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Gerunds and infinitives

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Gerunds and infinitives

  1. 1. Infinitives and Gerunds
  2. 2. Which one is which?1. 2. a. I forgot to shave. - infinitive b. I forgot shaving. - gerunds
  3. 3. Basic Meanings Verbs and their complement1 Only finite complements 2 only 3 Only 4 Boththat… to- V V -ing to- V/V -ingArgue agree avoid beginAssume allow consider ceaseBelieve arrange detest continueContend beg enjoy dreadGuess choose fancy forgetKnow decide finish hateRealize decline keep likeSay hope postpone loveState offer practice preferSuppose promise resent regretThink well resist rememberwonder want suggest stop
  4. 4. Basic MeaningsVerbs with both to –V and V –ing non-finitecomplements - Main verbs indicate forget and remember. -Different complements indicate different sequences of action. -Clear meaning differences 1) He forgot to take his medicine, so he is still sick. He forgot that he should take it. V before to V forget before take 2) He forgot taking his medicine, but he did it. He forgot that he had taken his medicine. V after V-ing forget after take
  5. 5. Answer the questions based on the summarized below. Use a gerund, an infinitive, or a simple form in your answer. General Hospital Jason is in a car accident when the car he is riding in (his brother, A.J., is driving) hits a tree. Jason was not wearing seat belt and was thrown from the car. He experiences memory loss as a result of the accident. He can’t remember anyone and gets particularly angry at his family and his girlfriend when they tell him what he was like and how he used to act before the accident. Jason is from a wealthy family and had been a premed student. Because he knows he can’t match his family’s expectations, he leaves home, rents a room, and takes a blue-collar job. What is Jason angry about? What did Jason decide to do? What can’t Jason remember? What did Jason stop doing?
  6. 6. MATCH it’s unusual to wear pink shoes wearing pink shoes is unusual it is dangerous to drink and drive drinking and driving is dangerous to speak your native It is impossible language in English class speaking your nativelanguage in English class is impolite it is easy to ride a bicycle riding a bicycle is easy
  7. 7. MATCH it’s unusual to wear pink shoes wearing pink shoes is unusual it is dangerous to drink and drive drinking and driving is dangerous to speak your native It is impossible language in English class speaking your nativelanguage in English class is impolite it is easy to ride a bicycle riding a bicycle is easy

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