Lesson 3

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Lesson 3

  1. 1. Lesson 3 BellringerWhat were the four major ideas ofthe American Enlightenment and what do they mean?
  2. 2. John Locke• Evidence of ideals? Americanism?• Which was easier to read, Paine or Locke?• Jot down what you know about battles in the American Revolution
  3. 3. Lexington and Concordhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiIFRCk1hxY
  4. 4. “Shot Heard Round the World”• War starts at Lexington• American colonists lacked a professional military, therefore relied on a militia of volunteers – Military composed of civilians – Little training or equipment – Each colony contributed a militia – Facing best in the world
  5. 5. War Starts• Began in Massachusetts (Boston had been a center of revolutionary activity) – Massachusetts Government Act – Lexington and Concord – Paul Revere• After the first shots, British troops moved from Lexington to Concord – British began to retreat back to Boston – Minutemen attacked British along the road
  6. 6. War• American militia surround the British at Boston – Siege of Boston; April 19, 1775- March 17, 1776 – British respond by sending troops• Battle of Bunker Hill – British launched three attacks – Gained land, but number of causalities for British – Colonist retreated
  7. 7. George Washington• Following the American defeat at Bunker Hill, Washington takes control of colonial forces and organizes Continental Army – Created by Congress – Supplemented by local militias
  8. 8. Washington’s Troops• Washington arrives at Boston to take charge of the troops in July 1775• Other troops of militia, led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, invade Canada three weeks after Siege of Boston – Fear of British attack from the north – Hoped to drive British troops out of Quebec – Americans did not take Quebec
  9. 9. War Continues• After Siege of Boston, British General Howe focuses on capturing New York (August 1776) – Washington sent 20,000 American troops to shores of New York – British drove American troops out and secured victory in the largest battle of the American Revolutionary War • Washington retreated with his men without serious losses
  10. 10. British control of New York• British troops set up in Manhattan• Set up “prison ships” along the shores – Ships held POW’s – More Americans died as British prisoners than died in the battles
  11. 11. War Continues• British troops continued to follow Washington and his troops until the Americans crossed the Delaware in early December 1776 – Outlook was bleak for Americans – Numbers dwindled

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