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ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013
Periodic Research
210
Kartick Chandra Barman
Assistant Professor
Department of History
Krishna Chandra College
Hetampur * Birbhum
West Bengal
kartickpusdiv@yahoo.com
Key words : economically, entertaining, environmental, civilizations,
Introduction :
The land of the red soil" is also "the land of the brave
The land of red soil", Birbhum is noted for its topography and
its cultural heritage which is unique and is some what different from that of
the other districts in West Bengal. Birbhum district is an administrative unit
in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the northernmost district of Burdwan
division-one of the three administrative divisions of West Bengal. The
district headquarters is located at Suri.The name Birbhum comes probably
from the term Land (Bhumi) of the Brave (Bir).
2
A that the
district bears the name of Bir kings, who ruled in the area.
4
But,
Bir in Santali language means forests,
5
and
therefore, Birbhum could also mean a land of forests.
6
History of Birbhum
District goes back a long way, almost as far back as the 5th century B.C. At
the dawn of history, a part of the district (as it now exists) appears to have
been included in the tract of the country known as "Rarh", and the part was
included in the tract called "Vajjabhumi."
Rarh was part of the territory ruled over by the Maurayan
Emperors,
7
and was subsequently included in the empire of the imperial
Guptas, Shasankas and Harshavardhana.
middle of 12th Century A.D. fter dismemberment of Harsha's Empire,
included Pala kingdom and formed a part of it
until when the overlordship passes to the Sena kings. In the 13th Century
A.D. the district passed under the rule of the Muhammedans, and
according to some authorities, Lakhanor (or Lakhnur), an important frontier
post of Musalman territory, and lay within its limits.
8
9
2. Study Area
Birbhum is the northernmost District of Burdwan division. It is
Located between 230 32' 30" and 240 35' 0" north latitude and 880 1' 40"
and 870 5' 25" east longitude Birbhum and about 4,545 square kilometres
(1,755 sq mi) in area.The District is sharing border with Dumka District to
Abstract
To tour is to venture.Tourism is an activity done by an individual
or a group of individuals, which leads to a motion from a place to
another. From a country to another for performing a specific task, or it is
a visit to a place or several places in the purpose of entertaining which
leads to an awareness of other civilizations and cultures, also increasing
the knowledge of countries, environmental, political, cultural or religious
cultures, and history Tourism geography covers a wide range of
interests including the environmental impact of tourism, the geography of
tourism, leisure economies, management concerns and locations of
tourist spots The overall purpose is to gain an appreciation of the past.
‘Heritage’ and ‘Culture’ have become interchangeable and elastic terms.
In the context of the arts for example, the use of the term culture relates
to how a society’s history, beliefs, values, traditions and icons are
manifested in an artistic format. Heritage tourism helps make historic
preservation economically viable by using historic structures and
landscapes to attract and serve travelers.Heritage tourism focuses on
certain historical Its aim may not always be the presentation of accurate
historical facts, as opposed to economically developing the site and
surrounding area. Visiting heritage places can be part of a range of
activities undertaken by tourists or it can be the sole reason for travel for
people with a high level of interest in natural and cultural heritage.
ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013
Periodic Research
211
the North, the jungles of the Santal Parganas on the west,
Pakur District to the North, Bardhaman District to the
South, Murshidabad District to the East, from which it is
seperated by the Ajay river. River Ajay forms the southern
base whereas the apex of the triangle points to the north.
The river forms the boundary between the districts of
Birbhum and Bardhaman.
3. Objective of Area
The main objectives of the study are-
 To highlight the legendary history of
 To highlight places of tourists interests
 To find out the problems of tourism development
 To give the suggestions for the tourism development
 consider anticipated future growth, aspirations and
opportunities in the surrounding landscape
 To support research in tourism environment related
areas.
The study is based on field observation and
secondary data. The secondary data have been collected
from various Govt. Departments District
, Society
, azetteers of the books
The study has following phases-
 Information collection from secondary sources,
 Collection of primary information through field work
 Analysis and discussion on heritage tourism potentiality.
Suri Sadar Subdivision Suri Sadar subdivision is a
subdivision of the in the state of
. Which consists of three municipalities Suri,
and seven community development
loc s
Suri Block - I A wonderful location to visit, Suri is also
known as S uri, a place for those who want to relish the
charm of rich cultural heritage and beauty of Birbhum. This
place is famous as a hidden jewel of West Bengal It
boasts of a glorious past in the by gone era, the rich culture
heritage and ancient monuments promising the facts.
