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# Presentation of data

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Basic techniques on how to present statistical data.

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### Presentation of data

1. 1. PRESENTATION OF DATA
2. 2. PRESENTATION OF DATA This refers to the organization of data into tables, graphs or charts, so that logical and statistical conclusions can be derived from the collected measurements. Data may be presented in(3 Methods): - Textual - Tabular or - Graphical.
3. 3. TEXTUAL PRESENTATION - The data gathered are presented in paragraph form. - Data are written and read. - It is a combination of texts and figures.
4. 4. Example: Of the 150 sample interviewed, the following complaints were noted: 27 for lack of books in the library, 25 for a dirty playground, 20 for lack of laboratory equipment, 17 for a not well maintained university buildings
5. 5. TABULAR PRESENTATION - Method of presenting data using the statistical table. - A systematic organization of data in columns and rows.
6. 6. Parts of a statistical table  Table heading – consists of table number and title  Stubs – classifications or categories which are found at the left side of the body of the table  Box head – the top of the column  Body – main part of the table  Footnotes – any statement or note inserted  Source Note – source of the statistics
7. 7. Illustration TABLE HEADING BOX HEAD BODY STUBS FOOTNOTES SOURCE OF DATA
8. 8. Table 1: Total Population Distribution by Region: 2000 REGION POPULATION PERCENT NCR 9,932,560 12.98 CAR 1,365,412 1.78 REGION I 4,200,478 5.49 REGION II 2,813,159 3.68 REGION III 8,030,945 10.50 REGION IV 11,793,655 15.42 REGION V 4,686,669 6.13 REGION VI 6,211,038 8.12 …….. ……… ………
9. 9. GRAPHICAL PRESENTATION KINDS OF GRAPHS OR DIAGRAMS 1. BAR GRAPH – used to show relationships/ comparison between groups 2. PIE OR CIRCLE GRAPH- shows percentages effectively 3. LINE GRAPH – most useful in displaying data that changes continuously over time. 4. PICTOGRAPH – or pictogram. It uses small identical or figures of objects called isotopes in making comparisons .Each picture represents a definite quantity.
10. 10. FIGURE 1: SELECTED CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE PHILIPPINES 1594 3263 2170 6417 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 CHRONIC LOWER RESP. DIS. PNEUMONIA CEREBRO VASCULAR DISEASES DISORDER OF THE HEART NUMBER OF DEATHS
11. 11. 62% 24% 14% FIGURE 2.THREE LEADING CAUSE OF CHILD MORTALITY AMONG FILIPINOS AGES 5-9(200) ACCIDENTS PNEUMONIA DENGUE
12. 12. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 FIGURE 3. DISTRIBUTION OF ENROLLMENT AT A DAY CARE, PERIOD 1999-2006
13. 13. SYSTEMATIC RANDOM SAMPLING FIGURE 4. NUMBER OF PERSONS WHO HAVE EXCESSIVE DEPRESSION BY CLUSTER CLUSTER 1 CLUSTER 2 CLUSTER 3 CLUSTER 4 CLUSTER 5 CLUSTER 6 LEGEND: = 200 PEOPLE