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Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Regional Office IX, Zamboanga Peninsula
ENGLISH
Quarter 4 – Module 3
Expanded Definition of Words
Zest for Progress
Zeal of Partnership
10
Name of Learner: ___________________________
Grade & Section: ___________________________
Name of School: ___________________________
1
f t
d
e
What I Need to Know
Words have different meanings depending on context – this is true when it comes to the English
language, especially when you take into consideration how many words it has “borrowed” from other
languages.
This is why, it is important to address the issue of not only knowing, but recognizing how some
of these words work. The main challenge in this topic is recognizing the context that surrounds the
words or meanings it may take within the context it is presented.
This lesson will help the learner recognize the expanded meaning of a word in which it may
take through the use of adjectives, affixes, and contextual clues.
This module contains a lesson that will lead you to:
Learning Competency: Give the expanded definitions of words.
(EN10V-IIIa-13.9)
After going through this module, you are expected to:
 State the correct expanded definition of words using adjectives and affixes; and
 Use expanded words in sentences.
What I Know
Activity: Fill me
Directions: Read the supplied definition for each item. Your task is to supply the missing letters in order to
complete the word which is defined in each item. The letters available for each set are given as clues.
1. - to become greater in extend.
2. - the action or the process of stating the meaning of a
word.
2
x
c
o u
o d
3. - the parts of something written or spoken that immediately precede
and follow a word or passage and clarify its meaning.
4. - an educational unit which covers a single subject or topic.
5. - a brief remark or conversation.
Activity 2: Think Me
Directions: Form at least 10 derivations from the source word given below.
Example:
Source Word: beautiful
Derived Words Meaning
1. bat
2. beat
3. fault
4. tale
- a small flying mammal.
- to mix by stirring.
- fracture in the crust of the planet.
- a narrative of an event.
Start here:
Source word – pandemic
Derived Words Meaning
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
3
Song of Autumn
Soon we shall plunge into the cold darkness;
Farewell, vivid brightness of our short-lived summers!
Already I hear the dismal sound of firewood
Falling with a clatter on the courtyard pavements.
All winter will possess my being: wrath,
Hate, horror, shivering, hard, forced labor,
And, like the sun in his polar Hades,
My heart will be no more than a frozen red block.
All atremble I listen to each falling log;
The building of a scaffold has no duller sound.
My spirit resembles the tower which crumbles
Under the tireless blows of the battering ram.
It seems to me, lulled by these monotonous shocks,
That somewhere they’re nailing a coffin, in great haste.
For whom? - Yesterday was summer; here is autumn
That mysterious noise sounds like a departure.
Activity 3: The World of Word Expansion
Directions: Study the highlighted portion of the word (affixes) as well as the context of the sentence to help
you complete its meaning.
Example: When you exhale, you breathe air outwards.
1. A circumnavigator is someone who has sailed _________ the world.
2. A teacher is someone _________ teaches the learners.
3. John is ________ with generosity. He is a generous person.
4. Submerged cameras allow people to see _________ the water.
5. Please return my pen, Richard. I need it __________.
What’s New
Activity 4
Directions: Read the poem below titled Song of Autumn by French author Charles Baudelaire and translated
to English by William Aggeler. Fill in the table by listing down five (5) adjectives taken from the poem.
Underline the suffix in each word, then use it in a sentence. An example is provided for your guide.
What’s In
4
Example:
1. bountiful - We should be thankful with the bountiful blessings from above.
What Is It
An extended definition may explain the word’s etymology or historical roots, describes sensory
characteristics of something (how it looks, feels, sounds, taste, smells), identifies its parts, indicates how
something is used, explains what it is not used, provides an example of it, and/or notes similarities or
differences between this term and other words or things.
Expanded or extended definition of words recognizes the meaning a word may take through the
use of contextual clues, adjectives, and affixes.
What are context clues?
Context clues provide further information about a word or phrase that helps readers understand
its meaning. These clues offer insight – either directly or indirectly - into the portion of text that is
difficult to understand.
Adjectives with suffixes Sentences
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I love the greenish light of your long eyes,
Sweet beauty, but today all to me is bitter;
Nothing, neither you love, your boudoir, nor your hearth
Is worth as much as the sunlight on the sea.
Yet, love me, tender hearth be a mother,
Even to an ingrate, even to a scapegrace;
Mistress or sister, be the fleeting sweetness
Of a gorgeous autumn or of a setting sun.
Short task! The tomb awaits; it is avid!
Ah! Let me, with my head bowed on your knees,
Taste the sweet, yellow rays of the end of autumn,
While I mourn for the white, torrid summer!
5
Example:
Word: idyllic
Clues: sunny, warm, and perfect for a walk in the park.
Sentence: It was an idyllic day.
What is an adjective?
Adjectives are words that modify or clearly define the nouns and pronouns to use in your speaking
and writing. You can usually tell whether a word is an adjective if it answers the questions what kind,
how many, or which one.
Adjectives may derive from nouns. Salty, mountainous, and colorful are adjectives derived
from nouns. It may become an adjective simply by being used to describe another noun as in salty water,
mountainous area, and colorful flowers.
Words a, an, and the are special adjectives called articles. The is the definite article. It points
out one specific person, place, thing, or idea. A and an are indefinite articles. They are less specific.
Examples: Hand me the pen, please. (one specific pen)
Hand me a pen, please. (any pen)
However, sometimes an ending such as – an, -ian, -n, -ese, or ish is added to a noun to make it adjective.
