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Leading the path towards 5G with LTE Advanced Pro

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Introduction to LTE Advanced Pro. LTE Advanced Pro is a rich roadmap of technologies that will be introduced as part of the global 3GPP standard starting with Release 13 and beyond.

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Leading the path towards 5G with LTE Advanced Pro

  1. 1. TM Leading the path towards 5G with LTE Advanced Pro January 2016 Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
  2. 2. 2 LTE Advanced is being rapidly deployed globally Evolving for faster, better mobile broadband Source: GSA (www.gsacom.com)—Oct 2015 on network launches, Dec 2015 on subscriptions Commercial network launches in 48 countries95+ Commercial devices across 100s of vendors1,500+ LTE / LTE Advanced subscriptions worldwide>900M
  3. 3. 3 Leading the path towards Gigabit LTE Qualcomm® Snapdragon™ LTE modems and modem classes Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. Speeds represent peak download speeds 150 Mbps 300 Mbps 450 Mbps 600 Mbps Year that support in Qualcomm Technologies modem is announced X5 LTE Modem LTE Advanced X7 LTE Modem LTE Advanced X10 LTE Modem LTE Advanced X12 LTE Modem LTE Advanced 20162015201420132012
  4. 4. 4 Introducing LTE Advanced Pro Rising up to meet the significant expanding connectivity needs of tomorrow Propel mobile broadband even further Enhance the mobile broadband experience and continue to deliver solutions to efficiently grow capacity Proliferate LTE to new use cases Connecting new industries, enabling new services and empowering new user experiences Progress LTE capabilities towards a unified, more capable 5G platform 3GPP Release 13+
  5. 5. 5 Propel mobile broadband even further Enhance user experience and deliver efficient solutions to increase capacity Carrier Aggregation evolution—wider bandwidths Aggregating more carriers, diverse spectrum types and across different cells LTE in unlicensed spectrum Make the best use of the vast amounts of unlicensed spectrum available TDD/FDD evolution—faster, more flexible Enable significantly lower latency, adaptive UL/DL configuration, and more Many more antennas—path to massive MIMO Exploit 3D beamforming (FD-MIMO) to increase capacity and coverage Gbps+ peak rates More uniform experience Better coverage Significantly lower latencies
  6. 6. 6 Connect the Internet of Things New ways to connect and interact New classes of services High Performance Low power/complexity Digital TV broadcasting Proximal awareness Public safety Evolving LTE-Direct LTE V2X Communications Latency-critical control Proliferate LTE to new use cases LTE IoT Extending the value of LTE technology and ecosystem
  7. 7. 7 Progress LTE capabilities towards 5G In parallel driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential Note: Estimated commercial dates. Not all features commercialized at the same time LTE Advanced ProLTE Advanced 2015 2020+ Rel-10/11/12 Carrier aggregation Low LatencyDual connectivity SON+ Massive/FD-MIMO CoMP Device-to-device Unlicensed spectrum Enhanced CA Shared Broadcast Internet of Things256QAM V2X FeICIC Advanced MIMO FDD-TDD CA eLAA 5G
  8. 8. 8 Progress LTE capabilities towards 5G In parallel driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential Note: Estimated commercial dates. Not all features commercialized at the same time 2020 2030+ • Unified, more capable platform for spectrum bands below/above 6 GHz • For new spectrum available beyond 2020, including legacy re-farming • Fully leverage 4G investments for a phased 5G rollout • Significantly improve cost and energy efficiency5G LTE Advanced Pro • Further backwards-compatible enhancements • For spectrum opportunities available before 2020
  9. 9. 9 Propel mobile broadband even further Carrier Aggregation evolution LTE in unlicensed spectrum TDD/FDD evolution Many more antennas
