Indirect and Reported Questions

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Indirect and Reported Questions

  1. 1. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions
  2. 2. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>W hen you ask someone for information, you can use an indirect question beginning with a phrase such as ‘Could you tell me …’ or ‘Do you know …’. </li></ul><ul><li>Could you tell me how far it is to the bank? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know where Jane is? </li></ul>
  3. 3. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>W hen you want to ask someone politely to do something, you can use an indirect question after ‘I wonder’. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder if you can help me. </li></ul>
  4. 4. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>Y ou also use ‘I wonder’ followed by an indirect question to indicate what you are thinking about. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder what she’ll look like. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder which hotel it was. </li></ul>
  5. 5. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>W hen you are talking about a question that someone has asked, you use a reported question. </li></ul><ul><li>She asked me why I was so late . </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to know where I was going . </li></ul><ul><li>I asked her if I could help her . </li></ul>
  6. 6. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>I n formal and written English, ‘enquire’ (also spelled ‘inquire’) is often used instead of ‘ask’. </li></ul><ul><li>William had enquired if she did a lot of acting . </li></ul><ul><li>He inquired whether he could see her . </li></ul>
  7. 7. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>I n indirect and reported questions, the subject of the question comes before the verb, just as it does in affirmative sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know where Jane is ? </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder if you can help me . </li></ul><ul><li>She asked me why I was late . </li></ul>
  8. 8. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>Y ou do not normally use the auxiliary ‘do’ in indirect or reported questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you remember when they open on Sundays? </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder what he feels about it. </li></ul><ul><li>She asked him if his parents spoke French. </li></ul>
  9. 9. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>T he auxiliary ‘do’ can be used in indirect or reported questions, but only for emphasis, or to make a contrast with something that has already been said. It is not put before the subject as in direct questions. </li></ul><ul><li>She asked me whether I really did mean it. </li></ul>
  10. 10. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>Y ou use ‘if’ or ‘whether’ to introduce indirect and reported ‘yes/no’-questions. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder if you’d give the children a bath. </li></ul><ul><li>I am writing to ask whether you would could care to come and visit us. </li></ul>
  11. 11. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>‘ W hether’ is used especially when there is a choice of possibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>I was asked whether I wanted to stay at a hotel or at his home. </li></ul><ul><li>They asked whether Tim was or was not in the team. </li></ul>
  12. 12. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>Note: You can put ‘or not’ immediately after ‘whether’, but not immediately after ‘if’. </li></ul><ul><li>The police asked whether or not they were in. </li></ul>
  13. 13. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>W hen you are asking a question, the verb in the reported clause is often in the past tense. This is because you are often talking about the past when you are reporting someone else’s words. </li></ul><ul><li>She asked me why I was too late. </li></ul><ul><li>Pat asked him if she had hurt him. </li></ul>
  14. 14. I ndirect and R eported Q uestions <ul><li>H owever, you can use a present or future tense if the question you are reporting relates to the present or future. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark was asking if you ’re enjoying your new job. </li></ul><ul><li>They asked if you ’ll be there tomorrow night. </li></ul>
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