How a Bill Becomes a Law in Canada


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A brief overview on how a bill becomes a law in Canada

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How a Bill Becomes a Law in Canada

  1. 1. The town of Jupiter has a central parkthat is a major recreational centre forthe town residents. In order to maintainthe peacefulness and to minimize noisepollution in the park, the town enacteda law prohibiting vehicles in the park,and posted "No Vehicles in the Park“signs at every park entrance.
  2. 2. Decide if the "No Vehicles in the Park" law hasbeen violated in each of the following cases.Each pair should be prepared to give reasons forits decision.A teenager went into the park on a skateboard.A father went into the park with his daughter in astroller.A group of kids went into the park on their rollerblades.A senior went into the park in his motorizedwheelchair.
  3. 3.  Which situations violated the law? What problems did you have when usingthe law to decide if it was broken?
  4. 4.  In pairs, determine if the law has beenviolated in each of the following situations:› The park manager drove a truck full of trees to beplanted in the park.› A TV mobile unit drove into the park to videotapethe spring concert being performed in the park.› Andy/Andrea drove his/her car through the parkbecause he/she was late for work. He/she used thepark as a shortcut.› An ambulance took a shortcut through the park toattend to someone suspected of having a heartattack. In pairs, outline the factors you consideredbefore arriving at your decision
  5. 5.  Which situations violated the law? What problems did you have when usingthe law to decide if it was broken? What criteria should be used whencreating a law so that it can be the mosteffective?
  6. 6. Good Laws (and rules)› can be enforced;› can be followed (that is, is within societalvalues);› is fair;› indicates who is expected to obey it;› states the penalty for disobeying;› is in keeping with other laws (that is,doesnt contradict other laws);› has no vague or ambiguous words;› defines words that might bemisunderstood.
  7. 7.  Write an improved “No Vehicles…” lawand revise the signs to be posted at parkentrances
  8. 8.  Use the eight (8) criteria to criticallyassess the EDSS Dress Code Based on your assessment, write animproved dress code for EDSS› (or rewrite the existing code)
  9. 9.  Parliament is responsible for making andchanging laws› House of Commons (308 elected members;represent a riding; 4-year terms)› Senate (105 appointed members; representa region; till age 75)
  10. 10.  Some members of the Executive Branchare also in Parliament as members of theLegislative Branch› Prime Minister – elected MP and leader ofthe Government› Cabinet Members – elected MPs and headsof Departments
  11. 11. Copy this chart and fillin the boxes as wellearn about ‘How a Billis Passed’. Yourflowchart should lookexactly like the one onthis slide—it mustcontain all necessaryinformation (includinga description for eachof the stages).
  12. 12.  Bills are:› Proposed legislation› Three types› Most are Government Billsintroduced by a CabinetMinister› Some are introduced byother MPs and are calledPrivate Members’ Bills› Senate Bills are introducedin the Senate by Senators To become law, billsTo become law, billsmust:must: Pass three (3) readings inPass three (3) readings ineach chamber (House ofeach chamber (House ofCommons and Senate)Commons and Senate)Have ‘Royal Assent’Have ‘Royal Assent’
  13. 13. Private Member’s Bills
  14. 14.  First Reading› Introduction (statement ofpurpose) and vote Second Reading› Debate, discussion and vote Committee Stage› Close examination of the billby MPs of all parties› Public input sometimesrequested› Report Stage including anychanges (amendments) Third Reading› More debate and final vote
  15. 15.  Senate› After approval in the House ofCommons› Goes through the same stages› May send a bill back to theHouse of Commons› Usually passes government bills Royal Assent (approval)Royal Assent (approval) By the Governor General onBy the Governor General onbehalf of the queenbehalf of the queen The final stage in the creationThe final stage in the creationof a lawof a law
  16. 16. 