  10. 10. 10 Carrier Aggregation—fatter pipe enhances user experience Leading LTE Advanced feature today 1 The typical bursty nature of usage, such as web browsing, means that aggregated carriers can support more users at the same response (user experience) compared to two individual carriers, given that the for carriers are partially loaded which is typical in real networks. The gain depends on the load and can exceed 100% for fewer users (less loaded carrier) but less for many users. For completely loaded carrier, there is limited capacity gain between individual carriers and aggregated carriers Higher peak data rate and lower latency Better experience for all users More capacity and better network efficiency1 Maximize use of spectrum assets Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 2 Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 1 Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 3 Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 4 Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 5 Up to 100 MHz of bandwidth Aggregated data pipe Aggregated data pipe
  11. 11. 11 Evolving Carrier Aggregation to achieve wider bandwidths * Licensed Assisted Access (LAA), enhanced LAA, LTE – Wi-Fi Aggregation (LWA) Up to 32 carriers supported in Rel. 13 Across FDD/TDD supported in Rel. 12 Across spectrum types in Rel. 13+ (LAA, eLAA, LWA)* Dual Connectivity supported in Rel. 12, enhancing in Rel. 13 Paired Unpaired UnlicensedLicensed Across cellsAcross spectrum typesAcross more carriers
  12. 12. 12 Making best use of unlicensed spectrum Unlicensed 5 GHz spectrum ideal for small cells 1 Regionally dependent Pico/ Enterprises Small Businesses Residential/ Neighborhood Venues Large amounts of spectrum available at 5 GHz (~500 MHz1) Aggregation with licensed spectrum for best performance Multiple technologies will co-exist— LTE-U, LAA/eLAA, Wi-Fi, MulteFire™
  13. 13. 13 Extending LTE to unlicensed spectrum globally with LAA Licensed Assisted Access (LAA) with Listen Before Talk (LBT) 1 LAA R13 will be downlink only. Aggregating with either licensed TDD or licensed FDD is possible with SDL; 2 Assumptions: Two operators. 48 Pico+108 Femto cells per operator. 300 users per operator with 70% indoor. 3GPP Bursty model. 12x40MHz @ 5GHz for unlicensed spectrum; LTE 10 MHz channel at 2 GHz;. 2x2 MIMO, Rank 1 transmission, eICIC enabled; LAA R13, 2x2 MIMO (no MU-MIMO).; Wi-Fi - 802.11ac 2x2 MIMO (no MU-MIMO), LDPC codes and 256QAM). • ~2x capacity and range Compared to Wi-Fi in dense deployments 2 • Enhanced user experience Licensed anchor for control and mobility • Single unified LTE network Common management • Fair Wi-Fi coexistence In many cases, a better neighbor to Wi-Fi than Wi-Fi itself LAA introduced in 3GPP Rel. 13: Supplemental Downlink (SDL) to boost downlink 1 Unlicensed (5 GHz) Licensed Anchor (400 MHz – 3.8 GHz) LTE / LAA Carrier aggregation
  14. 14. 14 World’s first over-the-air LAA trial during November 2015 Joint effort by Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. with a major Europe MNO • Indoor and outdoor deployment scenarios • Different combinations of LAA, LWA and Wi-Fi • Single and multiple users—both stationary and mobile • Handover between cells • Range of radio conditions Completed a wide range of test cases OTA LAA trial demonstrated benefits of LAA • Fair co-existence of LAA with Wi-Fi over all test cases • Coverage and capacity benefits of LAA over carrier Wi-Fi1 • Seamless mobility of both LAA and LWA A combined test cell with LTE, LAA, LWA and Wi-Fi 1 Based on 802.11ac Screenshot of live results from trial in Nuremburg, Germany A big milestone towards commercial deployment
  15. 15. 15 Enhanced LAA (eLAA) in Release 14 and beyond To further improve flexibility and efficiency 1 UL aggregation part of Rel. 14—other features proposed; 2 Aggregation of unlicensed downlink and uplink is possible with either licensed TDD or licensed FDD; 3 Complexity/cost reduction is also applicable to licensed LTE Release 13 Release 14 and beyond 1 LAA introduced Defines Supplemental Downlink (SDL) to boost downlink data rates and capacity Uplink & downlink aggregation Boost uplink data rates and capacity in addition to downlink 2 Dual Connectivity Aggregation of unlicensed and licensed carriers across non-collocated nodes Complexity reduction 3 More efficient HARQ, channel coding and TDD operation for higher data rates Unlicensed Licensed Anchor Carrier aggregation
