LTE - Qualcomm Leading the Global Success


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LTE is a common standard covering both FDD and TDD flavors, enableing the industry to build common FDD/TDD infrastructure, common devices, and a large common ecosystem. LTE and its evolution LTE Advanced play a critical role in addressing the 1000x increase in mobile data.

Qualcomm has been leading LTE proliferation from the very beginning— from the industry-first Gobi LTE/3G multimode, common FDD/TDD modems to the current third-generation solutions that powered the world’s first LTE Advanced carrier-aggregation launch in June 2013.

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LTE - Qualcomm Leading the Global Success

  1. 1. 1 LTE - Qualcomm Leading the Global Success August 2013
  2. 2. 2 LTE: Qualcomm leading the global success LTE FDD & LTE TDD – two modes, common standard, same ecosystem1 Successful LTE requires multimode, multiple bands, 3G interworking, seamless voice, … 2 Qualcomm’s unique advantage: solving the LTE product complexities3 First LTE Advanced launched—now driving the evolution and 1000x4
  3. 3. 3 Qualcomm is a leader in wireless technology Created 7/15/2013 Rel-11Rel-10Rel-9Rel-7/8 Rel-12 & Beyond Rel-12 802.11 g 802.11 n 802.11 ac MulticarrierRev A Phase I Phase II Voice Efficiency M2M Efficiency LTE LTE Advanced Rel-12 & BeyondRel-10Rel-8/9 Rel-11 HSPA+ AdvancedHSPA+HSPA HSPA+ WCDMA WCDMA+ Wi-Fi CDMA2000 1X EV-DO EV-DO Rev. B 1X Advanced DO Advanced Wi-Fi 802.11 ad 802.11 ahCommercial
  4. 4. 4 LTE FDD & LTE TDD — two modes, common standard, same ecosystem
  5. 5. 5 LTE has a vibrant ecosystem with two flavors: FDD and TDD Global LTE network launches LTE TDD momentum Large and growing device ecosystem Source: July 17 2013 for networks and July 5, 2013 for devices Global LTE/3G multimode connections reached 100 Million in May 2013 – Wireless Intelligence 194Launches 443Operators investing in LTE 19TDD Launches 200TDD Devices Announced 948Devices 100Vendors
  6. 6. 6 The same 3GPP specifications for LTE FDD and LTE TDD • Same features in same standards release LTE is a common standard for paired and unpaired spectrum OFDMA Based FDD and TDD supportHigh data rates Low Latency Flexible spectrum support Inherent FDD/TDD Interworking Seamless 3G interworking
  7. 7. 7 Common LTE standard enables common FDD/TDD products Common LTE Core Network (EPC) Common Standard Common FDD/TDD radio network products TDD shares most of FDD design and standard Inherent seamless FDD/TDD interoperability Even tighter FDD/TDD interworking planned1 Common FDD/TDD devices (with 2G/3G multimode and seamless 2G/3G interoperability) Combined LTE FDD/TDD LTE FDD LTE TDD 1Such as aggregation of FDD and TDD withing the same node and different nodes (multiflow)
  8. 8. 8 Successful LTE requires multimode, multiple bands, interworking, voice, and more…
  9. 9. 9 Seamless 3G interworking is the foundation to successful LTE Enables consistent broadband experience outside LTE coverage Enables ubiquitous voice services— even with VoLTE1 Enables global roaming for the foreseeable future 3G (and 2G) Enables ubiquitous data coverage, voice services, and global roaming LTE (FDD and/or TDD) 1Fallback to 3G/2G (CSFB) since 2012; VoLTE with SRVCC ensures seamless voice, but CSFB still needed for roaming LTE FDD/TDD WCDMA/HSPA+ 1X, EV-DO TD-SCDMA GSMA/EDGE Multimode Qualcomm Gobi is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  10. 10. 10 Inherent LTE FDD/TDD interworking and seamless voice Initial launches LTE data devices Initial voice solution LTE data handsets Long-term voice solution LTE VoIP handsets 2G/3G coverage continuity and roaming LTE for data only LTE for data 2G/3G for voice Simultaneous LTE VoIP and rich data services LTE TDD/FDD with 2G/3G multimode launched globally1 Inherent seamless TDD/FDD interworking for data Circuit switched fallback (CSFB) to 2G/3G voice launched globally (FDD and TDD) Inherent seamless TDD/FDD interworking Coming: VoLTE with single radio voice call continuity (SRVCC) + CSFB to 2G/3G voice for roaming Inherent seamless TDD/FDD interworking for VoLTE 1Including seamless data LTE and 3G interworking with mobility through redirection, and packet switched handover.