Suri ,
Suri Block - II block consists of rural areas with
six gram panchayats,-Abinashpur, Domdama, Koma,
Banshanka, Kendua and Purandarpur. Headquarters of this
block is in Purandarpur.
Sainthia block consists of one census town
and rural areas with 12 gram panchayats.
This temple was constructed in 1903. It is
179 km from Howrah. A piece of marble, positioned in
between a pipul and banyan tree, is worshipped by the
followers. There are also deities of other gods and
goddesses.
Rajnagar Rajnagar was founded by Bir Singh, a great
Hindu Raja in ancient times on whose name the district
Birbhum was formed. R jnagar or Nagar most interesting
place in the District
It is located at a distance
of from Suri
the Hindu
of Birbhum.
As per legend, Rajnagar was founded by Bir Singh
in ancient times. In 1206, Rajnagar was occupied by
Muhammad Shiran, a general of Muhammad Bakhtiyar,
and annexed by Ali Mardan, probably in 1211. However,
Pathans do not seem to have enjoyed undisputed control
over the entire district or area.
ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013
Periodic Research
212
the middle of the 16th century the entire district
was brought under the administration of the
through numerous wars raged on this 'Gateway of Bengal'.
The later Muslim of Rajnagar, known as "Nagar
Raj", were feudatories of the Mughals
Bakreshwar
Village Bakreswar in Suri Sub-division is situated
59 km from Shantniketan 18 kms South West of Suri
--
The word
Bakreshwar comes from the name of Lord Shiva
worshipped in the locality. Bakra means bent or curved.
Ishwar means God.22 Mythologically it is said that in Satya
Yuga during the marriage ceremony of Lakshmi and
Narayan, Astabakra Muni23 (then known as Subrata Muni)
was insulted by Indra. The muni was so enraged that he
developed 8 cripples in his body Ashtabakra Muni was
blessed by lord Shiva here after many years of Tapashya
(meditation). 24
Bakreshwar is also a place of geological interest
with many hot springs. There are ten hot springs here. They
are:
 Paphara Ganga.
 Baitarini Ganga.
 Khar kunda: The water in this spring is of 66 degrees
Celsius.
 Bhairav kunda: The water in this spring is of 65 degrees
Celsius.
 Agni kunda: Agni means fire. The water in this spring is
at 80 degrees Celsius.
 Dudh kunda: Dudh means milk. The water of this spring
attains a dull white hue during early morning probably
due to ozone concentration. The water in this spring is
at 66 degrees Celsius.
 Surya kunda: Surya means sun.The water in this spring
is of 61 degrees Celsius.
 Shwet Ganga Brahma kunda .Amrita kunda.
Khoyrasole Block consists of rural areas
with ten gram panchayats.Headquarters of this block is in
Khayrashol.
Dubrajpur
25 is a little
settlement and have a Shiva temple
.There are numerous huge rocks in the Numbers of
g an tic rocks are found in the
.26 The granite is gray and composed of glassy
quartz pink, gray feldspar and black mica.Two significant
rocks are recognized as Mama & Bhagne (Uncle &
Nephew) .
Hetampur Hetampur is situated near
Dubrajpur . 27
28 It was formerly
within the Zamindary of the Raja Bahadur of Hetampur. 29
It is well-known for the past heritage famous
for Rajbari Hetampur has a number of good tanks 30
surrounded by
31
he Ranjan Palace ,
made in the style of Hazarduari of Murshidabad is one of
the chief tourist spots here, is a beautiful specimen of art
and architecture. 32
----
Md.Bazar
33 Mahammad Bazar block consists of
rural areas with 12 gram panchayats. Headquarters of this
block is in Patalnagar.
34
consists of municipality and
four community development blocs Bolpur–Sriniketan,
Ilambazar, Labhpur and Nanoor. The four blocks contain 40
. The subdivision has its headquarters at
Bolpur.
--
Bolpur–Sriniketan block block consists of rural
areas with nine gram panchayats and the Headquarters of
this blocks is .