  16. 16. 16 LWA for existing and new carrier Wi-Fi LTE – Wi-Fi link aggregation part of 3GPP Release 13 Notes: Aggregation on modem level (PDCP level), also leveraging dual connectivity defined inR12; Control over X2-like interface needs to be supported by Wi-Fi AP. No change to LTE & WiFi PHY/MAC. No change to core network Leverages new/existing carrier Wi-Fi (2.4 & 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum) LTE Anchor (Licensed Spectrum) • Enhanced user experience Licensed anchor for control and mobility • Unified network Operator LTE network in full control of Wi-Fi • Better performance Simultaneously using both LTE and Wi-Fi links Control Traffic Modem-level aggregation for superior performance Wi-Fi Possible across non-collocated nodes Link aggregation
  17. 17. 17 Many more antennas to increase capacity and coverage Significant spectral efficiency gains by introducing Full Dimension (FD) MIMO Release 13 2D codebook support for 8-, 12- and 16-antenna elements with Reference Signal enhancements for beamforming Release 14 and beyond Support higher-order massive MIMO >16-antenna elements—a key enabler for higher spectrum bands Evolving towards Massive MIMO— setting the path to 5G Exploit 3D beamforming utilizing a 2D antenna arrayAzimuth beamforming Elevation beamforming
  18. 18. 18 LTE Advanced Pro will achieve significantly lower latency A technology enabler for faster, better mobile broadband and beyond Improved throughput performance By addressing TCP/UDP throughput limitations at peak rates today Better user experience for real-time applications Such as reducing packet and call setup delay for Voice- or Video-over-IP applications Potentially address new latency-critical apps Such as command-and-control of drones, industrial equipment; also likely part of LTE V2X design
  19. 19. 19 New FDD/TDD design delivers >10x reduction in latency 1 Designed to coexist in the same band with nominal LTE nodes 1 Over-the-air latency based on LTE / LTE Advanced HARQ RTT today = 8ms; LTE Advanced Pro = 600us based on 1 symbol TTI; 2 Retransmission may occur immediately in the next TDD subframe Significantly lower Round Trip Time (RTT) Shorter Time Transmission Interval (TTI) Traditional LTE subframe (1ms) 14 OFDM Data Symbols (~70us each) LTE Advanced Pro Study item part of Rel. 13 14 symbol TTI LTE/LTE Advanced today) 1 symbol TTI (~70us) FDD Faster HARQ RTT Data ACK ACK0 Faster HARQ RTT = 600us 71 2 3 4 5 60 1 symbol TTI = ~70us TDD New self- contained design reduces RTT 1ms Guard Period Ctrl (Tx) Data (Tx) Data and acknowledgement in the same subframe2 DL example ACK (Rx) 0
  20. 20. 20 Evolving TDD design For a faster, more flexible frame structure 1 Sounding Reference Signal – signal transmitted by the UE in the uplink direction; used by the eNodeB to estimate the uplink channel quality Dynamic UL/DL configurationNew self-contained TDD subframes Significantly lower over-the-air latency Faster link adaptation— e.g. fast SRS 1 for FD-MIMO More flexible capacity based on traffic conditions DL S UL UL UL DL S UL UL UL DL S UL UL DL DL S UL UL DL Dynamically change UL/DL configuration based on traffic Supports both legacy and new self-contained subframes DL S UL UL UL DL S UL UL UL 10ms D L Guard Period D L D L D L D L D L D L D L D L D L D L D L D L U L Self-contained DL D L Guard Period U L U L U L U L U L U L U L U L U L U L U L U L U L Self-contained UL 1ms
  21. 21. 21 FDD also evolving for adaptive UL/DL allocation Flexible Duplex flexibly converts FDD UL resources for DL traffic offloading 1 In which terminal and network transmission power are more similar; 2 For device Interference Cancellation DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL UL UL UL UL UL UL UL UL UL UL DL S UL DL DL DL DL DL DL UL UL Band DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL DL BandDL Band UL Band Particularly suitable for small cell deployments 1 Requires advanced receivers for superior performance 2 Proposed as part of 3GPP Release 14 Flexible DuplexFDD today
