Do you think that the structure or organization of the federal judicial system ensures justice? Explain. Must be at least 5 sentences! Think about: o The different levels o How long the process takes o How many cases actually get appealed o If having appeals is fair or not
What did we do yesterday with the judicial branch? o Anything memorable?
“The executive not only dispenses the honors, but holds the sword of the community. The legislature not only commands the purse, but prescribes the rules by which the duties and rights of every citizen are to be regulated. The judiciary, on the contrary, has no influence over either the sword or the purse. It may truly be said to have neither FORCE nor WILL, but merely judgment. “ -The Federalist, 1788
Under the federal system of government, the United States has 2 court systems. One is the federal court system and the other is the system of state courts.
The judicial branch is described in Article III of the U.S. Constitution.
Jurisdiction of a State law says you have to eat court is the French toast on authority to Sundays… enforce laws. Example: states courts have Ms. Mitchem was arrested for eating jurisdiction over tofu eggs on cases arising Sunday and tried in a state court. under state law.
The federal courts are organized into several Check out all my levels. evidence guys!! It’s The lowest courts are trial super convincing!! courts known as U.S. district courts These courts have original jurisdiction, meaning they have the authority to be the first courts in which most federal cases are heard. These courts are the only federal courts that have juries.
Above the lowest courts are the U.S. courts of appeals. These courts have appellate jurisdiction, meaning that they review decisions made by lower courts if lawyers believe the law was not applied correctly in the lower court. These courts do not have juries, and instead, 6 to 28 There are 13 of us!! judges will examine the records from the trial
This term “appellate” in U.S. Courts of “appellate jurisdiction” is so Appeal crazy, right? Who’s heard of that before?? I have! It comes from the Latin verb “appello, appellare” which means to drive or move up. Think of appellate jurisdiction as a case that’s been driven or moved up to the next level! U.S. district courts
7. The highest court in the land is the U.S. Supreme Court justices!! In purple!! Supreme Court, which meets in Washington, D.C. These courts have appellate jurisdiction and some limited original jurisdiction. There are 9 Supreme Court justices who make the decision, which is final and cannot be appealed.
Federal courts deal with issues that violate the Constitution or federal laws like: o Any person accused of disobeying any part of the U.S. Constitution, including its amendments o Anyone accused of violated a U.S. treaty o Anyone accused of breaking laws passed by Congress o Charges brought by a foreign nation against the U.S. government or a U.S. citizen o Crimes committed on certain types of federal property o Crimes committed on U.S. ships at sea o Lawsuits between citizens of different states
Sodo you think Judge Judy deals with federal or state cases?
Read the scenario and decide if you think it is talking about the U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. courts of appeals, or U.S. district courts.
This court has only appellate jurisdiction, so it doesn’t hear cases for the first time.
Thiscourt has appellate jurisdiction, so it reviews cases, but it also has a few instances of original jurisdiction.
Jimmy committed a crime on the U.S.S. Awesome, an American ship sailing China. He was tried at a U.S. district court but doesn’t think that was held fairly. Which court should he go to next?
Thiscourt has original jurisdiction so it has the authority to be the first courts in which most federal cases are heard.
It’s1951, and Oliver is protesting the fact that he cannot attend a white school in Kansas. He doesn’t think that the “separate, but equal” treatment is fair, so he decides to file a lawsuit against the Board of Education in Kansas. The case ends up going all the way to the highest court in the land.