35-
Santiniketan i ted near Bolpur, in the Birbhum
District of West Bengal, Santiniketan is a small town
famous world-wide, as it was the hometown of the Nobel
Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, a Bengali polymath. 36
Merely 3 km from Santiniketan, the university
town in West Bengal, is Sriniketan, a rural reconstruction
center that was established in 1922. Apart from this, major
attractions in Sriniketan include Kala Bhavana, Rabindra
Bhavana, Uttarayan Gardens and Deer Park
Birbhum offers explorers and those in quest of
excitement and thrill an excellent opportunity to indulge in
adventure escapade. Located near Shantiniketan, in Bolpur
subdivision of Birbhum District, Ballabhpur Wildlife
Sanctuary was established in 1977.
Kankalitala It is situated in the village,
Bengutia, in the station Prantik.37 Devi Kali in the
appearance of Devi Kankali is admired in this temple. 38
This temple is believed to be an extremely holy place by the
Hindus. A festivity is also held yearly throughout the April.
It is one of the fifty two pithas or sacred where a
part of the dismembered body of Sati fell. In this case the
waist (Kankal), hence the name It is one of the fifty two
pithas or sacred where a part of the dismembered body of
Sati fell. In this case the waist (Kankal), hence the name.
llambazar
39
40
--
Headquarters of this block is in Ilambazar.
41 The English assumed the direct
administration of the district in 1786 and the
had a factory at Ilambazar. At that time the
also made a foray in the
Ilambazar area 42
Joydev-Kenduli is a village and gram
panchayat in Ilambazar community development block in
Bolpur subdivision of District of .
43
44
45
It is renowned as the birth place of great Sanskrit
poet Joydev who flourished in 12th Century and composed
the well known Geet-Govinda, a Sanskrit Lyrical poem.46
The Radhabinode temple ha exquisite
carvings47 som depicting scenes
ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013
Periodic Research
213
48
49 Annual-
Mela is held in the village Kenduli in the last day of Bengali
month Pous and first 2 days of Magh50 and is attended by
thousands of pilgrims including Bauls.The fair is at least 50
years old and serves as a great congregation for Bauls of
Benga
Nanoor 47 Kms. from Suri and 29 Kms from
Ahmadpur by road. Headquarters of this block is in
Chandidas Nanoor.Famous for birth place of Chandidas, a
famous lyric poet of 14th century 51 Nanoor is a town with
a police station in Bolpur subdivision.It is developing as a
craft centre with NGO support. There is a
temple dedicated to Devi Basuli at Nanoor.52 The
Navaratna temple at Brahman dihi, and the Chand Roy
temple and four Shiva temples at Uchkaran are amongst
the temples under the protection of the state archaeological
department.
Labpur -
is
just 50 km from Bolpur linked with Nanur/ Kirnahar
53
where Sati's
dead-body fell.The myth is that, the lip of Sati cut down at
Fullara.The temple is surrounded by dense foliage, giving
the place a mysterious look.54 A huge pond nearby
enhances the beauty of the destination.
Ahmedpur is a town in the Suri Sadar
subdivision of . Station
Ahmedpur on the Bardhaman-Sainthia section of Sahibganj
Loop. Ahmedpur is a village panchayat under Sainthia
panchayat of Birbum Zilla Parishad. The town is well known
in the area for its sugar mill
55 and as one end of the vintage
narrow gauge railway. It hosts a growing local business
centre, being well connected with and other cities
of West Bengal via railway.
Rampurhat subdivision is a subdivision of
It consists of
and eight community
development blocks
Rampurhat-I block consists of rural areas with
nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in
Rampurhat.
56
-
Rampurhat-II block consists of rural areas with
nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in
Rampurhat.
Tarapith a holy religious place, is situated in a
village Tarapur under Rampurhat Police Station of
Rampurhat Sub-Division in the district of Birbhum. The
common local opinion is that it is really a Pith and Basistha
selected this place for worshipping Sati because it was a
pith. It is visited everyday by a good number of
devotees.Here pilgrims constitute a vast chunk of domestic
tourists. The Tantric Hindu temple is dedicated to goddess
Tara, a fear some Tantric aspect of the Hindu Divine
Mother the chief temples of the Goddess-oriented Shakta
sect of Hinduism. 57
The common local opinion is
tha
58
Nalhati block consists of rural areas with nine
gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Nalhati
58 It is situated near Nalhati Railway Station
on the Howrah Sahebganj loop line of Eastern
Railways.59 It is famous for Nalateswari Temple.60 It is so
called because Nala or throat of Sati fell here as known by
tradition.61 Another report says that it was a Lalat or
forehead that fell here. 62 It is regarded as a Pithas i.e. one
of the 52 places where parts of Sati's body fell. 63 It is
located on a small & beautiful hill.
