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What is Next For HSPA+?


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We reached a billion connections for the HSPA family in 2012 and Dual-Carrier is becoming the new baseline for HSPA+ operators. So what are the next steps for HSPA+, both in the near and long term? This presentation covers HSPA+’s role in 1000x, the Dual-Carrier evolution and commercial progress, voice enhancements, spectrum innovations, and the future HSPA+ evolution.

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What is Next For HSPA+?

  1. 1. What is Next ForHSPA+?1000x, HSPA+ enhancements,WCDMA+, Scalable UMTSFebruary 2013
  2. 2. HSPA+ Continues to Evolveand Support Billions of UsersHSPA+ and Small Cellsare Key to 1000xContinued Dual-Carrier Successand Expanded Chipset SupportDual-Carrier across bands, uplink Dual-Carrier, beyond two carriersEvolution to HSPA+ AdvancedWCDMA+ Triples Voice Spectral Efficientto Support More HSPA+ DataAlso introducing scalable UMTS to enable WCDMA/HSPA+ in ½ and ¼ of 5MHz 2
  3. 3. HSPA+ Continues To Evolve 2013 2014 2015 2016+ Dual-Carrier Higher Order 10 MHz Up to 4x/20MHz MultiFlow HSPA+ HetNets&UL Enh. Across Bands WCDMA+, S-UMTS Modulation & MIMO Dual-Carrier Multi-Carrier 8x Multi-Carrier Uplink Dual-Carrier Rel-7 Rel-8 Rel-9 Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 & Beyond HSPA HSPA+ HSPA+ HSPA+ Advanced DL: 14.4 Mbps DL: 28 Mbps DL: 42 Mbps1 DL: 84 -168 Mbps2 DL: 336+ Mbps4 UL: 5.7 Mbps UL: 11 Mbps UL: 11 Mbps UL: 23 Mbps2 UL: 69+ Mbps4 Rel-12 WCDMA WCDMA+ Frees up resources High Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous Voice for HSPA+ data1R8 reaches 42 Mbps by combining 2x2 MIMO and HOM (64QAM) in 5 MHz, or by utilizingHOM (64QAM) and multicarrier in 10 MHz.2R9 combines multicarrier and MIMO in 10 MHz to reach 84 Mbps. Uplink multicarrierdoubles uplink peak data rate to 23 Mbps in 10 MHz.3R10 expands multicarrier to 20 MHz to reach up to168 Mbps with 2x2 MIMO.4R11 expands multicarrier up to 40 MHz to reach 336 Mbps with 2x2 MIMO, or 20Mhz with4x4 MIMO. Uplink 2x2 MIMO with 64QAM reaches 69Mbps. Commercial Note: Estimated commercial dates. Created 2/13/2013
  4. 4. HSPA+ and Small Cells are Key to 1000x 1000x HIGHER Evolve HSPA+, e.g.  HetNets Enhancements  Smartphone signaling EFFICIENCY WCDMA+ to free up data Supplemental Downlink Scalable UMTS Authorized Shared Access (ASA) Neighborhood small cells deployment modelNote: neighborhood small cells and ASA are not covered in this presentation, see and for more details. 4
  5. 5. ~3X with Range Expansion HSPA+ ~1.6X 1X Small Cell Macro, 4 Small Cells 4 Small Cells Dual-Carrier added + Range Expansion Median Gain1 Possible With HSPA+ Today For same amount of Spectrum 1000x Begins With HSPA+ Optimizations Available Today —HetNets Range Expansion Further Increases Capacity1 Gain in median downlink data rate, 4 small cells of pico type added per macro and 50 % of users dropped in clusters closer to picos (within 40m), Model PA3 full buffer ISD 500m. Enabling range expansion features: reduced power on second macro carrier , Dual-Carrier devices and mitigating uplink and downlink imbalance (3dB Cell-individual offset (CIO) and pico noise-figure pad)
  6. 6. USER OPERATOR DEPLOYED DEPLOYED Very low-cost indoor small cells Low-cost outdoor/indoor Inside-out deployment small cells RESIDENTIAL ENTERPRISE Enhanced HSPA+ interworking with Wi-Fi and LTEExtreme Small Cell Densification—Further HetNets Enhancements Today: Dual-Carrier and Even Better with Advanced Device Receiver HetNets Interference Reduced Macro Power— MultiFlow (R11)— Provides Additional Gain— Mitigation and Mobility Range Expansion Balance Load Q-ICETM Study Item in 3GPP R12 Across CellsNote: Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques HetNets and are standardized already in R10, such as Minimization of Drive Tests (MDT) and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) with continued enhancements in R11 and beyond
