What is editing?
Editing refers to how shots are put together in
sequence to create a media text.
Editing creates meaning
Editing guides the spectator to
construct the story time out of
time by emphasising order,
duration and frequency.
Continuity and non continuity
Two types of editing
Continuity retains a sense of realistic chronology
and genrates the feeling that time is passing.
Continuity takes drama from one shot or scene to
This type of narrative makes the drama narrartive
progress in a realistic way.
Although a drama may use flashforwards or
flashbacks within their structure, this is still described
as continutiy editing because the overall sense of
FORWARD is present.
When analysing editing you must break it
down into four areas to help the quality of
Cuts:one shot moves to the next without
the audience being conscious a cut has been
Dissolves: can see both shots on the screen
Fades: black or white
Wipes: image pushed off the screen, star
The Cut Transition
A cut transition is when one clip ends and the next one begins
with no overlap or effect.
Most often used.
Simplest type of transition for seamless unnoticed edits.
What type of production would use cut transitions?
Editing transitions (cuts) are the different
ways shots are linked together in the
editing process. It describes how one shot
moves into the next.
Different transitions can create slightly
different meanings for audiences.
Cutting shots are used to tell a story, and smooth
flow from one shot to another. Charaters, lighting
and action remain constant and central to the
Shot, reverse, shot& over the shoulder shot
match on action
180 degree rule
A cut between two shots of the same
object, character or scene where the
angle of the camera is less than 45
Editing that alternates shots of two or more
lines of action occurring in different places,
usually simultaneously. You would see this
when you are showing parallel events
Non continuity Editing
Montage is the second type of editing
A montage contains many different images, (edited
Do not provide a sense of narrative, but the
sequence is still meaning full
There does not always have to be a obvious
connection, it could represent the thoughts of a
character's state of mind
Montage sequences are used to CONNOTE chaos,
tension or disturbance.
Generally used to show the passage of time or cover an
awkward shot change.
Two shots over lap for a period of time and the first shot dissolves
into the second shot.
Dissolves are sometimes called fades and can be used to create
a slower pace in a production.
What type of productions would use dissolve transitions?
Dissolve Example Pride & Prejudice
Fade & Dissolve
Dissolve or mix
This is when two shots are on screen at the same
time, visible through each other. The first shot is
faded out while the second is faded in.
Fade to black
Gradual disappearance of image into black screen
Fade in (of pictures)
Gradual appearance of the image.
Effect transitions include pushes, page peels, spirals, barn doors and
any and all other imaginable effects.
Cuts and dissolves should be used almost exclusively as effect
transitions can have the unwanted effect of drawing attention to the
transition rather than the shot.
Haphazardly using effect transitions is not recommended as they
distract and can take away from the meaning of the shots and visual
If you choose to use an effect transition it should enhance or
contribute in a definable way to the storyline or visual meaning of the
Fast paced editing - when shots are cut short
Slow paced editing - shots last longer between cuts
Creating a ....
Up to you
You must spend time research and reading your
revision guide and revise the terminology.
It is impossible for me to cover every single aspect
and you will need to do some leg work.