Folklore in Slovakia


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Slovak Folklore

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Folklore in Slovakia

  1. 1. Slovak and Hungarian Folk
  2. 2. <ul><li>Music in the Slovak culture has an extremely important role. </li></ul><ul><li>It was and still is a part of our life. </li></ul><ul><li>Folk songs belong to the oldest artistic expressions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Historical songs, mainly folk ballads were hiding the ideas of liberty and freedom in their lyrics. </li></ul><ul><li>Folk music has become the successor of folk song . </li></ul><ul><li>Annual folk festivals bring folk music back to life, the largest and best known are in Detva and Východná . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Slovak folk music has regional character . </li></ul><ul><li>Songs and orchestras are different from region to region. </li></ul><ul><li>Music in various regions differs also by instrument composition (string or more brass). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The very specific instrument, which originated in Detva region, is high shepherd pipe , the so-called fujara . </li></ul><ul><li>For its excellence, brilliant simplicity of the design and the basic operating, it was also included on the list of UNESCO. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Every year there is also The Heligonka Festival – musicians playing on a special, simple folk and popular type of accordion. </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Music influenced a lot of composers of classical and modern music. </li></ul><ul><li>The Slovak national anthem was written on the theme of popular folk song Kopala Studienku ( Digging the Well ). </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Other examples of modern music performers, who are inspired by the folk songs , are bands Vidiek, Lojzo, Tublatanka, Elán, Banda and the folk bands and singers. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Slovak folk music is popular throughout Slovakia, with different regions performing their own unique dances. </li></ul><ul><li>When Slovak folkgroups perform a dance from a particular region, they wear the traditional costumes typical of that region. </li></ul><ul><li>Slovak folk dances are especially popular in the Orava, Liptov, Saris and Horehronie regions of Slovakia. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Little Ann, my soul, where have you been – Anička dušička, kde si bola... </li></ul><ul><li>Anička, dušička, kde si bola, keď si si čižmičky zarosila. [:Bola som v hájičku, žala som trávičku, duša moja, duša moja.:] A ja som po tri dni trávu kosil, ja som si čižmičky nezarosil. [:A ja som hrabala, teba som čakala, duša moja, duša moja.:] </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Little Ann, my soul, where have you been, when you get that mist on your boots. [: I was in grove, I reaped the grass, my soul, my soul.:] And I reaped the grass for three days, I have no mist on my boots. [: And I raked, I was waiting for you, my soul, my soul.:] </li></ul>
  10. 13. Something to see <ul><li>Our country is the smallest in middle Europe. However there are many interesting places to see. </li></ul><ul><li>In Slovakia we have 7 sights in World Haritage List – 5 cultural and 2 natural. </li></ul>
  11. 14. 1. Banská Štiavnica <ul><li>It is an old town were were the gold, and silver mines </li></ul><ul><li>Gold and silver was used to support science, education and culture and also to finance wars </li></ul><ul><li>It was one of the first Slovak towns </li></ul>
  12. 15. 2.Bardejov <ul><li>Bardejov is located in North- Eastern Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>First written record mention dates to 13. century </li></ul><ul><li>There are still amazing medieval monuments </li></ul>
  13. 16. 3. Levoča and Spiš castle <ul><li>It is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe. It covers an area of 41426 square meters </li></ul><ul><li>It was built in 12th century </li></ul>
  14. 17. 4. Vlkolínec <ul><li>Vlkolínec is situated in mountains of Greater Fatra </li></ul><ul><li>It is a reservation of folk architecture- wooden village </li></ul>
  15. 18. 5.Caves in Slovak Karst <ul><li>Slovak Karst contains 712 caves </li></ul><ul><li>But only 4 are open to public </li></ul><ul><li>We have 3 types of caves- </li></ul><ul><li>1. ice caves </li></ul><ul><li>2. karst caves </li></ul><ul><li>3. aragonit cave </li></ul>
  16. 19. National Park Slovakia Veľká Fatra National Park Malá Fatra National Park Low Tatras National Park Muránska planina National Park Pieniny National Park Poloniny National Park Slovak Karst National Park Slovak Paradise National Park Tatra National Park
  17. 20. Hungarian Folk Art
  18. 21. <ul><li>Every ethnicity has its traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Between the Hungarian traditions belong: </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday habits </li></ul><ul><li>Folk dance </li></ul><ul><li>Folk music </li></ul><ul><li>Folk costumes </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Easter Traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Carneval-„Busójárás“ </li></ul><ul><li>Vintage Traditions </li></ul>