--
Nalhati–II block consists of rural areas with nine
gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Lohapur.
64
65
66
67
68
69
-
block consists of rural areas with
nine gram panchayats, viz. Baraturigram, Dakshingram,
Mollarpur–I, Bajitpur, Jhikodda, Mollarpur–II, Dabuk,
Kanachi and Talowan. Headquarters of this block is in
Mallarpur.
70
-
The temple of Dabukeshwar at Dabuk is a
holy village under Mayureshwar-I block of Birbhun district.
This Dabukeswar temple is the highest temple built keeping
in mind its huge architecture and space in Birbhum
district.71It was constructed in 1287 Bengali era.72
Mayureswar-I block consists of rural areas with
nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in
Kotasur.
The village also has the temple of Goddess
"Palashbasini" and of Goddess "kali of Dwarbasini",
"Kundalatala", once frequented by Nityananda, still exists in
this village. Kaleswar is
situated under Mayureswar Police Station, Birbhum on the
Road from Sainthia to Kandi, Murshidabad turning right
from Kaleswar more 3 km distance to the Temple.
Murarai–I block consists of rural areas with
seven gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in
Murarai.
--
73
Murarai–II block consists of rural areas with
nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in
Paikar.
-
. Causes of Backwardness in Tourism
The main causes of backwardness in tourism of
the district are-
 The tourist spots are connected with pocket routes
ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013
Periodic Research
214
 The history of unwritten
registry. So, it is not highlighted to the national and
international tourists.

many places are not
interested to local visitors due to anti-social activities.
 not highlighted to outside
due to the fact that there is lack of communication of
local people to outside.
-
 The Government of West Bengal is desirous of
promoting as an ideal tourist. It aims at
developing specialized tourism products such as:
Pilgrimage tourism Tarapeeth, Nalhati and other
important places.
 Some of the locations already chosen for the
disbursal of funds are Nalhateswari of Nalhati,
Nandekeswari of Sainthia, Gopal Nagar of
Mohammed Bazar and Bakreswar of Suri
 These locations have been hindered by
communication problems and the lack of toilets,
drinking water, and other basic services, as far as
attracting tourists was concerned.
.Suggestions for the Tourism Development:
The suggestions for the heritage tourism development
in this region are-
 Tourism has been declared as an Industry by the State
in 1996. The Government in an effort to promote the
same has formulated a number of schemes to
encourage Tourism.
 Transport and communication should be developed.
 The legendary history and the heritage tourist spots
should be highlighted to other districts and states.
 Both the State and Central government should take
proper steps for the development of tourism.
 The local people should also come forward for the
highlight of tourist’s places and their development.
 In
1 . Findings of the Study
The major findings of the study are-
 The district bears a legendry past history.
 he tourists places of the district are located in
pocket routes.
 There is huge potentiality of heritage tourism
development.
 The tourist spots are not so highlighted to the outside
tourists.
 The recent excavation sites are very important to
researchers, students and tourists.
1 .Conclusion Birbhum is very well connected to the
other districts in West Bengal. The Panagarh-
Moregram Expressway linking Grand Trunk Road (NH
2) Apart from this, there are several other entry points
for the place as well. Regular bus services from
Kolkata, Siliguri and other cities connect Birbhum to all
the districts in West Bengal ourism in Birbhum district
lies in visiting the various ancient temples located here.
Of particular interest here are the various pithas that
are found here. Pithas are said to be the sites where
one of the many dismembered body parts of Sati fell.
Apart from these a number of Shiva temples are also
found strewn in the district. Birbhum is distinguished for
its cultural heritage and unique topography which is
quite different from the other districts in West Bengal.
References
1.
2.
3. --
4.
5.
----
6.
7. -
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
----
14.
-
15. --
16.
17.
18.
19. Gupta, Dr. Ranjan Kumar, The Economic Life of a
Bengal District: Birbhum 1770 – 1857, pp. 2 – 9, The
University of Burdwan, 1984
20.
21. --
22.
23.
24. --
25.
26.
1
27.
ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013
Periodic Research
215
28. --
29.
-
--
30. --
31. -
32.
33.
34. --
35.
36.
