SlideShare a Scribd company logo
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 1
Instructor Materials
Chapter 2: Static Routing
CCNA Routing and Switching
Introduction to Networks v6.0
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 15
Chapter 2: Static Routing
Routing and Switching Essentials v6.0
Presentation_ID 16© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Chapter 2 - Sections & Objectives
2.1 Static Routing Implementation
• Explain the advantages and disadvantages of static routing.
• Explain the purpose of different types of static routes.
2.2 Configure Static and Default Routes
• Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static routes by specifying a next-hop address.
• Configure IPv4 and IPv6 default routes.
• Configure a floating static route to provide a backup connection.
• Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static host routes that direct traffic to a specific host
2.3 Troubleshoot Static and Default Route Issues
• Explain how a router processes packets when a static route is configured.
• Troubleshoot common static and default route configuration issues.
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 17
2.1 Static Routing
Implementation
Presentation_ID 18© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Static Routing
Reach Remote Networks
A router can learn about
remote networks in one of
two ways:
• Manually - Remote
networks are manually
entered into the route
table using static routes.
• Dynamically - Remote
routes are automatically
learned using a dynamic
routing protocol.
Presentation_ID 19© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Static Routing
Why Use Static Routing?
Static routing provides some advantages over dynamic routing, including:
 Static routes are not advertised over the network, resulting in better
security.
 Static routes use less bandwidth than dynamic routing protocols, no
CPU cycles are used to calculate and communicate routes.
 The path a static route uses to send data is known.
Presentation_ID 20© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Static Routing
When to Use Static Routes
Static routing has three primary uses:
 Providing ease of routing table maintenance in smaller networks.
 Routing to and from stub networks. A stub network is a network
accessed by a single route, and the router has no other neighbors.
 Using a single default route to represent a path to any network that does
not have a more specific match with another route in the routing table.
Presentation_ID 21© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Types of Static Routes
Static Route Applications
Static Routes are often used to:
 Connect to a specific network.
 Provide a Gateway of Last Resort for a stub network.
 Reduce the number of routes advertised by summarizing several
contiguous networks as one static route.
 Create a backup route in case a primary route link fails.
Presentation_ID 22© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Types of Static Routes
Standard Static Route
Presentation_ID 23© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Types of Static Routes
Default Static Route
 A default static route is a route that matches all packets.
 A default route identifies the gateway IP address to which the router
sends all IP packets that it does not have a learned or static route.
 A default static route is simply a static route with 0.0.0.0/0 as the
destination IPv4 address.
Presentation_ID 24© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Types of Static Routes
Summary Static Route
Presentation_ID 25© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Types of Static Routes
Floating Static Route
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 26
6.2 Configure Static and
Default Routes
Presentation_ID 27© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
ip route Command
Presentation_ID 28© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Next-Hop Options
The next hop can be identified by an IP address, exit interface, or both.
How the destination is specified creates one of the three following route
types:
 Next-hop route - Only the next-hop IP address is specified.
 Directly connected static route - Only the router exit interface is
specified.
 Fully specified static route - The next-hop IP address and exit
interface are specified.
Presentation_ID 29© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Configure a Next-Hop Static Route
Presentation_ID 30© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Configure Directly Connected Static Route
Presentation_ID 31© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Configure a Fully Specified Static Route
Presentation_ID 32© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Verify a Static Route
Presentation_ID 33© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 34© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Configure a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 35© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv4 Static Routes
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 36© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Static Routes
The ipv6 route Command
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 37© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Static Routes
Next-Hop Options
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
 Next-hop static IPv6 route - Only the next-hop IPv6 address is
specified
 Directly connected static IPv6 route - Only the router exit interface is
specified
 Fully specified static IPv6 route - The next-hop IPv6 address and exit
interface are specified
Presentation_ID 38© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Static Routes
