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<ul><li>Siamak niazi </li></ul>DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH 1. STATEMENT 2. COMMAND 3. QUESTION
<ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Am, is, are </li></ul><ul><li>Shall/will </li></ul><ul><li>Can </li></ul><ul><li>May </li...
CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>NOW </li></ul><ul><li>TOMORROW </li></ul><ul><li>NEXT W...
CHANGES OF TENSES <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PAST </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT ...
1. STATEMENT HE SAID HE SAID TO ME HE TOLD ME THAT REPORTED WORDS
STATEMENT EXAMPLE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>“ We are going to visit  Brighton tomorrow.” they said to me. </li></ul...
STATEMENT Exception: If the introductory sentence is in the Present Tense, there won’t be any changes in the Reported (Ind...
Change these statements to indirect speech   <ul><li>1- “I can’t type.” I told them. </li></ul><ul><li>2- “We’re going int...
HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME TO INFIVITIVE 2. COMMAND a. Possitive Command:
COMMAND EXAMPLE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher asked me: “Open your book page 65!”  </li></ul><ul><li>Siska ...
HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME NOT TO INFIVITIVE 2. COMMAND b. Negative Command:
COMMAND EXAMPLE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel asked Emma: “Don’t leave me alone anymore!”  </li></ul><ul><li>Nah...
Change these direct commands to indirect speech <ul><li>1- “Switch off the TV,” she told me. </li></ul><ul><li>2- “Don’t t...
HE ASKED ME IF/WHETHER  S + V + COMPLEMENT a. Yes / No Question QUESTION
A. Yes/No Question Example <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Ricky asked Henry: “Does your father work near here?”  </li></...
HE ASKED ME WHEN/WHAT etc.  S + V + COMPLEMENT b. Wh- Question QUESTION
b. Wh- Question Example <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The girl asked me: “Where Do you come from?”  </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Change these direct questions to indirect speech <ul><li>1- “Did you enjoy the film?” I asked her. </li></ul><ul><li>2- “A...
<ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The students said to the teacher: “We haven’t done our assignment.”  </li></ul><ul><li>My...
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  1. 1. <ul><li>Siamak niazi </li></ul>DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH 1. STATEMENT 2. COMMAND 3. QUESTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Am, is, are </li></ul><ul><li>Shall/will </li></ul><ul><li>Can </li></ul><ul><li>May </li></ul><ul><li>Must </li></ul><ul><li>Have/has to </li></ul><ul><li>Ought to </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Was/were </li></ul><ul><li>Should/would </li></ul><ul><li>Could </li></ul><ul><li>Might </li></ul><ul><li>Had to </li></ul>THE CHANGES OF TOBE & AUXILIARY VERBS
  3. 3. CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>NOW </li></ul><ul><li>TOMORROW </li></ul><ul><li>NEXT WEEK </li></ul><ul><li>TONIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>TODAY </li></ul><ul><li>YESTERDAY </li></ul><ul><li>LAST NIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>LAST WEEK </li></ul><ul><li>HERE </li></ul><ul><li>THIS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>THEN </li></ul><ul><li>THE FOLLOWING DAY </li></ul><ul><li>THE FOLLOWING WEEK </li></ul><ul><li>THAT NIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>THAT DAY </li></ul><ul><li>THE DAY BEFORE </li></ul><ul><li>THE NIGHT BEFORE </li></ul><ul><li>THE WEEK BEFORE </li></ul><ul><li>THERE </li></ul><ul><li>THAT </li></ul><ul><li>THOSE </li></ul>
  4. 4. CHANGES OF TENSES <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PAST </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT CONT. </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE FUTURE </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PAST </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT or </li></ul><ul><li>(simple past) </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>PAST CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT CONT. </li></ul><ul><li>PAST FUTURE </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1. STATEMENT HE SAID HE SAID TO ME HE TOLD ME THAT REPORTED WORDS
  6. 6. STATEMENT EXAMPLE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>“ We are going to visit Brighton tomorrow.” they said to me. </li></ul><ul><li>Jeffry said: “I didn’t go to school today.” </li></ul><ul><li>Anne told Emma: “My father got angry with me last night.” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>They said to me that they were going to visit Brighton the following day. </li></ul><ul><li>Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day. </li></ul><ul><li>Anne told Emma that her father had got angry with her the night before. </li></ul>
  7. 7. STATEMENT Exception: If the introductory sentence is in the Present Tense, there won’t be any changes in the Reported (Indirect) speech . <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Cindy says: “ I will come to your house tonight.” </li></ul><ul><li>Indra says: “I have seen that film for twice.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dessy says: “I meet my boyfriend every saturday.” </li></ul><ul><li>Chandra says: “I don’t like sport.” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>Indra says that he has seen that film for twice. </li></ul><ul><li>Dessy says that she meets her boyfriend every Saturday. </li></ul><ul><li>Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Change these statements to indirect speech <ul><li>1- “I can’t type.” I told them. </li></ul><ul><li>2- “We’re going into town,” they said. </li></ul><ul><li>3- “I haven’t got any money,” he told me. </li></ul><ul><li>4- “I passed my driving test in 1999,” he told his boss. </li></ul><ul><li>5- “My parents had gone to bed,” she said. </li></ul>
  9. 9. HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME TO INFIVITIVE 2. COMMAND a. Possitive Command:
  10. 10. COMMAND EXAMPLE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher asked me: “Open your book page 65!” </li></ul><ul><li>Siska asked Manu: “Give me a piece of paper!” </li></ul><ul><li>Ronny told him: “call me tonight!” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher asked me to open my book page 65. </li></ul><ul><li>Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Ronny told him to call him that night. </li></ul>
  11. 11. HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME NOT TO INFIVITIVE 2. COMMAND b. Negative Command:
  12. 12. COMMAND EXAMPLE <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel asked Emma: “Don’t leave me alone anymore!” </li></ul><ul><li>Nahid asked Monica: “Don’t hurt me anymore!” </li></ul><ul><li>Maria told them: “Don’t disturb me!” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel asked Emma not to leave her alone anymore. </li></ul><ul><li>Nahid asked Monica not to hurt her anymore. </li></ul><ul><li>Maria told them not to disturb him. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Change these direct commands to indirect speech <ul><li>1- “Switch off the TV,” she told me. </li></ul><ul><li>2- “Don’t touch the wire,” he warned me. </li></ul><ul><li>3- “Go to bed early tonight,” he suggested. </li></ul><ul><li>4- “Don’t lock the door,” he shouted. </li></ul><ul><li>5- “Be careful when you cross the road.” she told her daughter. </li></ul>
  14. 14. HE ASKED ME IF/WHETHER S + V + COMPLEMENT a. Yes / No Question QUESTION
  15. 15. A. Yes/No Question Example <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Ricky asked Henry: “Does your father work near here?” </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Bean asked Cyntia: “Have you collected your homework?” </li></ul><ul><li>Dessy asked William: “Can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there . </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night. </li></ul>
  16. 16. HE ASKED ME WHEN/WHAT etc. S + V + COMPLEMENT b. Wh- Question QUESTION
  17. 17. b. Wh- Question Example <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The girl asked me: “Where Do you come from?” </li></ul><ul><li>My father asked my brother: “Why did you arrive at home late last night?” </li></ul><ul><li>Handy asked the girl: “what is your favorite movie star?” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The girl asked me where I came from. </li></ul><ul><li>My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before </li></ul><ul><li>Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was </li></ul>
  18. 18. Change these direct questions to indirect speech <ul><li>1- “Did you enjoy the film?” I asked her. </li></ul><ul><li>2- “Are you English?” they asked me. </li></ul><ul><li>3- “Where are you going?” I asked her. </li></ul><ul><li>4- “Can you do me a favour?” he asked me. </li></ul><ul><li>5- “Where do you work?” she asked me. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>DIRECT </li></ul><ul><li>The students said to the teacher: “We haven’t done our assignment.” </li></ul><ul><li>My uncle said to my sister: “I cannot come on your birthday party next month.” </li></ul><ul><li>Patar asked Lina : “Do you love me?” </li></ul><ul><li>My father asked me:”Have you prepared for your final exam?” </li></ul><ul><li>Anita told Ver: “Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!” </li></ul><ul><li>My friend asked her: “Stay with me forever!” </li></ul><ul><li>My headmaster asked me: “Where do you live?” </li></ul>EXERCISES
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