-
37. --
38. -
39.
40.
41.
42. Gupta, Dr. Ranjan Kumar, The Economic Life of a
Bengal District: Birbhum 1770 – 1857, p
43.
44.
45.
46. --
47.
48.
---
49.
50. --
51. --
52.
-
53. -
54. --
55.
1
56.
-
57. -
58. --
59.
60.
61.
62. -
63.
64. --
65.
66. --
67.
68. --
69. --
70. --
71.
-
72.
73. --
74. ---

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10. heritae tourism sites of birbhum district o west bengal

  • 1. ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013 Periodic Research 210 Kartick Chandra Barman Assistant Professor Department of History Krishna Chandra College Hetampur * Birbhum West Bengal kartickpusdiv@yahoo.com Key words : economically, entertaining, environmental, civilizations, Introduction : The land of the red soil" is also "the land of the brave The land of red soil", Birbhum is noted for its topography and its cultural heritage which is unique and is some what different from that of the other districts in West Bengal. Birbhum district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the northernmost district of Burdwan division-one of the three administrative divisions of West Bengal. The district headquarters is located at Suri.The name Birbhum comes probably from the term Land (Bhumi) of the Brave (Bir). 2 A that the district bears the name of Bir kings, who ruled in the area. 4 But, Bir in Santali language means forests, 5 and therefore, Birbhum could also mean a land of forests. 6 History of Birbhum District goes back a long way, almost as far back as the 5th century B.C. At the dawn of history, a part of the district (as it now exists) appears to have been included in the tract of the country known as "Rarh", and the part was included in the tract called "Vajjabhumi." Rarh was part of the territory ruled over by the Maurayan Emperors, 7 and was subsequently included in the empire of the imperial Guptas, Shasankas and Harshavardhana. middle of 12th Century A.D. fter dismemberment of Harsha's Empire, included Pala kingdom and formed a part of it until when the overlordship passes to the Sena kings. In the 13th Century A.D. the district passed under the rule of the Muhammedans, and according to some authorities, Lakhanor (or Lakhnur), an important frontier post of Musalman territory, and lay within its limits. 8 9 2. Study Area Birbhum is the northernmost District of Burdwan division. It is Located between 230 32' 30" and 240 35' 0" north latitude and 880 1' 40" and 870 5' 25" east longitude Birbhum and about 4,545 square kilometres (1,755 sq mi) in area.The District is sharing border with Dumka District to Abstract To tour is to venture.Tourism is an activity done by an individual or a group of individuals, which leads to a motion from a place to another. From a country to another for performing a specific task, or it is a visit to a place or several places in the purpose of entertaining which leads to an awareness of other civilizations and cultures, also increasing the knowledge of countries, environmental, political, cultural or religious cultures, and history Tourism geography covers a wide range of interests including the environmental impact of tourism, the geography of tourism, leisure economies, management concerns and locations of tourist spots The overall purpose is to gain an appreciation of the past. ‘Heritage’ and ‘Culture’ have become interchangeable and elastic terms. In the context of the arts for example, the use of the term culture relates to how a society’s history, beliefs, values, traditions and icons are manifested in an artistic format. Heritage tourism helps make historic preservation economically viable by using historic structures and landscapes to attract and serve travelers.Heritage tourism focuses on certain historical Its aim may not always be the presentation of accurate historical facts, as opposed to economically developing the site and surrounding area. Visiting heritage places can be part of a range of activities undertaken by tourists or it can be the sole reason for travel for people with a high level of interest in natural and cultural heritage.
