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  1. 1. Franklin Public Schools School Budget Drivers Salary Health Insurance Transportation Special Education
  2. 2. Salaries and benefits account for 83% of the 2012 budget Source: Franklin Public Schools Note: Other Expenses include Materials, PD and Contracted Services Total 2012 Budget $51,410,000
  3. 3. Salary Budget <ul><li>75% of Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Salary Steps and Lanes </li></ul><ul><li>Contractual Obligations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course reimbursement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longevity payments </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Health Insurance <ul><li>8% of Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Re-design of Health Plans=Lower Costs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Transportation <ul><li>Current cost of contracts – 2.4M </li></ul><ul><li>Pay to Ride </li></ul><ul><li>In- district Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>Out of district Special Education Transportation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Revolving Accounts and Grants <ul><li>ARRA and Ed. Jobs funding </li></ul><ul><li>Entitlement Grants - Supplement NOT Supplant </li></ul><ul><li>Revolving accounts have specific restrictions on how they can be spent </li></ul>
  7. 7. Special Education Franklin Public Schools
  8. 8. Laws and Regulations <ul><li>Federal Law </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>State Regulations </li></ul>
  9. 9. Entitlement <ul><li>Ensures that all identified students with disabilities receive a ‘free and appropriate public education’ (FAPE) within the least restrictive environment (LRE) </li></ul><ul><li>Ages three to high school graduation or age twenty two </li></ul><ul><li>All decisions are made through a Team process – parents, teachers, student </li></ul><ul><li>If student determined eligible for special education the Team develops an Individualized Educational Program (IEP) </li></ul>
  10. 10. The IEP <ul><li>Legally binding contract </li></ul><ul><li>Describes specialized instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Defines services and placement </li></ul><ul><li>Is developed annually </li></ul><ul><li>Monitors progress on identified goals </li></ul>
  11. 11. Franklin Facts <ul><li>Franklin offers a full continuum of services </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin strives to keep students in the public schools – Least Restrictive Environment </li></ul>Enrollment 5969 SPED 997 (16.7%) ELL 94 (1.57%) ELL/SPED 6 (0.1%) Home/Hospital Tutoring 16 (0.27%) Homeless 6 (0.10%) SPED Out of District 78
  12. 12. Continuum of Services <ul><li>In District Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Inclusion Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partial Inclusion Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substantially Separate Classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Out-of-District Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Day School (9100 line) /Collaborative (9400 line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private Day School (9300 line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential School (9300 line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out of State Programs (9200 line) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Educational Collaboratives <ul><li>Educational Collaboratives are public entities comprised of member school districts who join together to develop cost effective programming for low incidence student populations </li></ul><ul><li>FPS belongs to two Educational Collaboratives: BiCounty (BICO) Collaborative and ACCEPT Collaborative </li></ul>
  14. 14. Factors Impacting Special Educational Costs <ul><li>Programmatic Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Early Intervention Programs for children from birth – 3 who contend with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-School program requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Health Services/Medically Fragile students </li></ul><ul><li>Increased number of At-Risk students </li></ul><ul><li>DCF/Homeless/Families in Poverty or distress </li></ul>
  15. 15. Largest Cost Drivers <ul><li>Special Education faculty: teachers, specialists, therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Out of District Tuitions range from $24,000 - $247,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation costs range from $5,000 - $67,000 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Transportation Costs <ul><li>Costs are sole responsibility of the district </li></ul><ul><li>Costs are not reimbursable under Circuit Breaker </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation costs may exceed tuition costs for some students </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation for Homeless students is a district responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Remedy – DESE should allow us to include costs in circuit breaker calculation. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Transportation Services <ul><li>Under the Law, school districts are mandated to provide transportation to students with disabilities in the same manner as it would for all students </li></ul><ul><li>If the child is placed away from the local school, transportation must be provided </li></ul><ul><li>If due to a disability the child requires special transportation in order to participate in services, the school must provide it </li></ul>
  18. 18. Unpredictable Costs <ul><li>Students moving into the district from out of state </li></ul><ul><li>Students moving into the district prior to April 1 but after the development of the budget </li></ul><ul><li>Students requiring additional services in order to remain in the least restrictive environment </li></ul><ul><li>Students who need emergency placements </li></ul><ul><li>Unilateral placements </li></ul><ul><li>Influence from State Agencies (DCF, DMH, DDS) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reduced Federal Contribution to Education <ul><li>NCLB mandates largely unfunded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>94-142 adopted in 1975 – goal was 100% of costs supported by federal funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current contribution is about 40% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grant funds reduced or level funded </li></ul><ul><li>Small increases have not kept pace with rising programmatic costs </li></ul>
  20. 20. Grant Funds <ul><li>Grant monies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are outside of Operational Budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are regulated with mandated usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must supplement, not supplant, operational budget </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special Education Entitlement ( Fund Code 240 ) = $1,200,993 </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education Professional Development ( Fund Code 274 ) = $70,470 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Current OOD Tuitions (As of 1/6/12) <ul><li>MA Public Schools: $ 148,023 </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboratives: $ 986,653 </li></ul><ul><li>Day Programs: $ 2,086,777 </li></ul><ul><li>Residential Programs: $ 2,292,582 </li></ul><ul><li>Total: $ 5,514,035 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Circuit Breaker <ul><li>Provides local $$ relief to offset costs of programs for students with intensive needs </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Plan (2004) – 90% reimbursement for costs exceeding 3X Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented Plan (2004) – 75% reimbursement for costs exceeding 4X Foundation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Other Cost Drivers <ul><li>Contractual Services </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Services </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted Equipment/Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Educational Evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Legal cases/hearings </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Evaluation and Placement needs </li></ul>
  24. 24. The moral of the story … <ul><li>Special Education spending is a moving target based on many variables </li></ul>
  25. 25. Balancing Act—Doing what’s right for kids & being fiscally responsible Student Needs The Budget