054 load chart (Chart IIa). If the load is 4,000 lb. what is the maximum distance you can place the load in front of the tires with outriggers down? A. 10 feet B. 31 feet C. 26 feet D. 20 feet Once complete, gather up your belongings and let’s head out to conduct the Hand-On Evaluations
  • 119. HANDS-ON ASSESSMENT © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved
  • 120. HANDS-ON EVALUATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 120 Description of Action Completed NA Pre-Start Checks Checks Engine and Oil Checks Hydraulics Checks ROPS/FOPS Checks Carriage and Attachment Points Checks All I.D. Plates Checks Tires Checks Forks Checks Seat Belt Start Up Gets on Forklift Properly Puts On and Adjusts Seatbelt Sets Parking Brake Sets Controls to Neutral Sounds and Checks for Horns Checks for Personnel Starts Engine Performs Function Checks Operation Accelerates Smoothly Limits Speeds to Conditions Description of Action Completed NA Turning Slows Before Turns Considers Balance Stays Within Lines Careful of Turning Radius Stopping Slows Down Comes to a Full Stop Sets Parking Brake Load Pick Up Aligns Forklift with Road Approaches Slowly Applies Parking Brake Stops Prior to Load Makes Final Adjustments Positions Fork Under Load Lifts Load Slowly Cradles Load Releases Parking Brake Backs off Slowly Lowers Fork Immediately Checks Load Stability
  • 121. HANDS-ON EVALUATION © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 121 Description of Action Completed NA Transport Accelerates Slowly Keeps Load Low Frequently Scans Area Decelerates for Turns Exercises Caution on Hills Handles Ascent Properly Handles Descent Properly Sets Parking Brake Load Deposit Aligns Fork with Landing Approaches Slowly Applies Parking Brake Stops Prior to Landing Makes Final Adjustments Positions Load Above Landing Levels Load Deposits Load Slowly Backs Off Slowly Lowers Fork Immediately Lowers Fork Immediately Checks Load Stability Description of Action Completed NA Forklift Shutdown Parks on Level Surface Sets Parking Brake Sets Controls to Neutral Turns Off Engine Exits Machine Correctly
  • 122. HANDS-ON OBJECTIVES Common Mistakes © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 122 Fork tilt to cradle load Always put the forks all the way into pallet Always maintain 3-point contact getting on and off Look back before backing up, use your mirrors Use horn
  • 123. HANDS-ON OBJECTIVES Common Mistakes © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 123 Set the parking brake, telehandler DO NOT DRIVE to place or pick the load (telehandler) use the boom joystick to boom in and out of the load Run the RPM’s up to 2500 RPM’s to operate fork/boom controls with your right foot Left-foot brake, Right foot accelerate Shift to neutral when stopped
  • 124. HANDS-ON OBJECTIVES © 2022 Sunbelt Rentals, Inc., All Rights Reserved 124 This will not make you a forklift operator  Only hours of operation will  Develop good habits  Dispel bad habits  Each forklift is different –Read operator’s manuals –Study ID plates/load charts

Editor's Notes

  1. NOTE TO INSTRUCTOR:​ Follow PowerPoint and book, do not shortcut the class​ Operator classroom part should take at least 3 hours with one 10-minute break​ Longer for more than 12 people​ IMPORTANT!!! The test is no longer printed in the Pocket Guide. Word Document is to be printed, students complete and turn back into trainer for grading and documentation retention as proof of training. The test is kept with the sign-in sheet. ​ Make sure that the Forklifts you use for hands-on, passes pre-start inspection​ Set up course away from work, pedestrians, etc.​ Clearly explain hands-on objective​ You must conduct the hands-on with the operator on each lift you intend for them to use:​ Telehandler​ Straight Mast RT (If Applicable)​ ​For record keeping purposes, complete a hands-on evaluation form for each attendee and file it with your training records.
  2. Explain the class today and the topics covered on this slide. Greet attendees as they arrive, shake their hand and welcome them. Have easy listening music playing on your laptop/computer
  3. Second chapter is Training Objectives
  4. Power source is Combustion or Electric Pump is a hydraulic pump that pumps fluid to pressure Fluid is hydraulic fluid pumped to flow and pressure Valve can be a joystick and/or a switch which directs and controls the fluid flow and pressure To a motor for drive or a cylinder to move something
  5. Read facing the Attendees These are Zachry Specific qualifications
  6. Let title “What accidents have you seen. . . On screen and wait for responses. Discussion Stats from deaths, personal costs, work loss etc., recent examples.
  7. These words will be used throughout the presentation, so it is important to know their meaning. Emphasize that USER can be supervision.