  • 2. ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013 Periodic Research 211 the North, the jungles of the Santal Parganas on the west, Pakur District to the North, Bardhaman District to the South, Murshidabad District to the East, from which it is seperated by the Ajay river. River Ajay forms the southern base whereas the apex of the triangle points to the north. The river forms the boundary between the districts of Birbhum and Bardhaman. 3. Objective of Area The main objectives of the study are-  To highlight the legendary history of  To highlight places of tourists interests  To find out the problems of tourism development  To give the suggestions for the tourism development  consider anticipated future growth, aspirations and opportunities in the surrounding landscape  To support research in tourism environment related areas. The study is based on field observation and secondary data. The secondary data have been collected from various Govt. Departments District , Society , azetteers of the books The study has following phases-  Information collection from secondary sources,  Collection of primary information through field work  Analysis and discussion on heritage tourism potentiality. Suri Sadar Subdivision Suri Sadar subdivision is a subdivision of the in the state of . Which consists of three municipalities Suri, and seven community development loc s Suri Block - I A wonderful location to visit, Suri is also known as S uri, a place for those who want to relish the charm of rich cultural heritage and beauty of Birbhum. This place is famous as a hidden jewel of West Bengal It boasts of a glorious past in the by gone era, the rich culture heritage and ancient monuments promising the facts. Suri , Suri Block - II block consists of rural areas with six gram panchayats,-Abinashpur, Domdama, Koma, Banshanka, Kendua and Purandarpur. Headquarters of this block is in Purandarpur. Sainthia block consists of one census town and rural areas with 12 gram panchayats. This temple was constructed in 1903. It is 179 km from Howrah. A piece of marble, positioned in between a pipul and banyan tree, is worshipped by the followers. There are also deities of other gods and goddesses. Rajnagar Rajnagar was founded by Bir Singh, a great Hindu Raja in ancient times on whose name the district Birbhum was formed. R jnagar or Nagar most interesting place in the District It is located at a distance of from Suri the Hindu of Birbhum. As per legend, Rajnagar was founded by Bir Singh in ancient times. In 1206, Rajnagar was occupied by Muhammad Shiran, a general of Muhammad Bakhtiyar, and annexed by Ali Mardan, probably in 1211. However, Pathans do not seem to have enjoyed undisputed control over the entire district or area.
  • 3. ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013 Periodic Research 212 the middle of the 16th century the entire district was brought under the administration of the through numerous wars raged on this 'Gateway of Bengal'. The later Muslim of Rajnagar, known as "Nagar Raj", were feudatories of the Mughals Bakreshwar Village Bakreswar in Suri Sub-division is situated 59 km from Shantniketan 18 kms South West of Suri -- The word Bakreshwar comes from the name of Lord Shiva worshipped in the locality. Bakra means bent or curved. Ishwar means God.22 Mythologically it is said that in Satya Yuga during the marriage ceremony of Lakshmi and Narayan, Astabakra Muni23 (then known as Subrata Muni) was insulted by Indra. The muni was so enraged that he developed 8 cripples in his body Ashtabakra Muni was blessed by lord Shiva here after many years of Tapashya (meditation). 24 Bakreshwar is also a place of geological interest with many hot springs. There are ten hot springs here. They are:  Paphara Ganga.  Baitarini Ganga.  Khar kunda: The water in this spring is of 66 degrees Celsius.  Bhairav kunda: The water in this spring is of 65 degrees Celsius.  Agni kunda: Agni means fire. The water in this spring is at 80 degrees Celsius.  Dudh kunda: Dudh means milk. The water of this spring attains a dull white hue during early morning probably due to ozone concentration. The water in this spring is at 66 degrees Celsius.  Surya kunda: Surya means sun.The water in this spring is of 61 degrees Celsius.  Shwet Ganga Brahma kunda .Amrita kunda. Khoyrasole Block consists of rural areas with ten gram panchayats.Headquarters of this block is in Khayrashol. Dubrajpur 25 is a little settlement and have a Shiva temple .There are numerous huge rocks in the Numbers of g an tic rocks are found in the .26 The granite is gray and composed of glassy quartz pink, gray feldspar and black mica.Two significant rocks are recognized as Mama & Bhagne (Uncle & Nephew) . Hetampur Hetampur is situated near Dubrajpur . 27 28 It was formerly within the Zamindary of the Raja Bahadur of Hetampur. 29 It is well-known for the past heritage famous for Rajbari Hetampur has a number of good tanks 30 surrounded by 31 he Ranjan Palace , made in the style of Hazarduari of Murshidabad is one of the chief tourist spots here, is a beautiful specimen of art and architecture. 