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Lesson 6 2014

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Lesson 6 2014

  1. 1. A2 FILM STUDIES
  2. 2. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Introduce the second processes of spectatorship: 1. Alignment 2. Allegiance Apply theTWO stages of the spectatorship theory to our focus film “Film Metal Jacket”
  3. 3. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! In our exam we must demonstrate how the film as a whole has an effect on us and not concentrate on the effects of individual elements or themes At first the film focuses on Private Pyle but in the second half its focus shifts to Joker We are not analysing the individual characters or their individual journey’s but the film as a whole
  4. 4. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Once we recognise the characters we align with them (or at least some of them) Classical film theory states that alignment is an involuntary and subconscious action If we have more access to the point of view and subjectivity of a character we identify with them – in the sense of endorsing their behaviour and their attitudes It is perfectly possible for a film to align us with the point of view of a homicidal killer or a robot
  5. 5. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! We have already established that Kubrick intentionally makes it difficult to align with anyone specific character Loss of identity is established during the opening sequence But we should not assume alignment has not taken place! If not an individual character, who can we align with?
  6. 6. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! What is the function of the Boot Camp sequences? The boot camp sequence begins with the head shaving scene and Hartman’s line: “Here you are all equally worthless!” These elements are included to establish the theme of ‘Loss of Identity’ They also help align the characters with the Marine Core Ideology As a result, the spectator also begins to align with the group
  7. 7. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Watch the following sequences and consider the following questions: How are the Marines encouraged to adopt the Core’s ideology? How are the audience encouraged to adopt the same view point?
  8. 8. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! The Marines are shot as a consolidated group – not as individuals The mise-en-scene (costumes) reinforce their unity, as do their actions – completing obstacles etc The platoon is shown to develop as a single entity and are repeatedly shown as a unified unit By being denied alignment with one individual, the spectators are encouraged to align with the group through repetition, just like the marines – we share an experience!
  9. 9. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Now watch these scenes involving Private Pyle What function does his character serve to the Marines and spectators? How has Kubrick used ‘FORM’ to alter the audiences’ perception of Pyle
  10. 10. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Private Pyle is continually singled out – both by Hartman (CONTENT) and by the camera (FORM) We are repeatedly shown his weaknesses and are shown reaction shots of the other soldiers when he fails Watch the Soap Beating scene and consider the following: What is the function of this scene? Why do the group ‘punish’ Pyle?
  11. 11. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! loyalty or devotion to some person, group, cause, or the like Allegiance: Allegiance, like alignment is constructed by forces outside of our control We are sometimes manipulated into allegiance with characters whose views are ideologically similar to ours in the real world We may also form an allegiance with a character with Patrick Bateman – even though he is a repulsive character
  12. 12. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Allegiance pertains to the moral evaluation of the characters by the spectator Allegiance is another form of ‘identification’ with a character based on a wide range of external factors such as attitudes towards: •Class •Race •Nation •Age •Ethnicity •Gender etc Some people may identify or experience ‘allegiance’ to Pvt. Pyle having experienced similar experiences themselves
  13. 13. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Our response to a film is determined by how we are made to identify with a character. How far has this been true for Full Metal Jacket? Some people may identify or experience ‘allegiance’ to Pvt. Pyle having experienced similar experiences themselves
  14. 14. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Allegiance may be formed by our understanding of a character’s motivation or a positive evaluation of their anti-social and anarchic moral positions Are we ever provided with the motivations of Individuals? Which motivations are we given? Provide examples from the film to support your points – considerJoker’s narration
  15. 15. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! If we say the spectator is encouraged to align, and give allegiance to the group, which scene(s) would you say this (allegiance) takes place in? Watch the scene between Joker and Cowboy and consider: How do the group view Pyle? How are we encouraged to share the same view and give ‘allegiance’?
  16. 16. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Watch the final scene with Private Pyle and consider the role he plays in the narrative How does he encourage allegiance to the group? In what ways are the spectators, and the ‘group’s views of Pyle ‘Aligned’? You must consider FORM AND CONTENT
  17. 17. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Ultimately, Pyle’s character is a narrative device that is used to unite the group At first we are amused, but as his failures grow the group begin to see him as a threat To what? He is seen as a threat to the group and their unity When he fails, they are punished and as spectators, we share in their punishment – by viewing the experience Pyle finally resembles an antagonist and threat to the group
  18. 18. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! Log on to the Mac’s and load the Full Metal Jacket film from Students – Film – Films – FMJ (UseVLC to open the file) Pick a scene or sequence were Joker assists Pyle in his training Analyse how Joker and the spectator are encouraged to view Pyle as a ‘Threat’ to the group and align with the ‘group’s’ view point Post your work using: ‘Allegiance & Alignment’, ‘your name’, ‘FMJ’ as labels
  19. 19. You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! You have 15 mins to write an essay plan for this question You must include analysis of: Define - Alignment 1. ‘Head Shaving’ Scene 2. Boot Camp 3. Private Pyle 4. The Soap beating Scene 5. Joker and Cowboys conversation 6. Pyle Final Scene You must write an essay charting the process of Alignment and Allegiance in FMJ

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