  8. Note Zachry policies Familiarization required before operator uses the lift.
  9. Each Chapter has a short Gear Quiz. Give the attendees a few minutes to complete within their workbook. Then go over their answers as you click thru the questions
  10. Types of Equipment Zachry supervision selects the lift equipment for each job and task. These slides are simply to point out the different type lifts available
  11. Emphasize that this is a very serious injury that is often not diagnosed correctly by medical staff who is not accustomed to seeing this injury. This injury can look very mild and minor. We suggest reporting to an emergency room immediately and asking for a “Hand Specialist” who knows how to treat this injury.
  12. This is NOT the injury but the operation to remove the oil from the muscle tissue.
  13. All 4 manuals and forms must be on the lift prior to use. SHOW these to the class.
  14. BlueDEF is a name brand
  15. JLG Skytrack 10054 with Turf Tires If White or Gray tires are put on a RT Forklift, it still may require something attached to the chassis to deenergize static build up from the machine.
  16. All hazard labels will be identified by these colors with the Triangle and the Exclamation Point. RED Will kill you, Orange Could kill you, Yellow you Could be hurt
  17. Ask the attendees for their input discussion then see if they have identified any of these hazards by clicking the rest of the list.
  18. Vertical Mast RT Forklifts – steering is similar to a warehouse forklift.
  19. Minimum Safe Approach Distance is 10 feet if the voltage is 50KV or less! If the voltage is not known, It is a “best practice” to be at least 20’ away from powerlines. If the voltage is known and is more than 50KV, for every 1000 volts, the distance must be multiplied by .4”
  20. When looking at specs in the manuals or literature make sure you understand the difference between % slope or gradeability and degrees. Typically, when the manufacturers print Gradeability they put % of Gradeability, when they talk about tip-over they typically print degrees.
  21. It is important to understand that the base of the lifts measures out of level up to typically 5 degrees, then lift and extend functions are cutout, in 2017 models drive will be cutout also if elevated above a certain degrees.
  22. Attachments must be authorized by the manufacture.
  23. Forklift hand signals can be located in the back of most Operators Manuals
  24. When the load center is increased from 24” to 36” on a telehandler, a 4,000lb box needs to be treated as a 6,000lb box for the load chart to be use correctly. (CLICK) The way to get this inform is by using the Equivalent Load Calculation. (Manufacturers may have there recommended calculations listed in the Operators Manual.) (CLICK) Weight of the load (CLICK) x increased load center (CLICK) / rated load center = (CLICK) equivalent load or new weight. The Equivalent load is the value applied to the respective carriage capacity chart to determine the appropriate zone(s) to use. The operator then utilizes the applicable attachment capacity chart on the machine to determine where the new weight (6,000 lbs.) can be safely moved and placed within the machines operating limits.
  25. Note to instructor: Facilitate group participation with Equivalent Load Calculation Reference if needed Weight of the Load x new (increased) Load Center / 24in = Equivalent Load
  26. IMPORTANT!!! – As per OSHA, free rigging could affect the capacity and safe operation of a powered industrial truck. 29 CFR 1910.178(a)(4) requires that "Modifications and additions which affect the capacity and safe operation shall not be performed by the customer or user without manufacturers prior written approval. Capacity, operation, and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals shall be changed accordingly." In addition, 1910.178(o)(1) requires that "Only stable or safely arranged loads shall be handled. Caution shall be exercised when handling off-center loads which cannot be centered.“​ The use of an approved attachment to make lifts would be a viable alternative.​
  27. Instructor notes: The circle with the cross is the center of gravity or mass of the forklift at rest. The balance point If the CG goes outside the Stability Triangle the forklift tips.
  28. Instructor notes: As a load is raised the Center of Gravity moves forward and up To a wide section of the Stability Triangle. If the forklift is at it’s maximum capacity that CG will be very close to the front axle line or the front of the Stability Triangle. A hard brake action could cause the forklift to tip forward. If the CG goes outside the Stability Triangle the forklift tips.
  29. Instructor notes: Reach forklift with boom raised and no load CG is at rear and high. If the CG goes outside the Stability Triangle the forklift tips.
  30. Instructor notes: Stability Triangle is turned up for illustrative purposes ONLY, it would be on a plane under the forklift normally. The dotted vertical lines are the plumb or the direction gravity will pull. If the CG goes outside the Stability Triangle the forklift tips.
  31. Instructor notes: With a load CG moves forward in a much wider part of Stability Triangle making the forklift more stable side to side.
