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Narrative theories research


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Narrative theories research

  1. 1.  Narrative is a way of putting a Linear narrative: it follows the story to be presented to an structure of equilibrium at the start, audience. disequilibrium in the middle and new equilibrium at the end. It is a telling of a story which is often in words about something Binary oppositions: which always that happens in a particular involve good vs evil, civilised vs scene of a story. uncivilised and modern vs traditional. It is an account, event or Post modern narrative: it messes experience of a story. with what is conventionally considered a story.
  2. 2. Tvzetan Todorov is a Franco- Equilibrium: it is a narrative thatBulgarian philosopher. He starts with a state of harmony,lived in France since 1963 with example a group of peoplehis wife and two children. enjoying their live.He loved writing books and Disequilibrium: it is a world ofessays about thought history, stability which involves disruption,culture theory and literacy example when an evil eventtheory. happens to character in a movie.He has published a total New Equilibrium: it is when thenumber of 21 books including evil in a movie is removed and itthe poetics of prose in 1971. restores harmony.
  3. 3. The shining It contrast with disequilibrium because it has some disturbing images in the middle the movie This links with newThis describes equilibrium as itequilibrium as it has shows a peacefulthe character enjoying atmosphere betweenhimself because he the characters.thinks that everythingis perfect.
  4. 4. He was born on the 28th of Binary Opposition: This is aNovember 1908 in Brussels, sophisticated but importantBelgium. idea that will help you understand how ideas andHis main interest was meanings are being shaped,based on society, kinship created or reinforced in a text.and anthropology. It is a theory of meaning and an idea that can be applied toHe was honoured by all texts; it is especially usefuluniversities throughout the when analysing poetry whereworld and held the chair of meaning has beenSocial Anthropology at the compressed into a very fewCollège de france (1959– words.1982); he was elected amember of the AcademieFrançaise in 1973
  5. 5. This scene is clearly usedto illustrate fear anddanger. Close up shot ofhis face explains what ishappening in the scenewithout the audience noteven seeing the next stage. This particular scene shows the audience a basic understanding of the movie which links to the binary opposition
  6. 6. Vladimir was a Russian Characters and their purpose inand Soviet formalist propp’s theory.The villainscholar who analysed (struggles against the hero)the basic plot The donor (prepares the hero orcomponents of Russian gives the hero some magicalfolk tales to identify object)their simplest The (magical) helper (helps theirreducible narrative hero in the quest)elements. The princess (person the hero marries, often sought for duringHe was born on April the narrative)17, 1895 in St. Petersburg Her fatherto a German family. He The dispatcher (character whoattended St. Petersburg makes the lack known andUniversity (1913–1918) sends the hero off)majoring in Russian and The hero or victim/seeker hero,German philosophy. reacts to the donor, weds the princess
  7. 7. This shows various This scene shows atypes of characters and character of a manwhat their rules are in losing his family andthe movie. And it also ends up in an accidentintroduces the main as he tries to escape thecharacters daughter. true world. This scene shows the character been played by this woman as a care taker of the sick or a doctor.