A List of Adjectives
angry
bad
big
bitter
black
bland
bloody
blue
bold
chewy
chubby
classy
clever
close
noisy
odd
quiet
rare
smart
sore
sweaty
tall
tough
ugly
chubby
cloudy
clumsy
deadly
dense
easy
faint
fair
fancy
hairy
6
What are affixes?
Affixes are a set of letters/syllables generally added at the beginning or end of a root word to modify
its meaning. The two main types of affixes are prefixes and suffixes.
Prefix is a syllable/word part that may be added at the beginning of a base word or root word.
Example:
Root word = touch
Prefix = un
New word = untouch
Suffix is a syllable/word part that may be added after the base word or root word.
Example:
Root word = touch
Suffix = able
New word = touchable
AFFIXES
Root
Word
Prefixes New
Word
Meaning Root
Word
Suffixes New Word Meaning
social anti- anti-
social
against suit/
reverse
-able, ible suitable/rever
sible
can be done
cycle bi- bicycle two intern/
curt
-al, -ail internal/curtai
l
related to,
like
rail de- derail opposite invent -ed invented past tense
place dis- displace not,
opposite
of
moist -en moisten made of
formal/pr
oper
in, im- informal/
improper
in/not paint/far -er, -est painter/farthe
st
more, one
who
school inter- interscho
ol
between harm -ful, -y harmful/harm
fully
full of
7
summer mid- midsum
mer
middle child -ish childish somewhat
like or near
communi
cate
mis- miscomm
unicate
wrongly sense -less senseless without
swimmer non- non-
swimmer
not part -ly partly a certain
way
heat pre- pre-heat before danger -ous dangerous filled with
use re- reuse again dry -ness dryness being/with
circle semi- semi-
circle
half key/fox -s, -es keys/foxes more than
one
sequence sub- subseque
nce
under act -ion action act of
settled un- unsettled not content -ment contentment combination
of being
What’s More
Activity 5: A Closer Glance at Word
Directions: Recall the poem titled Song of Autumn in Activity 4. In order to understand the poem clearly,
study how the writer developed the overall style of the poem by filling in the blank with the correct affixes in
the following sentences. Use the clue found after each statement.
1. The season in “Autumn Song” represents the current physic__ and mental state of the poet.
(Clue:related to)
2. The warm of summer is represented as happi___ and joy for the poet. (Clue:being/with)
3. The winter signals coldness and dark____. (Clue: being/with)
4. Summer mean_ happiness and joy. (Clue: more than one)
5. Winter usual__ is a period of inactivity. (Clue: a certain way)
8
Activity 6: Let’s Do the T-W-I-S-T
Directions: Use the highlighted keyword as well as the general context of the sentence to help determine
what word is missing. Write your answers on the space provided.
Example: In order to make the air pure from contaminants, we have to purify it.
1. If a body part or an organ is affected by the cancer cells, it can be classified as __________.
2. If you can predict his actions, then he is quite __________.
3. The gradual slope will _________ become harder to climb.
4. The only way for you to stop their _________ before it starts is to discourage them to argue in the first
place.
5. If being punctual is a good thing, then _________ is a virtue.
Activity 7: Stretch the Word
Directions: Use the given words/phrases in a sentence by using adjectives and words with affixes found in
the word pool. Write the word/s on the space provided.
Example: The women wore long flowing dresses.
1. A journey beneath a rig is an excursion to an _______________ realm.
2. You have the sweetest and most ____________ smile.
3. The terms of this contract are _____________.
4. The news of the child’s safe return made us all ____________.
5. The beach was so ___________ with people.
enchanted beautiful changeable joyful
crowded provided govern
9
What I Have Learned
Activity 8: Mystery words
Directions: Match the definitions in column B with the words in column A. Write only the letter of your
choice on the space provided before each item.
Column A Column B
_____1. Expanded definition A. A group of letters added the beginning of the root word.
_____2. Adjectives B. Points out one specific person, place, thing or idea.
_____3. Affixes C. A set of letters added to the beginning or end of the root
word.
_____4. Definite articles D. The morphological component of a word that contributes
to its most basic meaning.
_____5. Prefixes E. A word use to modify a noun or a pronoun.
F. A word that can take different meanings depending on
the context.
What I Can Do
Activity 9: Check it out
Directions: Add a prefix and a suffix to each root word to form new word. Use the new word in a sentence.
Ex: un + doubt + ed Sentence: Emma was undoubted about what happened yesterday.
prefix root word suffix new word sentence
plan
charge
button
infect
fortunate
10
Activity 10: Do as I Say
Directions: Fill in any of the missing base part using the following given suffixes to form new words. See
the example.
Example Suffix Adjective
nation -al national
1. -ed
2. -less
3. -en
4. -ary
5. -ate
6. -ful
7. -ly
8. -ent
9. -ory
10. -some
Directions: Read each item carefully, and encircle the letter of the correct answer.
