1HSPA+ AdvancedHSPA+ enhancements in 3GPP R11 andbeyond May 2013
22013 2014 2015 2016+2013 2014 2015 2016+HSPA+ continues to evolveNote: Estimated commercial dates.Rel-11Rel-10Rel-9Rel-8Rel-7DL: 84 -168 Mbps2UL: 23 Mbps2DL: 28 MbpsUL: 11 MbpsDL: 42 Mbps1UL: 11 MbpsDL: 14.4 MbpsUL: 5.7 MbpsDL: 336+ Mbps4UL: 69+ Mbps41R8 reaches 42 Mbps by combining 2x2 MIMO and HOM (64QAM) in 5 MHz, or by utilizing HOM (64QAM) and multicarrier in 10 MHz.2R9 combines multicarrier and MIMO in 10 MHz to reach 84 Mbps. Uplink multicarrier doubles uplink peak data rate to 23 Mbps in 10 MHz.3R10 expands multicarrier to 20 MHz to reach up to168 Mbps with 2x2 MIMO.4R11 expands multicarrier up to 40 MHz to reach 336 Mbps with 2x2 MIMO, or 20Mhz with 4x4 MIMO. Uplink 2x2 MIMO with 64QAM reaches 69Mbps.Rel-12 & BeyondRel-12Created 4/16/201310 MHzDual-CarrierUp to 4x/20MHzMulti-CarrierDual-CarrierAcross BandsUplink DCMultiFlowUp to 8x Multi-CarrierHigher OrderModulation & MIMOHSPA+ HetNets&UL Enh.WCDMA+, S-UMTSHSPA+ AdvancedHSPA+HSPAWCDMAHigh Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous VoiceHSPA+WCDMA+Frees up resourcesfor HSPA+ dataCommercial
3HSPA+ is the mobile broadband leader05001,0001,5002,0002,5003,0002011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016HSPA Family EV-DO Family TD-SCDMA LTESource: HSPA, EV-DO ,TD-SCDMA and LTE subs – Wireless Intelligence (Jan ‘13) . 2,437 Billion HSPA family connections expected Q4 2016Connections(Millions)1BHSPA/HSPA+MBB*connectionsreached in 2012~2.5BHSPA/HSPA+MBB*connectionsend of 2016
5HSPA+ and small cells are key to 1000x1000xNote: neighborhood small cells and ASA are not covered in this presentation, see www.qualcomm.com/hetNets and www.qual;comm.com/spectrum for more details.Range expansion todayNeighborhood small cellsdeployment modelEvolve HSPA+, e.g.HetNets EnhancementsSmartphone signalingWCDMA+ to free up dataSupplemental DownlinkScalable UMTSAuthorized Shared Access (ASA)
6HSPA+withRangeExpansionSmall CellPossible With HSPA+ Today~3X4 Small Cells+ Range Expansion~1.6X4 Small Cellsadded1XMacro,Dual-CarrierMedian Gain1For same amount of Spectrum1 Gain in median downlink data rate, 4 small cells of pico type added per macro and 50 % of users dropped in clusters closer to picos (within 40m), Model PA3 full buffer ISD 500m. Enabling range expansion features: reduced poweron second macro carrier , Dual-Carrier devices and mitigating uplink and downlink imbalance (3dB Cell-individual offset (CIO) and pico noise-figure pad)1000x Begins With HSPA+ Optimizations Available Today—HetNets Range Expansion Further Increases Capacity
7HSPA+ Advanced—taking HSPA+ to the next levelHSPA+Rel 7-10HSPA+AdvancedRel 11 & BeyondHSPARel 5-6Maximizing HSPA+investmentsHSPA+ is the newbaseline100% of operatorshave upgraded to HSPA
8Continued multicarrier evolutionto leverage all spectrum assetsHetNets Optimizationsto bring more out of small cellsMultiple antenna evolutionfor better coverage and capacitySmartphone/M2M Enhancementsto support billions of connected devicesHSPA+ Advanced is used as the name for features in 3GPP Release11 and beyond.HSPA+ Advanced
9AGGREGATION ACROSSTWO BANDS (R9)(Up to 4x currently defined)1LOW/SECONDBAND850/900/1500/1800 MHzBand V/VIII/XI/III850/2100 MHz Band V/IVHIGH BAND2.1 GHz Band I1900 MHz Band IIMulti-carrier further enhances broadband experience1 Additional spectrum bands and band combinations continuously defined in 3GPP. 2Non-contiguous aggregation within a band.2 For typical bursty applications and typical partial carrier load, Multi-Carrier supports morebursty application users.AGGREGATED,FATTER DATA PIPE8x Downlink(R11)Non-ContiguousAggregation (R11)4x Downlink(R10)MULTI-CARRIERHSPA+ DEVICEHigher Data Rates to All Users, More ‘Bursty’ Capacity2
10Aggregate unpaired spectrum for more downlinkcapacity—supplemental downlinkLEVERAGES HSPA+ R9 MULTICARRIER ACROSS BANDS1,EXPANDED SUPPORT IN R10 AND BEYONDF2’ F1 F1F1’ F2 F2Paired(Downlink)Paired(Uplink)Unpaired(Downlink)L-Band 1.4GHzHarmonized in Europe1L-Band has 40 MHz of idle unpairedspectrum available2.February 21 2013: L-Bandsupplemental downlink network trial inToulouse with Orange and EricssonCommercial launch 2014/20151 L-Band in Europe: 1452 MHz to 1492 MHz, sometimes referred to as 1.4GHz or 1.5GHz spectrum.2 Aggregation across bands is supported in HSPA+ R9 for two downlink carriers, but each specific band combination, e.g. combination of band 1 and L-band, has to be defined in 3GPP.3 AT&T is planning to deploy supplemental downlink in lower 700 MHz (12 MHz of unpaired spectrum) using LTE Advanced.