32 ---- Md.Bazar 33 Mahammad Bazar block consists of rural areas with 12 gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Patalnagar. 34 consists of municipality and four community development blocs Bolpur–Sriniketan, Ilambazar, Labhpur and Nanoor. The four blocks contain 40 . The subdivision has its headquarters at Bolpur. -- Bolpur–Sriniketan block block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats and the Headquarters of this blocks is . 35- Santiniketan i ted near Bolpur, in the Birbhum District of West Bengal, Santiniketan is a small town famous world-wide, as it was the hometown of the Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, a Bengali polymath. 36 Merely 3 km from Santiniketan, the university town in West Bengal, is Sriniketan, a rural reconstruction center that was established in 1922. Apart from this, major attractions in Sriniketan include Kala Bhavana, Rabindra Bhavana, Uttarayan Gardens and Deer Park Birbhum offers explorers and those in quest of excitement and thrill an excellent opportunity to indulge in adventure escapade. Located near Shantiniketan, in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum District, Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1977. Kankalitala It is situated in the village, Bengutia, in the station Prantik.37 Devi Kali in the appearance of Devi Kankali is admired in this temple. 38 This temple is believed to be an extremely holy place by the Hindus. A festivity is also held yearly throughout the April. It is one of the fifty two pithas or sacred where a part of the dismembered body of Sati fell. In this case the waist (Kankal), hence the name It is one of the fifty two pithas or sacred where a part of the dismembered body of Sati fell. In this case the waist (Kankal), hence the name. llambazar 39 40 -- Headquarters of this block is in Ilambazar. 41 The English assumed the direct administration of the district in 1786 and the had a factory at Ilambazar. At that time the also made a foray in the Ilambazar area 42 Joydev-Kenduli is a village and gram panchayat in Ilambazar community development block in Bolpur subdivision of District of . 43 44 45 It is renowned as the birth place of great Sanskrit poet Joydev who flourished in 12th Century and composed the well known Geet-Govinda, a Sanskrit Lyrical poem.46 The Radhabinode temple ha exquisite carvings47 som depicting scenes
  • 4. ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013 Periodic Research 213 48 49 Annual- Mela is held in the village Kenduli in the last day of Bengali month Pous and first 2 days of Magh50 and is attended by thousands of pilgrims including Bauls.The fair is at least 50 years old and serves as a great congregation for Bauls of Benga Nanoor 47 Kms. from Suri and 29 Kms from Ahmadpur by road. Headquarters of this block is in Chandidas Nanoor.Famous for birth place of Chandidas, a famous lyric poet of 14th century 51 Nanoor is a town with a police station in Bolpur subdivision.It is developing as a craft centre with NGO support. There is a temple dedicated to Devi Basuli at Nanoor.52 The Navaratna temple at Brahman dihi, and the Chand Roy temple and four Shiva temples at Uchkaran are amongst the temples under the protection of the state archaeological department. Labpur - is just 50 km from Bolpur linked with Nanur/ Kirnahar 53 where Sati's dead-body fell.The myth is that, the lip of Sati cut down at Fullara.The temple is surrounded by dense foliage, giving the place a mysterious look.54 A huge pond nearby enhances the beauty of the destination. Ahmedpur is a town in the Suri Sadar subdivision of . Station Ahmedpur on the Bardhaman-Sainthia section of Sahibganj Loop. Ahmedpur is a village panchayat under Sainthia panchayat of Birbum Zilla Parishad. The town is well known in the area for its sugar mill 55 and as one end of the vintage narrow gauge railway. It hosts a growing local business centre, being well connected with and other cities of West Bengal via railway. Rampurhat subdivision is a subdivision of It consists of and eight community development blocks Rampurhat-I block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Rampurhat. 56 - Rampurhat-II block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Rampurhat. Tarapith a holy religious place, is situated in a village Tarapur under Rampurhat Police Station of Rampurhat Sub-Division in the district of Birbhum. The common local opinion is that it is really a Pith and Basistha selected this place for worshipping Sati because it was a pith. It is visited everyday by a good number of devotees.Here pilgrims constitute a vast chunk of domestic tourists. The Tantric Hindu temple is dedicated to goddess Tara, a fear some Tantric aspect of the Hindu Divine Mother the chief temples of the Goddess-oriented Shakta sect of Hinduism. 