1. Which of the following words can either mean a season or the act of rapidly moving downwards?
A. Fall
B. Spring
C. Summer
D. Winter
2. What is an expanded definition of words?
A. A word that can provide factual information
B. A word that can take different meaning depending on the context
C. A word that can use to expand an idea
D. A word that can connect thoughts and opinions
Assessment
11
3. When do we use a definite article in a sentence?
A. We use it to tell something about a point of view of a person.
B. We use it to give specific information about things.
C. We use it to point out one specific person, place, thing or idea.
D. We use it to follow specific rules and guidelines.
4. How can we identify if the word is an adjective?
A. If it describes a verb and adverb
B. If it describes a noun or pronoun
C. If it describes a preposition
D. If it describes a conjunction
5. What do we call the words a, an and the?
A. Predicate adjective
B. Demonstrative adjective
C. Comparative adjective
D. Special adjective articles
6. Which among the choices is NOT an adjective?
A. An
B. Tall
C. Cabin
D. Old
7. When a set of letters added at the beginning or end of a base word to modify its meaning, we call it
_________.
A. affix
B. prefix
C. suffix
D. infix
8. Which of the following words is an example of an affix?
A. Cycle
B. International
C. Monologue
D. Sorrowful
12
9. What word is used to describe or modify a noun or a pronoun?
A. Adverb
B. Verb
C. Affix
D. Adjective
10. When a set of letters added at the end of the root word, we call it ________.
A. Prefix
B. Suffix
C. Infix
D. Affix
Additional Activity
(Optional)
Directions: Give the complete word for each item by studying the highlighted portion of the sentence as
well as its general context. Use all clues available to complete the word fragment.
1. Below-grade materials are often referred to as __________ standard in quality.
2. People in a __________ cession move forward.
3. ______scopic issues that involve many factors are generally hard to tackle.
4. Software designed to destroy computer viruses are known as ______viruses.
5. If you have the link between the agencies, you are _____connected
13
ANSWER KEY
What
I
Know
Activity
1
Fill
me
1.
Expanded
2.
Definition
3.
Context
4.
Module
5.
Word
Activity
2
Think
me
Pandemic
1.
pan
2.
dame
3.
name
4.
came
5.
mice
6.
made
7.
dime
8.
aim
9.
and
10.
dim
What’s
In
Activity
3
The
World
of
Word
Expansion
1.
around
2.
who
3.
filled
with
4.
under
5.
back
What’s
New
Activity
4:
Try
Your
Hand
frozen
duller
mysterious
tireless
greenish
monotonous
Note:
For
sentences,
answers
may
vary.
What’s
More
Activity
5:
A
Closer
Glance
at
Word?
1.
physical
2.
happiness
3.
darkness
4.
means
5.
usually
Activity
6:
Activity
7:
Let’s
Do
the
T-W-I-S-T
Stretch
the
Word
1.
cancerous
1.
enchanted
2.
predictable
2.
beautiful
3.
gradually
3.
changeable
4.
argument
4.
joyful
5.
punctuality
5.
crowded
What
I
Have
Learned
Activity
8:
Mystery
words
1.
f
2.
e
3.
c
4.
b
5.
a
What
I
Can
Do
Activity
9:
Check
it
out
(Possible
Answers)
prefix
root
word
suffix
new
word
sentence
pre
plan
ing
preplanning
re
charge
ing
recharging
un
button
ed
unbuttoned
dis
infect
ed
disinfected
un
fortunate
ly
unfortunately
Activity
10:
Do
As
I
Say
Answers
may
vary.
Assessment
1.
A
2.
B
3.
C
4.
B
5.
D
6.
C
7.
A
8.
B
9.
D
10.
B
Additional
Activity:
Expanded
Definition
of
Words
1.
substandard
2.
procession
3.
macroscopic
4.
antivirus
5.
interconnected
14
References:
Blog Entry
Charles Baudelaire, “Song of Autumn”, FleursDuMal.org, 2021, https://fleursdumal.org/
Book
Almonte, Liza R., Flandez, Lerma L., Hermosa, Angelina Lourdes, Nedia Lagustan, Liberty A.
Mangaluz, Elenita R. Miranda, Paul Anthony B. Mendoza, Lito A. Palomar, Grace B. Annette
Barradas-Soriano, and Karen B. Villanueva, Celebrating Diversity through World Literature. Pasig
City: Rex Book Store, Inc. 2015, 273, 297, 299, 371-318, 323, 352, 354, 373, 376, 384,
Glatthorn Allan A and Brenda C Rosen, Littell English, Evanston,III: McDougal:Littell, 1990.
Online Sources
“Example Articles & Resources.”. Accessed February 3, 2021,
https://examples.yourdictionary.com
“Teaching Resources & Strategies for K-12.”, 2021, TeacherVision. Accessed February 3, 2021.
https://www.teachervision.com.
“ThoughtCo1’, Allen Grove, Ph.D., et al, accessed February 2, 2021, https://www.thoughtco.com.
DEVELOPMENT TEAM
Writers: Expedita C. Sigarra, Basilan National High School
Aubrey D.R. Talaver, Malamawi National High School
Editor:
Language Editor:
Proofreader: Violeta M. Sta. Elena, EPS
Illustrators:
Layout Artist: Joyce Ethel L. Sienes
Management Team:
Julieto H. Fernandez, Ed. D., CESO VI
SDS-Isabela City
Maria Laarni T. Villanueva, Ed. D., CESE
ASDS-Isabela City
Henry R. Tura, CID Chief
Elsa A. Usman, LR Supervisor
Helen De Leon, EPS-English, Module Coordinator
15
Region IX: Zamboanga Peninsula Hymn – Our Eden Land
Here the trees and flowers bloom
Here the breezes gently Blow,
Here the birds sing Merrily,
The liberty forever Stays,
Here the Badjaos roam the seas
Here the Samals live in peace
Here the Tausogs thrive so free
With the Yakans in unity
Gallant men And Ladies fair
Linger with love and care
Golden beams of sunrise and sunset
Are visions you’ll never forget
Oh! That’s Region IX
Hardworking people Abound,
Every valleys and Dale
Zamboangueños, Tagalogs, Bicolanos,
Cebuanos, Ilocanos, Subanons, Boholanos, Ilongos,
All of them are proud and true
Region IX our Eden Land
Region IX
Our..