11Improved Cell Edge Network Load BalancingF1: 5MHz F1: 5MHz F1: 5MHz F1: 5MHzServing user from multiple cellsUtilizes neighboring cell capacityImproved user experience inloaded cellMultiflow improves overall network capacityEvolves multi-carrier—data from multiple cells/NodeBsNote: MultiFlow transmission is a.k.a. SFDC. Receive diversity with interference suppression (type 3i receiver) required to reject other-cell interference.
12Small cells are key to meet the 1000x data challengeMorecapacityBring Network Closerto Users—Small CellsOptimizations BringsEven More Out ofSmall CellsHigher Efficiency TechniquesEvolve HSPA+, more efficient apps and services etc.More SpectrumNew bands, Re-farming, S-UMTSAggregate unpaired spectrum (SDL)Authorized Shared Access (ASA)
13Extreme Small Cell Densification—Further HetNets EnhancementsOPERATORDEPLOYEDOutdoor/indoor small cellsUSERDEPLOYEDIndoor small cellsRESIDENTIALENTERPRISETighter Wi-Fi and HSPA+integration for opportunistic offloadToday: Dual-Carrier andReduced Macro Power—Range ExpansionAdvanced Device ReceiverProvides Additional Gain—Q-ICETMEven Better withMultiFlow (R11)—Balance LoadAcross CellsHetNets InterferenceMitigation and MobilityStudy Item in 3GPP R12Note: Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques HetNets and are standardized already in R10, such as Minimization of Drive Tests (MDT) and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR)with continued enhancements in R11 and beyond
14HSPA+ Advanced: further HetNets enhancementsMultiflow optimizations tobalance load across cellsSuch as mobility support to switch fromdual-carrier to multiflow in the regionwhere up/downlink are imbalancedFurther range expansion—even better small cell offloadMitigate up/downlink imbalances—such asextended range/reconfiguring of power offsets andfurther enhanced advanced receiversMobility enhancementsbetween small cell ¯oSuch as further enhanced serving cell changeprocedures, and load based serving cellchangeMacroSmall CellMultiflowDeviceRange ExpansionReduce second carrierMacro PowerCarrier F2Carrier F1Note: All these are 3GPP R12 study items. In addition, Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques and are standardized in R10, such as Minimization of Drive Tests (MDT)and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) with continued enhancements in R11 and beyond
15Continued multiple antenna and multi-carrier evolution28 Mbps42 Mbps84 Mbps2x2 MIMO+64QAM (5MHz)Or DC-HSPA+(10MHz)2x2 MIMO (5MHz)4x Multi-Carrier(20MHz)2x2 MIMO andDual-Carrier (10MHz)Uplink 2x2 MIMOUplink Beamforming336 MbpsHSPA+ Advanced69 MbpsUL 2x2 MIMO + 64 QAMUplink Dual-Carrier (10MHz)23 Mbps168 MbpsDownlink Speed Uplink SpeedMultiflowR7 R8 R9 R10 R11More Antennas (4x4 MIMO 20MHz)Or More 5MHz Carriers (40MHz)
16Continued optimizations for the explosionof interconnected low-traffic devicesSuch as R11 FE-FACH, R12 uplink enhancements, R11/12 Machine Type Communication (MTC) EnhancementsThe Internet Of EverythingTHE NEXT ERA OF NETWORKING AND COMPUTING,WHERE EVERYTHING IS INTELLIGENTLY CONNECTEDThe Smartphone Explosion~5 BILLION CUMULATIVE SMARTPHONESALES BETWEEN 2012–201611 Source: Average of Gartner, Oct. ’12; Strategy Analytics, Aug.HSPA+ Advanced
17Ever increasing smartphone application trafficExcessive signaling due to frequent small data bursts in the background11Applications push notifications, updates, messages to users, even when application is not active, could be multiple times per hour.This causes excessive network signaling due to setting up and tearing down the data channel for small, short, but frequent data bursts.2Offered as part of our CnE solution, device connectivity engine.1) Higher ‘Signaling’ Pipe Capacity—FE-FACH2) Compress uplink data3) Smart Pipe—Gate Background Requests2Instant MessagingLocation UpdatesSocial NetworkingNews Push
