Dictionary skills (session 5)


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Dictionary skills (session 5)

  1. 1. Understanding Parts of Speech <ul><li>Sometimes the author provides a hint of an unknown word by repeating the word which is related to each other – that is, they have the same base word but different functions or parts of speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Page 40-42, 50-52 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Recognizing Similar Meanings but Different Parts of Speech <ul><li>For example (p.50): </li></ul><ul><li>For many people, there seems to be no escape from poverty ; in other words, they are poor , and they have no hope that this will change. </li></ul><ul><li>There may be social ills when many people in a society have no money to buy necessities. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Understanding Parts of Speech (p. 41) <ul><li>2. create (v) </li></ul><ul><li>3. crowd (v) </li></ul><ul><li>4. differ (v) </li></ul><ul><li>5. difficulty (n) </li></ul><ul><li>6. efficiently (adv) </li></ul><ul><li>7. polluted (adj) </li></ul><ul><li>8. prediction (n) </li></ul><ul><li>9. safe (adj) </li></ul><ul><li>10. solution (n) </li></ul><ul><li>11. worse (adv) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Understanding Parts of Speech (p. 42) <ul><li>solution (n)/ solve (v) </li></ul><ul><li>pollution (n)/ pollutants (n) </li></ul><ul><li>crowds (n)/ crowded (a) </li></ul><ul><li>safe (adj)/ safely (adv)/ safety (n) </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful (adj)/ beautify (v) </li></ul><ul><li>predict (v)/ worse (adj)/ prediction (n)/ worsen (v) </li></ul><ul><li>differ (v)/ difference (n)/ differently (adv)/ different (adj) </li></ul><ul><li>efficient (adj)/ efficiently (adv) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Using Parts of Speech to Understand Vocabulary (p. 51) <ul><li>1. lift v. bring, carry, move up </li></ul><ul><li>2. eradication n. elimination, removal , destruction </li></ul><ul><li>3. subsidiary adj. side, minor, small, secondary, insignificant </li></ul><ul><li>4. fund n. account, money </li></ul><ul><li>grant n. not loans, money given </li></ul><ul><li>5. plow v. put, return, provide, give </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dictionary Skills <ul><li>Getting to know your dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing the appropriate meaning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pre-Questions <ul><li>When do you use a dictionary? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of information does it give you? </li></ul><ul><li>When reading English, do you use a monolingual or bilingual dictionary? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages or a bilingual dictionary? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Getting to know your dictionary <ul><li>Types of dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROMS </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>http :// nhd . heinle . com / home . aspx
  9. 9. Getting to know your dictionary <ul><li>Oxford </li></ul><ul><li>Longman </li></ul><ul><li>Collins Cobuild </li></ul><ul><li>Merriam Webster </li></ul><ul><li>Penguin (i.e. Thesaurus) </li></ul><ul><li>So Setthabhut </li></ul>Recommended dictionaries:
  10. 10. Getting to know your dictionary A dictionary provides not only the meaning of a word but also gives its spelling , pronunciation , functions , and etc.
  11. 11. What are in a dictionary? <ul><li>Source of various kinds of information </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Words </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pronunciation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Phonetic symbols, BrE. and AmE.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions/ meanings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example sentences and use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appendices </li></ul></ul></ul>Getting to know your dictionary
  12. 12. <ul><li>Example </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>Typefaces </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols </li></ul>Getting to know your dictionary In order to use a dictionary effectively and quickly we need to know some important parts such as:
  14. 14. <ul><li>Entry </li></ul><ul><li>Headword </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Part of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Compound word </li></ul>Getting to know your dictionary Terms headword + headword
  15. 15. Getting to know your dictionary Abbreviations
  16. 16. <ul><li>Most words in English have more than one meaning and many have several parts of speech (functions). </li></ul>Why choose the appropriate meaning? Choosing the appropriate meaning
  17. 17. How to choose the appropriate meaning? Choosing the appropriate meaning 1. Look at the context in which the word appears. the part that comes before or after a word, phrase, statement , etc and help reader determine the appropriate function and meaning of the word fair & legal <ul><li>Everyone wants a clean and honest election. </li></ul><ul><li>Gene always has the cleanest desk in the office. </li></ul><ul><li>He's been asked to tell some jokes in his speech but he's got to keep it clean . </li></ul><ul><li>Our hotel room was lovely and clean . </li></ul>not dirty not offensive Free of disease <ul><li>not dirty </li></ul><ul><li>fair & legal </li></ul><ul><li>not offensive </li></ul><ul><li>free of disease </li></ul>
  18. 18. Choosing the appropriate meaning 2. Know what part of speech it is? I left my bag on that round table. It’s your round , Tom. Jenny rounded her lips. adj. noun verb The plan looks good at the moment. If you have a good look , you can just see the white house. verb noun I’m reading a great book by Graham Greene. We need to book well in advance before Christmas. noun verb Your life changes completely when you have a baby. I have noticed some big changes in Louis since she got married. verb noun
  19. 19. Choosing the appropriate meaning Dictionary gives not only the meaning of a word but also the meaning of idiomatic phrase (idiom) / expression . In a dictionary, idioms are shown at their important word . i.e. have egg on your face (You must look up the word “egg”.) have a nice day (You must look up the word “nice”.) a group of words that has a special meaning that is different from the ordinary meaning of each separate word. For example, 'under the weather' is an idiom meaning 'ill'.
  20. 20. Work on the supplementary exercise!!