Eden...
Land...
My Final Farewell
Farewell, dear Fatherland, clime of the sun caress'd
Pearl of the Orient seas, our Eden lost!,
Gladly now I go to give thee this faded life's best,
And were it brighter, fresher, or more blest
Still would I give it thee, nor count the cost.
On the field of battle, 'mid the frenzy of fight,
Others have given their lives, without doubt or heed;
The place matters not-cypress or laurel or lily white,
Scaffold or open plain, combat or martyrdom's plight,
T is ever the same, to serve our home and country's need.
I die just when I see the dawn break,
Through the gloom of night, to herald the day;
And if color is lacking my blood thou shalt take,
Pour'd out at need for thy dear sake
To dye with its crimson the waking ray.
My dreams, when life first opened to me,
My dreams, when the hopes of youth beat high,
Were to see thy lov'd face, O gem of the Orient sea
From gloom and grief, from care and sorrow free;
No blush on thy brow, no tear in thine eye.
Dream of my life, my living and burning desire,
All hail ! cries the soul that is now to take flight;
All hail ! And sweet it is for thee to expire ;
To die for thy sake, that thou mayst aspire;
And sleep in thy bosom eternity's long night.
If over my grave some day thou seest grow,
In the grassy sod, a humble flower,
Draw it to thy lips and kiss my soul so,
While I may feel on my brow in the cold tomb below
The touch of thy tenderness, thy breath's warm power.
Let the moon beam over me soft and serene,
Let the dawn shed over me its radiant flashes,
Let the wind with sad lament over me keen ;
And if on my cross a bird should be seen,
Let it trill there its hymn of peace to my ashes.
Let the sun draw the vapors up to the sky,
And heavenward in purity bear my tardy protest
Let some kind soul o 'er my untimely fate sigh,
And in the still evening a prayer be lifted on high
From thee, 0 my country, that in God I may rest.
Pray for all those that hapless have died,
For all who have suffered the unmeasur'd pain;
For our mothers that bitterly their woes have cried,
For widows and orphans, for captives by torture tried
And then for thyself that redemption thou mayst gain
And when the dark night wraps the graveyard around
With only the dead in their vigil to see
Break not my repose or the mystery profound
And perchance thou mayst hear a sad hymn resound
'T is I, O my country, raising a song unto thee.
And even my grave is remembered no more
Unmark'd by never a cross nor a stone
Let the plow sweep through it, the spade turn it o'er
That my ashes may carpet earthly floor,
Before into nothingness at last they are blown.
Then will oblivion bring to me no care
As over thy vales and plains I sweep;
Throbbing and cleansed in thy space and air
With color and light, with song and lament I fare,
Ever repeating the faith that I keep.
My Fatherland ador'd, that sadness to my sorrow lends
Beloved Filipinas, hear now my last good-by!
I give thee all: parents and kindred and friends
For I go where no slave before the oppressor bends,
Where faith can never kill, and God reigns e'er on high!
Farewell to you all, from my soul torn away,
Friends of my childhood in the home dispossessed!
Give thanks that I rest from the wearisome day!
Farewell to thee, too, sweet friend that lightened my way;
Beloved creatures all, farewell! In death there is re st!
I Am a Filipino, by Carlos P. Romulo
I am a Filipino–inheritor of a glorious past, hostage to the uncertain
future. As such I must prove equal to a two-fold task–the task of
meeting my responsibility to the past, and the task of performing my
obligation to the future.
I sprung from a hardy race, child many generations removed of
ancient Malayan pioneers. Across the centuries the memory comes
rushing back to me: of brown-skinned men putting out to sea in
ships that were as frail as their hearts were stout. Over the sea I see
them come, borne upon the billowing wave and the whistling wind,
carried upon the mighty swell of hope–hope in the free abundance of
new land that was to be their home and their children’s forever.
I am a Filipino. In my blood runs the immortal seed of heroes–seed
that flowered down the centuries in deeds of courage and defiance.
In my veins yet pulses the same hot blood that sent Lapulapu to
battle against the first invader of this land, that nerved Lakandula in
the combat against the alien foe, that drove Diego Silang and
Dagohoy into rebellion against the foreign oppressor.
The seed I bear within me is an immortal seed. It is the mark of my
manhood, the symbol of dignity as a human being. Like the seeds
that were once buried in the tomb of Tutankhamen many thousand
years ago, it shall grow and flower and bear fruit again. It is the
insignia of my race, and my generation is but a stage in the
unending search of my people for freedom and happiness.
I am a Filipino, child of the marriage of the East and the West. The
East, with its languor and mysticism, its passivity and endurance,
was my mother, and my sire was the West that came thundering
across the seas with the Cross and Sword and the Machine. I am of
the East, an eager participant in its spirit, and in its struggles for
liberation from the imperialist yoke. But I also know that the East
must awake from its centuried sleep, shake off the lethargy that has
bound his limbs, and start moving where destiny awaits.
