What do we mean by editing?“The careful selection andarrangement of material to form a coherent whole.”
What do we mean by editing?- Pick the parts that we want.- Discard the parts we don’t want.- Put it in an order (or sequence) that tells the story we choose.
What does editing involve?- Deciding what shots to include- Setting the duration of each shot- Placing the shots in sequence, to create meaning in the audiences mind- Fixing / hiding deficiencies from the production process- Adjusting, adding & altering audio- Adjusting, adding & altering video effects
But…. Why do we edit?That martial arts film on YouTube was sick, right?
Create & develop drama Create motivation Create pace & show emotion Why do we edit? Tell a storyCreate atmosphere Engage our audienceCombine shots into a sequence
We edit to create meaning, to add structureand sense to our stories.Editing doesn’t just mean logging andcapturing and cutting, there’s so much moreto it than that…..
The way we cut together the shots will helpto create mood, tension, meaning,motivation…..It can suggest spatial and time relationshipsfor the audience….
For exampleContinuity editing (or classical editing) is astyle of cutting together footage that createsa clear and logical narrative flow for theaudience by creating realistic time andspatial relationships.
For example• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2Ecw m7Alrc [Jaws – Dir: Steven Spielberg]
Compare and contrast• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gTpO30 _0QyA&feature=results_main&playnext=1 &list=PL7EA5F36B45368643
Jump CuttingAn elliptical cut where time is noticeablydistorted. Elliptical = something is left out.
TASKWorking on your own,a) Begin filling in your editing glossary, starting with Continuity Editing & Jump cutting.a) Find an example of a scene with jump cutting, and use this as an example. What effect did it create?a) Find an example of a scene with continuity editing, and use this as an example. What effect did it create?b) What is the 180 degree rule? How does it relate to continuity editing?
History of editing• Research and write a blog post on the early history of film editing.• Working in pairs research the following pioneers: – the Lumiere brothers – Edwin S Porter – Eisenstein – DW griffiths