  22. 22. 22 Extending LTE technology to new deployment scenarios Introducing MulteFire™─LTE-based technology solely for unlicensed spectrum Broadens LTE technology/ecosystem to new deployment opportunities and entities Harmoniously coexist with Wi-Fi, LTE-U/LAA 4G LTE-like performance • Enhanced capacity and range • Improved mobility, quality-of- experience • Hyper-dense, self-optimizing deployments Wi-Fi-like deployment simplicity • Operates in unlicensed spectrum • Leaner, self-contained network architecture • Suitable for neutral host deployments MulteFire is a trademark of the MulteFire Alliance (www.multefire.org); MulteFire is not part of the 3GPP standard; it does heavily leverage 3GPP LAA technology
  23. 23. 23 Enhanced offload for mobile networks with MulteFire™ High-performance neutral host offload capabilities Traditional mobile deployments Separate spectrum bands and deployments may prohibit reaching all venues, enterprises and homes Neutral host deployments Using common spectrum and common deployment provides neutral host services (Wi-Fi like)
  24. 24. 24 Proliferate LTE to new use cases Connect the Internet of Things Bring new ways to connect Enable new types of services
  25. 25. 25 Scaling to connect the Internet of Things Scaling up in performance and mobility Scaling down in complexity and power Wearables Energy Management Environment monitoring Smart buildings Object Tracking City infrastructure Utility metering Connected healthcare Video security Connected car Mobile Significantly widening the range of enterprise and consumer use cases LTE Advanced (Today+) LTE IoT (Release 13+) LTE Advanced >10 Mbps n x 20 MHz LTE Cat-1 Up to 10 Mbps 20 MHz LTE-M (Cat-M1) Up to 1 Mbps 1.4 MHz narrowband NB-IOT 10s of kbps to 100s of kbps 180 kHz narrowband
  26. 26. 26 Scaling down cost and complexity with LTE IoT LTE-M (Cat-M1) and NB-IOT part of Release 13 Multi-year Battery Life Enhanced power save modes and more efficient signaling, e.g. extended DRX sleep cycles Deeper Coverage Achieve up to 20 dB increase in link budget for delay-tolerant applications via repetitive transmissions High Node Density Signaling and other network optimizations, e.g. overload control, to support a large number of devices per cell Reduced Device Cost Narrowband operation (1.4 MHz or 180 kHz) plus further modem and RFFE complexity reductions Co-existence with today’s services leveraging existing infrastructure and spectrum—low deployment cost
  27. 27. 27 New NB-IOT design also part of 3GPP Release 13 Global standard for Low Power Wide Area applications based on licensed spectrum 1 May be deployed in-band, utilizing resource blocks within normal LTE carrier or standalone for deployments in dedicated spectrum including re-farming GSM channels. Also exploring deployments in the unused resource blocks within a LTE carrier’s guard-band, Narrower bandwidth (180 kHz) Various potential deployment options incl. in-band within LTE deployment1 Higher density Massive number (10s of thousands) of low data rate ‘things’ per cell Longer battery life Beyond 10 years of battery life for certain use cases Lower device cost Comparable to GPRS devices Extended coverage Deep indoor coverage, e.g. for sensors located in basements (>164 dB MCL) Low data rate Delay tolerant Nomadic mobility Sample use cases Up to 100s of kbps Seconds of latency No handover; cell reselection only Utility metering Smart buildingsRemote sensors Addresses a subset of IoT use casesScales even further in cost and power Object Tracking
  28. 28. 28 Bringing new ways to intelligently connect and interact Devices are no longer just end points—integral parts of the network Device-to-device discovery and communications Relays and multi-hop to extend coverage Vehicle-to-Everything Communications (V2X)
  29. 29. 29 Expanding the LTE Direct device-to-device platform 1 Important for e.g. Social Networking discovery use cases; 2 Designed for Public Safety use cases Release 14 and beyond Multi-hop communication and more use cases Release 13 Expanded D2D discovery and D2D communications Release 12 D2D platform for consumer and public safety use cases Discovery of 1000s of devices/services in ~500m Reliable one-to-many communications (in- and out-of-coverage)* More flexible discovery such as restricted/private1 and inter-frequency Device-to-network relays2 Additional D2D communication capabilities Proposed for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and beyond