I am a Filipino, and this is my inheritance. What pledge shall I give
that I may prove worthy of my inheritance? I shall give the pledge that
has come ringing down the corridors of the centuries, and it shall be
compounded of the joyous cries of my Malayan forebears when first
they saw the contours of this land loom before their eyes, of the battle
cries that have resounded in every field of combat from Mactan to
Tirad Pass, of the voices of my people when they sing:
“I am a Filipino born to freedom, and I shall not rest until freedom
shall have been added unto my inheritance—for myself and my
children and my children’s children—forever.”

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Expanded definition: technical and operational

  • 1. 0 Republic of the Philippines Department of Education Regional Office IX, Zamboanga Peninsula ENGLISH Quarter 4 – Module 3 Expanded Definition of Words Zest for Progress Zeal of Partnership 10 Name of Learner: ___________________________ Grade & Section: ___________________________ Name of School: ___________________________
  • 2. 1 f t d e What I Need to Know Words have different meanings depending on context – this is true when it comes to the English language, especially when you take into consideration how many words it has “borrowed” from other languages. This is why, it is important to address the issue of not only knowing, but recognizing how some of these words work. The main challenge in this topic is recognizing the context that surrounds the words or meanings it may take within the context it is presented. This lesson will help the learner recognize the expanded meaning of a word in which it may take through the use of adjectives, affixes, and contextual clues. This module contains a lesson that will lead you to: Learning Competency: Give the expanded definitions of words. (EN10V-IIIa-13.9) After going through this module, you are expected to:  State the correct expanded definition of words using adjectives and affixes; and  Use expanded words in sentences. What I Know Activity: Fill me Directions: Read the supplied definition for each item. Your task is to supply the missing letters in order to complete the word which is defined in each item. The letters available for each set are given as clues. 1. - to become greater in extend. 2. - the action or the process of stating the meaning of a word.
  • 3. 2 x c o u o d 3. - the parts of something written or spoken that immediately precede and follow a word or passage and clarify its meaning. 4. - an educational unit which covers a single subject or topic. 5. - a brief remark or conversation. Activity 2: Think Me Directions: Form at least 10 derivations from the source word given below. Example: Source Word: beautiful Derived Words Meaning 1. bat 2. beat 3. fault 4. tale - a small flying mammal. - to mix by stirring. - fracture in the crust of the planet. - a narrative of an event. Start here: Source word – pandemic Derived Words Meaning 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
  • 4. 3 Song of Autumn Soon we shall plunge into the cold darkness; Farewell, vivid brightness of our short-lived summers! Already I hear the dismal sound of firewood Falling with a clatter on the courtyard pavements. All winter will possess my being: wrath, Hate, horror, shivering, hard, forced labor, And, like the sun in his polar Hades, My heart will be no more than a frozen red block. All atremble I listen to each falling log; The building of a scaffold has no duller sound. My spirit resembles the tower which crumbles Under the tireless blows of the battering ram. It seems to me, lulled by these monotonous shocks, That somewhere they’re nailing a coffin, in great haste. For whom? - Yesterday was summer; here is autumn That mysterious noise sounds like a departure. Activity 3: The World of Word Expansion Directions: Study the highlighted portion of the word (affixes) as well as the context of the sentence to help you complete its meaning. Example: When you exhale, you breathe air outwards. 1. A circumnavigator is someone who has sailed _________ the world. 2. A teacher is someone _________ teaches the learners. 3. John is ________ with generosity. He is a generous person. 4. Submerged cameras allow people to see _________ the water. 5. Please return my pen, Richard. I need it __________. What’s New Activity 4 Directions: Read the poem below titled Song of Autumn by French author Charles Baudelaire and translated to English by William Aggeler. Fill in the table by listing down five (5) adjectives taken from the poem. Underline the suffix in each word, then use it in a sentence. An example is provided for your guide. What’s In
  • 5. 4 Example: 1. bountiful - We should be thankful with the bountiful blessings from above. What Is It An extended definition may explain the word’s etymology or historical roots, describes sensory characteristics of something (how it looks, feels, sounds, taste, smells), identifies its parts, indicates how something is used, explains what it is not used, provides an example of it, and/or notes similarities or differences between this term and other words or things. Expanded or extended definition of words recognizes the meaning a word may take through the use of contextual clues, adjectives, and affixes. What are context clues? Context clues provide further information about a word or phrase that helps readers understand its meaning. These clues offer insight – either directly or indirectly - into the portion of text that is difficult to understand. Adjectives with suffixes Sentences 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I love the greenish light of your long eyes, Sweet beauty, but today all to me is bitter; Nothing, neither you love, your boudoir, nor your hearth Is worth as much as the sunlight on the sea. Yet, love me, tender hearth be a mother, Even to an ingrate, even to a scapegrace; Mistress or sister, be the fleeting sweetness Of a gorgeous autumn or of a setting sun. Short task! The tomb awaits; it is avid! Ah! Let me, with my head bowed on your knees, Taste the sweet, yellow rays of the end of autumn, While I mourn for the white, torrid summer!