  11. 11. 11 Ability to support true heterogeneous networks Device in the center of complexity RESIDENTIAL Multiple connectivity such as Wi-Fi for opportunistic offload More spectrum; paired, unpaired, higher bands Over 40 bands and counting Multiple modes LTE FDD/TDD, 1X/EV-DO WCDMA/HSPA+, TD-SCDMA, GSM/EDGE METRO ENTERPRISE Small cells everywhere Indoor/outdoor of different flavors 11 Seamless experience across technologies, cells, bands
  12. 12. 12 Qualcomm solves the LTE product complexities
  13. 13. 13 Connectivity Wi-Fi BT GPS Qualcomm’s unique advantage—we solve LTE complexities Hiding the complexity underneath the most seamless mobile connectivity 22 33 27 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 4312 83 45 6 9 28 34 7 10 11 12 13 14 17 4418 19 20 21 23 24 25 26Radio Frequency Bands GERAN CDMA 1x UMTS TD-SCDMA LTE TDD/FDDEV-DO LTE 2G/3G System Selection Blind Redirection Redirection w/ Measurements Reselection PS Handover CS Fallback CSFB w/ SI Tunneling Single Radio VCC Handover Techniques (Multiple Can Apply in Each Case) Handover Combinations (Hypothetical Examples)
  14. 14. 14 Qualcomm Technologies already on its 3rd generation Gobi LTE modems Continuously increasing level of features, interworking and integration 100Mbps/50Mbps DL/UL FDD and TDD World’s first integrated LTE/3G First Generation MDM 9600 MDM 9200 TD-SCDMA LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) VoLTE World’s First Mobile Platform (Modem+AP) with integrated LTE/3G Multimode Second Generation MDM 9x15 8960 8930 LTE 150Mbps/50 Mbps DL/UL LTE Advanced Carrier aggregation Third Generation World’s First LTE/3G multimode with Cat4 and Carrier Aggregation (launched June 2013) MDM 9x25 8974 8926 Snapdragon 800 2010 2011 - 2012 2013 Note: Snapdragon integrates the Gobi modems, but Gobi modems are also offered as a standalone modem product Qualcomm Snapdragon and Qualcomm Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  15. 15. 15 Enabling multimode LTE in all smartphone tiers 1 Snapdragon 600 launched 1H 2013 uses separate 2nd generation LTE Gobi modem MDM 9x15. Snapdragon 800 (8974 launched June 2013) and newest 400 (8926) have both integrated 3rd gen. LTE support Cat4(150Mbps) and LTE Advanced carrier aggregation Snapdragon 800 (Launched with 3rd Gen. Gobi modem) Premium smartphones and tablets Snapdragon 6001 (Launched with 2nd Gen. Gobi modem) High-end smartphones and tablets Snapdragon 400 (3rd Gen. Gobi modem coming) High-volume smartphones in emerging regions 800 600 400 Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies Inc.