  7. 7. HSPA+ CARRIERSContinued Dual-Carrier CARRIER #1 CARRIER #2Success and ExpandedCommercial Support100+ commercial 42 MbpsDual-Carrier HSPA+ networks11102 DC HSPA+ networks per GSA Nov 2012 7
  8. 8. Aggregation Across Bands to Leverage All Spectrum Assets Aggregated Data Pipe HIGH BAND Carrier 1 2.1 GHz Band I 1900 MHz Band IIAGGREGATION ACROSS Carrier 2 TWO BANDS (R9) Up to 20 MHz (Up to 4x currently defined)1 Carrier 3 LOW/SECOND BAND . 850/900/1500/1800 MHz Carrier 4 Band V/VIII/XI/III 850/2100 MHz Band V/IV MULTI-CARRIER HSPA+ DEVICE 2x Downlink 2x Uplink 4x Downlink From R8 From R9 From R10 Higher Data Rates to All Users, More ‘Bursty’ Capacity2 1 Additional spectrum bands and band combinations continuously defined in 3GPP. 2 For typical bursty applications and typical partial carrier load, Multi-Carrier supports more bursty application users. 8
  9. 9. Aggregate Unpaired Spectrum for More Downlink Capacity—Supplemental Downlink Unpaired FDD Paired FDD Paired (Supplemental Downlink) (Downlink) (Uplink) L-Band 1.4GHz Harmonized in Europe1 F1’ F1 F1 F2’ F2 2  L-Band has 40 MHz of idle unpaired spectrum available2.  Uses Dual-Band DC-HSPA+ (Aggregating across two bands)  February 21 2013: L-Band supplemental downlink network trial in Announcement to come Toulouse with Orange and Ericsson  Commercial launch 2014/2015 Downlink Uplink HSPA+ DUAL-CARRIER ACROSS BANDS21L-Bandin Europe: 1452 MHz to 1492 MHz, sometimes referred to as 1.4GHz or 1.5GHz spectrum. 2Aggregation across bands is supported in HSPA+ R9 for two downlink carriers and LTE R10, but each specificband combination, e.g. combination of band 1 and L-band, has to be defined in 3GPP.
  10. 10. Qualcomm Modem Technology LeadershipA History of Time-to-market and Product Superiority Peak DL Data Rate (Mbps) 80 First First DC-HSPA+ 70 DC-HSPA+ Smartphone Platform DL 42 Mbps DL 42 Mbps 60 First 50 HSPA+ MDM MSM 8220 8960 DL 28 Mbps UL 5.76 Mbps 40 First First HSUPA MDM 30 8200 HSDPA DL 7.2 Mbps UL 5.76 Mbps 20 DL 1.8 Mbps UL 384 kbps MSM 7200 10 MSM 6275 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 10
  11. 11. Multi-Carrier HSPA+ Multi-Carrier HSPA+ will allow to use deployed HSPA+ SD 800 assets more efficiently LTE CA, MC-HSPA+ Uplink Dual-Carrier will improve user experience and increase network capacity for smartphone traffic Dual Band Dual-Carrier is designed to take advantage of expanding HSPA+ footprint in new bands (e.g. 900 MHz) MDM9x25 LTE CA, MC-HSPA+ Increased data rates Can more than double Leverages all and lower latencies capacity for bursty spectrum assets for all users in the cell applications, e.g., Web apps SD 800 includes 8974 11
  12. 12. HSPA+ Advanced Maximizing HSPA+HSPA+ Advanced Rel 11 & Beyond InvestmentsTaking HSPA+ tothe Next Level HSPA+ Rel 7-10 HSPA+ is the New Baseline HSPA 100% of WCDMA Rel 5-6 operators have upgraded to HSPA 12
  13. 13. Continued Multiple Antenna and Multi-Carrier Evolution 336 Mbps More Antennas (4x4 MIMO 20MHz) Or More 5MHz Carriers (40MHz contiguous and non-contiguous) 168 Mbps Multiflow 4x Multi-Carrier (20MHz) HSPA+ Advanced 84 Mbps Uplink 2x2 MIMO 2x2 MIMO and Dual-Carrier (10MHz) Uplink Beamforming 69 Mbps 42 Mbps 2x2 MIMO+64QAM (5MHz) UL 2x2 MIMO + 64 QAM 28 Mbps Or DC-HSPA+(10MHz) 23 Mbps 2x2 MIMO (5MHz) Uplink Dual-Carrier (10MHz) R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 Downlink Speed Uplink Speed 13