  • 6. 5 Example: Word: idyllic Clues: sunny, warm, and perfect for a walk in the park. Sentence: It was an idyllic day. What is an adjective? Adjectives are words that modify or clearly define the nouns and pronouns to use in your speaking and writing. You can usually tell whether a word is an adjective if it answers the questions what kind, how many, or which one. Adjectives may derive from nouns. Salty, mountainous, and colorful are adjectives derived from nouns. It may become an adjective simply by being used to describe another noun as in salty water, mountainous area, and colorful flowers. Words a, an, and the are special adjectives called articles. The is the definite article. It points out one specific person, place, thing, or idea. A and an are indefinite articles. They are less specific. Examples: Hand me the pen, please. (one specific pen) Hand me a pen, please. (any pen) However, sometimes an ending such as – an, -ian, -n, -ese, or ish is added to a noun to make it adjective. A List of Adjectives angry bad big bitter black bland bloody blue bold chewy chubby classy clever close noisy odd quiet rare smart sore sweaty tall tough ugly chubby cloudy clumsy deadly dense easy faint fair fancy hairy
  • 7. 6 What are affixes? Affixes are a set of letters/syllables generally added at the beginning or end of a root word to modify its meaning. The two main types of affixes are prefixes and suffixes. Prefix is a syllable/word part that may be added at the beginning of a base word or root word. Example: Root word = touch Prefix = un New word = untouch Suffix is a syllable/word part that may be added after the base word or root word. Example: Root word = touch Suffix = able New word = touchable AFFIXES Root Word Prefixes New Word Meaning Root Word Suffixes New Word Meaning social anti- anti- social against suit/ reverse -able, ible suitable/rever sible can be done cycle bi- bicycle two intern/ curt -al, -ail internal/curtai l related to, like rail de- derail opposite invent -ed invented past tense place dis- displace not, opposite of moist -en moisten made of formal/pr oper in, im- informal/ improper in/not paint/far -er, -est painter/farthe st more, one who school inter- interscho ol between harm -ful, -y harmful/harm fully full of
  • 8. 7 summer mid- midsum mer middle child -ish childish somewhat like or near communi cate mis- miscomm unicate wrongly sense -less senseless without swimmer non- non- swimmer not part -ly partly a certain way heat pre- pre-heat before danger -ous dangerous filled with use re- reuse again dry -ness dryness being/with circle semi- semi- circle half key/fox -s, -es keys/foxes more than one sequence sub- subseque nce under act -ion action act of settled un- unsettled not content -ment contentment combination of being What’s More Activity 5: A Closer Glance at Word Directions: Recall the poem titled Song of Autumn in Activity 4. In order to understand the poem clearly, study how the writer developed the overall style of the poem by filling in the blank with the correct affixes in the following sentences. Use the clue found after each statement. 1. The season in “Autumn Song” represents the current physic__ and mental state of the poet. (Clue:related to) 2. The warm of summer is represented as happi___ and joy for the poet. (Clue:being/with) 3. The winter signals coldness and dark____. (Clue: being/with) 4. Summer mean_ happiness and joy. (Clue: more than one) 5. Winter usual__ is a period of inactivity. (Clue: a certain way)
  • 9. 8 Activity 6: Let’s Do the T-W-I-S-T Directions: Use the highlighted keyword as well as the general context of the sentence to help determine what word is missing. Write your answers on the space provided. Example: In order to make the air pure from contaminants, we have to purify it. 1. If a body part or an organ is affected by the cancer cells, it can be classified as __________. 2. If you can predict his actions, then he is quite __________. 3. The gradual slope will _________ become harder to climb. 4. The only way for you to stop their _________ before it starts is to discourage them to argue in the first place. 5. If being punctual is a good thing, then _________ is a virtue. Activity 7: Stretch the Word Directions: Use the given words/phrases in a sentence by using adjectives and words with affixes found in the word pool. Write the word/s on the space provided. Example: The women wore long flowing dresses. 1. A journey beneath a rig is an excursion to an _______________ realm. 2. You have the sweetest and most ____________ smile. 3. The terms of this contract are _____________. 4. The news of the child’s safe return made us all ____________. 5. The beach was so ___________ with people. enchanted beautiful changeable joyful crowded provided govern
  • 10. 9 What I Have Learned Activity 8: Mystery words Directions: Match the definitions in column B with the words in column A. Write only the letter of your choice on the space provided before each item. Column A Column B _____1. Expanded definition A. A group of letters added the beginning of the root word. _____2. Adjectives B. Points out one specific person, place, thing or idea. _____3. Affixes C. A set of letters added to the beginning or end of the root word. _____4. Definite articles D. The morphological component of a word that contributes to its most basic meaning. _____5. Prefixes E. A word use to modify a noun or a pronoun. F. A word that can take different meanings depending on the context. What I Can Do Activity 9: Check it out Directions: Add a prefix and a suffix to each root word to form new word. Use the new word in a sentence. Ex: un + doubt + ed Sentence: Emma was undoubted about what happened yesterday. prefix root word suffix new word sentence plan charge button infect fortunate
  • 11. 10 Activity 10: Do as I Say Directions: Fill in any of the missing base part using the following given suffixes to form new words. See the example. Example Suffix Adjective nation -al national 1. -ed 2. -less 3. -en 4. -ary 5. -ate 6. -ful 7. -ly 8. -ent 9. -ory 10. -some Directions: Read each item carefully, and encircle the letter of the correct answer. 1. Which of the following words can either mean a season or the act of rapidly moving downwards? A. Fall B. Spring C. Summer D. Winter 2. What is an expanded definition of words? A. A word that can provide factual information B. A word that can take different meaning depending on the context C. A word that can use to expand an idea D. A word that can connect thoughts and opinions Assessment
  • 12. 11 3. When do we use a definite article in a sentence? A. We use it to tell something about a point of view of a person. B. We use it to give specific information about things. C. We use it to point out one specific person, place, thing or idea. D. We use it to follow specific rules and guidelines. 4. How can we identify if the word is an adjective? A. If it describes a verb and adverb B. If it describes a noun or pronoun C. If it describes a preposition D. If it describes a conjunction 5. What do we call the words a, an and the? A. Predicate adjective B. Demonstrative adjective C. Comparative adjective D. Special adjective articles 6. Which among the choices is NOT an adjective? A. An B. Tall C. Cabin D. Old 7. When a set of letters added at the beginning or end of a base word to modify its meaning, we call it _________. A. affix B. prefix C. suffix D. infix 8. Which of the following words is an example of an affix? A. Cycle B. International C. Monologue D. Sorrowful
  • 13. 12 9. What word is used to describe or modify a noun or a pronoun? A. Adverb B. Verb C. Affix D. Adjective 10. When a set of letters added at the end of the root word, we call it ________. A. Prefix B. Suffix C. Infix D. Affix Additional Activity (Optional) Directions: Give the complete word for each item by studying the highlighted portion of the sentence as well as its general context. Use all clues available to complete the word fragment. 1. Below-grade materials are often referred to as __________ standard in quality. 2. People in a __________ cession move forward. 3. ______scopic issues that involve many factors are generally hard to tackle. 4. Software designed to destroy computer viruses are known as ______viruses. 5. If you have the link between the agencies, you are _____connected
  • 14. 13 ANSWER KEY What I Know Activity 1 Fill me 1. Expanded 2. Definition 3. Context 4. Module 5. Word Activity 2 Think me Pandemic 1. pan 2. dame 3. name 4. came 5. mice 6. made 7. dime 8. aim 9. and 10. dim What’s In Activity 3 The World of Word Expansion 1. around 2. who 3. filled with 4. under 5. back What’s New Activity 4: Try Your Hand frozen duller mysterious tireless greenish monotonous Note: For sentences, answers may vary. What’s More Activity 5: A Closer Glance at Word? 1. physical 2. happiness 3. darkness 4. means 5. usually Activity 6: Activity 7: Let’s Do the T-W-I-S-T Stretch the Word 1. cancerous 1. enchanted 2. predictable 2. beautiful 3. gradually 3. changeable 4. argument 4. joyful 5. punctuality 5. crowded What I Have Learned Activity 8: Mystery words 1. f 2. e 3. c 4. b 5. a What I Can Do Activity 9: Check it out (Possible Answers) prefix root word suffix new word sentence pre plan ing preplanning re charge ing recharging un button ed unbuttoned dis infect ed disinfected un fortunate ly unfortunately Activity 10: Do As I Say Answers may vary. Assessment 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. C 7. A 8. B 9. D 10. B Additional Activity: Expanded Definition of Words 1. substandard 2. procession 3. macroscopic 4. antivirus 5. interconnected
  • 15. 14 References: Blog Entry Charles Baudelaire, “Song of Autumn”, FleursDuMal.org, 2021, https://fleursdumal.org/ Book Almonte, Liza R., Flandez, Lerma L., Hermosa, Angelina Lourdes, Nedia Lagustan, Liberty A. Mangaluz, Elenita R. Miranda, Paul Anthony B. Mendoza, Lito A. Palomar, Grace B. Annette Barradas-Soriano, and Karen B. Villanueva, Celebrating Diversity through World Literature. Pasig City: Rex Book Store, Inc. 2015, 273, 297, 299, 371-318, 323, 352, 354, 373, 376, 384, Glatthorn Allan A and Brenda C Rosen, Littell English, Evanston,III: McDougal:Littell, 1990. Online Sources “Example Articles & Resources.”. Accessed February 3, 2021, https://examples.yourdictionary.com “Teaching Resources & Strategies for K-12.”, 2021, TeacherVision. Accessed February 3, 2021. https://www.teachervision.com. “ThoughtCo1’, Allen Grove, Ph.D., et al, accessed February 2, 2021, https://www.thoughtco.com. DEVELOPMENT TEAM Writers: Expedita C. Sigarra, Basilan National High School Aubrey D.R. Talaver, Malamawi National High School Editor: Language Editor: Proofreader: Violeta M. Sta. Elena, EPS Illustrators: Layout Artist: Joyce Ethel L. Sienes Management Team: Julieto H. Fernandez, Ed. D., CESO VI SDS-Isabela City Maria Laarni T. Villanueva, Ed. D., CESE ASDS-Isabela City Henry R. Tura, CID Chief Elsa A. Usman, LR Supervisor Helen De Leon, EPS-English, Module Coordinator
