•This style developed in the Christian kingdoms in the 10th
•It was developed by the Mozarabs who had escaped from Al-
Andalus to the North.
•It was influenced by Islamic art: they used the horseshoe arch
and similar capitals as the ones used in Al- Andalus.
•The Mozarabs also made miniatures called beatus: beautifully
illustrated books with stories of the Gospel.
•This style developed in the
Christian kingdoms from the
•It was developed by the
Muslims who remained in the
•They used Islamic decorative
elements, bricks and ceramic
MUDÉJAR ARCHITECTURE IN THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
When Hispania belonged to the
Roman Empire, the route to
Santiago was a trade route called
The Milky Way, because it
followed the Milky Way to the
Some legends say that this route
was related to fertility rites.
Some others explain that the route
was related to a death journey
towards the place where the sun
sets, to Finis Terrae (the end of
the world). SCALLOP SHELL,
(related to fertility rites)
The Christian legend says that James, one
of the apostles, travelled to Hispania and
his body was buried in an unknown place in
In the 9th
century a hermit saw a bright light
at night and the tomb of the apostle was
discovered. This place was called
Campus Stellea (stars´ land) and a shrine
was built there.
Historians assure that James was never
The remains found in Compostela may
belong to Priscillian, a bishop , leader of a
Christian sect of the 4th
century who was
executed as heretic.
The kings of Asturias and León considered
the legend of the Tomb of Saint James
as an opportunity to promote the
economy of their kingdom and gave
support to the pilgrimage to Santiago.
Pilgrims from different European kingdoms
arrived to Santiago. Many of them walked
the way as a penance.
Some innovations were introduced through
the Saint James way, such as
Romanesque and Gothic art.
The most important Romanesque works of
art in the Iberian Peninsula are located all
along the Way.
SAN MARTÍN DE FRÓMISTA,
SOME ROMANESQUE WORKS OF ART
COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF
SAN ISIDORO, LEÓN
SOME GOTHIC WORKS OF ART
THE TOLEDO SCHOOL OF TRANSLATORS
Although Toledo was conquered in
1085 by Alfonso VI, the city
remained a cultural centre where
three cultures lived together and
In the 12th
century, the Toledo
school was created: it was a
translators’ school, where Arabic
texts were translated to Latin. They
translated very important
manuscripts and allowed the spread
of Greek, Persian and Islamic
discoveries to all Europe.