Infinitives and gerunds

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Infinitives and gerunds

  1. 1. Infinitives And Gerunds By Patricia Mellino
  2. 2. Verbs followed by the –ing form <ul><li>Like </li></ul><ul><li>Dislike </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Hate </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t stand </li></ul><ul><li>Look forward to </li></ul><ul><li>Involve </li></ul><ul><li>Mean </li></ul><ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Expressions followed by the -ing form <ul><li>It’s not worth </li></ul><ul><li>There’s no point </li></ul><ul><li>It’s no use </li></ul>
  4. 4. Verbs followed by infinitive
  5. 5. <ul><li>The infinitive is used </li></ul><ul><li>In the pattern It + be + adjective + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>It’s hard to learn Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>To express purpose </li></ul><ul><li>I called them to arrange a meeting </li></ul>
  6. 6. Changes in Meaning
  7. 7. What’s the difference? I stopped going to the gym (I gave up the activity) I stopped to go to the gym (I was driving and stopped in order to go to the gym) Meaning!!
  8. 8. Which means what? I remember see ing Ken at the party I remembered to see Ken at the party I knew he wanted to speak to me, so I went over to him I saw him, and I have clear memory of it
  9. 9. The same applies to: <ul><li>TRY </li></ul>Try to stay calm (Make the effort) Try listening to it again (do the experiment) <ul><li>FORGET </li></ul>I’ll never forget to send you a birthday card (because my computer will remind me) I’ll never forget sending you a birthday card (because I spent 3 hours at the post office ) <ul><li>REGRET </li></ul>I regret to tell / infrom you that… (I’m sorry to tell you but…) I regret moving to B.A. (you feel sorry or sad about something you did in the past
  10. 10. http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfile/upperint/j_games/theanteatergame/nef_upper_games_ant02 / http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/ingform/menu.php http://www.englishmedialab.com/GrammarGames/En%20garde/gerunds%20infinitive/gerunds%20or%20infinitive.html PRACTICE
  11. 11. The End

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