  • 16. 15 Region IX: Zamboanga Peninsula Hymn – Our Eden Land Here the trees and flowers bloom Here the breezes gently Blow, Here the birds sing Merrily, The liberty forever Stays, Here the Badjaos roam the seas Here the Samals live in peace Here the Tausogs thrive so free With the Yakans in unity Gallant men And Ladies fair Linger with love and care Golden beams of sunrise and sunset Are visions you’ll never forget Oh! That’s Region IX Hardworking people Abound, Every valleys and Dale Zamboangueños, Tagalogs, Bicolanos, Cebuanos, Ilocanos, Subanons, Boholanos, Ilongos, All of them are proud and true Region IX our Eden Land Region IX Our.. Eden... Land... My Final Farewell Farewell, dear Fatherland, clime of the sun caress'd Pearl of the Orient seas, our Eden lost!, Gladly now I go to give thee this faded life's best, And were it brighter, fresher, or more blest Still would I give it thee, nor count the cost. On the field of battle, 'mid the frenzy of fight, Others have given their lives, without doubt or heed; The place matters not-cypress or laurel or lily white, Scaffold or open plain, combat or martyrdom's plight, T is ever the same, to serve our home and country's need. I die just when I see the dawn break, Through the gloom of night, to herald the day; And if color is lacking my blood thou shalt take, Pour'd out at need for thy dear sake To dye with its crimson the waking ray. My dreams, when life first opened to me, My dreams, when the hopes of youth beat high, Were to see thy lov'd face, O gem of the Orient sea From gloom and grief, from care and sorrow free; No blush on thy brow, no tear in thine eye. Dream of my life, my living and burning desire, All hail ! cries the soul that is now to take flight; All hail ! And sweet it is for thee to expire ; To die for thy sake, that thou mayst aspire; And sleep in thy bosom eternity's long night. If over my grave some day thou seest grow, In the grassy sod, a humble flower, Draw it to thy lips and kiss my soul so, While I may feel on my brow in the cold tomb below The touch of thy tenderness, thy breath's warm power. Let the moon beam over me soft and serene, Let the dawn shed over me its radiant flashes, Let the wind with sad lament over me keen ; And if on my cross a bird should be seen, Let it trill there its hymn of peace to my ashes. Let the sun draw the vapors up to the sky, And heavenward in purity bear my tardy protest Let some kind soul o 'er my untimely fate sigh, And in the still evening a prayer be lifted on high From thee, 0 my country, that in God I may rest. Pray for all those that hapless have died, For all who have suffered the unmeasur'd pain; For our mothers that bitterly their woes have cried, For widows and orphans, for captives by torture tried And then for thyself that redemption thou mayst gain And when the dark night wraps the graveyard around With only the dead in their vigil to see Break not my repose or the mystery profound And perchance thou mayst hear a sad hymn resound 'T is I, O my country, raising a song unto thee. And even my grave is remembered no more Unmark'd by never a cross nor a stone Let the plow sweep through it, the spade turn it o'er That my ashes may carpet earthly floor, Before into nothingness at last they are blown. Then will oblivion bring to me no care As over thy vales and plains I sweep; Throbbing and cleansed in thy space and air With color and light, with song and lament I fare, Ever repeating the faith that I keep. My Fatherland ador'd, that sadness to my sorrow lends Beloved Filipinas, hear now my last good-by! I give thee all: parents and kindred and friends For I go where no slave before the oppressor bends, Where faith can never kill, and God reigns e'er on high! Farewell to you all, from my soul torn away, Friends of my childhood in the home dispossessed! Give thanks that I rest from the wearisome day! Farewell to thee, too, sweet friend that lightened my way; Beloved creatures all, farewell! In death there is re st! I Am a Filipino, by Carlos P. Romulo I am a Filipino–inheritor of a glorious past, hostage to the uncertain future. As such I must prove equal to a two-fold task–the task of meeting my responsibility to the past, and the task of performing my obligation to the future. I sprung from a hardy race, child many generations removed of ancient Malayan pioneers. Across the centuries the memory comes rushing back to me: of brown-skinned men putting out to sea in ships that were as frail as their hearts were stout. Over the sea I see them come, borne upon the billowing wave and the whistling wind, carried upon the mighty swell of hope–hope in the free abundance of new land that was to be their home and their children’s forever. I am a Filipino. In my blood runs the immortal seed of heroes–seed that flowered down the centuries in deeds of courage and defiance. In my veins yet pulses the same hot blood that sent Lapulapu to battle against the first invader of this land, that nerved Lakandula in the combat against the alien foe, that drove Diego Silang and Dagohoy into rebellion against the foreign oppressor. The seed I bear within me is an immortal seed. It is the mark of my manhood, the symbol of dignity as a human being. Like the seeds that were once buried in the tomb of Tutankhamen many thousand years ago, it shall grow and flower and bear fruit again. It is the insignia of my race, and my generation is but a stage in the unending search of my people for freedom and happiness. I am a Filipino, child of the marriage of the East and the West. The East, with its languor and mysticism, its passivity and endurance, was my mother, and my sire was the West that came thundering across the seas with the Cross and Sword and the Machine. I am of the East, an eager participant in its spirit, and in its struggles for liberation from the imperialist yoke. But I also know that the East must awake from its centuried sleep, shake off the lethargy that has bound his limbs, and start moving where destiny awaits. I am a Filipino, and this is my inheritance. What pledge shall I give that I may prove worthy of my inheritance? I shall give the pledge that has come ringing down the corridors of the centuries, and it shall be compounded of the joyous cries of my Malayan forebears when first they saw the contours of this land loom before their eyes, of the battle cries that have resounded in every field of combat from Mactan to Tirad Pass, of the voices of my people when they sing: “I am a Filipino born to freedom, and I shall not rest until freedom shall have been added unto my inheritance—for myself and my children and my children’s children—forever.”