The Plot

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The Plot

  1. 1. KEYWORDS AND CONCEPTS: PLOT BY: STEFANI NICOLE D. ALCANTAR KARLO EDESSON P. ABRIL
  2. 2. WHAT IS A PLOT? <ul><li>In literature, a plot is all the events in a story particularly rendered towards the achievement of some particular artistic or emotional effect. </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF PLOTS: <ul><li>PYRAMIDAL </li></ul><ul><li>EPISODIC </li></ul><ul><li>EPIPHANIC </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pyramidal Plot <ul><li>The most basic and traditional form of plot </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly, are plot structures of short stories </li></ul><ul><li>Can be analyzed using Gustav Freytag’s Triangle that was originally based on Aristotle’s Plot with Unity of Action </li></ul>
  5. 5. Parts of the Pyramidal Plot EXPOSITION RISING ACTION CLIMAX FALLING ACTION RESOLUTION <ul><li>The start of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>The way things are before the action starts </li></ul><ul><li>The series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax </li></ul><ul><li>The turning point </li></ul><ul><li>The most intense moment (either mentally or in action) </li></ul><ul><li>All of the action which follows the climax </li></ul><ul><li>The conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>The tying together of all the threads </li></ul>
  6. 6. Some Prose with Pyramidal Plots <ul><li>A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner </li></ul><ul><li>The Piece of String by Guy de Maupassant </li></ul><ul><li>The Flood in Tarlac by Gregorio Brilliantes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Episodic Plot <ul><li>Features distinct episodes that are related to one another but that can also be read individually, almost as stories by themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly, are plot structures of novels </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some Prose with Episodic Plots <ul><li>Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes </li></ul><ul><li>Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Potter Series </li></ul>
  9. 9. Epiphanic Plot <ul><li>Where the protagonist gains a sudden insight into his condition or circumstances, caused by his struggle with antagonistic forces, that leads him/her to take action that brings on the climax or reversal </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plots can be told… <ul><li>in chronological order </li></ul><ul><li>using flashbacks </li></ul><ul><li>“ in medias res ” </li></ul>
  11. 11. In Medias Res: What is it? <ul><li>Latin for &quot; into the middle of things “ </li></ul><ul><li>a literary and artistic technique where the narrative starts in the middle of the story instead of from its beginning </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ In Medias Res” Examples <ul><li>John Milton’s Paradise Lost and Inferno </li></ul><ul><li>Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey </li></ul><ul><li>The East Indian Mahabharata </li></ul><ul><li>Edgar Allan Poe’s The Tell-Tale Heart </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sources <ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://encarta.msn.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnr.edu/home/bmcmanus/freytag.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.natf.org/wad/lexicon.htm </li></ul>

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