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Happy degrowth (1)

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Happy degrowth (1)

  1. 1. “Happy Degrowth” Social Movement of Economic Downsizing and Self-Sustainability (the Italian experience) Dublin, 22 January 2013 1
  2. 2. What is GDP.... A Country’s gross domestic gross product measures market transactions. It ignores social costs, environmental impacts and income inequality. Ie. Increased crime rates do not raise living standards but they can lift GDP by raising expenditures on security systems and home insurances. Dublin, 22 January 2013 2
  3. 3. GDP is a metric developed in 1930/40s to beat the great depression and the global war.. It did not serve us well in the first place, so why do we keep using it? In reality increased GDP does not make us any happier... It does not measure our well-being in terms of social interactions or richness of our lives Dublin, 22 January 2013 3
  4. 4. A Contry’s GDP measures “everything except what which makes life worthwhile” Robert F. Kennedy Dublin, 22 January 2013 4
  5. 5. We need less than we think...  Material possessions slow us down.. It takes time, money and energy to keep up with the Jonesses  Instead of GDP why don’t we follow the economy of happyness and the gift economy? Dublin, 22 January 2013 5
  6. 6. We have a choice... Dublin, 22 January 2013 6
  7. 7. Who is doing what?     Bhuthan has measured citizens’ wellbeing using gross national happiness since 2008 It plans to become the first country in the world to turn its agriculture completely organic and it’s already called the “poster child of sustainable development” More than 95% of the population has clean water and electricity, 80% of the country is forested and, to the envy of many countries, it is carbon neutral and food secure. They have no fossil fuels or nuclear Dublin, 22 January 2013 7
  8. 8. Other examples... Transition Towns: Brixton Energy is a not-for-profit cooperative based in south London. They create cooperatively owned renewable energy projects - financial revenues stay within the local community and providing training and employment for local people generating energy in Brixton our Transition Town Totnes (TTT) is a dynamic, community-led and run charity that exists to strengthen the local economy, reduce the cost of living and build resilience for a future with less cheap energy and a changing climate. Dublin, 22 January 2013 8
  9. 9.  In 2011 in Italy 1.75 million bicycles were sold, about 2,000 more than the number of new cars registered. Dublin, 22 January 2013 9
  10. 10. What is degrowth... Degrowth is a downscaling of production and consumption that increases human wellbeing and enhances ecological conditions and equity on the planet. Dublin, 22 January 2013 10
  11. 11. Degrowth.... It calls for a future where societies live within their ecological means, with open, localized economies and resources more equally distributed through new forms of democratic institutions. Such societies will no longer have to “grow or die.” Material accumulation will no longer hold a prime position in the population’s cultural imaginary. The primacy of efficiency will be substituted by a focus on sufficiency, and innovation will no longer focus on technology for technology’s sake but will concentrate on new social and technical arrangements that will enable us to live convivially and frugally. Degrowth does not only challenge the centrality of GDP as an overarching policy objective but proposes a framework for transformation to a lower and sustainable level of production and consumption, a shrinking of the economic system to leave more space for human cooperation2013 ecosystems. 11 Dublin, 22 January and
  12. 12. By 2015 the UN is scheduled to announce the Sustainable Development Goals, a set of international objectives to improve global well-being Dublin, 22 January 2013 12
  13. 13. Degrowth is... … pizza and songs at your friends’ place instead of a restaurant ... the smell of homemade jams and shattered pots in the kitchen ... taking turns in whatching each other’s kids once a week ... cycling to work or taking the bus ... packing your lunch from home ... visiting your friends instead of phoning them ... supporting your community with projects and ideas ... reducing our footprint, staying local and sharing the resources ... relying on friends, family and community to meet your needs Dublin, 22 January 2013 13
