AHRD research practice 2006


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AHRD research practice 2006

  1. 1. The Link Between Researchand Practice: Experiences of Different Professions Darren Short, Avanade, Inc. Jeffrey M. Keefer, Columbia University Sophia J. Stone, North Carolina State University 1
  2. 2. What we wanted to find out… Research-to-Practice in other professions  Healthcare  Business  Education  Psychology Implications for HRD 2
  3. 3. Methodology Literature review using keywords:  research-to-practice  evidence-based practice  theory-to-practice Databases searched include:  ProQuest  EBSCOhost  WilsonWeb  Sage  Emerald  ERIC Results: the gap is not confined to HRD 3
  4. 4. Limitations Only used 6 databases The research focused on four areas that had literature discussing the gap This summary is very brief 4
  5. 5. Healthcare: The Gap The gap affects physicians, nurses, and other medical professionals Specific examples we found:  HIV treatment  Prevention and health promotion  Speech language pathology Factors include:  Access to research  Education and training  Different perspectives  Time and resource constraints  Information exchange challenges (rural areas)  Lack of incentives to use evidence-based 5 practice
  6. 6. Healthcare: Bridging the Gap Actions taken include:  Integration of health care information systems  Mentoring programs between academics and practitioners  Evidence-based practice models fueled by consumers’ Internet research 6
  7. 7. Business: The Gap Evidence of a gap in accounting and management, but areas of auditing and tax show applied research Factors  Practitioner/academic collaborations are limited  Lack of education about research in the technical curriculum  Perceptions: academics are disconnected from practice (especially in the accounting profession) 7
  8. 8. Business: Bridging the Gap Some suggestions….  Increased interest in collaborative partnerships  Increased access to sites for field research  Interpret research results within a business context  Accessible language  Examine disparity between academic and practitioner journals 8
  9. 9. Education: The Gap Again, the picture is mixed:  Evidence of R2P links in bilingual and special education in particular (practitioners operate from intuition)  Adult Education evidence of R2P linkages  Higher Education, R2P gap well- documented, especially in 2000 9
  10. 10. Education: The Gap Some reasons for the gap…  Research studies are not linked to practice  Research process does not engage practitioners  Gap between academic preparation and how to use research to inform practice  Great time and effort to bring about changes in practice  Research dissemination issues: not reaching the practitioner 10
  11. 11. Education: Bridging the Gap Attempts to bridge the gap:  Awards for evidence of R2P  Promote collaborations between research/practitioners  Emphasize research training for students  Partnership between universities, professional organizations and school systems  Identify credible research and present in translation that does not alter research findings 11
  12. 12. Psychology: The Gap Again, the picture is mixed…  Counselor education bridges R2P with practicum-internships  Industrial, Work, and Organizational Psychology reports the gap is widening  A documented decline of practitioner authors in refereed journals 12
  13. 13. Psychology: Bridging the Gap The Gap is growing  There is an awareness of the gap and calls to bridge it, but little evidence of its being addressed 13
  14. 14. We found that… Other disciplines have factors similar to HRD that confirm a gap in R2P  researchers are disconnected from practice  research questions do not focus on issues that are important to practitioners  research is not disseminated in ways that will influence practice  practitioners may not be trained in the use of research  limited collaborative opportunities to bring practitioners and researchers together 14
  15. 15. Closing the R2P Gap Increase collaboration between researchers, universities, professional associations, and practitioners Increase involvement of practitioners in professional scholarly associations Review research dissemination practices Explore the professional education and development of practitioners 15
  16. 16. Lessons for HRD Link academics and practitioners in professional associations more frequently Develop models for evidence-based practice within HRD Identify research areas important to practitioners Examine practitioner accessibility to research Incorporate research and R2P utilization into practitioner preparation programs Recognize and reward evidence of R2P 16