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Growing Up as Animal Harming
Animal Lovers: Sociology and Animal
Use.
A Presentation for NUIM Maynooth Veggie
Society.

1
...
Draw a “farmyard scene.”

2
Draw a “farmyard scene.”

3
Draw a “farmyard scene.”

4
Draw a “farmyard scene.”

5
sociology
…the study of human society, the study of
human behaviour
how human beings learn to be “social actors”
how human...
social animals
Bauman…
o Human beings “live in the company of
other people,” in groups in which we
interactively understan...
Zygmunt Bauman

Bauman says (1990: 7) that sociology
is about investigating how humans
are “locked together” in society
Lo...
 “manifold webs of human
interdependency”
 common sense (common sense
knowledge)
9
CSK

 common sense knowledge: powerful social
mechanisms which can fundamentally
shape our attitudes about the world in
w...
Bauman (1990: 15)
 As long as we go through the routine and
habitualised motions which fill most of our
daily business, w...
the power of social groups
 groups can exert an immense “hold” on the individual
 Abiding by - rather than challenging -...
 The contrast between the ease of
swimming with the stream and the
difficulty of changing sides is the secret
of that hol...
 Bauman suggests that later
socialisation can be regarded as “the
dialectics of freedom and dependence”
which starts at b...
never entirely liberated
from our past
 free and unfree at the same time
 with respect of those cases in which
change is...
Bauman…
The central question of sociology, one could say, is:
in what sense does it matter that in whatever they
do or may...
Social thought – sociology – can offer a different way of thinking
about society
e.g. it can….

 Identify the social in t...
Living amongst others…
living amongst others is to live
in what Bauman calls ‘manifold
webs of human interdependency’, wh...
 Common sense understandings are
maintained through repetition of the
‘routine’, and the enactment of the
‘monotonous nat...
 the group ‘makes people’
 changing the individual which the
group has created requires the
‘utmost exertion’
 ‘Change ...
The contrast between the ease of swimming
with the stream and the difficulty of
changing sides is the secret of that hold
...
othe older one gets, the
wider one’s choices may
become
22
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Maynooth talk dec 2013

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Maynooth talk dec 2013

  1. 1. Growing Up as Animal Harming Animal Lovers: Sociology and Animal Use. A Presentation for NUIM Maynooth Veggie Society. 1 December 2013 Dr. Roger Yates
  2. 2. Draw a “farmyard scene.” 2
  3. 3. Draw a “farmyard scene.” 3
  4. 4. Draw a “farmyard scene.” 4
  5. 5. Draw a “farmyard scene.” 5
  6. 6. sociology …the study of human society, the study of human behaviour how human beings learn to be “social actors” how human beings learn social rules, norms, values and their “culture” [cultural speciesism] 6
  7. 7. social animals Bauman… o Human beings “live in the company of other people,” in groups in which we interactively understand that we are greatly dependent on each other (1990: 9) o To say that to live is to live with others “is obvious to the point of banality” 7
  8. 8. Zygmunt Bauman Bauman says (1990: 7) that sociology is about investigating how humans are “locked together” in society Locked in “a web of mutual dependency” 8
  9. 9.  “manifold webs of human interdependency”  common sense (common sense knowledge) 9
  10. 10. CSK  common sense knowledge: powerful social mechanisms which can fundamentally shape our attitudes about the world in which we live  common sense understandings are maintained through repetition of the “routine,” and the enactment of the “monotonous nature of everyday life” 10
  11. 11. Bauman (1990: 15)  As long as we go through the routine and habitualised motions which fill most of our daily business, we do not need much selfscrutiny and self-analysis  When repeated often enough, things tend to become familiar, and familiar things are self-explanatory; they present no problems and arouse no curiosity. In a way, they remain invisible 11
  12. 12. the power of social groups  groups can exert an immense “hold” on the individual  Abiding by - rather than challenging - the norms and values of your group is much the easiest thing to do  “Change would require much more effort, selfsacrifice, determination and endurance than are normally needed for living placidly and obediently in conformity with the upbringing offered by the group into which one was born” 12
  13. 13.  The contrast between the ease of swimming with the stream and the difficulty of changing sides is the secret of that hold which my natural group has over me; it is the secret of my dependence on my group. If I look closely and try to write down an inventory of all those things I owe to the group to which I - for better or worse - belong, I’ll end up with quite a long list 13
  14. 14.  Bauman suggests that later socialisation can be regarded as “the dialectics of freedom and dependence” which starts at birth and ends at death  In early socialisation, a child appears to have little opportunity to challenge the content of the social lessons she receives  However, the older one gets, the wider one’s choices may become 14
  15. 15. never entirely liberated from our past  free and unfree at the same time  with respect of those cases in which change is actually possible, “the costs of change are exorbitant and offputting”  too much to “de-learn”  “making a break” becomes more and more impossible, unlikely and unattractive 15
  16. 16. Bauman… The central question of sociology, one could say, is: in what sense does it matter that in whatever they do or may do people are dependent on other people; in what sense does it matter that they always (and cannot but) live in the company of, in communication with, in an exchange with, in competition with, in cooperation with other humans beings? 16
  17. 17. Social thought – sociology – can offer a different way of thinking about society e.g. it can….  Identify the social in the individual  Identify the general in the particular 17
  18. 18. Living amongst others… living amongst others is to live in what Bauman calls ‘manifold webs of human interdependency’, which have important effects on our motivations and our social behaviour (1990: 14). 18
  19. 19.  Common sense understandings are maintained through repetition of the ‘routine’, and the enactment of the ‘monotonous nature of everyday life’.  familiar things are self-explanatory; they present no problems and arouse no curiosity. In a way, they remain invisible 19
  20. 20.  the group ‘makes people’  changing the individual which the group has created requires the ‘utmost exertion’  ‘Change would require much more effort, self-sacrifice, determination and endurance than are normally needed for living placidly and obediently in conformity with the upbringing offered by the group into which one was born’ 20
  21. 21. The contrast between the ease of swimming with the stream and the difficulty of changing sides is the secret of that hold which my natural group has over me; it is the secret of my dependence on my group 21 ‘the costs of change are exorbitant and off-putting ’
  22. 22. othe older one gets, the wider one’s choices may become 22

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