  14. 14. HSPA+ Advanced: Further HetNets Enhancements Range Expansion Reduce second carrier Macro Power Carrier F2 Carrier F1 Small Cell Macro Multiflow DeviceFurther range expansion— Multiflow optimizations to Mobility enhancementseven better small cell offload balance load across cells between small cell & macroMitigate up/downlink imbalances—such as Such as mobility support to switch from Such as further enhanced serving cell changeextended range/reconfiguring of power offsets and dual-carrier to multiflow in the region procedures, and load based serving cell changefurther enhanced advanced receivers where up/downlink are imbalancedNote: All these are 3GPP R12 study items. In addition, Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques and are standardized in R10, such as Minimization of Drive Tests (MDT) and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) with continued enhancements in R11 and beyond 14
  15. 15. HSPA+ AdvancedContinued optimizations for the explosionof interconnected low-traffic devicesSuch as R11 FE-FACH, R12 uplink enhancements, R11/12 Machine Type Communication (MTC) EnhancementsThe Smartphone Explosion~5 BILLION CUMULATIVE SMARTPHONE SALESBETWEEN 2012–20161The Internet Of EverythingTHE NEXT ERA OF NETWORKING AND COMPUTING,WHERE EVERYTHING IS INTELLIGENTLY CONNECTED1 Source: Average of Gartner, Oct. ’12; Strategy Analytics, Aug. 15
  16. 16. Ever Increasing Smartphone Application TrafficExcessive signaling due to frequent small data bursts in the background1 1) Higher ‘Signaling’ Pipe Capacity—FE-FACH News Push Location Updates Instant Messaging 2) Compress uplink data Social Networking 3) Smart Pipe—Gate Background Requests2 1Applicationspush notifications, updates, messages to users, even when application is not active, could be multiple times per hour. This causes excessive network signaling due to setting up and tearing down the data channel for small, short, but frequent data bursts. 2Offered as part of our CnE solution, device connectivity engine. 16
  17. 17. HSPA+ Continues to Accommodate Smartphone Growth Commercial HSPA+ HSPA+ Advanced R7/R8 CELL-FACH1 R11 FE-FACH3 Up to 90% reduced signaling load Another over HSPA capacity over HSPA+ Small data bursts Extended Further extended battery life battery life over HSPA2 Non full-buffer applications1R7/R8 allows small amounts of data to be efficiently transported in CELL-FACH state: up to 90% reduction in network signaling load due for social media example. 2Cell-DCH w/ R7 CPC allows non full buffer apps to use connected mode, DCH, moreefficiently (DTX/DRX). 3A main enhancements is downlink triggered feedback (CQI) and acknowledgements on the FACH reverse link, which makes FACH efficient like a regular HSPA link, see simulation assumptions in R1-112679
  18. 18. Efficient Compression and Other Uplink Enhancements Improved Video/ Higher level Audio Codecs Optimization/Compression Uplink data compression is part of a group of 3GPP R12 uplink enhancements for improved coverage, capacity and load-balancing. High Level OS ~70% 30-40% reduction improved Improved Lower Level Optimizations: in uplink battery life Uplink Data Compression (3GPP R12)1 signaling2 throughput1 3GPP R12 proposal: Add payload (e.g. HTTP GET & POST packets) compression to the PDCP layer, header (RoHC/IPHC) compression already resides in PDCP. Uplink compression is suitable since highly compressible HTTP packets are ~70% of uplink smartphone data volume (based on Qualcomm logs). 2Reduction in Radio Resource Control (RRC) transitions, which drives network signaling, frees up resources for more data capacity 18
  19. 19. Further Machine to Machine Communication Enhancements 3GPP R12 ENHANCEMENTS Low data rate SUCH AS: Small data size Very long DRX Cycle - days Significantly increased Infrequent transmissions battery life Fast return to Idle State /receptions Limited power source Reduced measurements Increased Reduced signaling Capacity 19
  20. 20. WCDMA+ Triples Voice Spectral Efficiencyto Support More Data 20
  21. 21. Billions of WCDMA Users for the Foreseeable FutureHSPA/HSPA+ relies on WCDMA for voice ~2.5B HSPA/HSPA+ MBB* connections Connections (Millions) end of 2016 3,000 2,500 1B HSPA/HSPA+ MBB* connections 2,000 HSPA Family reached in 2012 1,500 EV-DO Family 1,000 TD-SCDMA 500 LTE 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 21 Source: HSPA, EV-DO ,TD-SCDMA and LTE subs – Wireless Intelligence (Jan ‘13) . 2,437 Billion HSPA family connections expected Q4 2016
