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  1. 1. BIHAR by Md. Abid rafi Roll no. 23 Smu , (MBA)
  2. 3. FACTS ABOUT BIHAR Patna Largest city Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Languages spoken 38 No. of districts Hindus, Jains, Muslims, Christians Religions 10,28,78,796 Population 94,163.00 sq. kms Area Patna State capital
  3. 4. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Bihar known as a Land of Nirvana is located in the eastern part of thecountry. The capital of Bihar is Patna which is situated on the banks of the holy river Ganga. The state is located in the fertile Gangetic Plains. The name Bihar is derived from a Sanskrit word Vihara.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bihar is the ninth largest state of India in terms of its area and the second largest in terms of population. It is bounded by Nepal on the north, Orissa on the south, west Bengal on west and Uttar Pradesh on the east. Bihar is a land of varied religions. Buddhism and Jainism were born in the state of Bihar. </li></ul>
  4. 5. HISTORY <ul><li>It was here that Prince Gautama attained enlightenment, became the Buddha, at the present Bodh Gaya, a town in central Bihar. The great religion of Buddhism was born in Bihar. It is here also that Lord Mahavira, the founder of another great religion, Jainism, was born and attained  nirvana  (death). In Bihar only the tenth and last Guru of the  Sikhs , Guru Gobind Singh was born and attained the sainthood of  Sikhism . </li></ul>
  5. 6. GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid  Uttar Pradesh   in the west . It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east. </li></ul>
  6. 7. POLITICAL INFORMATION <ul><li>Bihar Government  The government and Politics and Administration in Bihar is controlled on the same lines as in other states of the country. The state follows a bicameral system of government i.e. it has two houses – the Bihar Legislative council (Vidhan parishad) consists of 96 members and the legislative assembly (vidhan sabha) consists of 243 members. Bihar has 40 seats in the Lok Sabha – the lower house of Parliament. Governor Ramkrishnan Suryabhan Gavai Chief Minister Shri Nitish Kumar  </li></ul>
  7. 8. ECONOMY <ul><li>The economy of Bihar is mainly based on agricultural and trading activities. The soil of Bihar is extremely fertile which makes it ideal for agriculture. Bihar is the first largest producer of vegetables and second largest producer of fruits in the country. Production of maize, sugarcane, litchi, makhana, mango, vegetables, and aromatic rice is also carried out. Bihar is the largest producer of honey in the country. The major agro based industries of Bihar are of rice, sugar, edible oil. </li></ul>
  8. 9. CULTURAL SPIRIT <ul><li>Traditional Bihar   > The cultural life of the traditional Bihar society comprises of art, dance, music, festivals and  fairs . Without considering all these aspects the culture seems to be incomplete. > Bihar has a glorious past and a rich cultural heritage. The people of Bihar have preserved their rich tradition. The folk dances of Bihar are extremely enjoyable.  Folk music  is sung by people to remark some of the important occasions. > The festivals are also celebrated with joy and happiness. The all-important Pitrapaksha Mela also takes place at Gaya in Bihar. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Photos of tourist places
  11. 12. Rajendra agriculture university, Pusa, Samastipur <ul><li>On 3 December 1970 the Government of India established Rajendra Agricultural University. Since its establishment the university is promised to produce efficient human resources that can benefit the Agriculture of the country. Besides conducting training classes the university also conducts research work in different areas of agricultural sciences.  </li></ul>
  12. 13. Nalanda university ……………… <ul><li>Nalanda University: It's time Asia paid back the 'knowledge' debt </li></ul><ul><li>By Mahendra Ved, The New Straits Times, Feb 18, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally founded in 427 AD, the university was destroyed in 1197 AD. During its 750 years' chequered life, it attracted students and scholars from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey. </li></ul>
  13. 14. MAHATMA GANDHI SETU, PATNA <ul><li>The Mahatma Gandhi Setu bridge over the river Ganga in Patna is the world's longest river bridge. The bridge spans over 5.575 km from Hajipur at the north end to Patna at the south end. Patna is located on the south bank of the river Ganga. Patna has a very long riverline, and it is surrounded on three sides by rivers Ganga, Sone, and Punpun. Just to the north of Patna across the river Ganga flows the river Gandak.  </li></ul>