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Do-Now
 You   will have a do-now after WSMS.
Do-Now
 Please   work on your do-now silently.
Announcements
 Anyone   watch the Republican debate?
 Study guide due tomorrow
 Project questions?
Looking Ahead
 Tomorrow: study guide review & project time
 Next week:
    Monday- Review stations
    Tuesday- TEST!
    Wednesday- Projects due
 Next   next week:
    Quiz on Tuesday & bye-bye Ms. Mitchem’s teaching
    Wed-Fri- THANKSGIVING
 Next   next next week:
    Friday, Dec. 2nd- Anderson Cooper?
Review
 What   did we do yesterday?
    What activities did we do?
    What information did we learn?
What You Need to Know:
   Virginia, like each of the other 49 states, has its own separate court
    system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from
    Virginia’s constitution and state laws
       Virginia Supreme Court – justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited
        original jurisdiction
       Court of Appeals of Virginia – judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction to
        review decisions of Circuit Courts
       Circuit Court – judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction for felony
        criminal cases and for certain civil cases; appellate jurisdiction from
        District Courts
       General District Court and Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court –
        judge, no jury; original jurisdiction for misdemeanors in civil cases
        generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in
        juvenile and family cases
What Court?
Take out your homework from last night.
A Mystery!
Today’s Topic
Today’s Agenda
 Do-Now
 Announcements    + Review + HW Check
 Today’s Mystery Topic
    Geography Guru
    Notes
    Something! Something! Something! Sorting
    The Cville Lowdown
Geography Guru
Can you make connections between these names
and places?
Cities! Towns!
Counties!
UNITS OF LOCAL GOVT
Notes!
Units of Local Government
Where are we in Albemarle?
Local Government
 The  units of local
  government in
  Virginia are
  counties, towns, and
  cities.
 All powers of the
  local government
  come from the
  Virginia Constitution   Roanoke, Virginia
  or acts of the
  General Assembly.
Local Government
 Not all local
 governments             Tell Ms.
 are given the        Mitchem to
 same                 click here!!
 powers, and
 cities have a
 charter that lists
 their powers.
County Governments
 Virginia  has 95         Do you think we
                           have enough money
  counties.                in Albemarle’s
 Each county has          budget to make
                           every 3rd Wednesday
  an elected board         Free Bodo’s Day for
  of supervisors with      all Alby residents?
  legislative powers
  to enact
  ordinances (local
                        No way! They already
  laws) and adopt a     get free admittance to
  budget.               Monticello, TJ’s home.
                        What more do they
                        want?!
Town Governments
 Town   govts have
  an elected town
  council with
  legislative powers
  to enact
  ordinances and
  adopt a budget.
 A mayor is elected
  by the people or     Scottsville, Virginia
  the town council.
City Governments
 City govts have an
  elected city
  council with
  legislative powers
  to enact
  ordinances and
  adopt a budget.
 A mayor is elected
  by the people of
  the city council.
Local Governments
 InVirginian counties, towns, and cities, a
  manager may be hired by the legislative
  branch to oversee the operations of the
  local government.
 According to the Virginia Constitution,
  voters are required to elect a sheriff, a
  clerk of the court, a commissioner of
  revenue, and a treasurer.
Local Government
                                   Never!!
 Each   county and      Do you
                         mean
city has an elected or   School
appointed school         Bored?!
board, which
oversees the
operations of the K-12
public schools in the
city of county.
Local Government
 Localgovernment is allowed to do the
 following:
    Enforce state and local laws
    Promote public health
    Protect public safety
    Educate children
    Protect the environment
    Regulate land use
    Levy and collect taxes
Counties! Cities! Towns!
Sorting
Sorting
 Counties:
    Board of Supervisors
    Have legislative powers
    Powers come from VA Constitution & state
     laws
    May have a manager
    School Board
    Enact ordinances
    Promote public health
Sorting
 Cities:
     Elected Council
     Mayor
     May have a manager
     Enact ordinances
     Powers come from VA Constitution & state
      laws
     Promote pubic health
     Have charters
     School boards
     Have legislative powers
Sorting
 Towns:
    Elected Council
    Mayor
    May have a manager
    Enact ordinances
    Powers come from VA Constitution & state
     laws
    Promote pubic health
    Have legislative powers
The Cville/Alby Lowdown
Taking a look at area current events

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Local govt

  • 1. Do-Now  You will have a do-now after WSMS.
