• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• Learning the difference between lava and
magma
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Magma is beneath the earths surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Magma is beneath the earths surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Lava is above the surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Lava is above the surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• This is lava
• This is lava.
• This is magma, why isn’t it a photo?
• Is this Magma or Lava?
• Answer! Lava
• Answer! Magma is beneath the crust.
“You can’t
see Magma
because
then it’s
lava or you
would be
dead.”
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Lava's composition determines its
behavior more than the temperature.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 3 types of lava
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What happens when you blow into a
milkshake?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
 Felsic lava:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Felsic lava usually forms composite or
Strato-volcano’s.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Felsic lava usually
forms composite or
Strato-volcano’s.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot” “That is
one larg...
• Felsic lava usually forms composite or
Strato-volcano’s.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot” “That is
one larg...
• Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
• Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
 Mafic lava:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mafic lava usually forms shields and
domes.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! Optional. Carbonatite Lava from
Oldoinyo Lengai Tanzania. Very rare
occurrence. Lowest temp lava.
– http://w...
 Intermediate: Has a higher amount of
silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
 Intermediate: Has a higher amount of
silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
 Intermediate: Has a higher amount of
silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
• Eruption time: Add vinegar to the top the volcano.
• Can you identify any parts of the eruption?
Vinegar
Ash
Cloud
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock
Pyroclasitic
Flow
Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock
Pyroclasitic
Flow
Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Death and Destruction
Any Positives?
New
Land
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
Gems and Ores
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
Gems and Ores
Tourism
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
Gems and Ores
Tourism
Maybe?
• Please clear your area and listen to your
teacher.
“Let’s clean up
this mess so
we can make
another.”
 Viscosity: Resistance of liquid to flow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 High Viscosity = Travels slow because of
high resistance.
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
• Activity! What is more viscous?
– Remember, Viscosity is resistance to flow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
• Activity! The Condiment Olympics.
– Official / ceremony / entrance of the condiments
required. Volunteers needed to marc...
• Create the following spreadsheet in your journal.
Condiment Finish Time
Mustard
Ketchup
Jelly
Maple Syrup (Fake)
Chocola...
• Create the following spreadsheet in your journal.
Condiment Finish Time
Mustard
Ketchup
Jelly
Maple Syrup (Fake)
Chocola...
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
– Use textbooks or manua...
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
– Use textbooks or manua...
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
– Use textbooks or manua...
• Visual of Set-Up
Top View
Side View
Start
Finish
• Alternative Methods.
– Fill graduated cylinders with various clear fluids.
– Gently place a marble into the cylinder and...
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
LineA line graph
could
become
conf...
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
LineYou may begin creating
your gr...
• Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
• Questions?
– Which substance had the highest viscosity
and why?
– Which substance had the lowest viscosity
and why?
– Na...
• Graph of Possible Outcomes
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5
Mustard
Ketchup
Jelly
Maple Syrup
Chocolate Syrup
Mystery
• Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
• Questions?
– Which substance had the highest viscosity
and why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions?
– Which substance had the highest viscosity
and why?
– Answer: Answers will vary based on the
brand. Generall...
• Questions?
– Which substance had the lowest viscosity
and why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions?
– Which substance had the lowest viscosity
and why?
– Answer: The real maple syrup had the
lowest viscosity a...
• Which volcano will explode?
Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
• Which volcano will explode?
Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
Higher Viscosity
• Which volcano will explode?
Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
Higher Viscosity Low Viscosity
• Do Basaltic (Mafic) lavas have a high or
low viscosity?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Basaltic / Mafic Lavas have a low
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Do Granitic (Felsic) lava’s have a high or
low viscosity?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Granitic / Felsic lavas have a high
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• You can now complete this viscosity
question.
• You can now complete this viscosity
question.
 Types of lava when cooled.
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā: Rough lava,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has
crystalized,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has
crystalized, Pronounced “ahh ahh”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why do you think it’s called 'A'ā lava?
– You are a native Hawaiian hundreds of years
ago before Nike sneakers.
Copyrigh...
“Aloha” “It is
called because
that’s what you
say when you
walk on it.” “Ah”
“Ah”
“Aloha” “It is
called 'A'ā
because that’s
what you say
when you walk
on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
“Aloha” “It is
called 'A'ā
because that’s
what you say
when you walk
on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
 Pāhoehoe:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava,
Basaltic lava that is smooth and flowing.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which type of magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe)
is shown below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
“Did I trick
you?”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which type of Magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which type of lava ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Pāhoehoe
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Type of Lava?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer 'A'ā.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Quiz 1-10 (Stand and make correct sign)
• Pahoehoe, or 'A'ā. + Say on command.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #11 Bonus – These creatures live in an old
lava chamber.
• You can now complete this viscosity
question.
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small
part of my Geology Topics Unit that I offer on TpT. This
unit incl...
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit:
-Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence f...
• This was a very brief tour. Please visit the
links below to learn more about each of the
units in this curriculum packag...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz
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Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Types of Lava Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint, Aa, Pahoehoe, Viscosity, Quiz

  1. 1. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  3. 3. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  5. 5. • Learning the difference between lava and magma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6.  Magma is beneath the earths surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  Magma is beneath the earths surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8.  Lava is above the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9.  Lava is above the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • This is lava
  11. 11. • This is lava.
  12. 12. • This is magma, why isn’t it a photo?
  13. 13. • Is this Magma or Lava?
  14. 14. • Answer! Lava
  15. 15. • Answer! Magma is beneath the crust. “You can’t see Magma because then it’s lava or you would be dead.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Lava's composition determines its behavior more than the temperature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17.  3 types of lava  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • What happens when you blow into a milkshake? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Answer!
  20. 20.  Felsic lava: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21.  Felsic lava: High in silica. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “That is one large explosion!”
  29. 29. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “That is one large explosion!”
  30. 30. • Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
  31. 31. • Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
  32. 32.  Mafic lava: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33.  Mafic lava: Flows more, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Mafic lava usually forms shields and domes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Video Link! Optional. Carbonatite Lava from Oldoinyo Lengai Tanzania. Very rare occurrence. Lowest temp lava. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qputaVyn7TE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbonatite
  40. 40.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  41. 41.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  42. 42.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  43. 43. • Eruption time: Add vinegar to the top the volcano. • Can you identify any parts of the eruption? Vinegar
  44. 44. Ash Cloud
  45. 45. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock
  46. 46. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar
  47. 47. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel
  48. 48. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes
  49. 49. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  50. 50. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  51. 51. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Pyroclasitic Flow Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  52. 52. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Pyroclasitic Flow Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow Death and Destruction
  53. 53. Any Positives?
  54. 54. New Land
  55. 55. New Land Fertile Soils
  56. 56. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere
  57. 57. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores
  58. 58. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores Tourism
  59. 59. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores Tourism Maybe?
  60. 60. • Please clear your area and listen to your teacher. “Let’s clean up this mess so we can make another.”
  61. 61.  Viscosity: Resistance of liquid to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62.  High Viscosity = Travels slow because of high resistance.
  63. 63.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance.
  64. 64.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  65. 65.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  66. 66.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  67. 67.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  68. 68.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  69. 69.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  70. 70.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  71. 71.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  72. 72.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  73. 73.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  74. 74.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  75. 75.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  76. 76.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  77. 77.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  78. 78.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  79. 79.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  80. 80.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  81. 81. • Activity! What is more viscous? – Remember, Viscosity is resistance to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  88. 88. • Activity! The Condiment Olympics. – Official / ceremony / entrance of the condiments required. Volunteers needed to march each condiment into the classroom. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbHw8DBCXQ8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Condiment Finish Time Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup (Fake) Chocolate Syrup Mystery Fluid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Condiment Finish Time Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup (Fake) Chocolate Syrup Mystery Fluid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table.
  92. 92. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line.
  93. 93. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race.
  94. 94. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race. – Record the times each condiment takes to cross the finish line. (DNF = Did Not Finish) –I needed green text here to complete the Olympic colors.
  95. 95. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race. – Record the times each condiment takes to cross the finish line. (DNF = Did Not Finish) –I needed green text here to complete the Olympic colors.
  96. 96. • Visual of Set-Up Top View Side View Start Finish
  97. 97. • Alternative Methods. – Fill graduated cylinders with various clear fluids. – Gently place a marble into the cylinder and record the time it takes for the marble to reach the bottom. – Record on time spreadsheet and graph. Side View Start Finish
  98. 98. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  99. 99. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  100. 100. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  101. 101. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  102. 102. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  103. 103. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar LineA line graph could become confusing in this case
  104. 104. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  105. 105. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  106. 106. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar LineYou may begin creating your graph now.
  107. 107. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  108. 108. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? – Name five other things and describe their probable viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Graph of Possible Outcomes 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup Chocolate Syrup Mystery
  110. 110. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  111. 111. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? – Answer: Answers will vary based on the brand. Generally, the ketchup, mustard, and jelly was the slowest down the ramp and demonstrated most resistance to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. • Questions? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. • Questions? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? – Answer: The real maple syrup had the lowest viscosity and traveled quickly down the ramp on to the floor almost immediately after putting it on the ramp. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
  116. 116. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano Higher Viscosity
  117. 117. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano Higher Viscosity Low Viscosity
  118. 118. • Do Basaltic (Mafic) lavas have a high or low viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Answer! Basaltic / Mafic Lavas have a low viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Do Granitic (Felsic) lava’s have a high or low viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Answer! Granitic / Felsic lavas have a high viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  135. 135. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  136. 136.  Types of lava when cooled.  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137.  'A'ā: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138.  'A'ā: Rough lava, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  139. 139.  'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has crystalized, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140.  'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has crystalized, Pronounced “ahh ahh” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • Why do you think it’s called 'A'ā lava? – You are a native Hawaiian hundreds of years ago before Nike sneakers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. “Aloha” “It is called because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  143. 143. “Aloha” “It is called 'A'ā because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  144. 144. “Aloha” “It is called 'A'ā because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  145. 145.  Pāhoehoe: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava, Basaltic lava that is smooth and flowing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. • Which type of magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) is shown below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • Answer! “Did I trick you?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. • Which type of Magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • Which type of lava ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • Answer! Pāhoehoe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Which Type of Lava? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • Answer 'A'ā. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  157. 157. • Quiz 1-10 (Stand and make correct sign) • Pahoehoe, or 'A'ā. + Say on command. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • #11 Bonus – These creatures live in an old lava chamber.
  159. 159. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  160. 160. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  161. 161. • This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small part of my Geology Topics Unit that I offer on TpT. This unit includes… • A six part 6,000 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, flashcards, materials list, and much more. • A 18 bundled homework package, modified version, 19 pages of unit notes, 6 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  162. 162. Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks., Age of the Earth, Uniformitarianism, Principle of Superposition, Earth History, Time Units, Timeline of Events, Basic Evolution, Mass Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, Early Mammals, and more. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  163. 163. • This was a very brief tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  164. 164. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  165. 165. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  167. 167. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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