18HSPA+ continues to accommodate smartphone growth1R7/R8 allows small amounts of data to be efficiently transported in CELL-FACH state: up to 90% reduction in network signaling load due for social media example. 2Cell-DCH w/ R7 CPC allows non full buffer apps to use connected mode, DCH, moreefficiently (DTX/DRX). 3A main enhancements is downlink triggered feedback (CQI) and acknowledgements on the FACH reverse link, which makes FACH efficient like a regular HSPA link, see simulation assumptions in R1-112679HSPA+AdvancedCommercialHSPA+R7/R8 CELL-FACH1R11 FE-FACH3Small data burstsNon full-buffer applicationsUp to 90% reducedsignaling loadover HSPAAnothercapacity over HSPA+Extendedbattery lifeover HSPA2Further extendedbattery life
19Efficient compression and other uplink enhancements1 3GPP R12 proposal: Add payload (e.g. HTTP GET & POST packets) compression to the PDCP layer, header (RoHC/IPHC) compression already resides in PDCP. Uplink compression is suitable since highly compressible HTTP packetsare ~70% of uplink smartphone data volume (based on Qualcomm logs). 2Reduction in Radio Resource Control (RRC) transitions, which drives network signaling, frees up resources for more data capacityImprovedbattery lifeLower Level Optimizations:Uplink Data Compression (3GPP R12)1High Level OS30-40%improveduplinkthroughput~70%reductioninsignaling2Improved Video/Audio CodecsHigher levelOptimization/Compression Uplink data compression is part of a group of 3GPP R12 uplinkenhancements for improved coverage, capacity and load-balancing.
20Low data rateSmall data sizeInfrequent transmissions/receptionsLimited power sourceMachine to machine communication enhancementsFURTHER 3GPP R12ENHANCEMENTS SUCH AS:Very long DRX Cycle - daysFast return to Idle StateReduced measurementsReduced signalingIncreasedCapacitySignificantlyincreasedbattery life
21Qualcomm is committed to continued HSPA+ evolutionINDUSTRY-FIRST CHIPSETSMajor 3GPP contributorRecognized expertiseMWC 2007:Voice over HSPAMWC 2008:Dual-CarrierMWC 2009:Dual-Carrier 42 MbpsMWC 2010:Uplink BeamformingINDUSTRY-FIRST DEMOSSTANDARDS LEADERSHIPMDM8220DC-HSPA+MDM8200HSPA+LaunchedFeb 2009LaunchedAug 2010MDM9x25MC-HSPA+Launching2013Actual screenshot from WCDMA+ Demo, first shown at MWC 2013MWC 2011:MultiFlow andSupplemental DownlinkMWC 2012:HetNets Range ExpansionMWC 2013:WCDMA+, Scalable UMTS
22Continued evolution to support the 1000x challengeHSPA+ Advanced is used as the name for features in 3GPP Release11 and beyond.HSPA+Rel 7-10HSPA+AdvancedRel 11 & BeyondHSPARel 5-6Continued multicarrier evolutionto leverage all spectrum assetsHetNets optimizations to bringmore out of small cellsMultiple antenna evolution forbetter coverage and capacitySmartphone/M2M Enhancementsto support billions of connected devices
23Driving network evolutionwww.qualcomm.com/1000xto learn more about 1000xwww.qualcomm.com/hspa_plusto learn more about the HSPA+ evolutionHSPA+Rel 7-10HSPA+AdvancedRel 11 & BeyondHSPARel 5-6
24@Qualcomm_techhttp://www.qualcomm.com/blog/contributors/prakash-sangamhttp://www.slideshare.net/qualcommwirelessevolutionhttp://storify.com/qualcomm_techhttp://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL8AD95E4F585237C1&feature=plcpwww.qualcomm.com/technologyQuestions? - Connect with UsBLOG
25For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at:www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blogQualcomm is a trademark of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and othercountries.Other products and brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respectiveownersThank youFollow us on: