Conservation plan and application of planning techniques


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Conservation plan and application of planning techniques

  1. 1. 2011 CONSERVATION PLAN FOR A HERITAGE ZONE 2011 School of Planning and Architecture Shashikant Nishant SharmaPlan of Delhi in 1857 and lower part is Shahjehanabad[ CONSERVATION PLAN FOR A HERITAGE ZONE ]This document explains briefly how the different techniques of planning can be used for making aconservation plan for and area which is comparable to the area of a Local Area Plan in Delhi.
  2. 2. CONSERVATION PLAN FOR A HERITAGE ZONE 2011IntroductionTechniques of planning have been found helpful in the preparation of conservation plan for largeareas strewn with elements of heritage importance. The fast urbanization of the town is ruthlesslydevouring the historical landscape of the older area. This is endangering the cultural identity ofthe area & also a valuable event in the pages of history. Hence, it calls for a planningintervention that can balance both, the need of the town to spread as well as the existing olderareas to be conserved as a Heritage Zone, closely linked to the cultural & religious sentiments ofnumerous people & also find a way in which they can benefit each other.Techniques of PlanningThere are various techniques of planning which can be used for preparing the conservation plan for aheritage zone.GIS MappingThe GIS mapping of the entire area should be conducted and ifpossible take into account the context area of the heritage zone.This should be followed by employing photogrammetrictechniques to study the slope of the area. The two studies willhelp us in understanding the physical attributes of the area thatwill be necessary when developmental activities are carried out.This will also enable us to locate the probable sources of waterif we intend to encourage tourist activity.Basemap of the Heritage ZoneProper and detailed base map should be made with the help of modern softwares like GIS andAutoCAD. The local municipalities, gram panchayats etc have to be consulted for maps &layouts followed by ground surveys, that will help in earmarking the Heritage Zone. Once that isdone, public meetings have to be organized to sensitize people of the importance of the site andthe environs. This will help in designing a need based plan of the Page 1
  3. 3. CONSERVATION PLAN FOR A HERITAGE ZONE 2011Extensive SurveysThe area identified for heritage zone should be surveyedextensively for various data like landuse survey, building usesurvey, heritage identification survey, architectural survey toknow the importance of the existing old monuments andbuildings.Zoning MapProper zoning map should be prepared after extensive surveys and subsequent analysis. This willhelp in further detailing of the area which needs more attention. The zoning map may containzones like no development zone, Controlled Development Zone, Redevelopment Zone,Renovation zone etc.Land use and Building Use MapThere should be existing landuse map and proposed landuse map for the area. The detailedbuilding use map and data will help in further planning of the area.SWOT AnalysisThe study of the heritage zone and identification of areas around the identified heritage zone thatwill act as buffer from urbanization should also be earmarked for regulated development. Thesebuffers apart from containing plantations of both religious & botanical significance will alsohouse certain complementary structures like pilgrim rest-houses, community hall. They will alsoarchitecturally define a zone where no other developments can occur.Circulation, Utilities and ServicesAdequate circulation space should be provided and developed new standards for such congestedareas. Land suitable for water supply & sewage system can be identified by a slope analysis &proximity to nearest water treatment & waste treatment plant. Proper parking facilities for bothbuses & four-wheelers can be provided at the entrance of the area (preferably near the main road)to prevent vehicular entry into the Page 2
  4. 4. CONSERVATION PLAN FOR A HERITAGE ZONE 2011Informal Sector PlanningTo take care of the informal sector that is vital for the economicviability of the area but at the same time needs special controls,designed vending stalls can be provided as a part of the HeritageArea development.Transfer of Development RightThe owner of the land in the heritage zone should be given opportunity for relocating themselvesand for the restricted development control imposed on them. They can be given TDR of theirland in other areas of the city.Public Private PartnershipFor the sustenance of the development there must be more and more prospects for PPP in thedevelopment of the city. The maintenance of the heritage zone and informal sector shopping andvending should be allowed for the residents only. The service and utilities charges should becollected by the residents association and NGO in the area.Implementation and Monitoring of DevelopmentFor effecting implementation and monitoring of the project government agencies should take thehelp of the local residents association and interested NGOs of the area. As the Heritage Zonewhich has area comparable to the area of Local Area Plan in Delhi which is approximately 400hectare is not only large in area but also complex in character. Planning in such area is acontinuous process and so the Urban Local Body should appointmore urban planners and they should undertake such projects intheir own hand rather than outsourcing to the private consultanciesthat do projects not planning in its true sense of term.ConclusionThe techniques of planning can help a lot in preparing aconservation plan for a heritage zone of larger area like the oldShahjehanabad area in the core of nation capital Page 3