What is an NGO?????? A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political particpation through provision of information. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health.
NGOs are referred in many ways. NPOs or Not for profit VOs or Voluntary Organisations CSOs or Civil Society Organisations CBOs or Community Based Organisations Charitable Organisations Third Sector Organisations (The other two sectors are state and the market)
Typical Forms of NGOs Advocacy These NGOs basically work on advocacy or campaigning on issues or causes. As a focus, they do not implement programmes. Consultancy / Research Organisations These NGOs work on Social and Developmental Research & Consultancy Training / Capacity Building Organisations In the NGO Sector, training is usually called as Capacity Building. Some NGOs only work on Capacity Building of the other NGOs Mother NGOs These NGOs are recipients as well as givers Self Help Groups They are not typically terms as NGOs. These are formed by beneficiary communities, typically women who come together in a group of 10 plus.
How many NGOs are working inIndia The estimates of different sources vary but largely people agree this figure to be between 1 million to 2 million Gwalior- over 10,000 Registered
Some of the states with highnumber of NGOs Gujarat Maharashtra TamilNadu West Bengal
Who helps the NGO Sector Funding agencies: both Indian and International, eg. VHAI (Voluntary Health Association of India), CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency) Corporate Companies: both Indian and International, eg: Sir Dorab Ji Tata Trust (Food Security), Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (HIV and AIDS). Secret Donors Government Agencies: Mostly various ministries at the central and state level, eg: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Types of Activities done: Advocacy and awareness Movements and campaigns Hardware Activities Service Delivery Networking
Major Thrust Areas Health Land Ravine Reclamation Women Empowerment Female Infanticide and Feticide Food security Corruption Community Empowerment
Sizes of Project May vary on the grounds of project that is being implemented 5 people to 500 looking after a project. Financially depending on the thrust area ranging from Rs.50000 to 5 Crores
So How Do We ReallyGo About Bringing A Change??????