  20. 23. Hungarian folk music includes a broad array of styles, including the recruitment dance csárdás and nóta. During the 20th century, Hungarian composers were influenced by the traditional music of their nation which may be considered as a repeat of the early &quot;nationalist&quot; movement of the early 19th century (Beethoven) but is more accurately the artists' desire to escape the hegemony of the classical tradition manifold at that time. Béla Bartók took this departure into the abstract musical world in his appropriation of traditional Hungarian as the basis for symphonic creations .
  21. 25. <ul><li>People danced on weddings and special events </li></ul><ul><li>It was a way of self-expression </li></ul><ul><li>The dancers wore folk costumes </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Csárdás- traditional Hungarian folk dance. From the men’s intricate bootslapping dances to the ancient women’s circle dances, Csárdás demonstrates the infectious exuberance of the Hungarian folk dancing still celebrated in the villages. With beautifully embroidered costumes and energetic music, Csárdás celebrates the diversity of a rich and colourful culture nestled in the heart of Europe </li></ul>
  23. 28. <ul><li>Traditional musical instrumnts are: </li></ul><ul><li>Violin </li></ul><ul><li>Double bass </li></ul><ul><li>Dulcimer </li></ul><ul><li>Clarinet </li></ul>
  24. 29. <ul><li>Folk costumes are hand made </li></ul><ul><li>Decorated with strips </li></ul><ul><li>Every region has its folk costume </li></ul>
  25. 31. <ul><li>Bart is a little village in southwest Slovakia. </li></ul><ul><li>The nature and the atmosphere is very good and peaceful.The people are absolutely talkative and nice. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a famous village in Slovakia ,because it has got a very special folklore. </li></ul>
  26. 33. <ul><li>The national costume is the same everywhere, except of Bart. </li></ul><ul><li>The interesting thing is that the skirts are very, very short. </li></ul><ul><li>It has got a very interesting story. </li></ul>
  27. 35. <ul><li>The other part is the long red boot: </li></ul><ul><li>On the heel are 2 coins, </li></ul><ul><li>so when the girls are </li></ul><ul><li>dancing, the boots are </li></ul><ul><li>jingled. </li></ul>
  28. 37. Hungarian mythology includes the myths, legends, folk tales, fairy tales and gods of the Hungarians. Many parts of it are thought to be lost, i.e. only some texts remained which can be classified as a myth. However, a significant amount of Hungarian mythology was successfully recovered in the last hundred years. The great bird resembling to a falcon that was sent forth by God (Isten) to guide the creation and destiny of the Hungarian people. The first kings after St Stephen I. were the hereditiary of Turul (&quot;Turul nemzetség&quot;)
  29. 38. Hungary is home to the largest spas in Europe (Széchenyi Spa), one of the largest basilicas in Europe (Esztergom Basilica), the second largest territorial abbey in the world (Pannonhalma Archabbey), and the largest Early Christian Necropolis outside Italy (Pécs).
  30. 40. During the tournament over two hundred knights and man-at-arms from Czech Republic, Bavaria , Italy, Poland, and the Carpathian Highlands along with the Hungarian Royal Knights of Saint George will enter the contests. Horse archers and infantry archers will start by showering their adversaries with their accurate and deadly arrows. The royal falconers, beautiful ladies of the court, crossbow men, Italian flag throwers, trick and show riding exhibits and other entertainment will be featured for the kings, their nobles and the distinguished audience.
  31. 43. <ul><li>Kovács Ákos </li></ul><ul><li>Kovács Kati </li></ul><ul><li>Fenyő Miklós </li></ul>
  32. 44. <ul><li>He is a Hungarian pop-rock singer-songwriter. </li></ul><ul><li>He is known for his solo career writing poetic pop songs , as well as a member of the now defunct group Bonanza Banzai. Kovács uses his given name, Ákos, in his career. His songs are on the top lists of Hungarian music . </li></ul>
  33. 45. <ul><li>She is a Hungarian singer and actress. </li></ul><ul><li>She became famous nationally when she won the seminal TV talent show in Hungary “Who Knows What?”. </li></ul><ul><li>She worked with the Hungarian rock band Locomotiv GT on three albums: Kovács Kati & Locomotiv GT, Close to the sun (Közel a naphoz) and Kati. </li></ul><ul><li>Now she works with the psychedelic soul-beat band The Qualitons. </li></ul>
  34. 46. <ul><li>One of the most famous Hungarian band is connected his name. His band Hungária was a very successful with their number 1 songs, like Roll up the carpet (Csavard fel a szőnyeget) or the Made in Hungaria. </li></ul><ul><li>His solo carreer is successful, too. </li></ul>
  35. 47. <ul><li>Miro Žbirka </li></ul><ul><li>Jožo Ráž </li></ul>
  36. 48. <ul><li>Žbirka started his pop music career as a member of popular Slovak group Modus . </li></ul><ul><li>He became the first Slovak &quot;Golden Nightingale&quot; and won the international festival in Villach, Austria with &quot;Love Song&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time Miro recorded his English albums, &quot;Miro&quot; and &quot;Giant Step&quot; for German RCA. </li></ul>
  37. 49. <ul><li>Ráž is co-founder of the Slovak music band Elán . </li></ul><ul><li>Their albums were very successful. </li></ul>
  38. 50. Thank you! Děkují! Köszönjük! Danke! Tak! Je vous remercie! Gracias!