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Lesson 17 women and aco (ob)

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Lesson 17 women and aco (ob)

  1. 1. STARTER TASK Working alone, make a list of adjectives you would use to describe women in A Clockwork Orange Look at the screenshot on your handout How are women introduced to the audience? How are the audience positioned to view them? A word or phrase naming an attribute ‘A Descriptive word’ my brothers (& sisters)
  2. 2. During the opening shot women are introduced as adornment, decoration rather than functioning characters. This is a direct result of the ‘Male Gaze’ Women are reduced to objects to be looked at and used The first real women we see is being used as a sex object Does this representation remain true throughout the film? (think of specific examples) Why do you think Kubrick introduces women this way? (think back to why we are UNABLE to align with Joker in FMJ)
  3. 3. WARNING! This lessons contains images that some viewers may find offensive If at any point you wish to leave you may do so Shocking Cinema deals with issues that are intended to shock, scare, make you feel sick etc
  4. 4. LEARNING OBJECTIVES  Identify the ‘male gaze’  Analyse the ‘Home Invasion’ scene and apply the ‘male gaze’  Evaluate the role of the ‘male gaze’ in our alignment with Alex
  5. 5. THE ‘MALE GAZE’ In 1975 Laura Mulvey published ‘Visual Pleasure and the Narrative Cinema’ – a study not only focusing on the representation of women in film, but also their role in the narrative of film Mulvey - “Sees the representation of women in film and literature (and therefore society in general) as being dominated by a male point of view. Her belief is that the world is a patriarchy and that men have the ‘active’ roles and women ‘passive’” Mulvey believes that all audiences must view film from the perspective of a heterosexual male – or from ‘The Male Gaze’
  6. 6. THE ‘MALE GAZE’ Mulvey goes on to say that the role of female characters in a narrative serves two purposes: 1. As an erotic object for the characters within the film 2. As an erotic object for the spectator within the audience As a result, women that are seen in film are not signifying real women, but rather the idea of women which is often fetishised, in the male unconscious Do you think this is true of A Clockwork Orange? Why do we adopt Alex’s view of women?
  7. 7. HOME INVASION Watch the following sequence and make notes on following: How is the spectator encouraged to ‘align’ with the character of Alex? Consider: Camera Editing Sound Mise-en-scene Performance How does this scene reflect ‘The Male Gaze’?
  8. 8. THE MALE GAZE The older man/young wife is an immediate reference to the male gaze. She initially refuses to open the door, until told to by her older husband The attack that follows is presented form the point of view of several men, but the female character is denied a POV We are implicated with the attack through the repeated use of POV and as we ‘gaze’ at the scene We gaze at the screen which depicts the nude female form and male dominance As a spectator, Kubrick never allows us to see how it feels to be sexually assaulted, but rather how it feels to commit the assault
  9. 9. SICK TO YOUR GUTTY-WUTS Working in pairs, can you create a list of the ways that the Home Invasion scene could have been reshot so the male gaze does not apply? Do you think we are able to escape the male gaze, or is the only way to view a film?
  10. 10. CLOCKWORK ORANGES How does the director appeal to our alignment with Alex and encourage us to give him allegiance? Consider: Camera Editing Sound Mise-en-scene Performance Now that we are aligned with Alex and accepted his point of view, our loyalty for him grows and leads to allegiance At this point it is hard for the spectator to reject Alex and we are more likely to give him (over other characters) our allegiance Watch the following sequence and make notes on following:
  11. 11. ALLEGIANCE During the interrogation of Alex, we are positioned to adopt his point of view through the cinematography Alex is out numbered and bullied by the police officers & his Headmaster (symbols of authority) He has been stripped of his mask and cod piece, visual signifiers of his masculinity He now appears weaker and more vulnerable to the spectator The police officer and Headmaster are continually shown through low angle POV shots connoting dominance and control over Alex
  12. 12. Film theorist and author of ‘Is the gaze male?’ E. Ann Kaplan states: The most impressive aspect of the film is the way in which it reverses the gaze back on the spectator, and punishes the male spectator for his voyeurism. As we are implicated in the acts of violence we are ‘caught’ when Alex is caught, and ‘punished’ along with Alex, for the deeds committed under our watch... The spectator has been partaking in Alex’s domination of the female SPECTATOR PUNISHMENT As a result of our Alignment with Alex we are implicated in the brutal violence and murder as we experience it through his point of view Do you think this is true?
  13. 13. THE ‘LUDIVIGO’ TECHNIQUE What the following scene and consider: How is Alex being punished? How is this punishment transferred to the spectator? Consider: Camera Editing Sound Mise-en-scene Performance
  14. 14. Throughout this scene we are gazing at Alex as he is punished The spectator is being ‘punished’ for their participation in the acts of violence against women The treatment of Alex is made uncomfortable for the spectator as we have to endure the punishment of Alex Both the spectator and Alex are denied the pleasure of the images themselves The only other spectators, the male doctors, are able to enjoy the images with out the expectation of punishment THE ‘LUDOVICO’ TECHNIQUE
  15. 15. HE LIVED HAPPILY EVER AFTER... Who felt happy/relieved when Alex was returned to his old self at the end of the film? If we (the spectator) are aligned with Alex, implicit in his violence and punished with him, we must share his feelings when he is cured? At the end of the film, Alex’s treatment is reversed and he is returned to his old ultra violent self The up lifting music and depiction of ‘violence as enjoyable’ returns both Alex and us The MALE GAZE is also returned and we can now share Alex’s view – Women are erotic objects – and we are HAPPY!
  16. 16. CLOCKWORK ORANGES At the bottom of the page you will see a ‘comments’ box You must write one detailed paragraph answering one of these questions: Pick a MAC and navigate to the SSSFCFILM blog Following the ‘Male Gaze’ link here: During ‘Home Invasion’ how is spectator implicit in the attack? During the treatment scene, how is the spectator punished? During the finale, how are both Alex and the spectator rewarded?
  17. 17. CLOCKWORK ORANGES If you complete the task, move on to task 2: Read through some of the comments on the page Pick the comments you feel are best and use them to create a complete analysis of the male gaze in a Clockwork Orange Write a short introduction and conclusion and then post your work on to the blog: Your name A Clockwork Orange The Male Gaze As labels

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