  16. 16. 16 Band fragmentation challenge: >40 global bands UMTS/CDMA AWS UMTS/CDMA1900 UMTS/CDMA850 LTE700 LTE AWS LTE2600 (B41) LTE2000 (MSS S-Band) North America UMTS850/1800 UMTS1900/2100 LTE2600 South America UMTS900/2100 LTE800/1800 LTE2600 Europe UMTS900/2100 LTE800/1800/2600 LTE2300 MENA UMTS/CDMA2100 CDMA850 TD-SCDMA1900/2000 TD-SCDMA2300 LTE1900/2300 LTE2600 (B38) China CDMA850 UMTS900/2100 LTE2300 India UMTS850/900 UMTS2100 LTE700/1800/2600 LTE2300 Australia CDMA800/2100 UMTS800/900 UMTS1500/1700/2100 LTE700/800/900 LTE1500/1700/2500 Japan CDMA800/1800 LTE800/e850 LTE900/1800 UMTS2100 LTE2100 South Korea Multiband, multimode, interworking and roaming challenges
  17. 17. 17 Qualcomm RF360 Half the size* Enabling LTE world phone – Qualcomm® RF360™ solution The first truly global system-level solution for 4G LTE devices Single SKU Power reduction Improved RF performance PCB area reduction Reduced development time Goals Multiband, Multimode Antenna matching tuner (QFE15xx) Envelope power tracker (QFE11xx) Power amp & antenna switch (QFE23xx) RF Package on Package (POP) (QFE27xx) One solution Designed for: All modes All bands Processor Modem RFIC PMIC *As compared to the previous Qualcomm RF solution. Enabled by: System-level solution and performance enhancements RF CMOS integration advantages Innovative 3D packaging – RF POP™ Qualcomm RF360 is a product of Qualcomm Technologies Inc.
  18. 18. 18 Then you can integrate mobile computing, graphics and multimedia components The modem is the foundation—the bar is getting higher THE BAR IS GETTING HIGHER AND HIGHER 700/ 850/900 2300/ 2600 1500/ 1700/1900 LTE FDD LTE TDD UMTSEV-DO CDMA 1X TD- SCDMA GSM/ EDGE GNSSWi-Fi BT Wi-Fi, BT, GNSS~40 RF Bands 17 LTE Voice Modes 7 Cellular Standards +Standards Evolution SMALL SIZE HIGH DATA RATE MITIGATE HEAT LOW COST LOW POWER Optimize power and performance in a mobile environment Solve interworking complexity Support all technologies, bands, modes, ... Components of the type(s) mentioned in this slide are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries.
  19. 19. 19 First LTE Advanced launched— driving the evolution and 1000x
  20. 20. 20 Carrier aggregation launched—key to enabling 150 Mbps Carrier aggregation is the first step of LTE Advanced Enables 150 Mbps peak data rates for typical 10MHz + 10MHz deployments World’s first launch powered by Qualcomm Technologies’ 3rd generation Gobi modem 8974 LTE Advanced MDM 9x25 LTE Advanced Downlink (Interband) 10 MHz + 10 MHz Uplink 10 MHz Band XBand X Band Y Snapdragon 800 Note: Snapdragon 800 includes 8974, which integrates our third generation Gobi LTE modem, but Gobi modems are also offered as a standalone modem product DL LTE Carrier DL LTE Carrier UL LTE Carrier World’s first mobile device with LTE Advanced Carrier Aggregation powered by Qualcomm® Snapdragon™ 800 June 2013 Aggregated Data Pipe Qualcomm Snapdragon and Qualcomm Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies Inc.
  21. 21. 21 Carrier Aggregation—fatter pipe to enhance user experience Aggregated Data Pipe Up to 100 MHzUp to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz LTE Carrier #3 LTE Carrier #1 LTE Carrier #4 LTE Carrier #2 LTE Carrier #5 Higher peak data rates 1The typical bursty nature of usage, such as web browsing, means that aggregated carriers can support more users at the same response (user experience) compared to two individual carriers, given that the for carriers are partially loaded which is typical in real networks. The gain depends on the load and can exceed 100% for fewer users (less loaded carrier) but less for many users. For completely loaded carrier, there is limited capacity gain between individal carriers and aggregated carriers, Higher user data rates and lower latencies for all users More capacity for typical ‘bursty’ usage1 Utilizes all spectrum assets
  22. 22. 22 It’s not just about adding small cells — LTE Advanced brings even more capacity1 Macro+ 4 Picos Macro Only Data rate improvement2 2.8X Macro+ 4 Picos 1.4X 1X LTER8 LTER8 LTEAdvanced withRangeExpansion Small cell Range Expansion (eICIC/IC) 1By applying advanced interference management to HetNets. 2Median downlink data rate. Assumptions: 4 Picos added per macro and 33% of users dropped in clusters closer to picos (hotspots) : 10 MHz FDD, 2x2 MIMO, 25 users and 500m ISD. Advanced interference management: enhanced time-domain adaptive resource partitioning, advanced receiver devices with enhanced RRM and RLM1Similar gain for the uplink
  23. 23. 23 Today Pioneering LTE Advanced HetNets Early LTE Advanced Definition Industry was buzzing around 1Gbps peak rate 1Gbps But we promoted HetNets enhancements (Such as CEO Paul Jacobs 2008 MWC talk) Range Expansion Standards leadership Instrumental in driving HetNets (eICIC/IC) Major contributor for ITU IMT-Advanced submission Industry-first HetNets demos MWC 2011 Live Demo MWC 2012: Live, Over- The-Air Mobility MWC 2013 Live OTA with VoLTE and opportunistic Hetnets Everyone is talking about small cells and HetNets
  24. 24. 24 LTE Advanced is a key enabler to the 1000x data challenge 1000x Note: neighborhood small cells and ASA are not covered in this presentation, see and www.qual; for more details. Hetnets with eICIC/IC interference management New deployment models, e.g. neighborhood small cells Continue to evolve LTE: Multiflow, Hetnets enhancements Opportunistic HetNets LTE Direct for proximity services LTE Broadcast Carrier Aggregation (TDD and FDD) Authorized Shared Access (ASA) Higher spectrum bands (esp. TDD)
  25. 25. 25 LTE: Qualcomm leading the global success LTE FDD & LTE TDD – two modes, common standard, same ecosystem1 Successful LTE requires multimode, multiple bands, 3G interworking, seamless voice, … 2 Qualcomm unique advantage: solving the LTE product complexities3 First LTE Advanced launched—now driving the evolution and 1000x4
  26. 26. 26 @Qualcomm_tech Questions? - Connect with Us BLOG
  27. 27. 27 For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at: & ©2013 QUALCOMM Incorporated and/or its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsidiaries or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomm’s engineering, research and development functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, QMC. Thank you Follow us on:
  28. 28. 28 A strong LTE evolution path Note: Estimated commercial dates. LTE LTE Advanced DL: 73 – 150 Mbps1 UL: 36 – 75 Mbps1 (10 MHz – 20 MHz) DL: 3 Gbps2 UL: 1.5 Gbps2 ( Up to 100 MHz) Commercial 20142013 2015 2016+ Rel-12 & BeyondRel-10Rel-9Rel-8 Rel-11 FDD and TDD support Carrier Aggregation, relays, HetNets (eICIC/IC), Adv MIMO LTE Direct, Hetnets enhancements, Multiflow, WiFi interworking, Realizes full benefits of HetNets (FeICIC/IC) Enhanced voice fallback (CSFB), VoLTE, LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) 1Peak rates for 10 MHz or 20 MHz FDD using 2x2 MIMO, standard supports 4x4 MIMO enabling peak rates of 300 Mbps. 2Peak data rate can exceed 1 Gbps using 4x4 MIMO and at least 80 MHz of spectrum (carrier aggregation), or 3GBps with 8x8 MIMO and 100MHz of spectrum. Similarly, the uplink can reach 1.5Gbps with 4x4 MIMO. Created 7/18/2013