Gerunds and infinitives

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  • IS USED TO SHOW TWO EVENTS RELATING
  • Gerunds and infinitives

    1. 1. GERUNDSandINFINITIVES<br />Presented by:<br />Isabel C. Velazco<br />I.D. 3-66-1720<br />
    2. 2. GERUNDS<br />Brief review and how to form them.<br />walking<br />Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs<br />talking<br />thinking<br />eating<br />Gerundsare defined as the ”ing” form of a verb. They have several functions.<br />
    3. 3. GERUNDS<br />Can be used as:<br />2<br />1<br />3<br />OBJECT<br />of a sentence<br />SUBJECTS<br />COMPLIMENTS<br />
    4. 4. GERUNDS<br />Examples<br />OBJECT<br />of a sentence<br />SUBJECTS<br />Compliment<br />
    5. 5. GERUNDSCan be made negative by adding “not”.<br />Examples<br />
    6. 6. INFINITIVES<br />towalk<br />Are the “TO” form of the verb<br />OBJECT<br />of a sentence<br />totalk<br />tothink<br />SUBJECTS<br />toeat<br />Compliment<br />
    7. 7. INFINITIVESThe negative Can be made by adding “not”.<br />Examples<br />
    8. 8. Gerunds and Infinitives<br />Can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. <br />
    9. 9. Gerunds and Infinitives<br />Examples<br />Normal subject<br />Abstract subject <br />(less common)<br />Normal Complement<br />Abstract Complement<br />
    10. 10. Gerunds and Infinitives<br />As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. In such situations, they are not normally interchangeable. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. <br />
    11. 11. Gerunds and Infinitives<br />“enjoy” requires a gerund<br />He enjoys swimming.<br />He wants to swim.<br />“wants” requires an infinitive<br />
    12. 12. Gerunds and Infinitives<br />Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects<br /><ul><li>She suggested goingto a movie.
    13. 13. Mary keeps talking about her problems.</li></ul>Some verbs are followed by gerunds as infinitives<br /><ul><li>She wants to go to a movie.
    14. 14. Mary needs to talk about her problems.</li>

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