  • 2. Do-Now  Please work on your do-now silently.
  • 3. Announcements  Anyone watch the Republican debate?  Study guide due tomorrow  Project questions?
  • 4. Looking Ahead  Tomorrow: study guide review & project time  Next week:  Monday- Review stations  Tuesday- TEST!  Wednesday- Projects due  Next next week:  Quiz on Tuesday & bye-bye Ms. Mitchem’s teaching  Wed-Fri- THANKSGIVING  Next next next week:  Friday, Dec. 2nd- Anderson Cooper?
  • 5. Review  What did we do yesterday?  What activities did we do?  What information did we learn?
  • 6. What You Need to Know:  Virginia, like each of the other 49 states, has its own separate court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from Virginia’s constitution and state laws  Virginia Supreme Court – justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdiction  Court of Appeals of Virginia – judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of Circuit Courts  Circuit Court – judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases; appellate jurisdiction from District Courts  General District Court and Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court – judge, no jury; original jurisdiction for misdemeanors in civil cases generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases
  • 7. What Court? Take out your homework from last night.
  • 9. Today’s Agenda  Do-Now  Announcements + Review + HW Check  Today’s Mystery Topic  Geography Guru  Notes  Something! Something! Something! Sorting  The Cville Lowdown
  • 10. Geography Guru Can you make connections between these names and places?
  • 12. Notes! Units of Local Government
  • 13. Where are we in Albemarle?
  • 14.
  • 15. Local Government  The units of local government in Virginia are counties, towns, and cities.  All powers of the local government come from the Virginia Constitution Roanoke, Virginia or acts of the General Assembly.
  • 16. Local Government  Not all local governments Tell Ms. are given the Mitchem to same click here!! powers, and cities have a charter that lists their powers.
  • 17. County Governments  Virginia has 95 Do you think we have enough money counties. in Albemarle’s  Each county has budget to make every 3rd Wednesday an elected board Free Bodo’s Day for of supervisors with all Alby residents? legislative powers to enact ordinances (local No way! They already laws) and adopt a get free admittance to budget. Monticello, TJ’s home. What more do they want?!
  • 18. Town Governments  Town govts have an elected town council with legislative powers to enact ordinances and adopt a budget.  A mayor is elected by the people or Scottsville, Virginia the town council.
  • 19. City Governments  City govts have an elected city council with legislative powers to enact ordinances and adopt a budget.  A mayor is elected by the people of the city council.
  • 20. Local Governments  InVirginian counties, towns, and cities, a manager may be hired by the legislative branch to oversee the operations of the local government.  According to the Virginia Constitution, voters are required to elect a sheriff, a clerk of the court, a commissioner of revenue, and a treasurer.
  • 21. Local Government Never!!  Each county and Do you mean city has an elected or School appointed school Bored?! board, which oversees the operations of the K-12 public schools in the city of county.
  • 22. Local Government  Localgovernment is allowed to do the following:  Enforce state and local laws  Promote public health  Protect public safety  Educate children  Protect the environment  Regulate land use  Levy and collect taxes
  • 24. Sorting  Counties:  Board of Supervisors  Have legislative powers  Powers come from VA Constitution & state laws  May have a manager  School Board  Enact ordinances  Promote public health
  • 25. Sorting  Cities:  Elected Council  Mayor  May have a manager  Enact ordinances  Powers come from VA Constitution & state laws  Promote pubic health  Have charters  School boards  Have legislative powers
  • 26. Sorting  Towns:  Elected Council  Mayor  May have a manager  Enact ordinances  Powers come from VA Constitution & state laws  Promote pubic health  Have legislative powers
  • 27. The Cville/Alby Lowdown Taking a look at area current events