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System of Rice Intensification in  MYANMAR   METTA  DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
METTA DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION Metta is a leading national NGO dedicated to rural development in Myanmar. Metta works closely with the root level community based local organizations in the war-torn least developed areas.
Metta facilitates Farmer Field School (FFS) in the northern parts of Myanmar–in Kachin State and Shan State Farmer Field School
FFS OBJECTIVES Improving farmers’ skills and management capacity over rice based farming system
PREVAILING SITUATIONS  There is a tremendous crisis of quality seeds. Farmers use no manures and fertilizers at all, as a result over the years soil fertility has badly declined Not many good varieties are available. Most of the tall varieties have serious lodging problem.  Use of taller and weaker seedlings, and mostly during uprooting beating to legs highly prevent them from expressing their full potential of growth
All these have resulted in very poor yield (2 tons/ha)
PRIMARY STRATEGY OF FFS Facilitating An Ecological Approach to Crop Production INCREASING PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE FIELD
AREA OF FOCUS Improving soil fertility by enhancing the biological activity of soil
OTHER AREAS OF FOCUS Efficient Management of Water as Water is the Scarce Resource in the Area. Improving Seed and Seedling Quality, and  Production and distribution of quality seeds
COINCIDENCE WITH SRI Improving Productivity Of Soil, Water, And Improving Potential Of Seedlings Are Also Important In SRI All These Have Encouraged Us To Introduce SRI
EVALUATIONS OF SRI
YEAR 2000 Result was disappointing as planting was done one month later It was however, a learning year Treatment No. of Tiller Plant height panicle size grain/ panicle Yield ton/ha Tiller Productive T1 25 cm x 25 cm 14.6 9 96.65 24.1 118 2.73 T2 30 cm x 30 cm 18.6 10 86.8 25.1 131 2.65 T3 35 cm x 35 cm 17.9 11 104 26.1 109 1.97
2001,  AT THE TRAINING FIELD SRI Treatment No of tillers/hill Yield  (ton/ha) T1 (25 X 25 Cm) 17 5.5 T2 (30 X 30 Cm) 19 4.5 T3 (30 X 20 Cm) 21 5.0 IPM / Rice varieties No of tiller/hill Yield (ton/ha) Japan 7 4.0 Pinle Bo 6 3 Sin-3 9 4.2 Hkun ni 9 3 L.S - 1 13 4.0
Major practices DONE VERY SYSTEMATICALLY 10-12 days old seedlings Planted one by one Alternate drying and wetting  Used organic manure and compost
2001, AT FARMER’S FIELDS FFS site Farmers Av. Yields (t/ha) Nawng hkying  24 5 10 Miles 13 5.4 Rosana 22 5.4 8 Miles 13 5.4 Woi Rawng pa 14 7.5 Gat Sha Yang 13 4.9 Shadau 12 4.9 N-gan 12 4.8 Sut Ngai Yang 7 6 Nawng Hkyi 25 4.25 Gara Yang 21 7.5 Ja Pu 15 7.8 Awng Mye Tit 25 3.0   10 Miles 25 5.2     Saga Pa 6 5.5     Shang Htawk 20 5.5     Yihku Nam  Hkam 25 5.5     Mai Hkawng 22 4.0     Mung Lu 20 5.0     Mya Ze Ti 16 *     Lawa Yang 7 5.0     Mai Sak Pa 8 4.9     Mai Ja Yang 10 *     Sut Ra Yang 10 *     Labang Kahtawng 20 5.0     Nam Sheng 29 5.0   Chyahkrau 15 * Sha-U Yang 3 7.9 Lung sha Yang 24 5.5
Major Practices 1-2 seedlings per hill 12-20 days old seedlings Relatively wider spacing
OVERALL RESULTS
RICE YIELDS Average yield is 2-3 times higher than farmer’s usual yields with the highest 7.9 t/ha Farmers are very interested in SRI
Improved quality of seedlings As in SRI the requirement of seedlings is very low, farmers takes more care in seedling production
Transplanting in line Farmers consider transplanting in line a burden of work. However, being introduced SRI they feel this is an obligation
Use of organic manure and compost Due to SRI, farmers feel very much encouraged to apply compost and animal manure to their fields
Distribution of quality seeds Seeds produced in SRI methods are of pure and good quality.  During field days, farmers were given seeds from SRI fields
LEARNING Maintaining planting depth is very difficult Seedling mortality is another problem Need more research on using one vs. two seedlings per hill Research is also needed to identify the age limits of seedling as in winter growth of seedling is very low
PROSPECTS OF SRI Many of the methods of SRI are supplementary to and improve upon the existing practices that Metta is promoting SRI now is an important intervention of Metta’s SA program Metta trained 56 staffs, each of whom provides training to 10-20 farmers each year 60 farmer leaders are currently receiving training on SRI
Thank you

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0403 System of Rice Intensification in Myanmar

  • 1. System of Rice Intensification in MYANMAR METTA DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
  • 2. METTA DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION Metta is a leading national NGO dedicated to rural development in Myanmar. Metta works closely with the root level community based local organizations in the war-torn least developed areas.