  14. 14. Degrowth in practise...        Buy less, consume less, work less Go slow and enjoy the journey Cook and eat simple things Handmade, homemade and DIY Value and protect your community Create, participate, share, educate yourself Respect everything and everybody Dublin, 22 January 2013 14
  15. 15. What’s a time bank? Members join the time bank and offers their expertise for free in exchange of other services that they might need in the future.. Ie: a webdesigner can help me build a site, I can cook and decorate a cake for your son’s birthday.. The person who receives is not necessarily returning the favour to the same person... Dublin, 22 January 2013 15
  16. 16. The barter and the gift economy  Dublin, 22 January 2013 It’s the highest form of economy where you give and receive freely without attaching value to the single transaction or items exchanged. 16
  17. 17. What can we do...  A variety of food is available for free... Why don’t we organize a Sunday picnic and go mushrooms and wild hers picking? Nettle and porcini risotto anyone?  Dublin, 22 January 2013 17
  18. 18. A vegetable garden of the size of ¼ acre can feed a family of 4 people for a year  Dublin, 22 January 2013 18
  19. 19. Homemade with love...  Oat milk 50gr organic oat 1lt hot water (70/85°C) sweetener of choice (date, agave or maple syrup) Blend with handmixer for 2-3 minutes and until there is a slight foam on the top. Filter the liquid with a mesher or cheese cloth. Whatever is left after the oat milk has been poured into the bottle can be used, mixed with flour and ingredients of your choice, to make cookies. Dublin, 22 January 2013 19
  20. 20.   Dublin, 22 January 2013 Saurkraut Hummus 20
  21. 21.  Soaking Chickpeas  Soaking soya beans (Dried pulses are cheaper and healthier than ready made ones – you decide what ingredients to add when cooking) Dublin, 22 January 2013 21
  22. 22.  Homemade pasta (In Italy is mostly associated with Sunday meals at your gramma’s place – it’s a real treat) Dublin, 22 January 2013 22
  23. 23.  Deodorant 20gr bicarbonate of soda 20gr corn starch 20gr coconut oil 6 drops of essential oil (tea tree, sage, peppermint) Melt the coconut oil, add the dry the ingredients and last the essential oil. Mix and pour into a container (you can recicle one). Leave it for 4/5 hours to solidify. To apply, just rub a finger on it, it will start to melt and you can apply it on the skin. It will last up to 24h Sourse: www.cosmesitascabile.it Dublin, 22 January 2013 23
  24. 24.  Handmade Soap  Orange and Turmeric  Tea Tree oil and oat Dublin, 22 January 2013 24
  25. 25.  Handmade liquid soap (recycle whatever container you have) Dublin, 22 January 2013 25
  26. 26. Most important.... Get creative!!! Why don’t you ask a friend to assemble this together over a cup of tea?? Coffee’ table made with recycled and painted fruit boxes Dublin, 22 January 2013 26
  27. 27.  Homemade mittens made by recycling old jumpers Dublin, 22 January 2013 27
  28. 28.  Homemade lunch pockets. Can be washed and reused. This means less plastic or paper bags. Dublin, 22 January 2013 28
  29. 29. Dublin, 22 January 2013 29
  30. 30.  Useful links: www.degrowth.org www.transitionnetwork.org http://www.transitiontowntotnes.org/ http://www.slideshare.net/degrowthconf/happydegrowth-vs-unhappy-growth https://brixtonenergy.co.uk/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Degrowth http://www.goodshomedesign.com/sweater-mittens http://leipzig.degrowth.org/en/ www.naturalmentefelice.com http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/12/29/feldhei m-germany-renewable_n_1173992.html www.unocookbook.com http://newlifenewpurpose.wordpress.com/2012/11/ 09/diy-bag-style-heat-retention-oven-fromupcycled-materials/ Dublin, 22 January 2013 30
  31. 31. Thank you for you time Q&A Dublin, 22 January 2013 31
  32. 32.  Contact details: Email: altheabrandonisio@hotmail.com Facebook: Althea Brandonisio Skype: althea.brandonisio Ph. 083 4631138 Dublin, 22 January 2013 32

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