The hammer is a striking tool. It has a wooden handle and a head. The
size of hammer is indicated by weight.
There are two types of hammers:-
1. Hard face hammers
2. Soft face hammers
By:- Tanmay Patil.
Hard face hammers are further divided in four types:1. Ball peen hammer
2. Cross peen hammer
3. Straight peen hammer
4. Sledge hammer
Ball peen hammer
This type of hammer is widely used for general purpose, lay outing, riveting,
chipping and forming.
Ball peen hammer consist of peen, face, eye hole and handle.
It’s peen is ball shaped thus it is called ball peen hammer.
In eye hole a wooden handle is fixed. The peen and
face are hardened, whereas the middle portion is not
hardened so it can absorb the shock during striking
the job. It’s sizes varies from 0.12 kg to 1.00 kg.
Click here to see ball peen hammer’s labeled diagram
Cross peen hammer
It is generally used in smithy shop for heavy work and spreading the hot
Cross peen hammer consist of peen, face, eye hole and handle.
Peen of ball peen hammer is like a wedge and is perpendicular to the shaft or
Straight peen hammer
Straight peen hammer is generally used n smithy shop for swaging and
Straight peen hammer consist of peen, face, eye hole and handle.
In straight peen hammer peen is parallel to the handle.
sledge hammer is used for heavier works and on flat surface in smithy shop.
It’s size varies from 2.00 kg to 10.00 kg
Soft hammers are further divided in five types:1. Raw hide hammer
2. Mallet hammer
3. Brass hammer
4. Plastic hammer
5. Hard Rubber hammer
In common mallet is used.
Mallet is type of soft hammer. It is generally made of wooden or plastics. It
consists of head and handle. Head is generally 60 mm to 70 mm. in diameter and
150 mm to 300 mm in length.
It is generally used to strike finished or delicate jobs or machine parts during
repair or assembling.