Online learning symposium stanislaus.darrow


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Presentation about K-12 online learning, costs, and experiences from the first year of an online charter school in California.

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Online learning symposium stanislaus.darrow

  1. 1. So…You Want to Start an Online School Program? <ul><li>Rob Darrow, Ed.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Principal, Clovis Online School </li></ul> Blog: Stanislaus County Office Online Learning Symposium, June 2010
  2. 2. A Little About You <ul><ul><li>Teachers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrators? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have taught an online course? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are working in an online school or providing online school services? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How many are hoping to launch some type of online learning program in the next year? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. A Little About Me <ul><li>Clovis, CA – Central California </li></ul><ul><li>20 year old daughter – Junior, Cal Poly </li></ul><ul><li>Educator, 30 years (Grades K-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-Librarian and Coordinator, School Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Project Director, Teaching American History Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Doctorate Completed at CSU Fresno </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic: Online learning, charter schools and at-risk students </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. My Daughter The Digital Native Raising kids and raising an online school is similar
  5. 5. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Components of Online Learning </li></ul><ul><li>The Cost Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Clovis Online School Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Lunch: “Table top conversation” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Time to Work <ul><li>Handouts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Back to back – Resource List </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One page – Online School Decision Chart </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Online School Decision Chart <ul><li>5 minute Strategic Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Work with others </li></ul><ul><li>Include the costs </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s do a few together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of Online School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skip down to “Students” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete the chart </li></ul>
  8. 8. Results <ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Little Background About Online Learning <ul><li>Online Learning has increased at every level in every way – K-12, community college, four-year colleges, public, private, adult education in the past 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of schools </li></ul><ul><li>Number of courses </li></ul><ul><li>Number of students </li></ul>
  10. 10. College Enrollment <ul><li>Growing more than 10% a year </li></ul><ul><li>Most growth at 2-year institutions (Parsad, 2008. NCES) </li></ul><ul><li>66% of all colleges offered online courses in the 2006-2007 school year </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3.9 million students were taking at least one online course during the fall 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>20% of all U.S. higher education students were taking at least one online course in the fall of 2007. (Allen, 2008) </li></ul>Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2008). Staying the course: Online education in the United States 2008. Wellesley, MA: Sloan Consortium. Parsad, B., & Lewis, L. (2008). ED. Distance education at degree-granting postsecondary institutions: 2006–07. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education.
  11. 11. Online Course Definitions Allen & Seaman, 2007
  12. 12. K-12 Online Enrollment – U.S. <ul><li>1,030,000 K-12 students in 2007-2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Represents a 47% increase since 2005-2006. </li></ul><ul><li>63% of public school districts in the U.S. had at least one student enrolled in either a fully online or blended course </li></ul><ul><li>A sample of K-12 OL growth across the U.S…. </li></ul>Picciano, A., & Seaman, J. (2008). K–12 online learning: A 2008 follow-up of the survey of U.S. school district administrators. Sloan Consortium, Olin and Babson Colleges.
  13. 13. Watson et al, Keeping Pace . State/organization Full-time or supplemental 2007-2008 enrollment 2008-2009 enrollment Annual increase Florida Virtual School Supplemental 120,000 154,125 25% Idaho Digital Learning Academy Supplemental 6,619 9,646 46% Alabama ACCESS Supplemental 18,955 28,014 48% Michigan Virtual School Supplemental 11,000 16,000 45% Minnesota (state) Both 23,722 28,332 19% Colorado (state) Full-time 9,238 11,641 26% Ohio (state) Full-time 24,011 27,037 13% Arizona (state) Both 15,000 23,000 24% Connections Academy (across U.S.) Full-time charter 13,000 20,000 54% K12, Inc. (across U.S.) Full-time charter 39,500 56,000 42%
  14. 14. California K-12 Online Charter Enrollment 40% Increase 101% Increase 85% Increase CBEDS Data from Online Charter Schools Darrow Dissertation, 2010
  15. 15. Clayton Christensen, Michael Horn, and Curtis Johnson (2008). Disrupting Class. <ul><li>“ By 2019 , 50% of courses taken by high school students </li></ul><ul><li>will be online .” </li></ul>
  16. 16. A Tipping Point <ul><li>Online learning has reached a “tipping point” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like the Internet, it’s not going away </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The question is no longer “what”, but “when” </li></ul><ul><li>The bigger question: can we collaborate rather than compete? </li></ul>
  17. 17. California Finance: How public schools are funded <ul><li>1 student in school 1 day = 1 ADA (or FTE). </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot split ADA (unless district chooses to do so) </li></ul><ul><li>ADA Amount for each district different based on Proposition 13 formula </li></ul><ul><li>Ranges from $5,000 - $7,000 </li></ul>
  18. 18. California School Finance Models <ul><li>ADA (“seat time” - 240 minutes each day) </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Study (student gets hours based on work and physically meets a teacher once a week). </li></ul><ul><li>Charter </li></ul>1 student in school 1 day = 1 ADA
  19. 19. California Finance ADA Differences Per student, per year <ul><li>Clovis USD– $5,700 </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra USD- $8,100 </li></ul><ul><li>Modesto USD - $6200 </li></ul><ul><li>Empire USD - $5800 </li></ul><ul><li>Stockton USD - $5700 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Let’s set up a sample online program <ul><li>An example: </li></ul><ul><li>Using a content provider for content and for teachers </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sample District - Revenue 30 students - ADA <ul><li>30 students X $5900 = $177,000 per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Special program funding - $650 per student (or another $20,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Total Income: $197,000 . </li></ul><ul><li>Round up to $200,000 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Personnel Costs <ul><li>Principal/Administrator – Part time </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary/lab aide (full time) </li></ul><ul><li>Custodial </li></ul><ul><li>Total Personnel Cost: $150,000 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Computer Lab for Students to Work <ul><li>Cost for hardware (20): $40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Does not include network/Internet access cost </li></ul>