57 The common local opinion is tha 58 Nalhati block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Nalhati 58 It is situated near Nalhati Railway Station on the Howrah Sahebganj loop line of Eastern Railways.59 It is famous for Nalateswari Temple.60 It is so called because Nala or throat of Sati fell here as known by tradition.61 Another report says that it was a Lalat or forehead that fell here. 62 It is regarded as a Pithas i.e. one of the 52 places where parts of Sati's body fell. 63 It is located on a small & beautiful hill. -- Nalhati–II block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Lohapur. 64 65 66 67 68 69 - block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats, viz. Baraturigram, Dakshingram, Mollarpur–I, Bajitpur, Jhikodda, Mollarpur–II, Dabuk, Kanachi and Talowan. Headquarters of this block is in Mallarpur. 70 - The temple of Dabukeshwar at Dabuk is a holy village under Mayureshwar-I block of Birbhun district. This Dabukeswar temple is the highest temple built keeping in mind its huge architecture and space in Birbhum district.71It was constructed in 1287 Bengali era.72 Mayureswar-I block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Kotasur. The village also has the temple of Goddess "Palashbasini" and of Goddess "kali of Dwarbasini", "Kundalatala", once frequented by Nityananda, still exists in this village. Kaleswar is situated under Mayureswar Police Station, Birbhum on the Road from Sainthia to Kandi, Murshidabad turning right from Kaleswar more 3 km distance to the Temple. Murarai–I block consists of rural areas with seven gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Murarai. -- 73 Murarai–II block consists of rural areas with nine gram panchayats. Headquarters of this block is in Paikar. - . Causes of Backwardness in Tourism The main causes of backwardness in tourism of the district are-  The tourist spots are connected with pocket routes
  • 5. ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013 Periodic Research 214  The history of unwritten registry. So, it is not highlighted to the national and international tourists.  many places are not interested to local visitors due to anti-social activities.  not highlighted to outside due to the fact that there is lack of communication of local people to outside. -  The Government of West Bengal is desirous of promoting as an ideal tourist. It aims at developing specialized tourism products such as: Pilgrimage tourism Tarapeeth, Nalhati and other important places.  Some of the locations already chosen for the disbursal of funds are Nalhateswari of Nalhati, Nandekeswari of Sainthia, Gopal Nagar of Mohammed Bazar and Bakreswar of Suri  These locations have been hindered by communication problems and the lack of toilets, drinking water, and other basic services, as far as attracting tourists was concerned. .Suggestions for the Tourism Development: The suggestions for the heritage tourism development in this region are-  Tourism has been declared as an Industry by the State in 1996. The Government in an effort to promote the same has formulated a number of schemes to encourage Tourism.  Transport and communication should be developed.  The legendary history and the heritage tourist spots should be highlighted to other districts and states.  Both the State and Central government should take proper steps for the development of tourism.  The local people should also come forward for the highlight of tourist’s places and their development.  In 1 . Findings of the Study The major findings of the study are-  The district bears a legendry past history.  he tourists places of the district are located in pocket routes.  There is huge potentiality of heritage tourism development.  The tourist spots are not so highlighted to the outside tourists.  The recent excavation sites are very important to researchers, students and tourists. 1 .Conclusion Birbhum is very well connected to the other districts in West Bengal. The Panagarh- Moregram Expressway linking Grand Trunk Road (NH 2) Apart from this, there are several other entry points for the place as well. Regular bus services from Kolkata, Siliguri and other cities connect Birbhum to all the districts in West Bengal ourism in Birbhum district lies in visiting the various ancient temples located here. Of particular interest here are the various pithas that are found here. Pithas are said to be the sites where one of the many dismembered body parts of Sati fell. Apart from these a number of Shiva temples are also found strewn in the district. Birbhum is distinguished for its cultural heritage and unique topography which is quite different from the other districts in West Bengal. References 1. 2. 3. -- 4. 5. ---- 6. 7. - 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. ---- 14. - 15. -- 16. 17. 18. 19. Gupta, Dr. Ranjan Kumar, The Economic Life of a Bengal District: Birbhum 1770 – 1857, pp. 2 – 9, The University of Burdwan, 1984 20. 21. -- 22. 23. 24. -- 25. 26. 1 27.
  • 6. ISSN No. 2231-0045 VOL.II* ISSUE-I*AUGUST-2013 Periodic Research 215 28. -- 29. - -- 30. -- 31. - 32. 33. 34. -- 35. 36. - 37. -- 38. - 39. 40. 41. 42. Gupta, Dr. Ranjan Kumar, The Economic Life of a Bengal District: Birbhum 1770 – 1857, p 43. 44. 45. 46. -- 47. 48. --- 49. 50. -- 51. -- 52. - 53. - 54. -- 55. 1 56. - 57. - 58. -- 59. 60. 61. 62. - 63. 64. -- 65. 66. -- 67. 68. -- 69. -- 70. -- 71. - 72. 73. -- 74. ---