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The simple past
     tense
         Tunaholmsskolan

    klass 8 English Grammar




 Form (structure)
 Meaning & Use
 Pronunciation
How do we form the simple
past tense . . .?

English has two types
of verbs in the past       taught
tense:
                           walked
   Regular verbs          studied
   Irregular verbs        gave
Look at the                became
following list of          cried
past tense verbs…          lived
which verbs are            did
regular, and which
are irregular?
Regular verbs are verbs that ….
…end with –
ed
Simple Form        Past Tense
Walk
Study
Cry
Live
Irregular verbs are verbs that . .
. .
…DON’T end with – ed

some irregular verbs
Have a vowel change in the past tense:

      Simple Form         Past Tense
      become              became
      give                gave
      drive                   dr ove
      forget              forgot
other irregular verbs
Have a different kind of change:


                    Simple Past
                    teach    taught
                    bring brought
                    Leave      left
                    Hear       heard
                    Buy
                      bought
And some irregular verbs
don’t change at all . . .


Simple          Past
hit             hit
put             put
set             set

The children set the table every Sunday.
The children set the table last night.
For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the
verb in a positive sentence.


When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.




Donna ______________ and _______________ in
Paris when she was younger.
For irregular verbs, use the correct
past tense form in positive sentences.



Last week, I ___________ you a
letter.




The students _____________ a
speech in English. They __________
a great job!
For negative sentences,USE




I went to work
yesterday.
Carl didn’t go to work
because he was sick.
Exception =
      VERB BE!
The verb be is special.
Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T
with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
Meaning & Use
In what situations do English speakers use
the simple past tense?
 Completed actions in the past What are

 some common time expressions used with
 the past tense?
Examples:
I saw Maria yesterday.
            yesterday

Last week, 8C took their listening tests.
     week

They got married two years ago.
                           ago
pronunciation


The –ed ending in English has:
Some regular verbs end
with a “ t ” sound:
Walked
    Laughed
Washed
     Talked
jumped
Some regular verbs end
with a “ d ” sound:
planned
      played
learned
   answered
loved
Other regular verbs end
with an “ id” sound:
          id
 These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse:
Simple Form                 Past Tense
There are rules that tell
us how to pronounce the
–ed.
However,
It’s a good idea for students to make
a list of which –ed verbs have a t
sound, which have a d sound, and
which have an id sound.

And with practice, you can start to learn
and memorize correct pronunciation.
Student
     Practice:
Go to this website to practice what
you have learned today:

http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441

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English klass 8 past tense

  • 1. The simple past tense Tunaholmsskolan klass 8 English Grammar  Form (structure)  Meaning & Use  Pronunciation
  • 2. How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two types of verbs in the past  taught tense:  walked  Regular verbs  studied  Irregular verbs  gave Look at the  became following list of  cried past tense verbs…  lived which verbs are  did regular, and which are irregular?
  • 3. Regular verbs are verbs that …. …end with – ed Simple Form Past Tense Walk Study Cry Live
  • 4. Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with – ed some irregular verbs Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive dr ove forget forgot
  • 5. other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: Simple Past teach taught bring brought Leave left Hear heard Buy bought
  • 6. And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . Simple Past hit hit put put set set The children set the table every Sunday. The children set the table last night.
  • 7. For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.
  • 8. For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!
  • 9. For negative sentences,USE I went to work yesterday. Carl didn’t go to work because he was sick.
  • 10. Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special. Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
  • 11. Meaning & Use In what situations do English speakers use the simple past tense?  Completed actions in the past What are some common time expressions used with the past tense?
  • 12. Examples: I saw Maria yesterday. yesterday Last week, 8C took their listening tests. week They got married two years ago. ago
  • 14. Some regular verbs end with a “ t ” sound: Walked Laughed Washed Talked jumped
  • 15. Some regular verbs end with a “ d ” sound: planned played learned answered loved
  • 16. Other regular verbs end with an “ id” sound: id These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse: Simple Form Past Tense
  • 17. There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However, It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound. And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.
  • 18. Student Practice: Go to this website to practice what you have learned today: http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441