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L#14=narration

Narration

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L#14=narration

  1. 1. 0 SN English Center Welcome To SN English Center Lecture#14 Topic-Narration Prepared by: Md. Masum Bellah Shazib Contact-01721123773 Email-shazib773n@gmail.com www.facebook.com/SN.English.Center Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  2. 2. 1 SN English Center Narration- Direct narration -He said to me, “I am ill.” Indirect narration- He told me that he was ill. Direct narration-
  3. 3. Speech
  4. 4. Reporting Speech-Reporter Reported Speech-Information He said to me, “I am ill.” Steps of Changing direct to indirect 1. Person change 2. Tense change 3. Some word change 4. Sentence connection Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  5. 5. 2 SN English Center 1. Person Change Subjective form Possessive form Objective form I Mine Me We Us Us You Yours You He His Him She Her Her They Their Them It Its It Others-male/female He/she/it Follow up Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  6. 6. 3 SN English Center 1. Person Change Position of Subject Sub.+ V+ Ob. Reported speech-1st person + V+ Ob. Reporting speech---Sub+ V+ Ob. RS-Headmaster said, “I am a good Teacher.” RS-Headmaster said that he was a good teacher. Reported speech-2nd person + V+ Ob. Reporting speech---Sub+ V+ Ob. RS-Headmaster said, “you are a good student.” RS-Headmaster said that I was a good teacher. Subject 3rd person-No change Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  7. 7. He said to me, “I go to school.” He told me that he went to school. He said to me, “You go to school.” He told me that I went to school. He said, “He goes to school.” He told that he went to school. We=human. No change person in indirect speech. The teacher said, “We are mortal.” The teacher said that we are mortal. 4 SN English Center 1. Person Change Direct Narration Indirect Narration Have any about persons change? Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  8. 8. 5 SN English Center 2. Tense change Reporting Speech- verb, past tense- ,
  9. 9. Reported Speech tense-
  10. 10. । Reported Speech-
  11. 11. । Reporting Speech- verb past tense Direct-He said to me, “I go to school.” Indirect-He told me that he went to school. Reporting Speech- verb present/Future tense 1. Direct-He says to me, “I go to school.” Indirect-He tells me that he goes to school. 2. Direct-She will say, “I like you.” Indirect-She will say that she likes me. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  12. 12. 6 SN English Center 2. Tense change Direct Narration Indirect Narration Present Indefinite Past Indefinite Present Continues Past Continues Present Perfect Past Perfect Present Perfect Continues Past Perfect Continues Past indefinite Past perfect Past continues Past perfect continues Must Must/ had to Shall/will Should/ would Have to/has to Had to Be supposed to Was/were supposed to Would/ could/ might/ used to/ No change had to/ ought to/ should/ had better/ modals+have+V-3 Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  13. 13. No change the tense Past perfect Past perfect continues Universal truth/ habitual fact/ geographical fact/ --present indefinite 7 SN English Center 2. Tense change Have any about tense change? Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  14. 14. 8 SN English Center 3. Few words change Direct Narration Indirect Narration Now Then Ago Before Today That day Tonight That night Tomorrow The next day Yesterday The previous day Last night the previous night Next week the following week Here There This That These Those Thus that way / so Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  15. 15. 9 SN English Center 3. Few words change Direct Narration Indirect Narration Come Go Hence thence Hither thither So that is why This day that day Last month the previous month Last year the previous year Good morning wish good morning Next month the flowing month It that But express dissatisfaction The day after in two days time The day before yesterday two days before Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  16. 16. SN English Center 10 4. Sentence connection Types of Sentence 1. Assertive Sentence 2. Interrogative Sentence 3. Imperative Sentence 4. Optative Sentence 5. Exclamatory Sentence Classify and identify these sentences Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  17. 17. 11 SN English Center 1. Assertive Sentence Direct Indirect Said to told Said said Says to tells Say tell Inverted “-” that To Change Person To Change Tense To change some word Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  18. 18. SN English Center 12 1. Assertive Sentence Direct Narration Indirect Narration She said to me, She told me She said She said She says to me She tells They say They tell “I am ill.” That She said, “I am ill.” She said that she was ill. She said, “I am ill.” She said that she was ill. She said, “I am ill now.” She said that she was ill then. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  19. 19. SN English Center 13 2. Interrogative Sentence Direct Indirect Said to Asked Said asked Says to asks Say ask Inverted “-” If/wh-word To Change Person To Change Tense To change some word Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  20. 20. SN English Center 14 2. Interrogative Sentence Direct Narration Indirect Narration She said to me, She asked me She said She asked She says to me She asks They say They ask “I am ill.” If/wh-word She said, “Am I ill?” She asked if she was ill. She said, “Am I ill?” She asked if she was ill. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  21. 21. SN English Center D/Id Start with Verb Start with let Said/said to According to Meaning Proposed “__” To/not to That Persons Yes Yes Tense No change Should+ V1 15 3. Imperative Sentence Imperative Sentence 1. Verb- Do the work. 2. Let- Let him go there. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  22. 22. SN English Center Imperative sentence, Verb-
