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Empirical Generalisations in Social Science Federica Russo Institut Sup érieur de Philosophie Université catholique de Louvain
Overview ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Relevance of the question ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Quetelet’s reading shows ,[object Object],[object Object],However ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Relevance of the question ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Consider for instance: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Consider for instance: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Consider for instance: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],A  weaker  concept A  different  concept
The challenge ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The strategy ,[object Object],[object Object],Goals of social science Cognitive Action-oriented Role of causal knowledge Structural modelling: Establishing empirical generalisations Their characteristics will depend on  the conditiions of structural models
Goals ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Role of causal knowledge ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Structural modelling, the quantitative approach  54  4  13  34  12  2 X 1 Economic development X 2 Social development X 3 Sanitary infrastructures X 4 Use of sanitary infrastructures X 5 Age structure Y Mortality
Elements ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In more detail: H-D methodology ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In more detail: background knowledge ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In more detail: exogeneity ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 54  4  13  34  12  2 X 1 Economic development X 2 Social development X 3 Sanitary infrastructures X 4 Use of sanitary infrastructures X 5 Age structure Y Mortality
In more detail: invariance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In more detail : invariance ,[object Object],[object Object]
In more detail: invariance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In more detail: structural stability ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Structural –  what does it mean? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
That’s all to say ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What’s new, then?
Woodward’s invariance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The divergence ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Deeper and deeper divergences ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Pandora’s box is open ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The counter-objection ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In extremis rescue? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
To sum up ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Some remarks ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
To conclude ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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Empirical Generalisations Kent Nov07

  • 1. Empirical Generalisations in Social Science Federica Russo Institut Sup érieur de Philosophie Université catholique de Louvain
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  • 35.

Editor's Notes

  1. X1 et X5 sont exogenes – commenter