INTRODUCTIONMadhya Pradesh ( literally "Central Province"), abbreviated MP, isa state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore.Nicknamed the "heart of India" due to its geographical location in India,Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in the country by area. Withover 75 million inhabitants, it is the sixth largest state in India bypopulation. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to thenortheast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to thesouth, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.
Madhya Pradesh was created in 1950 from the former British Central Provinces and Berar and the princely states of Makrai and Chhattisgarh, with Nagpur as the capital of the state. The new states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were formed out of the Central India Agency. In 1956, the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were merged into Madhya Pradesh, and the Marathi-speaking southern region Vidarbha, which included Nagpur, was ceded to Bombay state. Bhopal became the new capital of the state. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh
RELEGIONAccording to census of 2001, 92% of the MP residentsfollowed Hinduism, while othersare Muslim (6%), Jain (0.9%), Christians (0.3%), Buddhists(0.3), and Sikhs (0.2%).[
LANGUAGESThe predominant language of the region is Hindi. In addition tostandard Hindi, several regional variants are spoken, which areconsidered by some to be dialects of Hindi, and by others to bedistinct but related languages. Among these languagesare Malvi in Malwa, Nimadi in Nimar, Bundeli in Bundelkhand,and Bagheli in Bagelkhand and the southeast. Each of theselanguages or dialects has dialects of its own. Other languagesinclude Telugu, Bhilodi (Bhili), Gondi, Korku, Kalto (Nahali),and Nihali (Nahali), all spoken by tribal groups. Due to the historicalrule of theMarathas, Marathi is spoken by a substantial number ofpeople. Gujarati is spoken by a large amount of people due to thestates proximity to Gujarat.
Bhopal ( (Hindustani pronunciation: is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal District and Bhopal Division. The city was the capital ofthe former Bhopal State. Bhopal is known as the City of Lakes.]for its various natural as well as artificial lakes and is also one of the greenest cities in India.[ The city attracted international attention after theBhopaldisaster, when a Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL)pesticide manufacturing plant leaked a mixture of deadlygases including methyl isocyanate on the intervening night of2 / 3 December 1984, leading to the worst industrial disasterin the history of industrialization and a loss of thousands oflives
CHIEF MINISTER OFMADHYA PRADESH(2008- ) SHIVRAJ SINGH CHOUHAN
Festivals and Events in Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh’s cultural calendar of events and festivals is full of celebrations and festivals starting from the annual Tansen Festival of Musicin Gwalior, the Khajuraho Dance Festival showcasing Indian classical dance forms against the backdrop of the magnificent temples, the Dhrupad Festival in Indore, the festival of performing arts and drama in Bhopal to innumerable local fairs and religious festivals celebrated with great fervour and gaiety.
FOODDaal Bafla, a popular dish in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and GujaratThe cuisine in Madhya Pradesh varies regionally. Wheat and meat are common in theNorth and West of the state, while the wetter South and East are dominated by rice andfish. Milk is a common ingredient in Gwalior and Indore. The street food of Indore isrenowned, with shops that have been active for generations. Bhopal is known for meatand fish dishes such as rogan josh, korma, keema, biryani, pilaf and kebabs. There isstreet named"Chatori Gali" in old Bhopal where one can find traditional Muslim non-vegfare like Paya Soup, Bun Kabab, Nalli-Nihari as some of the specialties.Dal bafla is a common meal in the region, consisting of a steamed and grilled wheat cakedunked in rich ghee which is eaten with daal and ladoos. The culinary specialty ofthe Malwa region of central Madhya Pradesh is poha (flattened rice); usually eaten atbreakfast with jalebi. Beverages in the region include lassi, beer,and rum and sugarcane juice. A local liquor is distilled from the flowers of the mahuatree and date palm toddy is also popular. In tribal regions, a popular drink is the sap ofthe sulfi tree, which may be alcoholic if it has gone through fermentation.