Configure a Next-Hop Static IPv6 Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 39© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Static Routes
Directly Connected Static IPv6 Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 40© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Static Routes
Fully Specified Static IPv6 Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 41© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Static Routes
Verify IPv6 Static Routes
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
In addition to ping and
traceroute, commands to
verify static routes include:
 show ipv6 route
 show ipv6 route static
 show ipv6 route
network
Presentation_ID 42© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Default Routes
Default Static IPv6 Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 43© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Default Routes
Configure a Default Static IPv6 Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 44© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Default Routes
Verify a Default IPv6 Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 45© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Default Routes
Floating Static Routes
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Floating static routes have an
administrative distance greater
than the administrative distance
of another static route or
dynamic routes.
 The static route “floats” and is
not used when the route with
the better administrative
distance is active.
 If the preferred route is lost
the floating static route can
take over.
Presentation_ID 46© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Default Routes
Configure an IPv4 Floating Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 47© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure IPv6 Default Routes
Test the IPv4 Floating Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
To test a floating static route:
 Use the show ip route command to verify that the routing table is
using the default static route.
 Use the traceroute command to follow the traffic flow out the
primary route.
 Disconnect the link or shutdown the primary interface(s). In the
curriculum example the serial interfaces on R2 are shutdown.
 Use a show ip route command to verify that the routing table is
using the floating static route.
 Use a traceroute command to follow the traffic flow out the
backup route.
Presentation_ID 48© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure Static Host Routes
Automatically Installed Host Routes
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
A host route is an IPv4
address with a 32-bit
mask or an IPv6 address
with a 128-bit mask.
 Automatically installed
when an IP address is
configured on the
router.
 The local routes are
marked with “L” in the
output of the routing
table.
Presentation_ID 49© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure Static Host Routes
Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Static Host Routes
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 50© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Configure Static Host Routes
Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Static Host Routes
Verify a Default Static Route
Verify a Default Static Route
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 51
6.2 Troubleshoot Static
and Default Route Issues
Presentation_ID 52© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Packet Processing with Static Routes
Static Routes and Packet Forwarding
Verify a Default Static Route
Presentation_ID 53© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Troubleshoot IPv4 Static and Default Route Configuration
Troubleshoot a Missing Route
Verify a Default Static Route
IOS troubleshooting
commands include:
 ping
 Extended ping enables you
to specify the source IP
address for the ping packets.
 traceroute
 show ip route
 show ip interface
brief
 show cdp neighbors
detail
Presentation_ID 54© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Packet Processing with Static Routes
Solve a Connectivity Problem
Verify a Default Static Route
 Finding a missing (or misconfigured) route requires using the right tools
in a methodical manner.
 Use the ping command to confirm the destination can’t be reached.
 A traceroute would also reveal the closest router (or hop) that fails to
respond as expected. In this case, the router would then send an
Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) destination unreachable
message back to the source.
 The next step is to investigate the routing table using the show ip route
command. Look for missing or misconfigured routes.
 Incorrect static routes are a common cause of routing problems.
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 55
2.4 Chapter Summary
Presentation_ID 56© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
• Explain the advantages and disadvantages of static routing.
• Explain the purpose of different types of static routes.
• Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static routes by specifying a next-hop
address.
• Configure IPv4 and IPv6 default routes.
• Configure a floating static route to provide a backup connection.
• Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static host routes that direct traffic to a
specific host.
• Explain how a router processes packets when a static route is
configured.
• Troubleshoot common static and default route configuration issues.
Chapter Summary
Summary
Presentation_ID 60© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Presentation_ID 61© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential

More Related Content

What's hot

CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2
Chaing Ravuth
 
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6
Chaing Ravuth
 

What's hot (20)

CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter9
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter10
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 7
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 10
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 5
 
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter5
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 7
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter8
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter3
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter2
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 6
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter4
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 5
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 9
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 9
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 1
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 6
 
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA4 Verson6 Chapter6
 
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter2
 
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6
CCNA3 Verson6 Chapter6
 

Similar to CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 2

KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_finalKPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_final
Fisal Anwari
 
Chapter 06 - Static Routing
Chapter 06 - Static RoutingChapter 06 - Static Routing
Chapter 06 - Static Routing
Yaser Rahmati
 
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static Routing
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static RoutingCCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static Routing
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static Routing
Vuz Dở Hơi
 
Chapter 17 : static routing
Chapter 17 : static routingChapter 17 : static routing
Chapter 17 : static routing
teknetir
 
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6
Nil Menon
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1
Chaing Ravuth
 
Ccna rse chp2
Ccna rse chp2Ccna rse chp2
Ccna rse chp2
newbie2019
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3
Chaing Ravuth
 
static routing slide lab.pptx
static routing slide lab.pptxstatic routing slide lab.pptx
static routing slide lab.pptx
GirT2
 
SRWE_Module_15 (1).pptx
SRWE_Module_15 (1).pptxSRWE_Module_15 (1).pptx
SRWE_Module_15 (1).pptx
YohaWaid
 
CCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptx
CCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptxCCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptx
CCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptx
ManishkumarSharma338257
 
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4
Nil Menon
 
Chapter 04 - Routing Concepts
Chapter 04 - Routing ConceptsChapter 04 - Routing Concepts
Chapter 04 - Routing Concepts
Yaser Rahmati
 
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_finalKPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_final
Fisal Anwari
 
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing Concepts
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing ConceptsCCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing Concepts
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing Concepts
Vuz Dở Hơi
 
Chapter 15 : routing concepts
Chapter 15 : routing conceptsChapter 15 : routing concepts
Chapter 15 : routing concepts
teknetir
 
Static Routing
Static RoutingStatic Routing
Static Routing
Sachii Dosti
 
Day 3.2 routing
Day 3.2 routing Day 3.2 routing
Day 3.2 routing
CYBERINTELLIGENTS
 
CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2
CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2
CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2
Irsandi Hasan
 
CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6
CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6
CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6
Irsandi Hasan
 

Similar to CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 2 (20)

KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_finalKPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter6_final
 
Chapter 06 - Static Routing
Chapter 06 - Static RoutingChapter 06 - Static Routing
Chapter 06 - Static Routing
 
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static Routing
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static RoutingCCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static Routing
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter 6 Static Routing
 
Chapter 17 : static routing
Chapter 17 : static routingChapter 17 : static routing
Chapter 17 : static routing
 
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 6
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter1
 
Ccna rse chp2
Ccna rse chp2Ccna rse chp2
Ccna rse chp2
 
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3
CCNA2 Verson6 Chapter3
 
static routing slide lab.pptx
static routing slide lab.pptxstatic routing slide lab.pptx
static routing slide lab.pptx
 
SRWE_Module_15 (1).pptx
SRWE_Module_15 (1).pptxSRWE_Module_15 (1).pptx
SRWE_Module_15 (1).pptx
 
CCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptx
CCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptxCCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptx
CCNA_RSE_Chp3_Dynamic Routing NETWORKINGFBU.pptx
 
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4
CCNA 2 Routing and Switching v5.0 Chapter 4
 
Chapter 04 - Routing Concepts
Chapter 04 - Routing ConceptsChapter 04 - Routing Concepts
Chapter 04 - Routing Concepts
 
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_finalKPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_final
KPUCC-Rs instructor ppt_chapter4_final
 
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing Concepts
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing ConceptsCCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing Concepts
CCNAv5 - S2: Chapter4 Routing Concepts
 
Chapter 15 : routing concepts
Chapter 15 : routing conceptsChapter 15 : routing concepts
Chapter 15 : routing concepts
 
Static Routing
Static RoutingStatic Routing
Static Routing
 
Day 3.2 routing
Day 3.2 routing Day 3.2 routing
Day 3.2 routing
 
CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2
CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2
CCNA Exploration 2 - Chapter 2
 
CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6
CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6
CCNA RS_NB - Chapter 6
 

More from Waqas Ahmed Nawaz

CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9
Waqas Ahmed Nawaz
 

More from Waqas Ahmed Nawaz (16)

CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 5
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 04 - Scaling Networks - Chapter 1
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 10
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 8
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 7
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 6
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 5
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 4
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 8
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 7
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 4
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 3
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1
CCNA (R & S) Module 02 - Connecting Networks - Chapter 1
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 11
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 10
 
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9
CCNA (R & S) Module 01 - Introduction to Networks - Chapter 9
 