  23. 23. Said to--According to sentence [Ordered/commanded +advised +proposed +requested +forbade +begged] Imperative sentence- Sir
  24. 24. ,
  25. 25. -To/not to-
  26. 26. ! respectfully
  27. 27. Inverted comma to/not to To Change Person To change some word There is no change according to tense 16 3. Imperative Sentence Example: He said to me, “Do the work.” He ordered me to do the work. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  28. 28. SN English Center Imperative sentence Let-
  29. 29. Said to--Proposed Inverted comma to/not to Let---should To Change Person To change some word There is no change according to tense Imperative sentence- Sir
  30. 30. ,
  31. 31. -To/not to-
  32. 32. ! respectfully
  33. 33. Example: Rani said to her friend, “let us have a visit on Saturday.” Rani proposed to her friend that they should have a visit on Saturday. 17 3. Imperative Sentence Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  34. 34. SN English Center 18 3. Imperative Sentence If start with would/could Exam: He said to me, “would you help me to do the sum.” He requested me to help to do the sum. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  35. 35. SN English Center 19 4. Optative Sentence Direct Indirect Said to prayed/wished Inverted “-” that To Change Person To Change Tense To change some word Direct Narration Indirect Narration I said, “May you be happy” I wished that he might be happy. [If have ‘God’ reported verb change by prayed] My mother said, “May God bless you.” My mother prayed that God might bless you. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  36. 36. SN English Center 20 5. Exclamatory Sentence Said to--- Hurrah! What/how---Exclaimed with joy Alas---exclaimed with sorrow Excited---exclaimed with surprise. By Allah/ by God---swearing by Allah Well done/ bravo---applauded Poor fellow---pitied Inverted comma---that Person change Tense change Some word change Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  37. 37. SN English Center 21 5. Exclamatory Sentence Examples: The boy said, “Hurrah! We have won the match.” The boy Exclaimed with joy that they had won the match. He said to me, “Alas! I could not save you.” He exclaimed with sorrow that he could not save me. He said, “What a nice bird it is.” He exclaimed with surprise that it was a very nice bird. He said, “By God! What a good news.” He swearing by Allah that it was a very good news. He said to them, “Well done! You have done well.” He applauded them saying that they had done well. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  38. 38. SN English Center 22 5. Exclamatory Sentence Good bye/ well come: Said to Bade/ wished + good by/ good morning Inverted comma that He said, “Good by friends.” He bade his friends’ good bye. What/ how great/greatly, very, very much He said to me, “how happy you are! He said to me that I was very happy. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  39. 39. SN English Center R#01 Direct Narration
  40. 40. # , $! %, '( %
  41. 41. Indirect Narration- Tense )
  42. 42. He said, “Honesty is the best policy.” He said that honesty is the best policy. R#02 Reported speech- Modals verb
  43. 43. , Indirect Narration- Modals verb- past form
  44. 44. He said, “I will come.” He said that he would come. 23 Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  45. 45. SN English Center R#03 Reported speech-should/would/could/might/use to/ought to etc. Then No change indirect speech Nazmul said to me, “you should attend the party.” Nazmul told me that I should attend the party. R#04 He said to them, “Friends, help me.” Addressing them as friend, he requested them to help him. R#05 Direct narration Sir Indirect narration respectfully use before object. He said to his teacher, “Sir solves this problem.” He requested his teacher respectfully to solve that problem. 24 Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  46. 46. SN English Center R#06 If started with--by Allah/ by god/ by job/ by my love/ by my life/cte, in direct narration. Then with started, Swearing by Allah/ Swearing by god/ Swearing by job/ Swearing by love cte, in indirect narration. By Allah, “he replied , I will not fail in exam.” Swearing by Allah he replied that he would not fail in exam. R#07 Yes--replied in the affirmative and said that No--replied in the negative and said that “Yes I have drawn a picture,” replied Emon. Emon replied in the affirmative and said that he had drawn a picture. 25 Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  47. 47. SN English Center R#09 Direct narration--good morning/ good afternoon/ good evening/ good night Indirect narration -- ‘wish / wished’ use I said to him, “good morning.” I wished him good morning. 26 R#08 Direct narration--hello/ hi Indirect narration --use ‘great’ He said, “hello, Kamrul, whre are you going.” He greeted Kamrul and asked him where she was going. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  48. 48. SN English Center 27 R#10 Direct narration--“If I were you, I should/would…. Indirect narration--S +advice +O+to +V of reported speech I said to him, “If I were you, I should wait.” I advised him to wait. R#11 Thank you Indirect narration S +thank/thanked +O of reporting speech. He said to me, “Thank You.” He thanked me. Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773
  49. 49. SN English Center Home Tasks 1. Prepare this lesson for individual 2. Find out problems from this lesson 3.Presentation for individual www.facebook.com/SN.English.Center Md. Masum Bellah Shazib-01721123773 28

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