The simple past tense Tunaholmsskolan klass 8 English Grammar Form (structure) Meaning & Use Pronunciation
How do we form the simplepast tense . . .?English has two typesof verbs in the past taughttense: walked Regular verbs studied Irregular verbs gaveLook at the becamefollowing list of criedpast tense verbs… livedwhich verbs are didregular, and whichare irregular?
Regular verbs are verbs that ….…end with –edSimple Form Past TenseWalkStudyCryLive
Irregular verbs are verbs that . .. .…DON’T end with – edsome irregular verbsHave a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive dr ove forget forgot
other irregular verbsHave a different kind of change: Simple Past teach taught bring brought Leave left Hear heard Buy bought
And some irregular verbsdon’t change at all . . .Simple Pasthit hitput putset setThe children set the table every Sunday.The children set the table last night.
For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of theverb in a positive sentence.When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.Donna ______________ and _______________ inParis when she was younger.
For irregular verbs, use the correctpast tense form in positive sentences.Last week, I ___________ you aletter.The students _____________ aspeech in English. They __________a great job!
For negative sentences,USEI went to workyesterday.Carl didn’t go to workbecause he was sick.
Exception = VERB BE!The verb be is special.Never use DID NOT or DIDN’Twith the verb BE. Instead, just use:
Meaning & UseIn what situations do English speakers usethe simple past tense? Completed actions in the past What are some common time expressions used with the past tense?
Examples:I saw Maria yesterday. yesterdayLast week, 8C took their listening tests. weekThey got married two years ago. ago
Some regular verbs endwith a “ t ” sound:Walked LaughedWashed Talkedjumped
Some regular verbs endwith a “ d ” sound:planned playedlearned answeredloved
Other regular verbs endwith an “ id” sound: id These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse:Simple Form Past Tense
There are rules that tellus how to pronounce the–ed.However,It’s a good idea for students to makea list of which –ed verbs have a tsound, which have a d sound, andwhich have an id sound.And with practice, you can start to learnand memorize correct pronunciation.
Student Practice:Go to this website to practice whatyou have learned today:http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441