Recently uploaded

Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
nitinpv4ai
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
JomonJoseph58
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
danielkiash986
 
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
Celine George
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
deepaannamalai16
 
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger HuntElectric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
RamseyBerglund
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
ImMuslim
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
giancarloi8888
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
Jyoti Chand
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Iris Thiele Isip-Tan
 
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
Mohammad Al-Dhahabi
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
EduSkills OECD
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
GeorgeMilliken2
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptxChapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Denish Jangid
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
zuzanka
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
 
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
 
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger HuntElectric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
 
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptxChapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
 

CCNA (R & S) Module 03 - Routing & Switching Essentials - Chapter 2

  • 1. © 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 1 Instructor Materials Chapter 2: Static Routing CCNA Routing and Switching Introduction to Networks v6.0
  • 2. © 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 15 Chapter 2: Static Routing Routing and Switching Essentials v6.0
  • 3. Presentation_ID 16© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Chapter 2 - Sections & Objectives 2.1 Static Routing Implementation • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of static routing. • Explain the purpose of different types of static routes. 2.2 Configure Static and Default Routes • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static routes by specifying a next-hop address. • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 default routes. • Configure a floating static route to provide a backup connection. • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static host routes that direct traffic to a specific host 2.3 Troubleshoot Static and Default Route Issues • Explain how a router processes packets when a static route is configured. • Troubleshoot common static and default route configuration issues.
  • 4. © 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 17 2.1 Static Routing Implementation
  • 5. Presentation_ID 18© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Static Routing Reach Remote Networks A router can learn about remote networks in one of two ways: • Manually - Remote networks are manually entered into the route table using static routes. • Dynamically - Remote routes are automatically learned using a dynamic routing protocol.
  • 6. Presentation_ID 19© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Static Routing Why Use Static Routing? Static routing provides some advantages over dynamic routing, including:  Static routes are not advertised over the network, resulting in better security.  Static routes use less bandwidth than dynamic routing protocols, no CPU cycles are used to calculate and communicate routes.  The path a static route uses to send data is known.
  • 7. Presentation_ID 20© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Static Routing When to Use Static Routes Static routing has three primary uses:  Providing ease of routing table maintenance in smaller networks.  Routing to and from stub networks. A stub network is a network accessed by a single route, and the router has no other neighbors.  Using a single default route to represent a path to any network that does not have a more specific match with another route in the routing table.
  • 8. Presentation_ID 21© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Types of Static Routes Static Route Applications Static Routes are often used to:  Connect to a specific network.  Provide a Gateway of Last Resort for a stub network.  Reduce the number of routes advertised by summarizing several contiguous networks as one static route.  Create a backup route in case a primary route link fails.
  • 9. Presentation_ID 22© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Types of Static Routes Standard Static Route
  • 10. Presentation_ID 23© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Types of Static Routes Default Static Route  A default static route is a route that matches all packets.  A default route identifies the gateway IP address to which the router sends all IP packets that it does not have a learned or static route.  A default static route is simply a static route with 0.0.0.0/0 as the destination IPv4 address.
  • 11. Presentation_ID 24© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Types of Static Routes Summary Static Route
  • 12. Presentation_ID 25© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Types of Static Routes Floating Static Route
  • 13. © 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 26 6.2 Configure Static and Default Routes
  • 14. Presentation_ID 27© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes ip route Command
  • 15. Presentation_ID 28© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Next-Hop Options The next hop can be identified by an IP address, exit interface, or both. How the destination is specified creates one of the three following route types:  Next-hop route - Only the next-hop IP address is specified.  Directly connected static route - Only the router exit interface is specified.  Fully specified static route - The next-hop IP address and exit interface are specified.
  • 16. Presentation_ID 29© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Configure a Next-Hop Static Route
  • 17. Presentation_ID 30© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Configure Directly Connected Static Route
  • 18. Presentation_ID 31© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Configure a Fully Specified Static Route
  • 19. Presentation_ID 32© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Verify a Static Route
  • 20. Presentation_ID 33© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Default Static Route
  • 21. Presentation_ID 34© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Configure a Default Static Route
  • 22. Presentation_ID 35© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv4 Static Routes Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 23. Presentation_ID 36© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Static Routes The ipv6 route Command Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 24. Presentation_ID 37© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Static Routes Next-Hop Options Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route  Next-hop static IPv6 route - Only the next-hop IPv6 address is specified  Directly connected static IPv6 route - Only the router exit interface is specified  Fully specified static IPv6 route - The next-hop IPv6 address and exit interface are specified
  • 25. Presentation_ID 38© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Static Routes Configure a Next-Hop Static IPv6 Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 26. Presentation_ID 39© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Static Routes Directly Connected Static IPv6 Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 27. Presentation_ID 40© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Static Routes Fully Specified Static IPv6 Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 28. Presentation_ID 41© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Static Routes Verify IPv6 Static Routes Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route In addition to ping and traceroute, commands to verify static routes include:  show ipv6 route  show ipv6 route static  show ipv6 route network
  • 29. Presentation_ID 42© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Default Routes Default Static IPv6 Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 30. Presentation_ID 43© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Default Routes Configure a Default Static IPv6 Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 31. Presentation_ID 44© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Default Routes Verify a Default IPv6 Static Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 32. Presentation_ID 45© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Default Routes Floating Static Routes Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route Floating static routes have an administrative distance greater than the administrative distance of another static route or dynamic routes.  The static route “floats” and is not used when the route with the better administrative distance is active.  If the preferred route is lost the floating static route can take over.
  • 33. Presentation_ID 46© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Default Routes Configure an IPv4 Floating Static Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 34. Presentation_ID 47© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure IPv6 Default Routes Test the IPv4 Floating Static Route Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route To test a floating static route:  Use the show ip route command to verify that the routing table is using the default static route.  Use the traceroute command to follow the traffic flow out the primary route.  Disconnect the link or shutdown the primary interface(s). In the curriculum example the serial interfaces on R2 are shutdown.  Use a show ip route command to verify that the routing table is using the floating static route.  Use a traceroute command to follow the traffic flow out the backup route.
  • 35. Presentation_ID 48© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure Static Host Routes Automatically Installed Host Routes Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route A host route is an IPv4 address with a 32-bit mask or an IPv6 address with a 128-bit mask.  Automatically installed when an IP address is configured on the router.  The local routes are marked with “L” in the output of the routing table.
  • 36. Presentation_ID 49© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure Static Host Routes Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Static Host Routes Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 37. Presentation_ID 50© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Configure Static Host Routes Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Static Host Routes Verify a Default Static Route Verify a Default Static Route
  • 38. © 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 51 6.2 Troubleshoot Static and Default Route Issues
  • 39. Presentation_ID 52© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Packet Processing with Static Routes Static Routes and Packet Forwarding Verify a Default Static Route
  • 40. Presentation_ID 53© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Troubleshoot IPv4 Static and Default Route Configuration Troubleshoot a Missing Route Verify a Default Static Route IOS troubleshooting commands include:  ping  Extended ping enables you to specify the source IP address for the ping packets.  traceroute  show ip route  show ip interface brief  show cdp neighbors detail
  • 41. Presentation_ID 54© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Packet Processing with Static Routes Solve a Connectivity Problem Verify a Default Static Route  Finding a missing (or misconfigured) route requires using the right tools in a methodical manner.  Use the ping command to confirm the destination can’t be reached.  A traceroute would also reveal the closest router (or hop) that fails to respond as expected. In this case, the router would then send an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) destination unreachable message back to the source.  The next step is to investigate the routing table using the show ip route command. Look for missing or misconfigured routes.  Incorrect static routes are a common cause of routing problems.
  • 42. © 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 55 2.4 Chapter Summary
  • 43. Presentation_ID 56© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of static routing. • Explain the purpose of different types of static routes. • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static routes by specifying a next-hop address. • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 default routes. • Configure a floating static route to provide a backup connection. • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 static host routes that direct traffic to a specific host. • Explain how a router processes packets when a static route is configured. • Troubleshoot common static and default route configuration issues. Chapter Summary Summary
  • 44. Presentation_ID 60© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
  • 45. Presentation_ID 61© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential