Editing is the way we organise a narrative in a film.
Films are not shot chronologically, they are shot out of order
and require editing to piece the narrative back together.
Like other micro features it can lend meaning to the narrative,
as well as characters and setting.
WHAT IS EDITING?
WHY DO IT?
Ensures the narrative of the film is continuous and unbroken.
This preserves the narrative of the film and gives the
impression of the narrative moving forwards in real time.
This might involve some flashbacks but for the most part the
narrative will continue on in the way an audience expects.
3 elements are important when it comes to continuity editing.
These 3 elements are vital to a film being understood by an
audience, and can easily confuse them if done incorrectly.
The organisation of the shots can give the audience an idea of
space, both geographically and within a room.
What type of shot would we normally start a scene with?
ELS or WS/LS – These allow our setting and location to be
seen by our audience so they are aware of the characters
We can also use an editing technique called eye line matching
to create an idea of space in a room.
This can help an audience understand where characters are in
a room, in relation to other characters.
We also use the 180˚ rule to achieve this. Both of these are
explained in the video below:
The editor also controls the organisation of time in the film.
This is used to compress time and allow a day/month/year
worth of narrative be compressed into 2 hours.
This can also create different types of narrative either being
linear or non-linear.
Can you think of any examples of a linear or non-linear
This can create pace, expectation and meaning for an
Leaving a beat at the end of a shot can add cinematic quality
and can give a sense of closure to a scene.
A fast rhythm and lots of edits can create a fast paced scene.
Can you think of an example?
A slow rhythm and few edits can create a slow paced scene.
Can you think of an example?
What is a montage?
The original montage comes from Battleship Potemkin.
What kind of effect does this editing style have on an
Montage can also be used to show a passage of time.
Can you think of any other examples of montage editing?
Match on Action
Cross Cutting/Parallel Cutting
(Eye Line Matching + 180˚ rule are also editing
This creates a visual bridge for an audience and can mask a
A match on action essentially seamlessly continues the action
from the previous shot.
You can see an example of this in the clip below:
MATCH ON ACTION
This is a very common editing practice and is usually used in
This is usually combined with the 180˚ rule and eye line
matching to give the audience a sense of space.
Why else would we use a SRS in a scene?
What effect does the SRS have in this scene?
This is useful for engaging the audience and speeding up
This technique literally ‘cuts away’ from the action on screen
to something else in the scene that is relevant.
For example, if a character rises from a desk and leaves the
room, rather than having the camera track their movement we
can cut away to the reaction of the other people in the room.
We can then cut back to watch the character leave.
This is another way to stretch the passage of time.
Using this technique we can cut between one event and
another and creating a sense of simultaneous action, and in
some cases dramatic irony.
How is cross cutting used in this scene?
(INSERT LSaTSB ENDING)
CROSS CUTTING/PARALLEL CUTTING
This is used to compliment the rhythm of a scene can be used
to mask, or in some cases draw attention to a cut.
This creates a graphic connection between two images.
This can be used through straight cuts, for example showing a
series of slamming doors, but it can also be created through a
How is it used in the following scene? What effect does this
have on the audience?
(INSERT A-N helicopter scene)