  • 3. Metta facilitates Farmer Field School (FFS) in the northern parts of Myanmar–in Kachin State and Shan State Farmer Field School
  • 4. FFS OBJECTIVES Improving farmers’ skills and management capacity over rice based farming system
  • 5. PREVAILING SITUATIONS There is a tremendous crisis of quality seeds. Farmers use no manures and fertilizers at all, as a result over the years soil fertility has badly declined Not many good varieties are available. Most of the tall varieties have serious lodging problem. Use of taller and weaker seedlings, and mostly during uprooting beating to legs highly prevent them from expressing their full potential of growth
  • 6. All these have resulted in very poor yield (2 tons/ha)
  • 7. PRIMARY STRATEGY OF FFS Facilitating An Ecological Approach to Crop Production INCREASING PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE FIELD
  • 8. AREA OF FOCUS Improving soil fertility by enhancing the biological activity of soil
  • 9. OTHER AREAS OF FOCUS Efficient Management of Water as Water is the Scarce Resource in the Area. Improving Seed and Seedling Quality, and Production and distribution of quality seeds
  • 10. COINCIDENCE WITH SRI Improving Productivity Of Soil, Water, And Improving Potential Of Seedlings Are Also Important In SRI All These Have Encouraged Us To Introduce SRI
  • 12. YEAR 2000 Result was disappointing as planting was done one month later It was however, a learning year Treatment No. of Tiller Plant height panicle size grain/ panicle Yield ton/ha Tiller Productive T1 25 cm x 25 cm 14.6 9 96.65 24.1 118 2.73 T2 30 cm x 30 cm 18.6 10 86.8 25.1 131 2.65 T3 35 cm x 35 cm 17.9 11 104 26.1 109 1.97
  • 13. 2001, AT THE TRAINING FIELD SRI Treatment No of tillers/hill Yield (ton/ha) T1 (25 X 25 Cm) 17 5.5 T2 (30 X 30 Cm) 19 4.5 T3 (30 X 20 Cm) 21 5.0 IPM / Rice varieties No of tiller/hill Yield (ton/ha) Japan 7 4.0 Pinle Bo 6 3 Sin-3 9 4.2 Hkun ni 9 3 L.S - 1 13 4.0
  • 14. Major practices DONE VERY SYSTEMATICALLY 10-12 days old seedlings Planted one by one Alternate drying and wetting Used organic manure and compost
  • 15. 2001, AT FARMER’S FIELDS FFS site Farmers Av. Yields (t/ha) Nawng hkying 24 5 10 Miles 13 5.4 Rosana 22 5.4 8 Miles 13 5.4 Woi Rawng pa 14 7.5 Gat Sha Yang 13 4.9 Shadau 12 4.9 N-gan 12 4.8 Sut Ngai Yang 7 6 Nawng Hkyi 25 4.25 Gara Yang 21 7.5 Ja Pu 15 7.8 Awng Mye Tit 25 3.0   10 Miles 25 5.2     Saga Pa 6 5.5     Shang Htawk 20 5.5     Yihku Nam Hkam 25 5.5     Mai Hkawng 22 4.0     Mung Lu 20 5.0     Mya Ze Ti 16 *     Lawa Yang 7 5.0     Mai Sak Pa 8 4.9     Mai Ja Yang 10 *     Sut Ra Yang 10 *     Labang Kahtawng 20 5.0     Nam Sheng 29 5.0   Chyahkrau 15 * Sha-U Yang 3 7.9 Lung sha Yang 24 5.5
  • 16. Major Practices 1-2 seedlings per hill 12-20 days old seedlings Relatively wider spacing
  • 18. RICE YIELDS Average yield is 2-3 times higher than farmer’s usual yields with the highest 7.9 t/ha Farmers are very interested in SRI
  • 19. Improved quality of seedlings As in SRI the requirement of seedlings is very low, farmers takes more care in seedling production
  • 20. Transplanting in line Farmers consider transplanting in line a burden of work. However, being introduced SRI they feel this is an obligation
  • 21. Use of organic manure and compost Due to SRI, farmers feel very much encouraged to apply compost and animal manure to their fields
  • 22. Distribution of quality seeds Seeds produced in SRI methods are of pure and good quality. During field days, farmers were given seeds from SRI fields
  • 23. LEARNING Maintaining planting depth is very difficult Seedling mortality is another problem Need more research on using one vs. two seedlings per hill Research is also needed to identify the age limits of seedling as in winter growth of seedling is very low
  • 24. PROSPECTS OF SRI Many of the methods of SRI are supplementary to and improve upon the existing practices that Metta is promoting SRI now is an important intervention of Metta’s SA program Metta trained 56 staffs, each of whom provides training to 10-20 farmers each year 60 farmer leaders are currently receiving training on SRI