  30. 30. 30 LTE Advanced Pro enhancements for V2X Proposed as part of Release 14 Vehicle-to-Vehicle Build upon LTE Direct D2D discovery and communication design—enhancements for high speeds / high Doppler and low latency e.g. location, speed Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Vehicles send messages to V2X server via unicast; V2X server uses LTE Broadcast with enhancements to broadcast messages to vehicles and beyond e.g. road hazard information, services
  31. 31. 31 Empowering vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications Vehicle-to- Pedestrian (V2P) Vehicle-to- Infrastructure (V2I) Vehicle-to- Network (V2N) Safety Enhances ADAS with 360º non-line-of-sight awareness such as forward collision warning Traffic Efficiency Vehicles exchange info with each other and infrastructure such as cooperative adaptive cruise control Situational Awareness Vehicles made more aware of things such as curve speed and queue warnings Vehicle-to- Vehicle (V2V) Collision Warning Accident ahead z Car approaching intersection In addition to LTE V2X, 802.11p Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) is expected to be mandated for future ‘light vehicles’ by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHSTA) in the United States to improve road safety* * Qualcomm has conducted extensive research into various use cases for DSRC, including V2P applications that could extend the safety benefits of V2V communications to vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists.
  32. 32. 32 LTE is well suited for V2X communications Ubiquitous coverage Established networks serving billions of connections worldwide Tight integration with existing capability set E.g. connected infotainment, telematics Mature ecosystem Backed by global standards with seamless interoperability High reliability and robust security Managed services based on licensed spectrum with security features built-in Rich roadmap including 5G Future enhancements—not complete redesign
  33. 33. 33 No infrastructure, out-of-coverage Different deployment scenarios possible for LTE V2X Frequency V = Common spectrum dedicated for V2V communications for a specific region In-coverage, common V2V spectrum shared by multiple operators Common V2V frequency V Operator C V2I frequency 3 Operator B V2I frequency 2 Operator A V2I frequency 1 V2V frequency V
  34. 34. 34 Our vision for the connected car of the future V2X an important stepping stone to a safer, more autonomous driving experience Heterogeneous connectivity On-device intelligence Immersive multimedia Diagnostics Real-time navigation Wi-Fi hotspot Connected infotainment Vehicle-to-vehicle Vehicle-to-Infrastructure BYOD Computer vision Always-on sensing Intuitive security Machine learning Augmented reality
  35. 35. 35 Empowering new classes of wireless services New opportunities for the entire mobile ecosystem Digital TV broadcasting Evolving LTE Broadcast to deliver a converged TV network Proximal awareness Expanding upon LTE Direct platform to discover nearby devices/services Public Safety Leverage the vast LTE ecosystem for robust public safety communications Latency-critical control Utilize reduction in over-the-air latency for command-and-control applications
  36. 36. 36 Evolving LTE Broadcast for mobile and beyond 1 This feature is called Mood (Multicast operation on Demand) introduced in Rel. 12, evolving for per cell basis in Rel. 13; 2 Based on SFN gain and mandatory anchor in licensed spectrum; 3 with cyclic prefix of 200 us; 4 features such as 2x2 MIMO and 256 QAM part of Rel. 13 of 3GPP. 5 Proposed for 3GPP R14; delivery of broadcast via several providers using a common SFN timing on a shared broadcast carrier. Longer range up to 15 km3, flexibility to dedicate full carrier, higher capacity 4 , ability to insert customized ads, and support for shared broadcast 5 Converged TV services Enhancing venue casting and beyond; such as leveraging LAA for better user experience than Wi-Fi2 Small Cell Optimizations Performance enhancements to enable a single network for mobile/fixed devices Including using bandwidth-rich 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum Provides scalability for demand or event driven broadcast, e.g. sports event Dynamic switching1 between unicast and broadcast, even on a per cell basis Broadcast on Demand To the extent needed When/Where needed
