AHRD instructor presence 2006

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  • By technology I mean centra vs no centra, synchronous vs asynchronous
  • AHRD instructor presence 2006

    1. 1. Instructor Presence in the Online Classroom Sophia J. Stone Diane D. Chapman North Carolina State University
    2. 2. What is Instructor Presence?• Social presence: high instructor immediacy behaviors• Linked to teaching style (interactive, participative)• Part of the instructional design process• Instructor visibility
    3. 3. Instructor PresencePresence and online learning• Enhances student learning satisfaction• Enhances student motivation to learn• Improves student performance• Decreases student feelings of isolation and alienation
    4. 4. ChallengesInstructor Presence is challenged by:– Student expectations for feedback and support– Student expectations for personal approach to learning– Lack of serendipitous encounters– Technology limitations– Consistency level in instructor-student interactions
    5. 5. PurposeThe purpose of our study was tounderstand how instructors establish andsustain presence in the online learningenvironment.
    6. 6. Research Question“How do faculty members facilitate instructor presence in the online learning environment?”This question was framed by four topical questions…
    7. 7. Interview Questions• Q1: What comes to mind when I mention the words "instructor presence?"’• Q2: How do you construct your own presence, in the online classroom?• Q3: What instructional strategies do you use to promote instructor presence in your online course?• Q4: How do you sustain instructor presence in your online course?
    8. 8. Methodology• 1 hr semi-structured interview (3 faculty)• Online teaching experience 5 yrs or >• Data collection: interviews, document analysis
    9. 9. Limitations• Student perceptions of instructor presence• Sample size and selection – convenience sample – time constraints• Demographic limitations – class size – undergraduate vs. graduate students
    10. 10. Results of the Interviews: Q1Q1: What comes to mind when I mention the words instructor presence?• unique teaching style (personal style)• course content (use own materials)• feedback (instructor to student)• format of content (media selection)
    11. 11. Results of the Interviews: Q2Q2: How do you construct your own presence, in the online classroom?• “deliverer of content” via feedback (acknowledgement/assignment/content/ online quiz feedback)• variety of media used• Use of learning objects
    12. 12. Results of the Interviews: Q3Q3: What instructional strategies do you use to promote instructor presence in your online course?• Instructor immediacy behaviors• Establish clear expectations for type and level of feedback• Establish patterns of individualized feedback to students• Construct a visible support role
    13. 13. Results of the Interviews: Q4Q4: How do you sustain instructor presence in your online course, over the duration of the semester?• As a “facilitator of learning”• Promote self-directed learning• Attentive to student learning needs• Automated feedback systems
    14. 14. Components of Instructor Presence• Accessibility• Flexibility• Ownership• Structure• Student engagement strategies• Instructor feedback/guidance/facilitation
    15. 15. ConclusionsPresence construct:• course design and structure• unique materials (own materials)• Established feedback guidelines• Visible and consistent support role• Automated feedback• Instructor accessibility
    16. 16. ConclusionPresence construct continued…• Email management strategies• Listservs: – content updates – informative weekly updates – supportive messages – assignment reminders – bundled student questions
    17. 17. Future Study• Discipline based study of instructor presence• Ideal instructor presence• Student and instructor perceptions on the meaning of instructor presence• Impact of new technologies such as Centra

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