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Exploring reasons for residents’ use and
appreciation of informal urban greenspace
in Brisbane and Sapporo
Christoph Rupprecht
PhD Candidate
Environmental Futures Research Institute
Griffith School of Environment
Japanese Geoscience Union 2014
Typology of informal urban greenspace
Street verge Gap
Railway Brownfield Waterside
Lots
Structural Microsite Powerline
Study & location: Brisbane/Sapporo
121 sites per city on 10x10km grid
Resident IGS questionnaire
• IGS knowledge, use (as child
or adult), appreciation
• Nature attitude, demograph.
• N=121/163 (Bris./Sap.)
IGS land use survey
• 50x50m per site
• IGS, IGS type, other LU %
• Combination of ground
survey & aerial photography
• Accessibility
• Vegetation structure
Residents use and appreciate IGS
Better Both Worse Neutral
Sapporo
Brisbane
Does IGS make daily life
better or worse? (appreciation)
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
%ofrespondents
Recreational IGS use
Now, as adults In my childhood
Reasons behind use and appreciation?
1) What is the role of IGS for residents in
comparison to formal greenspace (e.g.
parks)?
2) What are potential factors behind the
difference in IGS appreciation and
use?
IGS role compared to formal greenspace
Correlation IGS use - formal greenspace area?
Possible results:
GIS buffer analysis:
formal GS within 500m radius of survey sites
Negative correlation
Low formal greenspace,
high IGS use
 Residents use IGS as
substitute for missing
green space
No correlation
IGS use independent
of formal GS area
 IGS used in
addition/instead of
available park
space
Positive correlation
High formal greenspace,
high IGS use
 Potential bias
towards frequent GS-
users?
500m radius
(walking distance)
survey
site
parks
IGS is not used as substitute for parks
No correlation between IGS use and
formal GS area <500m in either city
 IGS likely used in addition to, or instead of
parks
 IGS playing a different role for residents’
recreation than parks?
 Liminal, “loose”, ambiguous character of
IGS may offer possibilities parks cannot
 Implications for planning, management,
policy
Conceptual model: greenspace use
Socio-ecological context
of greenspace
Potential
users
Greenspace
characteristics
influences
Perceptions of
greenspace
affect
shape
Greenspace use
choices
Use Non-Use
feeds
back into
influences
Based on: Byrne & Wolch 2009, doi:10.1177/0309132509103156
Different respondents – or different IGS?
Respondents seem similar:
• Appreciation of urban nature (but > in Brisbane)
• Evaluation of IGS benefits/problems
• Emotional/spiritual affinity to IGS in comments
• Concerns about IGS (qual. data)
Examination of IGS characteristics
Informal greenspace in study area
Sapporo Brisbane
Proportion of study area % of area % of area
Informal greenspace 4.8 6.3
Formal greenspace
(e.g. parks, conservation) 15.4 11.6
Private greenspace
(e.g. gardens, community land) 14.6 27.4
Total greenspace 35.2 45.3
• IGS in Sapporo & Brisbane survey area is not sign. different (p=.49)
• IGS represents ~14% of total city greenspace in both cities
Proportion of IGS types compared
Lot
42%
Gap
19%
Street
verge
16%
Brownfield
10%
Waterside
10%
Other
3% Lot
8%
Street
verge
80%
Brownfield
5%
Railway
5%
Other
2%
Sapporo Brisbane
Vegetation structure: survey method
Area covered by
vegetation layer types
(herb includes ground)
100%
ground
layer
cover
25% bush
cover
Top-down view:
40% tree cover
Vegetation structure of IGS
Sapporo Brisbane
7% 8%
43%
46%
Tree Bush Herb Ground
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
%ofIGScoveredbyvegetationlayer
28%
8%
21%
73%
Tree Bush Herb Ground
Accessibility of IGS: survey method
Two types of barriers
• Physical barriers
• Symbolic barriers
Three levels of accessibility
1) Accessible
2) Partially accessible
3) Not accessible
Accessibility of IGS: results
Sapporo Brisbane
Yes
68%
Partiall
y
22%
No
10%
Yes
78%
Partially
7%
No
15%
IGS characteristics: implications
Similarities in Sapporo & Brisbane IGS
• Amount/proportion of IGS area
• Accessibility
High potential for variety of uses!
Differences in Sapporo & Brisbane IGS
• Composition of IGS types
• Vegetation structure (ground/tree vs.
ground/herb)
Influence on appreciation?
Implications for IGS management
Appreciation, use & conservation?
Summary: factors behind IGS use
IGS in Sapporo and Brisbane
1. is not used as a substitute for parks
2. is similar in land use percentage & accessibility
3. differs in IGS types & vegetation structure
Thank you for listening!
Questions?
Many thanks to:
Yumi Nakagawa, Jason Byrne, Hirofumi Ueda,
Jennifer Garden, Jean-Marc Hero, Alex Lo,
Merrill Bowers, Mariola Rafanowicz, Brisbane
Council, Sapporo City, all survey respondents
Blog: www.treepolis.org
Twitter: @focx
Google+: Christoph Rupprecht
This presentation is available @ Slideshare!