  37. 37. 37 Using LTE Broadcast for converged digital TV services Candidate in Europe—a single broadcast network for mobile and fixed devices 1 Current broadcast technology operates in Multi Frequency Network (MFN) mode with a frequency reuse of at least 4 with a spectrum efficiency of up to 4 bps/Hz inside each cell. This corresponds to an overall spectrum efficiency of approx. 1bps/Hz. Whereas LTE-B operates in SFN over the entire coverage area with a spectrum efficiency of up to 2bps/Hz. Offering TV service on dedicated spectrum Exploiting LTE devices with inherent LTE Broadcast support Adding LTE Broadcast capability to other devices, such as regular TV Overlay broadcast on existing LTE network—with opportunity for shared broadcast Unpaired spectrum 2x more efficient than today’s DVB-T/ATSC 1 Allows broadcasters to reach lucrative mobile market Converged broadcast-unicast, e.g. on-demand, interactivity
  38. 38. 38 Shared LTE Broadcast for new media delivery models Proposed as part of 3GPP Release 14 Operator A Unicast frequency 1 Common eMBMS frequency 3 Provisioning A B C D Users can access content even without operator’s subscription Users access content unbundled from transport Common eMBMS-only carrier shared across Mobile Operators B Content Providers TV, Paid TV, Media Streaming, etc. Media Gateway A Operator B Unicast frequency 2
  39. 39. 39 Enabling new proximal awareness & discovery services LTE Direct introduced in Release 12; enhancements part of Release 13 Discovery at scale Discovery of 1000s of devices / services in the proximity of ~500m Interoperable discovery Universal framework for discovery across apps/devices/operators Part of global LTE standard Opportunities for entire mobile industry—vast LTE ecosystem Always-on awareness Privacy sensitive and battery efficient discovery
  40. 40. 40 New LTE Direct proximal awareness services Continuous Discovery of relevant people, products, services, events Personalized Interactions with the user’s surroundings and environment Personalized Services personalizing experiences, e.g. at a venue Reverse Auctions personalizing promotions Social Discovery of friends, colleagues, dates, … Based on the users interests/affinities Retail Discovery of merchants, products, … Event Discovery of music, sporting, … Service Discovery of restaurants, transportation, …. Loyalty Programs personalizing services and offers Digital Out-of-Home personalizing digital signs
  41. 41. 41 Enabling LTE Public Safety services Leverage LTE Direct device-to-device capabilities 1 MCPTT = Mission-Critical Push-to-Talk Emulates the Professional/Land Mobile Radio (PMR/LMR) push-to-talk systems • Robust communications Device-to-device communications (both in-coverage and out-of-coverage) • LTE ecosystem Leverage vast ecosystem of devices • Standardization 3GPP Rel. 12 one-to-many communications; Rel. 13 UE-network relays, MCPTT1 service layer
  42. 42. 42 Potential new use cases with significantly lower latencies Industrial process automation V2X communications Industrial HMI (e.g., augmented reality) UAS command & control ULL node LTE RAN 1 Round Trip Time (RTT) at edge of RAN with edge caching Sample use cases • Millisecond latency Targeting end-to-end latency <2 milliseconds1 • Coexistence Between LTE low latency nodes and nominal LTE nodes • Standardization As part of 3GPP—study item in Release 13
  43. 43. 43 In summary—a rich roadmap of LTE Advanced Pro features Note: Estimated commercial dates. Not all features commercialized at the same time. 2017 20182014 2015 2019 2020+ Rel-13 Rel-14 Rel-15 and beyond LTE Advanced ProLTE Advanced 2016 Propel the LTE mobile broadband experience even further Proliferate LTE to new use cases, devices and types of services Connect the Internet of Things LTE-M, NB-IOT Vehicle communications LTE V2X New ways to connect/interact Evolve LTE Direct platform Converged Digital TV Evolve LTE Broadcast New real-time control apps Leveraging <10ms e2e latencies Public Safety e.g. Mission-Critical Push-to-Talk LTE Unlicensed LAA/eLAA, LWA, MulteFire™ TDD / FDD Evolution Faster, more flexible subframe Carrier Aggregation evolution e.g. up to 32 carriers Lower Latency e.g. shorter TTI & HARQ RTT Advanced antenna features Full-Dimension MIMO HetNet enhancements e.g. enhance dual connectivity