  32. Instructor notes: Tilt the forklift back 10 degrees with no load and CG could go behind the plumb line of the rear axle causing the forklift to tip-over backwards. This can happen with traversing boom forklifts like Lulls and Pettibones on slopes, Where the operator lands the load by traversing the boom forward and then traverses the boom out of the load and does not immediately lower the boom before returning the boom to the most rearward position these forklifts can fall over backwards.
  33. Instructor notes: Rear view of CG of reach forklift
  34. Instructor notes: Rear view of CG of reach forklift unlevel side to side. Keep forklift level according to the frame tilt indicator inside the cab.
  35. Instructor notes: This slide applies to all forklifts without a load, Watch your visibility and use your horn.
  36. Instructor notes: This slide applies to all forklifts with a load, Watch your visibility and use your horn.
  37. Instructor notes: Emphasize the DANGER of tip-overs.
  38. Instructor notes: Seatbelts are required and need to be in good working order and Worn snug across your lap. Faced with a life-or-death situation humans will have one of two reactions, Fight or Flight Seatbelt will keep you from making the Flight decision.
  39. Instructor notes: The cause of most forklift tip-overs are breaking one of these rules for safe operation.
  40. Instructor notes: Rear wheel steer for both warehouse, straight mast and some JLG rough terrain reach forklifts (Gradall brand).
  41. When traveling in a telehandler forklift, the forks should be tilted back and as near the ground as possible, with the boom only high enough to see the right-side mirror.     
  42. Instructor notes: On reach forklifts the operator needs to boom the load in and boom the forks out and avoid driving the machine with the load raised. Driving a reach forklift with the boom raised is hazardous and should be avoided. This will require the operator to either find the “sweet spot” on the boom joystick to get the forks to travel horizontally in and out or the operator will need to saw tooth the forks in and out. An experienced trained operator will find that joystick sweet spot and will boom the forks in and out without moving the machine in and out.
  43. Instructor notes: On reach forklifts the operator needs to boom the load in and boom the forks out and avoid driving the machine with the load raised. Driving a reach forklift with the boom raised is hazardous and should be avoided. This will require the operator to either find the “sweet spot” on the boom joystick to get the forks to travel horizontally in and out or the operator will need to saw tooth the forks in and out. An experienced trained operator will find that joystick sweet spot and will boom the forks in and out without moving the machine in and out.
  44. Instructor notes: Gear Quiz
  45. NOTE TO INSTRUCTOR:​ Follow PowerPoint and book, do not shortcut the class​ Operator classroom part should take at least 3 hours with one 10-minute break​ Longer for more than 12 people​ IMPORTANT!!! The test is no longer printed in the Pocket Guide. Word Document is to be printed, students complete and turn back into trainer for grading and documentation retention as proof of training. The test is kept with the sign-in sheet. ​ Make sure that the Forklifts you use for hands-on, passes pre-start inspection​ Set up course away from work, pedestrians, etc.​ Clearly explain hands-on objective​ You must conduct the hands-on with the operator on each lift you intend for them to use:​ Telehandler​ Straight Mast RT (If Applicable)​ For record keeping purposes, complete a hands-on evaluation form for each attendee and file it with your training records.
  46. NOTE TO INSTRUCTOR:​ Follow PowerPoint and book, do not shortcut the class​ Operator classroom part should take at least 3 hours with one 10-minute break​ Longer for more than 12 people​ IMPORTANT!!! The test is no longer printed in the Pocket Guide. Word Document is to be printed, students complete and turn back into trainer for grading and documentation retention as proof of training. The test is kept with the sign-in sheet. ​ Make sure that the Forklifts you use for hands-on, passes pre-start inspection​ Set up course away from work, pedestrians, etc.​ Clearly explain hands-on objective​ You must conduct the hands-on with the operator on each lift you intend for them to use:​ Telehandler​ Straight Mast RT (If Applicable)​ For record keeping purposes, complete a hands-on evaluation form for each attendee and file it with your training records.
  47. Instructor notes: For record keeping purposes, complete a hands-on evaluation form for each attendee and file it with your training records.
  48. Instructor notes: For record keeping purposes, complete a hands-on evaluation form for each attendee and file it with your training records.
  49. Instructor notes: These are common mistakes we see operators old and new make. Pay particular attention to operators who have experience, typically these are going to be your toughest challenge as they have developed habits that will be hard to change. Generally new operators are very careful and take direction with an open mind.
  50. Instructor notes: These are common mistakes we see operators old and new make. Pay particular attention to operators who have experience, typically these are going to be your toughest challenge as they have developed habits that will be hard to change. Generally new operators are very careful and take direction with an open mind.