Art of the Christian Kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages

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Art of the Christian Kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages

  1. 1. ART AND CULTURE OF THE CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS DURING THE MIDDLE AGES
  2. 2. ASTURIAN ART •It developed between the 8th and 10th centuries. •It was very similar to Visigothic art. •The main works of art were small churches and precious metal works.
  3. 3. SAN JULIÁN DE LOS PRADOS, SANTULLANO, ASTURIAS
  4. 4. SANTA MARÍA DEL NARANCO, NEAR OVIEDO It was originally built as a palace, but later it was used as a church
  5. 5. CROSS OF THE ANGELS, OVIEDO CATHEDRAL
  6. 6. MOZARABIC ART •This style developed in the Christian kingdoms in the 10th century. •It was developed by the Mozarabs who had escaped from Al- Andalus to the North. •It was influenced by Islamic art: they used the horseshoe arch and similar capitals as the ones used in Al- Andalus. •The Mozarabs also made miniatures called beatus: beautifully illustrated books with stories of the Gospel.
  7. 7. SAN BAUDELIO DE BERLANGA, SORIA
  8. 8. BEATUS OF LIÉBANA
  9. 9. SAN MIGUEL DE ESCALADA, LEÓN
  10. 10. MUDÉJAR ART •This style developed in the Christian kingdoms from the 12th century. •It was developed by the Muslims who remained in the Christian kingdoms. •They used Islamic decorative elements, bricks and ceramic tiles. MUDÉJAR ARCHITECTURE IN THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
  11. 11. CIMBORRIO OF THE TERUEL CATHEDRAL
  12. 12. TOWER OF THE CHURCH OF UTEBO, ZARAGOZA TOWER OF SAN MARTÍN, TERUEL
  13. 13. SYNAGOGUE OF EL TRÁNSITO, TOLEDO
  14. 14. REALES ALCÁZARES, SEVILLE
  15. 15. SAINT JAMES WAY
  16. 16. When Hispania belonged to the Roman Empire, the route to Santiago was a trade route called The Milky Way, because it followed the Milky Way to the Atlantic Ocean. Some legends say that this route was related to fertility rites. Some others explain that the route was related to a death journey towards the place where the sun sets, to Finis Terrae (the end of the world). SCALLOP SHELL, (related to fertility rites)
  17. 17. The Christian legend says that James, one of the apostles, travelled to Hispania and his body was buried in an unknown place in Galicia. In the 9th century a hermit saw a bright light at night and the tomb of the apostle was discovered. This place was called Campus Stellea (stars´ land) and a shrine was built there. Historians assure that James was never in Hispania. The remains found in Compostela may belong to Priscillian, a bishop , leader of a Christian sect of the 4th century who was executed as heretic. PRISCILIAN
  18. 18. The kings of Asturias and León considered the legend of the Tomb of Saint James as an opportunity to promote the economy of their kingdom and gave support to the pilgrimage to Santiago. Pilgrims from different European kingdoms arrived to Santiago. Many of them walked the way as a penance. Some innovations were introduced through the Saint James way, such as Romanesque and Gothic art. The most important Romanesque works of art in the Iberian Peninsula are located all along the Way. PILGRIMS
  19. 19. SAN MARTÍN DE FRÓMISTA, PALENCIA SOME ROMANESQUE WORKS OF ART COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF SAN ISIDORO, LEÓN
  20. 20. PORTAL OF THE GLORY, SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA
  21. 21. SOME GOTHIC WORKS OF ART BURGOS CATHEDRAL LEÓN CATHEDRAL
  22. 22. THE TOLEDO SCHOOL OF TRANSLATORS Although Toledo was conquered in 1085 by Alfonso VI, the city remained a cultural centre where three cultures lived together and exchanged knowledge. In the 12th century, the Toledo school was created: it was a translators’ school, where Arabic texts were translated to Latin. They translated very important manuscripts and allowed the spread of Greek, Persian and Islamic discoveries to all Europe. More information: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1310/is_1991_Dec/ai_11864007/

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