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Geography of the united states


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Geography of the united states

  1. 1.  With a partner, think of some major geographic landforms in the United States. List them out, be sure to mention them by name! Ex. The Rocky Mountains
  2. 2.  The vast and varied landscape and abundant resources have attracted immigrants and shaped the development of the United States
  3. 3.  All major types of landforms are found in U.S. from towering mountain ranges to low lying coastal plains as well as tropical forests and deserts.
  4. 4.  The Coastal Plain is a low lying, flat area that extends from Delaware down to Florida. This area features many excellent harbors such as the Chesapeake Bay
  5. 5.  Appalachian Mountains run 1,600 miles from Maine to Alabama  - include Green and Catskill mountains in the north  - Blue Ridge and Great Smoky mountains in the south More than 400 million years old Erosion has created gentle slopes, peaks from 1,200–2,400 feet The Appalachian Trail is a scenic hiking path along the chain
  6. 6.  Mt. Rushmore is probably one of the most famous monuments in the United States carved out the side of the mountain in the Black Hills, South Dakota.
  7. 7.  Because the Black Hills are sacred to the Native American Lakota people, a more fitting monument is that of Crazy Horse. Crazy Horse was a great, compassionate leader of the Lakota’s during their darkest days. Because the original sculptor died in 1982, the memorial has no timetable to be completed. Funding has been an issue since they refuse assistance from the government.
  8. 8.  When complete, the sculpture will be 641 feet wide and 563 feet high.  - compare that to Mt. Rushmore where the heads are 60 ft. high It will be the largest sculpture in the world.
  9. 9.  Ancient glaciers leveled the land, left fertile soil The Great Plains extend from west from the Mississippi River all the way to the Rocky Mountains
  10. 10. I thought the Rocky Mountains would be a little rockier than this… So did I…That John Denver is full of it, man!
  11. 11.  Rocky Mountains run 3,000 miles from Alaska to New Mexico Relatively young: 80 million years old Less erosion means rugged, 12,000-foot, snow-covered peaks Continental Divide—the line of highest points along the Rockies
  12. 12.  Between the Rockies and the Pacific Ocean is a land of varied landforms. Such landforms include mountain ranges, valleys, canyons and deserts.
  13. 13.  Mt. McKinley is the tallest mountain in the United States. It is measured at 20,320ft! The natives originally named it Denali, meaning “the high one”.
  14. 14. Mojave DesertSonoran Desert Great Salt Lake Desert
  15. 15.  Death Valley is the lowest, driest, hottest location in North America. The hottest temperature ever recorded there was a staggering 134 degrees Fahrenheit! That’s just 2 degrees shy of the world record!
  16. 16.  The Grand Canyon is one the largest canyons in all the world. Carved out by the Colorado River for millions of years, it is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide and over a mile deep in some areas!
  17. 17. Wine Country!
  18. 18.  The United States does not have many large islands. The largest would be the Hawaiian Islands which are linked to the United States politically rather than geographically. Alaska’s Aleutian Islands and the Florida Keys are other small island chains.
  19. 19.  The United States is bound by waterways including the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The country also has many large lakes and rivers that provide - transportation, hydroelectric power, irrigation, fresh water, fisheries.
  20. 20. Atlantic OceanPacific Ocean
  21. 21.  The Mississippi River is the longest river in the United States and 4th longest in the world. It flows for 2,320 miles! The Mississippi and its tributaries, the Ohio and Missouri Rivers, make it the largest and busiest system in the United States.
  22. 22.  The United States consists of thousands of lakes. Some of the largest freshwater lakes in the world are the Great Lakes in the Midwest which border Canada.  - Huron - Michigan  - Ontario - Erie  - Superior
  23. 23.  Utah’s Great Salt Lake is the largest salt water lake (inland sea) in the Western Hemisphere! The lake has very high salinity and is far saltier than sea water.