  24. 24. Course Content and Teachers <ul><li>Provided by a Content Provider: Cost: $400 per student per course. </li></ul><ul><li>5 courses per student. </li></ul><ul><li>$400 X 30 students X 5 courses = $60,000. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Income and Expenses <ul><li>Income from ADA: $200,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personnel: $150,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment: $40,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content and Teachers: $60,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies: $5,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total Expenses = $255,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Result: ($55,000) </li></ul>If…
  26. 26. Clovis Online School A charter…why? <ul><li>Two year process to decide </li></ul><ul><li>Clovis USD ADA = $5700 </li></ul><ul><li>Charter School ADA = $6500 </li></ul><ul><li>Fresno County HS Dropouts = 4,000 </li></ul><ul><li>More and more students choosing charters </li></ul><ul><li>The millennial generation demands technology for learning and wants alternatives to traditional schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a charter in May 2008 </li></ul>
  27. 27. Reflections about the first year of the Clovis Online School <ul><li>Full time diploma granting online charter school </li></ul><ul><li>Opened Aug. 2009 for 9 th -10 th </li></ul><ul><li>Now registering Grades 9-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Currently 80 students </li></ul><ul><li>From various school districts in Fresno County (Furthest lives about two hours) </li></ul>
  28. 28. About our students <ul><li>All going to college or the world of work </li></ul><ul><li>Want alternatives to traditional school </li></ul><ul><li>Some were suspended or expelled </li></ul><ul><li>Want flexibility of time </li></ul>
  29. 29. 50/50 <ul><li>9 th /10 th </li></ul><ul><li>Male/Female </li></ul><ul><li>Complete work/don’t complete work </li></ul><ul><li>Students with positive school experiences vs. negative school experiences </li></ul>
  30. 30. About our staff <ul><li>Three full time staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Principal, Multimedia Specialist, Administrative Secretary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>16 part time innovative and passionate teachers </li></ul>
  31. 31. Enrollment Process <ul><li>1. Student completes online activities </li></ul><ul><li>2. Student/parent interviews with principal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student strengths/abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why they want to join </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% student directed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student choice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Test online environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student chooses to join </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Formal enrollment </li></ul>
  32. 32. Technologies Used <ul><li>Low Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Ning </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher created content </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Live (Email and IM) </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Elluminate </li></ul><ul><li>Quia </li></ul><ul><li>ALEKS (math learning program) </li></ul>
  33. 33. The Harsh Reality <ul><li>80 students, but only received 40 ADA </li></ul><ul><li>Online learning is 80% student directed (vs. face-to-face learning which is 80% teacher directed) </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher transformation in thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Balance between cost and revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Some online charter schools: top teacher salary is $30,000 full time </li></ul>
  34. 34. Clovis Online School Purpose and Mission <ul><li>Our Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>To provide students of Central California with an engaging and comprehensive online course delivery system that prepares them for college and the world of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Our Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>The students, teachers, parents, administration and community of this school are a collaborative team of learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Our Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s work together (Open source platform – Moodle; Open educational resources developed; Open source online learning for all students in Central California) </li></ul>
  35. 35. Book: The World is Open <ul><li>“ Anyone can now learn anything from anyone at anytime” </li></ul><ul><li>Curtis Bonk (2009) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Use of Open Educational Resources - David Wiley <ul><li>OERs = upfront investment, as materials are discovered or created </li></ul><ul><li>Investment can be similar to what would normally be spent acquiring commercial materials. </li></ul><ul><li>But once the investment is made… </li></ul>
  37. 37. Once the investment in OERs is made… <ul><li>Ongoing costs for curriculum can be significantly lower than traditional textbook replacement and other costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the &quot;open&quot; nature of open educational resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>teachers can make revisions and improvements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resulting in materials that are actually more effective than their more expensive commercial counterparts </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. The Challenge <ul><li>Shall we work together or separately? </li></ul><ul><li>We have content you can use…and knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Or do we expect every teacher to re-create their own content? </li></ul><ul><li>Or do we pay for online content providers year after year? </li></ul>
  39. 39. If you want to “do” online learning <ul><li>Learn about it for yourself first by... </li></ul><ul><li>Joining iNacol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual School Symposium Nov 14-16, Arizona </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reading some blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Reading resource document and resources </li></ul><ul><li>And… </li></ul>
  40. 40. Join Classroom 2.0 <ul><li>Weekly web events </li></ul><ul><li>41,000 members worldwide </li></ul>
  41. 41. Join E-Learning Sig: “El Sig” via CUE http:// <ul><li>Online Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Second Tuesday of each month </li></ul><ul><li>75 Members </li></ul><ul><li>California focused </li></ul>
  42. 42. Questions… Comments…Thoughts Blog: <ul><li>Rob Darrow – robdarrow [at] </li></ul>