  22. 22. WCDMA+ Can Free Up ~2/3 of a Carrier for DataTriples Voice Spectral Efficiency WCDMA WCDMA+ (5MHz Carrier) (5MHz Carrier) HSPA/ FREED-UP HSPA+ FOR DATA Data (UP TO ~2/3 OF A 5 MHZ WCDMA (UL/DL) CARRIER FREED-UP) Voice1 SAME VOICE CAPACITY USING A THIRD OF WCDMA+ RESOURCES Voice ENHANCED CIRCUIT SWITCHED VOICE2 1There is ~10% DL data capacity available at max voice capacity not shown in the graph for WCDMA .Assumptions: single receive antenna and rake receiver assumed for voice, dual receive diversity assumed for data. 2WCDMA+ 22 is a 3GPP R12 candidate which proposes 1) radio link enhancements and 2) EVS 5.9kbps Source Controlled Variable Bit Rate (VBR) Wideband mode instead of AMR 12.2k vocoder
  23. 23. WCDMA+ Ensures High Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous Voice Builds on Proven WCDMA Voice1 Extended Talk-Time2 ~20% reduced modem Global Roaming current consumption in Global Bands Simultaneous Voice Leverages Existing and HSPA+ Data Investments Proven Robustness with Soft-Handover1High 23 quality thanks to soft handover, proven interoperability and 10+ years of WCDMA circuit switched voice optimizations. 2Current modem consumption reduced by ~20% with WCDMA+ compared to WCDMA
  24. 24. Circuit Voice Has A Long Life Duringthe Transition to Richer, Carrier Grade VoIP IMS VoIP: Rich Voice – Ubiquity vs. OTT VoIP VoLTE Timing is Operator Specific VoIP over HSPA+ Driven by VoLTE Fallback to 2G/3G voice (CSFB) used by most LTE operators while the VoLTE with SRVCC ecosystem is being developed and expanded Proven Circuit Voice: High Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous1 WCDMA+: Long life of HSPA+ means long life of WCDMA 2020+ 1Thanks 24 to soft handover, proven interoperability and 10+ years of 1X/WCDMA optimizations. OTT=Over-The-Top, voice just like any data service without Quality of Service
  25. 25. Scalable UMTS to Re-farm Fragmented GSM 2.1 MHz GSM GSM E.g. GSM 850/900 MHz ½ UMTS UMTS in < 5 MHz Bandwidth (1/2,1/4) 4.2 MHz 1.05 MHz 4.2 MHz UMTS ¼ UMTS E.g. UMTS 2.1 GHz (WCDMA/HSPA+) UMTS (WCDMA/HSPA+) 10 MHz Maintains Spectral Maximizes Utilization of Maintains Efficiency Available Spectrum CoverageNote: Scalable UMTS is a 3GPP R12 candidate 25
  26. 26. Qualcomm is Committed to Continued HSPA+ EvolutionSTANDARDS LEADERSHIP INDUSTRY-FIRST DEMOS INDUSTRY-FIRST CHIPSETS Major 3GPP contributor MWC 2007: MWC 2011: Voice over HSPA MultiFlow and MDM MDM MDM Recognized expertise Supplemental Downlink 9x25 MWC 2008: 8200 8220 HSPA+ DC-HSPA+ MC-HSPA+ Dual-Carrier MWC 2012: MWC 2009: HetNets Range Expansion Launched Launched Launching Dual-Carrier 42 Mbps MWC 2013: Feb 2009 Aug 2010 2013 MWC 2010: WCDMA+, Scalable UMTS Uplink BeamformingActual screenshot from WCDMA+ Demo, first shown at MWC 2013 26
  27. 27. Driving Network Evolution TO LEARN MORE ABOUT 1000x TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE HSPA+ EVOLUTION HSPA+ Advanced Rel 11 & Beyond HSPA+ Rel 7-10 HSPA Rel 5-6 27
  28. 28. Questions? Connect with Us @qualcomm_tech 28
  29. 29. Thank youFor more information on Qualcomm, visit us & us on:©2012 Qualcomm Incorporated. All rights reserved. Qualcomm, Snapdragon, and Gobi are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated,registered in the United States and in other countries. Mirasol is a trademark of Qualcomm Mems Technologies, Inc., registered inthe United States and in other countries. Atheros is a trademark of Qualcomm Atheros, Inc., registered in the United States and inother countries. 2Net is a trademark of Qualcomm Incorporated. Other product and brand names may be trademarks or registeredtrademarks of their respective owners.QUALCOMM Incorporated, 5775 Morehouse Drive, San Diego, CA 92121-1714