Grammar Syntax Unit 1


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Grammar Syntax Unit 1

  2. 2. Read the text and fill in the gaps. <ul><li>1. West Yorkshire Police __________ constable ______ Norman Bettison claims cheap _________ offers and lengthy _________ hours are contributing to __________ drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>2. West Yorkshire Police __________(1. executive, F) constable _____ (2. title, F) Norman Bettison claims cheap _________ (3. alcoholic drink, IF) offers and lengthy opening hours are _________(4. help, F) to excessive drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>a.) chief b.) boss c.) executive </li></ul><ul><li>a.) Mr. b.) Lord c.) Sir </li></ul><ul><li>a.) drink b.) spirits c.) intoxicant </li></ul><ul><li>a.) helping b.) supporting c.)contributing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Answer key <ul><li>West Yorkshire Police chief constable Sir Norman Bettison claims cheap booze offers and lengthy opening hours are contributing to excessive drinking. </li></ul>
  4. 4. COLLOCATIONS <ul><li>Deffinition: </li></ul><ul><li>In l inguistics. a co-occurrence of lexical items, as perform with operation or commit with crime. </li></ul><ul><li>1. a grouping of words in a sentence 2. the act of positioning close together (or side by side); </li></ul>
  5. 5. They might consist of: <ul><li>Add some more examples: </li></ul><ul><li>1. V+N: perform operation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Adj+N: white wine </li></ul><ul><li>3. V+Adv.: speak well </li></ul><ul><li>4. Adv+Adj.: really well </li></ul>
  6. 6. Answer key: <ul><li>1. Throw a party </li></ul><ul><li>2. A close thing </li></ul>
  7. 7. FIXED EXPRESSIONS <ul><li>Deffinition: </li></ul><ul><li>A set phrase is an expression (i.e. term or phrase ) whose parts are fixed. There might be other ways to express the idea of a set phrase in language, but it is marked to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Bred and butter </li></ul><ul><li>Salt and pepper </li></ul>
  8. 8. Answer key: <ul><li>1. Improve/ progress by leaps and bounds </li></ul><ul><li>2. Depths of despair </li></ul>
  9. 9. IDIOMS <ul><li>1. An idiom is an expression (i.e., term or phrase ) whose meaning cannot be deduced from the literal definitions and the arrangement of its parts, but refers instead to a figurative meaning that is known only through common use. </li></ul><ul><li>2. In the English language expression kick the bucket , for example, a listener knowing only the meaning of kick and bucket would be unable to deduce the expression's actual meaning, which is to die . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Answer key <ul><li>Banging your head against </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter and verse </li></ul>
  11. 11. WORD COMPLEMENTATION <ul><li>Deffinition: </li></ul><ul><li>In grammar the term complement is used with different meanings. The core meaning of complement is a word , phrase or clause which is necessary in a sentence to complete its meaning. We find complements which function as a sentence element (i.e. of equal status to subjects and objects) and complements which exist within sentence elements. </li></ul>
  12. 12. There are the folloving complements: <ul><li>1 Subject complement: Mr white is a management consultant. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Object complement: We painted the house white . </li></ul><ul><li>3 Adverbials as complement: John is in the garden. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Verb object: Marry is keen on riding. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Answer key: <ul><li>Fond of </li></ul><ul><li>Got me thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Made me think </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged me to think </li></ul><ul><li>Began to make me think </li></ul><ul><li>Got me thinking </li></ul>
  14. 14. PHRASAL VERBS <ul><li>1. A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and preposition , a verb and adverb , or a verb with both an adverb and preposition , any of which are part of the syntax (of the sentence), and so are a complete semantic unit. </li></ul><ul><li>2. A phrasal verb has meaning which is different from the original verb. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Find a more formal word <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>to get together to put off to get out to congregate to postpone to exit
  16. 16. Answer key: <ul><li>Carry out </li></ul><ul><li>Made up </li></ul>
  17. 17. SEMANTIC PRECISION <ul><li>Deffinition: </li></ul><ul><li>1. S emantics [Gr.,=significant] in general, the study of the relationship between words and meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The field of semantics has three basic concerns: the relations of words to the objects denoted by them, the relations of words to the interpreters of them, and, in symbolic logic, the formal relations of signs to one another (syntax). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Answer key: <ul><li>Blaring from </li></ul><ul><li>Considering </li></ul>
  19. 19. Do the task Jessica. <ul><li>Read the text and fill in the gaps with the suitable word below. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>raised with (stir up) </li></ul><ul><li>(Earliest) Opportunity (favourable time) </li></ul><ul><li>Spread the wings (move apart) </li></ul><ul><li>Come into her thinking (to acquire) </li></ul><ul><li>Provoked into ( to (re)act in an unfriendly way) </li></ul><ul><li>High achievers (successful ) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>10X! </li></ul><ul><li>THANX! </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU VERY MUCH! </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU FOR PAYING ATTENTION! </li></ul><ul><li>I AM DELIGHTED TO HAVE HAD YOUR ATTENTION! </li></ul>