  44. 44. 44 Qualcomm LTE Advanced / LTE Advanced Pro leadership Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. 1 Qualcomm Technology, Inc. firsts with respect to public announcement of a commercial LTE modem chipset • Main contributor to LTE Advanced & LTE Advanced Pro features • Pioneering work on LTE Direct/V2X, LTE Broadcast and LTE Unlicensed • Harmonized Industry on narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) specification • FEB ‘14 (MWC): Enhanced HetNets with data- channel IC • FEB ‘15 (MWC): First LTE LAA demo, LTE Direct 1:M demo • NOV ‘15: First over-the-air LAA trial in Nuremberg, Germany • FEB ‘16 (MWC): LTE eLAA and MulteFire™ demos Impactful Demos and Trials • JUN ‘13: 1st LTE Advanced solution • JAN ‘14: 1st modem to support LTE Broadcast • FEB ‘15: 1st modem to support LTE Unlicensed • OCT ’15: 1st modem to support LTE-M and NB-IOT Industry-first Chipsets from Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.1Standards Leadership
  45. 45. 45 Continuing our technical leadership role in 5G Qualcomm Research working on 5G for many years; focus area of research for future Qualcomm Research is a division of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. Participating in impactful 5G demos, trials, … Driving standardization of 5G in 3GPP Designing 5G system to meet new requirements Learn more at: www.qualcomm.com/5G e.g. new OFDM-based PHY/MAC scalable to extreme variations in requirements e.g. mmWave and massive MIMO simulations and measurements e.g. Qualcomm Research mmWave prototype system – demo at MWC 2016
  46. 46. 46 Leading the path to 5G with LTE Advanced Pro Progress LTE towards 5G—a unified, more capable platform for the next decade and beyond Propel the LTE mobile broadband experience even further Proliferate LTE to new use cases, devices and types of services Learn more at: www.qualcomm.com/lte-advanced-pro
  47. 47. 47 An essential innovator and accelerator of mobile and beyond Machine learning Computer vision Always-on sensing Immersive multimedia Cognitive connectivity Intuitive security Heterogeneous computingNext level of intelligence Bringing cognitive technologies to life Devices and things that perceive, reason, and act intuitively Small cells and self organizing technology LTE in unlicensed spectrum, MuLTEfire™ LTE Advanced carrier aggregation, dual connectivity Advanced receivers and interference management Spectrum innovations like LSA Wi-Fi – 11ac, 11ad, MU-MIMO, OCE, 11ax 3G More capacity Delivering solutions for the 1000x data challenge Innovative small cells and spectrum solutions Creating the connectivity fabric for everything Connect new industries, Enable new services, Empower new user experiences LTE-M (Machine-Type Communications), NB-IOT LTE Direct device-to-device LTE Broadcast LTE – Wi-Fi Convergence Wi-Fi – 11ah, 11ad, Wi-Fi Aware, Wi-Fi Direct, DSRC Bluetooth Smart OneWeb 5G A new connectivity paradigm TM
  48. 48. Questions? - Connect with Us @Qualcomm_tech http://www.slideshare.net/qualcommwirelessevolution http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL8AD95E4F585237C1&feature=plcp www.qualcomm.com/wireless BLOG www.qualcomm.com/news/onq
  49. 49. Thank you © 2013-2015 Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its affiliated companies. All Rights Reserved. Qualcomm and Snapdragon are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries. MulteFire is a registered trademark of the MulteFire Alliance. All trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated are used with permission. Other products and brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsidiaries or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomm’s engineering, research and development functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business. Follow us on: For more information, visit us at: www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog

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