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Exploring reasons for residents' use and appreciation of informal urban greenspace in brisbane and sapporo

  • 1. Exploring reasons for residents’ use and appreciation of informal urban greenspace in Brisbane and Sapporo Christoph Rupprecht PhD Candidate Environmental Futures Research Institute Griffith School of Environment Japanese Geoscience Union 2014
  • 2. Typology of informal urban greenspace Street verge Gap Railway Brownfield Waterside Lots Structural Microsite Powerline
  • 3. Study & location: Brisbane/Sapporo 121 sites per city on 10x10km grid Resident IGS questionnaire • IGS knowledge, use (as child or adult), appreciation • Nature attitude, demograph. • N=121/163 (Bris./Sap.) IGS land use survey • 50x50m per site • IGS, IGS type, other LU % • Combination of ground survey & aerial photography • Accessibility • Vegetation structure
  • 4. Residents use and appreciate IGS Better Both Worse Neutral Sapporo Brisbane Does IGS make daily life better or worse? (appreciation) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% %ofrespondents Recreational IGS use Now, as adults In my childhood
  • 5. Reasons behind use and appreciation? 1) What is the role of IGS for residents in comparison to formal greenspace (e.g. parks)? 2) What are potential factors behind the difference in IGS appreciation and use?
  • 6. IGS role compared to formal greenspace Correlation IGS use - formal greenspace area? Possible results: GIS buffer analysis: formal GS within 500m radius of survey sites Negative correlation Low formal greenspace, high IGS use  Residents use IGS as substitute for missing green space No correlation IGS use independent of formal GS area  IGS used in addition/instead of available park space Positive correlation High formal greenspace, high IGS use  Potential bias towards frequent GS- users? 500m radius (walking distance) survey site parks
  • 7. IGS is not used as substitute for parks No correlation between IGS use and formal GS area <500m in either city  IGS likely used in addition to, or instead of parks  IGS playing a different role for residents’ recreation than parks?  Liminal, “loose”, ambiguous character of IGS may offer possibilities parks cannot  Implications for planning, management, policy
  • 8. Conceptual model: greenspace use Socio-ecological context of greenspace Potential users Greenspace characteristics influences Perceptions of greenspace affect shape Greenspace use choices Use Non-Use feeds back into influences Based on: Byrne & Wolch 2009, doi:10.1177/0309132509103156
  • 9. Different respondents – or different IGS? Respondents seem similar: • Appreciation of urban nature (but > in Brisbane) • Evaluation of IGS benefits/problems • Emotional/spiritual affinity to IGS in comments • Concerns about IGS (qual. data) Examination of IGS characteristics
  • 10. Informal greenspace in study area Sapporo Brisbane Proportion of study area % of area % of area Informal greenspace 4.8 6.3 Formal greenspace (e.g. parks, conservation) 15.4 11.6 Private greenspace (e.g. gardens, community land) 14.6 27.4 Total greenspace 35.2 45.3 • IGS in Sapporo & Brisbane survey area is not sign. different (p=.49) • IGS represents ~14% of total city greenspace in both cities
  • 11. Proportion of IGS types compared Lot 42% Gap 19% Street verge 16% Brownfield 10% Waterside 10% Other 3% Lot 8% Street verge 80% Brownfield 5% Railway 5% Other 2% Sapporo Brisbane
  • 12. Vegetation structure: survey method Area covered by vegetation layer types (herb includes ground) 100% ground layer cover 25% bush cover Top-down view: 40% tree cover
  • 13. Vegetation structure of IGS Sapporo Brisbane 7% 8% 43% 46% Tree Bush Herb Ground 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% %ofIGScoveredbyvegetationlayer 28% 8% 21% 73% Tree Bush Herb Ground
  • 14. Accessibility of IGS: survey method Two types of barriers • Physical barriers • Symbolic barriers Three levels of accessibility 1) Accessible 2) Partially accessible 3) Not accessible
  • 15. Accessibility of IGS: results Sapporo Brisbane Yes 68% Partiall y 22% No 10% Yes 78% Partially 7% No 15%
  • 16. IGS characteristics: implications Similarities in Sapporo & Brisbane IGS • Amount/proportion of IGS area • Accessibility High potential for variety of uses! Differences in Sapporo & Brisbane IGS • Composition of IGS types • Vegetation structure (ground/tree vs. ground/herb) Influence on appreciation? Implications for IGS management Appreciation, use & conservation?
  • 17. Summary: factors behind IGS use IGS in Sapporo and Brisbane 1. is not used as a substitute for parks 2. is similar in land use percentage & accessibility 3. differs in IGS types & vegetation structure
  • 18. Thank you for listening! Questions? Many thanks to: Yumi Nakagawa, Jason Byrne, Hirofumi Ueda, Jennifer Garden, Jean-Marc Hero, Alex Lo, Merrill Bowers, Mariola Rafanowicz, Brisbane Council, Sapporo City, all survey respondents Blog: www.treepolis.org Twitter: @focx Google+: Christoph Rupprecht This presentation is available @ Slideshare!