Workshop tools & machines

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Workshop tools & machines

  1. 1. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Twist Drill Bit Used to drill accurate holes in wood, metal and plastic. Common sizes range from 0.5mm-10mm.
  2. 2. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Forstner Drill Bit Used to drill flat-bottomed holes in wood. Used with a pillar drill.
  3. 3. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Hole Saw Used to drill holes (or make discs/wheels) in wood and plastic sheets.
  4. 4. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Carpenter’s Brace Used with auger bits (e.g. Jennings Pattern) to drill large holes in wood. A brace allows a lot of force to be applied to the drill bit.
  5. 5. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Jennings Pattern Auger Bit Used with a carpenter’s brace to drill deep holes in wood (e.g. when making furniture). Drill bits are available in large sizes.
  6. 6. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Countersink Drill Bit Used to make conical (sloping) holes (wood, metal and plastics) to hide the head of woodscrews and metal rivets.
  7. 7. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Flat Drill Bit Used to cut deep holes in wood. This drill bit removes the wood chips quickly.
  8. 8. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Bevel Edge Chisel Used to cut joints (e.g. mortise and tenon joints) and to remove waste wood from awkward places. A chisel can also be used to shape wood.
  9. 9. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Wooden Mallet Used to hit wood chisels when chiseling. It is also used to knock wood joints into place.
  10. 10. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Rubber Mallet Used to bend sheet metal without damaging the metal. Can also be used to separate and gently knock wood joints into place.
  11. 11. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Claw Hammer Used to hammer in and remove large nails, particularly when roofing houses.
  12. 12. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Cross-pein Hammer Used to hammer in small nails (e.g. panel pins).
  13. 13. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Ball-pein Hammer Used to hammer in larger nails and to flatten the heads of metal rivets (ball- pein end).
  14. 14. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Tenon (Back) Saw Used to cut wood to length and to cut joints (e.g. tenon joints).
  15. 15. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Hacksaw Used to cut thicker sections of metal and plastic (bar, rod and tube).
  16. 16. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Junior Hacksaw Used to cut thin sections of metal and plastic (bar, rod and tube).
  17. 17. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Coping Saw Used to cut curves in thin sheets of wood or plastic, such as acrylic. The blade can be rotated through 90 degrees.
  18. 18. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Rip Saw Used to cut thicker wood (timber) along the grain (lengthways).
  19. 19. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Nail Punch Used to hammer the heads of oval nails below the surface of the wood.
  20. 20. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Carpenter’s Pincers Used to remove small bent nails without damaging your work.
  21. 21. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Scriber Used to score (scribe) thin lines on metal sheet. The metal is usually coated with a blue dye which makes the lines more visible.
  22. 22. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Smoothing Plane Used to level the surface and edges of wood. A good tool to remove unwanted blemishes.
  23. 23. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Surform Used to shape, level and smooth wood. The blades can be easily replaced when blunt or damaged.
  24. 24. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Rasp Used to rapidly remove waste material. A rasp is used on soft materials such as aluminium, plaster and wood.
  25. 25. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Flat Hand File Used to remove waste material (wood, metal and plastic) to a finished size. Using a file is the first stage of finishing/smoothing materials.
  26. 26. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Bench Hook Used to hold wood more securely when sawing. One end is fixed in the woodworker’s vice to stop it from moving.
  27. 27. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Woodworker’s Try Square Used to mark 90 degree lines on wood and to check that edges/corners of materials are square.
  28. 28. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Engineer’s Try Square Used to mark 90 degree lines on metal and plastic and to check that edges/corners of materials are square.
  29. 29. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Steel Rule Used to measure and mark out wood, metal and plastics.
  30. 30. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Marking Knife Used to mark (score) lines across wood. Particularly useful when marking out accurate joints.
  31. 31. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Marking Gauge Used to mark parallel lines to a given edge on wood. These gauges are also used to mark out joints (e.g. tenon joints).
  32. 32. 50 Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Jenny (Odd-leg) Calipers Used to mark (score) parallel lines on metal
  33. 33. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Spirit Level Used to test that vertical and horizontal edges/surfaces are level
  34. 34. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Woodworker’s Vice Used to hold wood securely when sawing, chiseling, shaping, filing etc.
  35. 35. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Engineer’s Vice Used to hold metal securely when filing, drilling, bending etc.
  36. 36. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP G Cramp Used to hold wood joints until the glue sets. It is also used to secure work to the workbench (e.g. when chiseling) to prevent it from moving.
  37. 37. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Sash Clamp Used to hold (clamp) longer pieces of wood until the glue dries.
  38. 38. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Corner Clamp Used to hold corner joints until the glue sets (dries).
  39. 39. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Machine Vice Used to hold your work securely when drilling. The vice can be bolted to the drill table.
  40. 40. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Hand Vice Used to hold small sheets/sections of wood, metal or plastic more safely and securely when drilling.
  41. 41. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Toggle Clamp A special type of clamp that can be quickly locked and released. Used on vacuum formers to clamp the plastic sheet into position.
  42. 42. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Bench Pillar Drill Used with drill bits to drill precise holes in wood, metal and plastic. Goggles must be worn when using this machine.
  43. 43. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Band Saw Used to cut thicker sections of wood and plastic (sheets, blocks, tubes) in straight lines or curves.
  44. 44. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Disc & Belt Sanding Machine Used to remove waste material and smooth the edges of wood and plastic sheets/blocks.
  45. 45. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Reciprocating (Scroll) Saw Used to cut accurate curves in thin sheet wood and plastic.
  46. 46. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Strip Heater Used to heat thin plastic sheet (e.g. acrylic) so that it can be easily bent along a line.
  47. 47. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Vacuum Forming Machine Used to heat and mould plastic sheet into a variety of hollow forms (e.g. inserts for toy packaging).
  48. 48. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Injection Moulding Machine Used to mould intricate plastic objects such as telephones and electrical appliances (casings).
  49. 49. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Electric Power Drill Used with drill bits to quickly drill holes in wood, metal, plastic and concrete.
  50. 50. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Cordless Power Drill Used with drill and screwdriver bits to make holes and drive in woodscrews.

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